Harold Browne

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Harold Browne
Bishop of Winchester
EH Browne by Bassano.jpg
Church Church of England
Diocese Diocese of Winchester
In office1873–1890
Predecessor Samuel Wilberforce
Successor Anthony Thorold
Other posts Norrisian Professor of Divinity (1854–1864)
Bishop of Ely (1864–1873)
Orders
Ordination1836 (deacon); 1837 (priest)
Consecration1864
Personal details
Born(1811-03-06)6 March 1811
Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, UK
Died18 December 1891(1891-12-18) (aged 80)
Bitterne, Hampshire, UK
NationalityBritish
Denomination Anglicanism
ResidenceShales House, Bitterne (at death)
ParentsRobert and Sarah
SpouseElizabeth (m. 1840–1891)
Profession Theologian
Education Eton College
Alma mater Emmanuel College, Cambridge

Edward Harold Browne (usually called Harold Browne; 6 March 1811 – 18 December 1891) was a bishop of the Church of England.

Church of England Anglican state church of England

The Church of England is the established church of England. The Archbishop of Canterbury is the most senior cleric, although the monarch is the supreme governor. The Church of England is also the mother church of the international Anglican Communion. It traces its history to the Christian church recorded as existing in the Roman province of Britain by the third century, and to the 6th-century Gregorian mission to Kent led by Augustine of Canterbury.

Contents

Early life and education

Browne was born on 6 March 1811 at Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, the second son of Robert Browne of Morton House in Buckinghamshire, and of Sarah Dorothea Steward; and younger brother to Thomas Gore Browne. He was educated at Eton College and Emmanuel College, Cambridge. [1] After securing his BA in 1832, he won the Crosse theological scholarship in 1833, the Tyrwhitt Hebrew scholarship in 1834, and the Norrisian prize in 1835. He graduated with his MA in 1836, was elected fellow of Emmanuel in 1837, and appointed senior tutor in 1838. In 1854 he was elected Norrisian Professor of Divinity at Cambridge. He took the BD in 1855 and the DD in 1864. [2]

Aylesbury town and civil parish in Buckinghamshire, England

Aylesbury is the county town of Buckinghamshire, England. It is an ancient market town with several historic pubs, is home to the Roald Dahl Children's Gallery and, since 2010, the 1,200 seat Waterside Theatre. The predecessor to the paralympic games started in the town.

Buckinghamshire County of England

Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a ceremonial county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.

Thomas Gore Browne British colonial administrator

Colonel Sir Thomas Robert Gore Browne, was a British colonial administrator, who was Governor of St Helena, Governor of New Zealand, Governor of Tasmania and Governor of Bermuda.

Early career

Browne was ordained deacon on 26 November 1836 by Joseph Allen, Bishop of Ely; [3] and priest, again by Allen, on 3 December 1837. In 1841, he accepted a curacy in Exeter (St Sidwell's), but in 1843 moved to Wales as Vice-Principal of St David's College. In 1849, he took a benefice in Cornwall, to which was attached a prebendal stall in Exeter Cathedral, which he exchanged in 1857 for a canonry in the same and the living of Heavitree.

Deacon ministry in the Christian Church

A deacon is a member of the diaconate, an office in Christian churches that is generally associated with service of some kind, but which varies among theological and denominational traditions. Major Christian churches, such as the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Anglican church, view the diaconate as part of the clerical state.

Joseph Allen (bishop) British clergyman

Joseph Allen, DD was a British clergyman. He was the son of William Allen and his wife Nelly Livesey. William Allen (d.1792) was a partner in Manchester's first Bank, Byrom, Allen, Sedgwick and Place but was made bankrupt in 1788 on the failure of the Bank. This was despite inheriting £20,000 from his father, John Allen, of Davyhulme Hall, Eccles.

Bishop of Ely Diocesan bishop in the Church of England

The Bishop of Ely is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Ely in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese roughly covers the county of Cambridgeshire, together with a section of north-west Norfolk and has its episcopal see in the City of Ely, Cambridgeshire, where the seat is located at the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity. The current bishop is Stephen Conway, who signs +Stephen Elien:. The diocesan bishops resided at the Bishop's Palace, Ely until 1941; they now reside in Bishop's House, the former cathedral deanery. Conway became Bishop of Ely in 2010, translated from the Diocese of Salisbury where he was Bishop suffragan of Ramsbury.

Later career

In 1854, Browne was appointed to the Norrisian chair of divinity at the University of Cambridge but held his livings in the Diocese of Exeter concurrently. (The Cornish benefice was the vicarage of Kenwyn and Kea.) On 29 March 1864 he was consecrated Bishop of Ely by Charles Longley, Archbishop of Canterbury (assisted by Connop Thirlwall, Bishop of St David's and Henry Philpott, Bishop of Worcester) at Westminster Abbey; [4] he was enthroned at Ely Cathedral on 26 April. During his time at Ely he returned to his hometown for the re-opening of a newly refurbished church of St. Mary the Virgin, Aylesbury in 1869. In December 1873, he was translated to the see of Winchester; he was enthroned at Winchester Cathedral on 11 December.

University of Cambridge university in Cambridge, United Kingdom

The University of Cambridge is a collegiate public research university in Cambridge, United Kingdom. Founded in 1209 and granted a royal charter by King Henry III in 1231, Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's fourth-oldest surviving university. The university grew out of an association of scholars who left the University of Oxford after a dispute with the townspeople. The two 'ancient universities' share many common features and are often referred to jointly as 'Oxbridge'. The academic standards, history, influence and wealth of the University of Cambridge has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world.

Diocese of Exeter Church of England diocese covering the county of Devon

The Diocese of Exeter is a Church of England diocese covering the county of Devon. It is one of the largest dioceses in England. The Cathedral Church of St Peter in Exeter is the seat of the diocesan Bishop of Exeter. It is part of the Province of Canterbury. The diocesan bishop is assisted by two suffragan bishops, the Bishop of Crediton and the Bishop of Plymouth. The See of Crediton was created in 1897 and the See of Plymouth in 1923.

Kenwyn suburb of the city of Truro and civil parish in Cornwall, England

Kenwyn is a settlement and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The settlement is a suburb of the city of Truro and is situated 0.5 mi (1 km) north of the city centre. It gives its name to one of three rivers that flow through the city. The population of the civil parish including Marazanvose at the 2011 census was 5,800.

On Sunday 21 May 1885, Browne ordained as deacon the first deaf-mute Anglican clergyman, Richard Aslatt Pearce. [5]

Richard Aslatt Pearce

Reverend Richard Aslatt Pearce (1855–1928) was the first deaf person to be ordained as an Anglican clergyman. He was educated via the sign language of his era, he became Chaplain to the Deaf and Dumb, and he fulfilled this duty in the Southampton area for the rest of his life. In 1885 he was introduced to Queen Victoria, who then ordered the Royal Commission on the Blind, the Deaf and Dumb and Others of the United Kingdom, 1889.

Browne resigned his See in 1890 and died at Shales House near Bitterne on 18 December 1891. [2]

Bitterne eastern suburb of Southampton, England

Bitterne is an eastern suburb and ward of Southampton, England.

Legacy

Browne was a high churchman and in 1885, Browne set up the first diocesan organisation of the Mothers' Union, which had previously been a simple parish meeting chaired by Mary Sumner in Old Alresford.

Browne was a moderating influence in the conflict arising from Essays and Reviews and the Pentateuch criticism of J. W. Colenso. His work, An Exposition of the Thirty-nine Articles: Historical and Doctrinal. New York: E.P. Dutton. 1874. held its place as a standard work for many years. [6]

Marriage and family

In 1840, Browne married Elizabeth Carlyon (daughter of Philip Carlyon). [2]

Styles and titles

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References

  1. "Browne, Edward Harold (BRWN827EH)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. 1 2 3 Buckland 1901.
  3. Kitchin 1895, p. 46.
  4. Kitchin 1895, p. 254.
  5. "The Reverend R A Pearce, the Deaf and Dumb Clergyman". Illustrated London News. 25 July 1885.
  6. Cross & Livingstone 2005, p. 244.

Sources

Honorary titles
Preceded by
Alfred Ollivant
Vice-principal of St Davids College, Lampeter
1843–1850
Succeeded by
Rowland Williams
Academic offices
Preceded by
George Corrie
Norrisian Professor of Divinity
1854–1864
Succeeded by
Charles Swainson
Church of England titles
Preceded by
Thomas Turton
Bishop of Ely
1864–1873
Succeeded by
James Woodford
Preceded by
Samuel Wilberforce
Bishop of Winchester
1873–1890
Succeeded by
Anthony Thorold