Harghita County

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Harghita County

Județul Harghita

Hargita megye
Field Harghita bgiu.jpg
Landscape around Lake Sfânta Ana, southern Harghita County
Stema Harghita.svg
Coat of arms
Harghita in Romania.svg
Harghita county, territorial location
CountryFlag of Romania.svg  Romania
Development region1 Centru
Historic region Transylvania
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Miercurea Ciuc
Government
  TypeCounty Board
  President of the County BoardCsaba Borboly (UDMR)
  Prefect2Ion Proca
Area
  Total6,639 km2 (2,563 sq mi)
Area rank 13th in Romania
Population
 (2011)
  Total304,969
  Rank 33rd in Romania
  Density46/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
53wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x66 4
Car Plates HR5
GDPUS$1.840 billion (2015)
GDP per capita US$6,033 (2015)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from having any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Harghita (Romanian pronunciation:  [harˈɡita] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ), Hungarian : Hargita megye, pronounced  [ˈhɒrɡitɒ] ) is a county (județ) in the center of Romania, in eastern Transylvania, with the county seat at Miercurea Ciuc.

Contents

Demographics

2002 census

In 2002, Harghita County had a population of 326,222 [1] and a population density of 52/km2.

2011 census

In 2011, it had a population of 302,432 [3] and a population density of 46/km2.

Harghita county has the highest percentage of Hungarians in Romania, just ahead of Covasna county. The Hungarians form the majority of the population in most of the county's municipalities, with Romanians concentrated in the northern and eastern part of the county (particularly Toplița and Bălan), as well as in the enclave of Voșlăbeni.

The Székelys of Harghita are mostly Roman Catholic, with Reformed and Unitarian minorities, while the ethnic Romanians are primarily Orthodox. Catholicism is strongest in the east, in the former Csíkszék, while Protestants are concentrated in the west, south and west of Odorheiu Secuiesc. By religion, the county is divided roughly as follows:

Demographic evolution

Harghita County

Geography

Harghita County has a total area of 6,639 km2.

Harghita consists primarily of mountains, connected to the Eastern Carpathians, such as the Ciuc and Harghita Mountains; volcanic plateaux, foothills, and the more densely populated river valleys.

The mountains are volcanic in origin, and the region is known for its excellent hot mineral springs. Harghita is known as one of the coldest regions in Romania, although summers can be quite warm.

It is in this county that two of the most important rivers in Romania, the Mureș and the Olt, originate. These rivers' origins, near the villages of Izvoru Mureșului and Sândominic, are only a few miles apart; yet the Mureș flows west to the Tisza, while the Olt flows south to the Danube. In the western part of the county the two Târnava rivers (Târnava Mare and Târnava Mică) flow to the Târnava Plateau, which is part of the Transylvanian Plateau.

Harghita's spectacular natural scenery includes Sfânta Ana Lake, a volcanic crater lake near the town of Băile Tușnad; Lacul Roșu a mountain lake in the northeast near the town of Gheorgheni, and Cheile Bicazului, a dramatic, narrow canyon formed by the Bicaz stream. The county is renowned for its spa resorts and mineral waters.

Neighbours

Economy

The county's main industries:

Tourism

Lacul Rosu Lacul Rosu 092.jpg
Lacul Roșu

The main tourist attractions in Harghita county are

Politics

The Harghita County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 30 counsellors, with the following party composition: [5]

   PartySeatsCurrent Council
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR)19                   
 Hungarian Alliance Of Transylvania3                   
  Social Democratic Party (PSD)3                   
  National Liberal Party (PNL)2                   
 Party Of Free People2                   

Administrative divisions

Miercurea Ciuc Csikszereda, Segito Maria Gimnazium.jpg
Miercurea Ciuc
Baile Tusnad Tusnadfurdo Csukas to felulnezet.jpg
Băile Tușnad

Harghita County has 4 municipalities, 5 towns and 58 communes

See also

Related Research Articles

Mureș County County of Romania

Mureș County is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, with the administrative centre in Târgu Mureș. The county was established in 1968, after the administrative reorganization that re-introduced the historical judeţ (county) system, still used today. This reform eliminated the previous Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region, which had been created in 1952 within the People's Republic of Romania. Mureș county has a vibrant multicultural fabric that includes Hungarian-speaking Székelys and Transylvanian Saxons, with a rich heritage of fortified churches and towns.

Covasna County County of Romania

Covasna County is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Sfântu Gheorghe.

Odorheiu Secuiesc Municipality in Harghita, Romania

Odorheiu Secuiesc is the second largest municipality in Harghita County, Transylvania, Romania. In its short form, it is also known as Odorhei in Romanian and Udvarhely in Hungarian. The Hungarian name of the town "Udvarhely" means "courtyard place".

Sovata Town in Mureș, Romania

Sovata is a town in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania.

Miercurea Ciuc Municipality in Harghita, Romania

Miercurea Ciuc is the county seat of Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, a mainly Hungarian-speaking ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania, and is situated in the Olt River valley.

Gheorgheni Municipality in Harghita, Romania

Gheorgheni is a municipality in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania. The city administers four villages:

Lake Sfânta Ana

Lake Sfânta Ana is the only crater lake in Romania located in the volcanic crater of the volcano named Ciomatu Mare of the Eastern Carpathians, near Tușnad in the Natural Reserve of Mohoș, Harghita County, Romania.

Vlăhița Town in Harghita, Romania

Vlăhița is a town in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania.

Băile Tușnad Town in Harghita, Romania

Băile Tușnad is a town in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania.

Székely Land

The Székely Land or Szeklerland is a historic and ethnographic area in Romania, inhabited mainly by Székelys, a subgroup of Hungarians. Its cultural centre is the city of Târgu Mureș (Marosvásárhely), the largest settlement in the region.

Centru (development region) Region in Romania

Centru (Centre) is a development region in Romania. As other development regions, it does not have any administrative powers, its main function being to co-ordinate regional development projects and manage funds from the European Union.

Sândominic Commune in Harghita, Romania

Sândominic is a commune in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania. It is composed of a single village, Sândominic.

Feliceni Commune in Harghita, Romania

Feliceni is a commune in Harghita County, Romania, in the vicinity of Odorheiu Secuiesc. It forms part of the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania.

Cozmeni Commune in Harghita, Romania

Cozmeni is a commune in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania, and is composed of two villages:

Ciuc County County in Romania

Ciuc County was a county in the Kingdom of Romania. Its capital was Miercurea Ciuc. Its name was derived from the former county of the Kingdom of Hungary, Csík.

Odorhei County County in Romania

Odorhei County was a county in the Kingdom of Romania. The county seat was Odorheiu Secuiesc.

Târnava Mare

The Târnava Mare is a river in Romania. Its total length is 223 km (139 mi) and its basin size is 3,666 km2 (1,415 sq mi). Its source is in the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, near the sources of the Mureș and Olt in Harghita County. It flows through the Romanian counties of Harghita, Mureș, Sibiu, and Alba. The cities of Odorheiu Secuiesc, Sighișoara, and Mediaș lie on the Târnava Mare. It joins the Târnava Mică in Blaj, forming the Târnava.

The Football Academy of Székely Land is an association football academy that operates in several towns across Székely Land, Romania.

AFC Odorheiu Secuiesc

Asociația Fotbal Club Odorheiu Secuiesc, commonly known as AFC Odorheiu Secuiesc or simply Odorheiu Secuiesc, is a professional Romanian football club based in Odorheiu Secuiesc, Harghita County and also geographically placed in the historic and ethnographic region of Székely Land, an area inhabited mainly by Székelys, a subgroup of the Hungarian people.

References

  1. National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  2. National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 16 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine ("Population by ethnicity")
  3. National Institute of Statistics, [ permanent dead link ]
  4. Recensamantul Populatiei si Locuintelor 2011: Populația stabilă după etnie – județe, municipii, orașe, comune
  5. "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2 November 2020.

Coordinates: 46°22′N25°48′E / 46.36°N 25.80°E / 46.36; 25.80