Haqiqat-e Inquilab-e Saur (Dari : حقيقت انقلاب ثور, 'Truth of the Saur Revolution') was a daily newspaper in Afghanistan. It was owned by the central committee of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan.
In the mid-1980s, it had a circulation of 50,000 and was the main print medium in the country.It was named for Afghanistan's Saur Revolution, the 1978 Communist coup that overthrew Mohammed Daoud Khan.
The Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, renamed the Republic of Afghanistan in 1987, existed from 1978 to 1992, during which time the socialist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) ruled Afghanistan.
The Afghan Social Democratic Party, more commonly known as the Afghan Millat Party or simply the Afghan Millat, is a Pashtun nationalist political party in Afghanistan. The party's leadership describes it as social democratic. The party's current leader is Stanagul Sherzad who became the new leader after the 6th party congress on October 3, 2012.
War in Afghanistan, Afghan war, or Afghan civil war may refer to:
Haji Muhammad Mohaqiq, born 26 July 1955 in Balkh, is a current politician in Afghanistan, serving as a member of the Afghanistan Parliament. He is also the founder and chairman of the People's Islamic Unity Party of Afghanistan. During the 1980s, he served with the mujahideen rebel forces fighting against the Soviet-backed Afghan government. After the withdrawal of the Soviet Union in 1989, Mohaqiq was appointed as the leader of the Hezb-e Wahdat for northern Afghanistan.
Parcham was the name of one of the factions of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan, formed in 1967 following its split. The basic ideology of the Parchamites was one of a gradual move towards socialism in Afghanistan. The Parcham faction supported this idea because they felt that Afghanistan was not industrialized enough to undergo a true proletarian revolution as called for in the Communist Manifesto.
Khalq was a faction of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA). Its historical leaders were Presidents Nur Muhammad Taraki and Hafizullah Amin. It was also the name of the leftist newspaper produced by the same movement. It was supported by the USSR and was formed in 1965 when the PDPA was born. The Khalqist wing of the party was made up primarily of Pashtuns from non-elite classes. However, their Marxism was often a vehicle for tribal resentments. Bitter resentment between the Khalq and Parcham factions eventually led to the failure of the government of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan that was formed as a result of the Saur Revolution in 1978. It was also responsible for the radical reforms and brutal dissident crackdowns that encouraged the rebellion of the religious segments present in the Afghan society, which led to the creation of the Mujahideen and, eventually, to the Soviet military intervention in December 1979.
Maulana Mohammad Nabi Mohammadi (Pashto: محمد نبي محمدي was an Afghan politician Afghan Mujahideen leader who was the founder and leader of the Harakat-i-Inqilab-i-Islami political party and paramilitary group. He served as Vice President of Afghanistan under the Mujahideen from January 1993 to 1996.
Sulaiman Layeq was an Afghan politician, ideologue and poet who held the positions of President of the Academy of Sciences, full member of the Afghan Politburo, and Minister of Nationalities and Tribal Affairs.
Saur may refer to:
The Saur Revolution, also romanized Sowr Revolution, and alternatively called the April Revolution or April Coup, was a coup d'état led by the Soviet-backed People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) against the rule of Afghan President Mohammed Daoud Khan on 27–28 April 1978. Daoud Khan and most of his family were killed at the presidential palace. The revolution resulted in the creation of a government with Nur Muhammad Taraki as President, and was the precursor to the 1979 intervention by the Soviets and the 1979–1989 Soviet–Afghan War against the Mujahideen.
Sher Zaman Taizi was Pashtun writer, poet, intellectual and journalist from Pakistan.
Revolutionary Toilers Society of Afghanistan was a political organization in Afghanistan, a dissident faction of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan. JAZA was led by Kandahari Zaher Ufoq. The group criticized the PDPA from a leftist position, for example for not having declared dictatorship of the proletariat following the Saur Revolution.
Baha'uddin Jan was the pir naqshbandi of the Aymāq people of Purchaman District, Farah. He, along with his two sons, was killed following the communist Saur Revolution at the end of the 1970s, by security forces from Kabul who were eliminating political and religious opposition to the new regime.
The Republic of Afghanistan was the name of the first republic of Afghanistan. It is often called the Daoud Republic, as it was established in 1973 after Mohammed Daoud Khan deposed his cousin, King Mohammad Zahir Shah, in a non-violent coup. Daoud was known for his progressivism and attempts to modernize the country with help from both the Soviet Union and the United States, among others.
The Arg serves as the presidential palace in Kabul, Afghanistan. It sits on a 34-hectare (83-acre) site in District 2, between Deh Afghanan and the affluent neighbourhood of Wazir Akbar Khan. The Arg was built after the destruction of the Bala Hissar in 1880 by the British Indian troops. It has been used by many Afghan kings and presidents, from Emir Abdur Rahman Khan to current President Ashraf Ghani.
Abdul Hadi Dawi High School, located in Kabul's District 9 near the 3rd Mikrorayon, is named after Abdul Hadi Dawi a renowned Afghan poet, diplomat and government official. It is one of the few top and prestigious schools of the country.
National Revolutionary Party was a political party in the Republic of Afghanistan. The party was founded in 1975 by President Mohammed Daoud Khan, who had seized control of Afghanistan from his first cousin, King Mohammed Zahir Shah, in the bloodless 1973 coup d'état.
The 1999 Afghan coup d'etat was the relatively bloodless overthrow of King Mohammed Zahir Shah on 17 July 1973 and the establishment of the Republic of Afghanistan. The non-violent coup was executed by the then-Army commander and royal Prince, Mohammed Daoud Khan who led forces in Kabul along with then-chief of staff General Abdul Karim Mustaghni to overthrow the monarchy while the King was abroad in Ischia, Italy. Daoud Khan was assisted by leftist Army officers and civil servants from the Parcham faction of the PDPA, including Air Force colonel Abdul Qadir. King Zahir Shah decided not to retaliate and he formally abdicated on August 24, remaining in Italy in exile. More than two centuries of royal rule ended.
Garam shah lā garam shah was the national anthem of Afghanistan between 1978 and 1992 during the socialist rule.
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