The Happy Monday System (ハッピーマンデー制度, Happī Mandē Seido) is a set of modifications to Japanese law in 1998 and 2001 to move a number of public holidays in Japan to Mondays, creating three-day weekends for those with five-day work weeks. It is the Japanese equivalent of the 1969 Uniform Monday Holiday Act in the United States.
|Date||Moved to Monday||English name||Local name||Romanization|
|January 1||No||New Year's Day||元日||Ganjitsu|
|January 15||Since 2000||Coming of Age Day||成人の日||Seijin no hi|
|February 11||No||National Foundation Day||建国記念の日||Kenkoku kinen no hi|
|February 23||No||The Emperor's Birthday||天皇誕生日||Tennō tanjōbi|
|March 20 or March 21||No||Vernal Equinox Day||春分の日||Shunbun no hi|
|April 29||No||Shōwa Day||昭和の日||Shōwa no hi|
|May 3||No||Constitution Memorial Day||憲法記念日||Kenpō kinenbi|
|May 4||No||Greenery Day||みどりの日||Midori no hi|
|May 5||No||Children's Day||子供の日||Kodomo no hi|
|July 20||Since 2003||Marine Day||海の日||Umi no hi|
|August 11||No||Mountain Day||山の日||Yama no hi|
|September 15||Since 2003||Respect for the Aged Day||敬老の日||Keirō no hi|
|September 22 or September 23||No||Autumnal Equinox Day||秋分の日||Shūbun no hi|
|October 10||Since 2000||Health and Sports Day||体育の日||Taiiku no hi|
|November 3||No||Culture Day||文化の日||Bunka no hi|
|November 23||No||Labor Thanksgiving Day||勤労感謝の日||Kinrō kansha no hi|
Japan Standard Time, or Japan Central Standard Time, is the standard time zone in Japan, 9 hours ahead of UTC. There is no daylight saving time, though its introduction has been debated several times. During World War II, it was often called Tokyo Standard Time.
Public holidays in Japan were established by the Public Holiday Law of 1948. A provision of the law establishes that when a national holiday falls on a Sunday, the next working day shall become a public holiday, known as furikae kyūjitsu. Additionally, any day that falls between two other national holidays shall also become a holiday, known as 12c27. May 4, sandwiched between Constitution Memorial Day on May 3 and Children's Day on May 5, was an annual example of such a holiday until it was replaced by Greenery Day in 2007.
Kohki Abe is a Japanese human rights professor and activist. He is dean of the law school at Kanagawa University in Japan.
National Route 345 is a national highway of Japan connecting Chūō-ku, Niigata and Yuza, Yamagata in Japan, with a total length of 212.0 kilometers (131.7 mi).
Smoking in Japan, though historically less restricted by law than in many other nations, has significantly changed in recent years. Tobacco use has been in nearly constant decline since 1996 and the decline has been mainly accelerating in recent years.
Visitors to Japan must obtain a visa from one of the Japanese diplomatic missions unless they come from one of the visa-exempt countries. The Government of Japan currently allows citizens of 68 countries/territories to travel to Japan for tourism or business without having to obtain a visa.
The Japan–Manchukuo Protocol was signed on 15 September 1932, between Japan and the state of Manchukuo. The Treaty confirmed the recognition by Japan of the Manchukuo state, following the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931, and the establishment of a Manchurian state on 1 March 1932. The treaty also defined a mutual defence agreement, allowing Japanese troops to station in Manchukuo, and thereby effectively occupy the country.
Kenichi Ara is a Japanese political commentator and researcher on modern history. Until the 1980s, he used the pen name Hideo Hatakenaka.
Shintarō Arakawa is a Japanese linguist who specializes in the study of the extinct Tangut language.
Article 96 of the Japanese Constitution is a clause in the national Constitution of Japan specifying the process for making amendments. Details of the process is determined by the Diet Act and the Act on Procedures for Amendment of the Constitution of Japan. The Constitution has remained unchanged since coming into effect on May 3, 1947, and many politicians are calling for a revision of Article 96 so that they can begin revising other, more central Articles.
The Act on the Vitalization of Theaters and Halls, also known as the Theater Law, is a Japanese law passed in 2012 to promote theaters and other performance venues.
The singing voice of Japan is the name of a social and political movement that emerged after World War II in Japan and based on musical and choral activities of the working class of the entire nation. On the ideological position of communism or democratic socialism, activists of the movement organize choral circles in factories, in schools and in their residential areas. The movement reached its peak in the years 1950–60. Japanese singer Akiko Seki is generally regarded as the founder of the Singing Voice of Japan.
Keizō Takagi is a Japanese writer, journalist, educator, cultural anthropologist, folklorist, and sociologist whose research focuses on expatriate Chinese communities.
The Japan Act of Specified Commercial Transactions (特定商取引法) aims to protect consumers from harm and to ensure fairness in commercial transactions. It is described and explained in a publication by the Japan Consumer Affairs Agency(JCAA). Door-to-door sales have been prone to conflicts between consumers and companies. It includes regulations on the act of soliciting.
The Three grand soups is a common term in Japan referring to three types of soup thought to be the best in the world. The origin of this term is unknown, though it was already in use by the 1980s at the latest. Contrary to the term, there are four soups often referred as Three grand soups and there is no consensus as to which soup should be eliminated.
Act on the Prevention of Spousal Violence and the Protection of Victims is a Japanese law that aims to prevent spousal violence and protect victims by establishing a system for reporting, consultation, protection, and self-reliance support in relation to domestic violence. It is commonly known as the Domestic Violence Prevention Law.
National University Corporation is a corporate body established under the provisions of the National University Corporation Act (2003) for the purpose of establishing a national university in Japan.
Tokai National Higher Education and Research System is a National University Corporation includes 2 universities, Nagoya University and Gifu University, both are located in Tōkai region, Japan.
The 2011 Shizuoka earthquake was an earthquake that occurred approximately 42 km north-northeast of Shizuoka City at 22:31, 15 March 2011. The magnitude was Mw 6.0 or MJMA 6.4, and the depth was 9km. The hypocenter of this earthquake is thought to have been near the presumed location of the magma chamber of Mount Fuji. It may have been a triggered earthquake caused by the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, which occurred four days earlier, on 11 March 2011. It was sinistral strike-slip fault earthquake. It had a maximum JMA intensity of Shindo 6+ (Fujinomiya) or VIII (Severe) on the Mercalli intensity scale. The earthquake left 80 people injured, and caused some power outages.