Harringay

Last updated

Harringay
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Harringay
Location within Greater London
Population22,627 (2011 Census) [1]
OS grid reference TQ316678
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district N4, N8, N15, N17
Dialling code 020
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°34′55″N0°05′58″W / 51.5819°N 0.0994°W / 51.5819; -0.0994 Coordinates: 51°34′55″N0°05′58″W / 51.5819°N 0.0994°W / 51.5819; -0.0994

Harringay [2] (pronounced /ˈhærɪŋɡ/ HARR-ing-gay) is a district of north London, England, within the London Borough of Haringey. [3] It is centred on the section of Green Lanes running between the New River, where it crosses Green Lanes by Finsbury Park, and Duckett's Common, near Turnpike Lane.

Contents

Location

The boundaries of Harringay form a rough boot shape in the extreme southern centre of the borough of Haringey. [4] The western boundary of Harringay is formed by the East Coast Main Line. The northern boundary is to the south of Turnpike Lane, running parallel to it, somewhere between Sydney Road and Fairfax Road. In the northeast, the boundary roughly corresponds with a line drawn between the south of Duckett's Common and the north end of Warwick Gardens. A line due south of this point, as far as Eade Road, forms the eastern boundary. Southeast of here a line to Finsbury Park completes the southeastern limits. Finsbury Park is officially part of Harringay [5] and forms the south western boundary.

From north to south, between the tip of Finsbury Park and the top of Ducketts Common, Harringay measures about 1+34 miles (2.8 km). [6] At its widest point, from east to west, it measures about 12 mile (0.80 km). [7] [8]

Locale

A section of Grand Parade, Green Lanes, Harringay Green Lanes.jpg
A section of Grand Parade, Green Lanes, Harringay

Harringay's main shopping street, Green Lanes, is a busy, cosmopolitan high street. Some shops have a long-established presence. Others reflect the more cosmopolitan nature of Green Lanes and include a large number of Turkish bakeries, grocers, cafes and a growing cluster of restaurants. There are several pubs including the Grade II listed [9] and Pevsner-noted 'Salisbury'. [10] Parts of the 1980 film The Long Good Friday [11] and the 1992 film Chaplin [12] were shot there.

One of the residential streets on the Harringay Ladder, looking due east. Harringay Residential Road.jpg
One of the residential streets on the Harringay Ladder, looking due east.

Towards the southern end stands the well-preserved, Victoriana-laden 'Beaconsfield' public house. Opposite is the Arena Shopping Park which contains a handful of national multiples outlets, a Sainsbury's supermarket, and one of Britain's first "drive-thru" McDonald's restaurants.

A large section of the eastern side of Green Lanes is called Grand Parade. Interrupted only by the gaps introduced by the residential roads running eastwards, Grand Parade runs for nearly half a kilometre from just north of Harringay Green Lanes railway station to St Ann's Road. [13]

The streets to the west of Green Lanes are known as the 'Harringay Ladder' (due to their similarity to a ladder when seen on a map). The streets to the east behind Grand Parade are known as 'The Gardens'. To the south of 'The Gardens' and Sainsbury's is Harringay's 'Warehouse District'; to the north is 'Woodlands Park'. [14]

Geography and geology

The New River passing between the houses of the Harringay Ladder New River for Wiki.jpg
The New River passing between the houses of the Harringay Ladder

Harringay is just under 5+12 miles (9 km) from the centre of London [15] sitting on a chalk bed covered by a thick layer of London Clay. The western part of the district is hilly, rising to 138 feet (42 m) at its highest. Further to the west, beyond Harringay, the ground rises steadily to one of the highest points in London at Hampstead Heath, about 3+12 miles (6 km) away. [16] The eastern part of Harringay is low-lying, at between 60 and 90 feet, as the land descends towards the Lea Valley, 2 miles (3 km) to the east. [17]

Harringay covers an area of approximately 34 square mile (2 km2). [18] The land use for the area is shown in the table below.

Land use in Harringay [18]
Land use typePercentage of total area
Domestic gardens22.54
Green space20.36
Road18.06
Domestic buildings17.31
Other land uses6.69
Non-domestic buildings5.76
Rail3.32
Path1.06
Water0.55

The only waterway still running above ground is the man-made New River, constructed in 1619 to bring water into London from Hertfordshire. However, two natural rivers still flow through Harringay beneath the ground. These are just two of the many springs and streams that used to flow through this part of London from the high ground to the west, down into the River Lea. Stonebridge Brook ran above ground meandering eastwards just to the north of the old Harringay House. It crossed the estate, running roughly beneath present-day Effingham and Fairfax Roads, ran along Green Lanes for a short way, and then eastwards north of St Ann's Road and on to the River Lea. [19] Although still flowing underground today, the Harringay section was fully culverted by 1885. Hermitage Brook flowed roughly along the southern boundary of the western part of Harringay and then, staying close to its southern edge, under where the Arena Shopping Park stands today. It was eventually culverted, and now flows underground just to the south of the shopping park. [20] [21]

History

Historical outline

Tympanum style ornamentation with a bas-relief green man decoration on one of the Grand Parade Buildings Grand Parade Gargoyle.jpg
Tympanum style ornamentation with a bas-relief green man decoration on one of the Grand Parade Buildings

In the Ice Age Harringay was on the edge of a huge glacial mass that reached as far south as Muswell Hill. [22]

Boundary marker on Seymour Road. Note paving to the east (ex-Tottenham), tarmac to the west (ex-Hornsey) MBH - MBT Boundary Marker.jpg
Boundary marker on Seymour Road. Note paving to the east (ex-Tottenham), tarmac to the west (ex-Hornsey)

The area was then largely covered with forest until the Middle Ages when it was developed as agricultural land. From 1750 to 1880 Harringay experienced the pressures of the burgeoning population in London. Gradually inroads into the pastoral landscape were made, first for the leisure and then for the settlement of Londoners. By 1900 Harringay had become a respectable outer London suburb with all the land built over and only Finsbury Park remaining as a hint of its former character. It remained part of Middlesex and was not within the jurisdiction of the County of London until 1965. Identified as a single unified urban area from 1900, Harringay was originally split between the old boroughs of Hornsey and Tottenham with the boundary between the two running slightly to the west of Green Lanes The unification of the two boroughs in 1965, as the London Borough of Haringey, brought all Harringay under the control of a single unit of local governance for the first time in more than a thousand years. On many of the roads in West Harringay, it is still possible to see the old Tottenham - Hornsey boundary where the paving stones give way to tarmacked pavement. The old parish / borough boundary markers are also still in place on some roads (see picture, right).

Etymology

The name Harringay has its origin in the Saxon period and is derived from Haeringe and haia with the first element coming from the Old English haeringe meaning a "meadow of hares" and the second a "hedge". [23] [24] The earliest written form of the name was recorded as Harenhg’ in about 1195. Its development thereafter gave rise to the modern-day names of Harringay (the district of London), the London Borough of Haringey and Hornsey (another nearby district of London).

Sources: [25]

Entertainment

From 1750 until the second half of the 20th century, Harringay became a destination for Londoners seeking to relax. Hornsey Wood House, Finsbury Park, Harringay Stadium and Harringay Arena were all hugely popular leisure destinations in their day. The stadium and arena site is now occupied by Sainsbury's and the Arena Shopping Park. In the 21st century, Harringay continues to attract visitors from across London and beyond to visit the ever-growing number of popular restaurants, bars, festivals and live music venues. In the years since 2010 the festivals, bar and music studios of the creative hub in the Harringay Warehouse District is also attracting people to Harringay as an entertainment centre.

Transport and communications history

There is little doubt that the history of transport communications through Harringay had a significant effect on its shape today. In Roman times, a great roadway through the area to the north was established. [26] This roadway endured as a great communication passage to the north and brought much activity through the heart of the area. It also acted as the rough dividing line for land ownership, identifying Harringay's position on the edge of manorial and subsequently borough boundaries.

In the mid-19th century, the arrival of the Great Northern Railway (GNR) cleaved western Harringay from the rest of the Borough of Hornsey and set it fair for its subsequent union with the southwesternmost slice of the Borough of Tottenham. The subsequent construction of the Tottenham & Hampstead Junction Railway (THJR) almost defined Harringay's present-day southern boundary.

Demographics

The striking Modernist St Paul's Church & Vicarage, Wightman Road, Harringay - called the dazzling St Paul's by The Guardian's Simon Jenkins St Paul's Church N8.jpg
The striking Modernist St Paul's Church & Vicarage, Wightman Road, Harringay - called the dazzling St Paul's by The Guardian's Simon Jenkins

At the 2011 census, the population of Harringay was about 22,136. [27]

The ethnic breakdown is: 64% white, 12% black, 12% Asian, 6% Mixed and 5% other. 71% of its inhabitants were born in Europe, with 12% in Asia, 7% in Africa (mainly eastern & southern), and 1% in North America. Within this mix 3% were born in Turkey. [27]

About 41% of the population report themselves as Christian, 14% as Muslim, 1% as Jewish and 40% as not religious or no religion stated. [27]

60% of residents are classified as being in the A/B & C1 NRS social grades. [27]

Of a total of around 9,199 dwellings in Harringay, approximately 39% are owner-occupied and about 44% are privately rented accommodation. 14% are public or other council housing. About 40% of the dwellings are houses, with the remainder being flats, most often converted from the largely Victorian housing stock. [27]

Education

There are four generally well regarded schools located within Harringay. These are shown below together with the number of places available in 2018: [28]

Inspection reports on Harringay's four schools are available at the Ofsted website.

Sport

Harringay became both nationally and internationally famous for the sporting events that were held in the Harringay Stadium and the Harringay Arena from the late 1920s until the 1980s. Greyhound racing, boxing and speedway were the main attractions. Today, Harringay is home to the London Meteors who are based in the former cricket pitch in Finsbury Park, at the corner of Endymion Road and Green Lanes.

Green Harringay

22.5% of Harringay is open space: [18]

Behind busy Wightman Road - the New River Path New River Harringay.jpg
Behind busy Wightman Road - the New River Path
A haven of tranquility on Green Lanes - Railway Fields, Harringay Railway Fields.jpg
A haven of tranquility on Green Lanes - Railway Fields, Harringay

Also close by are:

People from Harringay

See Category:People from Harringay

Harringay on film and television

Films shot in part or in their entirety in Harringay include:

TV productions in Harringay include:

Transport and local area

Nearest places

Places of interest

Nearest railway stations

Nearest Underground stations

Buses

There are three bus routes that connect Green Lanes with the City and the West End: the 29, 141, and 341. The nearby Turnpike Lane bus station offers further connection to the west, east and north. [36]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Turnpike Lane, Haringey</span>

Turnpike Lane is a street in Haringey, north London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hornsey</span> Area of London, England

Hornsey is a district of north London, England in the London Borough of Haringey. It is an inner-suburban, for the most part residential, area centred 10 km (6.2 mi) north of Charing Cross. It adjoins green spaces Queen's Wood and Alexandra Park to the north. Known locally as Hornsey Village it is London's oldest recorded village, first recorded in 1202, according to the Place Names of Middlesex.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Muswell Hill</span> Suburb in north London, England

Muswell Hill is a suburban district of the London Borough of Haringey, north London. The hill, which reaches over 100 m (330 ft) above sea level, is situated 5.5 miles (8.9 km) north of Charing Cross.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wood Green</span> District in England

Wood Green is a suburban district in the borough of Haringey in London, England. Its postal district is N22, with parts in N8 or N15. The London Plan identifies it as one of the metropolitan centres in Greater London, and today it forms a major commercial district of North London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">London Borough of Haringey</span> Borough in United Kingdom

The London Borough of Haringey is a London borough in North London, classified by some definitions as part of Inner London, and by others as part of Outer London. It was created in 1965 by the amalgamation of three former boroughs. It shares borders with six other London boroughs. Clockwise from the north, they are: Enfield, Waltham Forest, Hackney, Islington, Camden, and Barnet.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Finsbury Park</span> Public park in Haringey, London, England

Finsbury Park is a public park in the London neighbourhood of Harringay. It is in the area formerly covered by the historic parish of Hornsey, succeeded by the Municipal Borough of Hornsey. It was one of the first of the great London parks laid out in the Victorian era. The park borders the neighbourhoods of Harringay, Finsbury Park, Stroud Green, and Manor House.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Crouch End</span> Human settlement in England

Crouch End is an area of North London, approximately five miles (8 km) from the City of London in the western half of the borough of Haringey. It is within the Hornsey postal district (N8). It has been described by the BBC as one of "a new breed of urban villages" in London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Turnpike Lane tube station</span> London Underground station

Turnpike Lane is a London Underground station at Turnpike Lane in the London Borough of Haringey in north London, England. The station is on the northeastern part of Piccadilly line between Manor House and Wood Green. The station was opened on 19 September 1932 as part of the Cockfosters extension. It is in Travelcard Zone 3.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hornsey railway station</span> Railway station in London

Hornsey railway station is in Hornsey in the London Borough of Haringey, north London. It is on the Great Northern route that forms part of the East Coast Main Line, 4 miles 4 chains (6.5 km) down the line from London King's Cross, and is situated between Harringay to the south and Alexandra Palace to the north.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tottenham (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

Tottenham is a constituency in Greater London represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2000 by David Lammy of the Labour Party. Lammy has served as Shadow Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs since 2021 in the Shadow Cabinet of Keir Starmer, in which he previously served as Shadow Secretary of State for Justice and Shadow Lord Chancellor from 2020 to 2021. Tottenham was re-created as a parliamentary constituency in 1950, having previously existed from 1885 to 1918.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Green Lanes (London)</span>

Green Lanes is a main road in North London which forms part of the A105 road. Covering a distance of 6.3 miles (10.1 km) between Newington Green and Winchmore Hill, it is one of the longest streets in the capital, passing through the N16, N4, N8, N13 and N21 postcode areas.

The history of Harringay tells the story of the development of the district of London five miles from its centre, affected by, but not always part of, the great city's history.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Green, London</span> Sub-district of Tottenham, north London

West Green is an area of north London, England, in the United Kingdom and part of the London Borough of Haringey. It is located 5.7 miles (9.22 km) north of Charing Cross.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Finsbury Park (area)</span> Area in north London, England

Finsbury Park is an area towards the northern edge of Inner London, England, which grew up around an important railway interchange near the convergence of the Boroughs of Islington, Haringey and Hackney.

During this period Harringay emerged from the mist of prehistory as a thickly forested area of southern England. By 1750 most of the forest had been cleared for agriculture, although settlement was still sparse.

This significant period in Harringay's history witnessed the transition from a purely pastoral society and set the stage for the upheavals of the late 19th century.

The advance of late Victorian urbanisation during the last twenty years of the 19th century swept away the 18th and early 19th-century houses, their grounds and the farmland. By 1900 Harringay was completely urbanised.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tottenham</span> Human settlement in England

Tottenham is a town in North London, England, within the London Borough of Haringey. It is located in the ceremonial county of Greater London. Tottenham is centred 6 miles (10 km) north-northeast of Charing Cross, bordering Edmonton to the north, Walthamstow, across the River Lea, to the east, and Stamford Hill to the south, with Wood Green and Harringay to the west.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ducketts Common</span>

Duckett's Common, together with Green Gate Common, form a public park in Harringay, in the London Borough of Haringey. The park is located opposite Turnpike Lane Underground station, on Green Lanes. It offers several amenities including an outdoor gym and basketball courts.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Duckett's Green</span> Human settlement in England

Duckett's Green is an area of north London, England in the United Kingdom and part of the London Borough of Haringey. It is an inner-suburban area located 5.8 miles (9.4 km) north of Charing Cross.

References

  1. "NomisWebsite". Neighbourhood Statistics. University of Durham. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  2. The neighbourhood of Harringay is spelt with two r's and ends in 'ay', whereas the borough of Haringey is spelt with one r and ends in 'ey'. For more information see Etymology subsection of main article: History of Harringay.
  3. Mills, A. D. (2004). Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN   978-0-19-860957-5.
  4. Google Map showing the boundaries of Harringay
  5. 1 2 Ward boundaries classify the park as being within Harringay Ward - Haringey Council Map showing the ward boundaries.
  6. Measured between OS Grid Refs TQ 315 896 and TQ 315 868.
  7. Measured between OS Grid Refs TQ 321 886 and TQ 312 886.
  8. Google map showing Harringay's boundaries.
  9. Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1358865)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 18 June 2007.
  10. "The Salisbury Public House, Harringay, London, UK". July 2004. Retrieved 7 September 2007.
  11. John Mackenzie (Director) (1980). The Long Good Friday. Black Lion Films. For additional information see: IMDb website - The Long Good Friday
  12. Richard Attenborough (Director) (1992). Chaplin. Carolco Pictures. For additional information see: IMDb website - Chaplin
  13. Measured between OS Grid Refs TQ 318 882 and TQ 317 887.
  14. Page on Harringay Online showing map of Harringay's sub-districts
  15. This measurement is taken from the point where St Ann’s Road meets Green Lanes to the traditional centre of London, at the statue of King Charles in Trafalgar Square.
  16. This measurement is taken from the point where St Ann’s Road meets Green Lanes to the highest point of Hampstead, near Spaniards.
  17. This measurement is taken from the point where St Ann's Road meets Green Lanes to the nearest point of the River Lea to the east.
  18. 1 2 3 Generalised Land Use Database Statistics for England 2005, Office for National Statistics. Figures shown are calculated using 100% of the value for Harringay Ward, 30% of the total for St Ann's Ward and 85% of Super Output Area 31D of Seven Sisters Ward.
  19. 1869 & 1894 Ordnance Survey Maps.
  20. Pinching & Bell, Albert & David (2005). Haringey's Hidden Streams Revealed. Hornsey Historical Society. ISBN   0-905794-35-4.
  21. All elevation measurements are from Google Earth. All distance measurements are taken as a straight line between the two points identified, sourced from the Ordnance Survey.
  22. Madge, Stephen J. (1938). The Earliest Records of Harringay alias Hornsey; From Prehistoric Times to 1216 AD. Public Libraries Committee Hornsey.
  23. The Environs of London: Middlesex. T. Cadell and W. Davies. 1811.
  24. The History, Topography, and Antiquities of Highgate, in the County of Middlesex: With Notes on the Surrounding Neighbourhood of Hornsey, Crouch End, Muswell Hill, Etc. Subscription. 1888.
  25. Madge, Stephen J. (1936). An Introduction to the Early Records of Harringay alias Hornsey. Public Libraries Committee Hornsey.The information used for this section is derived from this very detailed study carried out by the author over 36 years. In addition to being an historian of local history, Madge was Editor of the British Records Society.
  26. See Early History page.
  27. 1 2 3 4 5 There is no single figure provided in the census for Harringay. All data used for the total population of Harringay is a close approximation, calculated by using the data for Haringey Output Areas E00010027, E00010029, E00010030, E00010031, E00010032, E00010033, E00010034, E00010035, E00010036, E00010037, E00010038, E00010039, E00010040, E00010041, E00010042, E00010043, E00010044, E00010045, E00010046, E00010047, E00010048, E00010049, E00010050, E00010051, E00010052, E00010053, E00010054, E00010055, E00010056, E00010057, E00010058, E00010059, E00010060, E00010061, E00010062, E00010261, E00010266, E00010268, E00010269, E00010270, E00010271, E00010272, E00010277, E00010278, E00010280, E00010281, E00010282, E00010283, E00010284, E00010285, E00010286, E00010310, E00010311, E00010318, E00010319, E00010323, E00010326, 00010327, 00010328, E00170301, E00170307, E00170308. The number of dwellings was calculated using the same method. All data is sourced from the Nomis website. For the areas used in this calculation, see the Google Map map contributed by Harringay Online.
  28. .gov.uk website
  29. The Conservation Volunteers | Railway Fields
  30. Harringay Access to New River path on Google map - New River Path.
  31. London Wildweb (archived link)
  32. London Community Herbalists website - North Harringay Primary School roof garden.
  33. Haringey Council Green Pennant Gardens page - Doncaster Gardens Community Garden.
  34. London Wildlife Trust page on East Reservoir (Woodberry Wetlands). Archived 16 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine London Wildlife Trust news update on Woodberry Wetlands Development Archived 24 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  35. 1 2 Ticher, Mike (2002). The Story of Harringay Stadium and Arena. Hornsey Historical Society. ISBN   0-905794-29-X..
  36. Haringey London Borough Council - Travelling around Haringey.