Harrison, New Jersey

Last updated
Harrison, New Jersey
Town of Harrison
Downtown Harrison.jpg
Downtown Harrison
Motto(s): 
"Beehive of Industry" [1]
Hudson County New Jersey Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Harrison Highlighted.svg
Location of Harrison within Hudson County and the state of New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Harrison, New Jersey.png
Census Bureau map of Harrison, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°44′35″N74°09′10″W / 40.742957°N 74.152912°W / 40.742957; -74.152912 Coordinates: 40°44′35″N74°09′10″W / 40.742957°N 74.152912°W / 40.742957; -74.152912 [2] [3]
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey
County Flag of Hudson County, New Jersey.gif Hudson
Incorporated April 13, 1840 (as township)
ReincorporatedMarch 25, 1869 (as town)
Named for William Henry Harrison
Government
[4]
  Type Town
  BodyTown Council
   Mayor James A. Fife (D, term ends December 31, 2018) [5] [6]
   Municipal clerk Paul J. Zarbetski [7]
Area
[2]
  Total1.319 sq mi (3.416 km2)
  Land1.203 sq mi (3.116 km2)
  Water0.116 sq mi (0.299 km2)  8.76%
Area rank468th of 566 in state
9th of 12 in county [2]
Elevation
[8]
20 ft (6 m)
Population
  Total13,620
  Estimate 
(2016) [13]
16,231
  Rank183rd of 566 in state
9th of 12 in county [14]
  Density11,319.3/sq mi (4,370.4/km2)
  Density rank25th of 566 in state
9th of 12 in county [14]
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP code
07029 [15] [16]
Area code(s) 973 [17]
FIPS code 3401730210 [2] [18] [19]
GNIS feature ID0885245 [2] [20]
Website townofharrisonnj.com

Harrison is a town in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. It is a suburb of the nearby city of Newark, New Jersey.

A Town in the context of New Jersey local government refers to one of five types and one of eleven forms of municipal government. While Town is often used as a shorthand to refer to a Township, the two are not the same.

Hudson County, New Jersey county in the U.S. state of New Jersey

Hudson County, a county in the U.S. state of New Jersey, lies west of the lower Hudson River, which was named for Henry Hudson, the sea captain who explored the area in 1609. Part of New Jersey's Gateway Region in the New York metropolitan area, Jersey City is its largest city and county seat.

New Jersey State of the United States of America

New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States. It is a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York, particularly along the extent of the length of New York City on its western edge; on the east, southeast, and south by the Atlantic Ocean; on the west by the Delaware River and Pennsylvania; and on the southwest by the Delaware Bay and Delaware. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, and the most densely populated of the 50 U.S. states; its biggest city is Newark. New Jersey lies completely within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia and was the second-wealthiest U.S. state by median household income as of 2017.

Contents

As of the 2010 United States Census, Harrison's population was 13,620, [9] [10] [11] [12] reflecting a decline of 804 (−5.6%) from the 14,424 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 999 (+7.4%) from the 13,425 counted in the 1990 Census. [21] Once considered "the beehive of industry", the town is undergoing a residential renewal, particularly along the Passaic River. [22]

2010 United States Census national census of the United States taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

2000 United States Census 22nd determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000

The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 Census. This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States.

1990 United States Census determined the resident population of the United States on 1 April 1990

The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, was the first census to be directed by a woman, Barbara Everitt Bryant. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9.8 percent over the 226,545,805 persons enumerated during the 1980 Census.

History

Colonial era – 1840s

The area that is now Harrison was a part of a charter granted to Captain William Sandford of Barbados. New Barbadoes Neck consisted of 30,000 acres (120 km2) and extended north from Newark Bay to present-day Rutherford, between the Passaic and Hackensack Rivers. Sandford sent his nephew, Major Nathanial Kingsland, to enter into an agreement for the purchase the land from the Unami Native Americans, a branch of the Leni Lenape. [23]

Barbados country in the Caribbean

Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America. It is 34 kilometres in length and up to 23 km (14 mi) in width, covering an area of 432 km2 (167 sq mi). It is situated in the western area of the North Atlantic and 100 km (62 mi) east of the Windward Islands and the Caribbean Sea; therein, Barbados is east of the Windwards, part of the Lesser Antilles, roughly at 13°N of the equator. It is about 168 km (104 mi) east of both the countries of Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and 400 km (250 mi) north-east of Trinidad and Tobago. Barbados is outside the principal Atlantic hurricane belt. Its capital and largest city is Bridgetown.

New Barbadoes Neck

New Barbadoes Neck is the name given in the colonial era for the peninsula in northeastern New Jersey, USA between the lower Hackensack and Passaic Rivers, in what is now western Hudson County and southern Bergen County. The neck begins in the south at Kearny Point in the Newark Bay and is characterized by a ridge along the west and part of the New Jersey Meadowlands on the east.

Rutherford, New Jersey Borough in New Jersey

Rutherford is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 18,061, reflecting a decline of 49 (−0.3%) from the 18,110 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 320 (+1.8%) from the 17,790 counted in the 1990 Census.

In 1755, the first steam engine in North America was set up at the Schuyler Copper Mine in what is now North Arlington to help drain water from the mine.

Steam engine Heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid

A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid. The steam engine uses the force produced by steam pressure to push a piston back and forth inside a cylinder. This pushing force is transformed, by a connecting rod and flywheel, into rotational force for work. The term "steam engine" is generally applied only to reciprocating engines as just described, not to the steam turbine.

Schuyler Copper Mine

The Schuyler Copper Mine is an abandoned, historic copper mine located in what is now North Arlington in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. Operations began in 1715, making it the earliest copper mine in New Jersey and one of the oldest in the United States. In 1755, it was the site of the first use of a steam engine assembled in America. Later, starting in 1794, the first steam engine was manufactured in the United States near here. Shortly before and after, but not during, the revolutionary war, the mine was a major copper producer. Even though nothing remains of the mining operations above ground, the collapse of the underground shafts and tunnels caused damage as recently as 1989.

North Arlington, New Jersey Borough in New Jersey

North Arlington is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 15,392, reflecting an increase of 211 (+1.4%) from the 15,181 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,391 (+10.1%) from the 13,790 counted in the 1990 Census.

A road to the Hudson Waterfront was completed in 1750, named for Douwe's Ferry which it met at its eastern end to cross the Haceknsack River. [24] In 1790 the state legislature decided that "public good would be served by a 64-foot road from Paulus Hook to Newark Couthouse". By 1795, a bridge over the Hackensack 950 feet (290 m) long and another over the Passaic 492 feet (150 m) long (at the site of the Bridge Street Bridge) were built creating an uninterrupted toll road connection. [25] It is now known as the Newark Turnpike.

Hudson Waterfront Place in Hudson and Bergen

The Hudson Waterfront is an urban area of northeastern New Jersey along the lower reaches of the Hudson River, the Upper New York Bay and the Kill van Kull. Though the term can specifically mean the shoreline, it often used to mean the contiguous urban area between the Bayonne Bridge and the George Washington Bridge that is approximately 19 miles (31 km) long. Historically, the region has been known as Bergen Neck, the lower peninsula, and Bergen Hill, lower Hudson Palisades. It has sometimes been called the Gold Coast.

New Jersey Legislature the legislature of the U.S. state of New Jersey

The New Jersey Legislature is the legislative branch of the government of the U.S. state of New Jersey. In its current form, as defined by the New Jersey Constitution of 1947, the Legislature consists of two houses: the General Assembly and the Senate. The Legislature meets in the New Jersey State House, in the state capital of Trenton. Democrats currently hold super majorities in both chambers of the legislature.

Bridge Street Bridge (Newark)

The Bridge Street Bridge is a swing bridge over the Passaic River connecting Newark and Harrison, New Jersey. It is the 10th bridge from the river's mouth at Newark Bay and is 5.7 miles (9.2 km) upstream from it. Carrying vehicular traffic, the roadway is designated County Route 508.

In 1826, the New Jersey Legislature, Lodi Township was formed from the southern portion of New Barbadoes Neck in Bergen County. [26] [27] Since Lodi Township was part of Bergen County, matters dealing with the county government and courts had to be taken to Hackensack.

Lodi Township was a township that existed in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States, from 1826 to 1935.

Bergen County, New Jersey county in New Jersey

Bergen County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2017 Census estimate, the county's population was 948,406, an increase of 4.8% from the 2010 United States Census, which in turn represented an increase of 20,998 (2.4%) from the 884,118 counted in the 2000 Census. Located in the northeastern corner of New Jersey and its Gateway Region, Bergen County is part of the New York City Metropolitan Area and is directly across the Hudson River from Manhattan, to which it is connected by the George Washington Bridge.

Hackensack, New Jersey City in New Jersey

Hackensack is a city in Bergen County in New Jersey, United States, and serves as its county seat. The area was officially named New Barbadoes Township until 1921, but it was informally known as Hackensack since at least the 18th century. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 43,010, reflecting an increase of 333 (+0.8%) from the 42,677 counted in the 2000 Census, which had, in turn, increased by 5,628 (+15.2%) from the 37,049 counted in the 1990 Census.

In 1840, the inhabitants of Lodi Township joined with present-day Secaucus, Bayonne, Jersey City, Hoboken, Weehawken, and Union City and petitioned for the creation of a new county due to the great distance which the petitioners had to travel to reach the county seat in Hackensack. This appeal resulted in the creation of Hudson County and the first mention of Harrison occurs in the law which was passed on April 13, 1840. Harrison Township was thereby established. [27] [28]

The first committee meeting of the Township of Harrison was held on April 16, 1840, and it is widely accepted that Harrison was named for President William Henry Harrison, who was elected that year. [29]

1850s – present day

Union Township (now Lyndhurst) was created as of February 19, 1852, from portions of the township and became part of Bergen County. [27]

General N. N. Halstead succeeded in getting the necessary laws passed in Trenton and April 8, 1867, Kearny became a separate Township from land that was a part of Harrison, which included East Newark at the time; East Newark later seceded from Kearny, establishing their own Borough. [27]

On March 25, 1869, Harrison town was incorporated, replacing the township. [27]

While campaigning for re-election in 1912, President William Howard Taft told residents gathered for a rally that "you have reason to be proud of this Hive of Industry", from which was coined the town's motto, "The Beehive of Industry", which is still used today. [1] [28]

The town's proximity to rail lines and a large waterfront made Harrison favorably situated for trade. Some of the industries which called Harrison home included the Edison Lamp Works, Worthington Pump and Machinery, the RCA Company, the Peter Hauck Brewery, Driver-Harris Company, Crucible Steel Company, Otis Elevator, Hartz Mountain, Remco Industries, Nopco Chemical and Hyatt Roller Bearing. [30]

As the U.S. moved into the 20th century, these facilities played a major role in the development of new products for both the private and public sector, peaking during World War II. The small town of about only 14,000 residents had more than 90,000 workers commuting into it on a daily basis. [28] In the 21st century the town is undergoing a transformation from a manufacturing center to a residential and service sector town. [31]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had a total area of 1.319 square miles (3.416 km2), including 1.203 square miles (3.116 km2) of land and 0.116 square miles (0.299 km2) of water (8.76%). [2] [3]

Unincorporated communities located partially or completely within Harrison include Manhattan Transfer. [32]

The town borders the municipalities of East Newark and Kearny in Hudson County; and Newark in Essex County. [33]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 1,344
1860 2,55690.2%
1870 4,12961.5%
1880 6,89867.1%
1890 8,32820.7%
1900 10,59627.2%
1910 14,49836.8%
1920 15,7218.4%
1930 15,601−0.8%
1940 14,171−9.2%
1950 13,490−4.8%
1960 11,743−13.0%
1970 11,8110.6%
1980 12,2423.6%
1990 13,4259.7%
2000 14,4247.4%
2010 13,620−5.6%
Est. 201717,643 [13] 29.5%
Population sources: 1850–1920 [34]
1850–1900 [35] 1850–1870 [36]
1850 [37] 1870 [38] 1880–1890 [39]
1890–1910 [40] 1870–1930 [41]
1930–1990 [42] > 2000 [43] [44] 2010 [10] [11] [12]

Census 2010

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,620 people, 4,869 households, and 3,262 families residing in the town. The population density was 11,319.3 per square mile (4,370.4/km2). There were 5,228 housing units at an average density of 4,344.9 per square mile (1,677.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 58.30% (7,941) White, 2.18% (297) Black or African American, 0.56% (76) Native American, 16.28% (2,217) Asian, 0.01% (2) Pacific Islander, 18.48% (2,517) from other races, and 4.19% (570) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 44.18% (6,017) of the population. [10]

There were 4,869 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.23. [10]

In the town, the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 35.0% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.0 years. For every 100 females there were 105.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 105.7 males. [10]

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census [18] there were 14,424 people, 5,136 households, and 3,636 families residing in the town. The population density was 11,811.1 people per square mile (4,564.9/km2). There were 5,254 housing units at an average density of 4,302.2 per square mile (1,662.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 66.10% White, 0.98% African American, 0.40% Native American, 11.89% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 15.96% from other races, and 4.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 36.97% of the population. [43] [44]

As of the 2000 Census, 7.22% of Harrison's residents identified themselves as being of Chinese ancestry. This was the fifth-highest percentage of people with Chinese ancestry in any place in New Jersey with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. [45]

There were 5,136 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.2% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.27. [43] [44]

In the town, the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 36.8% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.2 males. [43] [44]

The median income for a household in the town was $41,350, and the median income for a family was $48,489. Males had a median income of $33,069 versus $26,858 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,490. About 10.1% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over. [43] [44]

Government

Local representation

Town Hall HarrisonNJTownHall.jpg
Town Hall

Harrison is governed under the Town form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a mayor and Town Council comprising eight council members elected on a partisan basis as part of the November general elections. A mayor is elected directly by the voters at-large to a four-year term of office. The Town Council consists of eight members elected to serve four-year terms on a staggered basis, with one seat from each of the four wards up for vote one year, one seat from each of the four wards up the next year and then two years with no elections. [4]

The town is divided into four electoral wards, with each ward represented by two council members, with a total of eight council members on the Town Council. Each ward is divided into three districts (except for the 1st Ward, which has two districts), for a total of 11 electoral districts.

The head of the government is the mayor. The mayor chairs the Town Council and heads the municipal government. The Mayor may both vote on legislation before the Council and veto ordinances. The Mayor's veto can be overruled by ¾ of the Town Council voting to overrule the veto.

Town Council meetings are held on the first Tuesday of the month at 7:00 pm (except in July and August, when no meetings are held, at the call of the chairman), in Council Chambers, which is located on the second floor of the Town Hall at 318 Harrison Avenue. Public Caucus Meetings are held at 6:30 pm.

As of January 2019, the Mayor of Harrison is Democrat James A. Fife, who is serving a term of office ending December 31, 2022. [5] Members of the Harrison Town Council are Laurence M. Bennett (D, 2020; Ward 3), Michael Dolaghan (D, 2019; Ward 4), James P. Doran (D, 2020; Ward 4), Jesus R. Huaranga (D, 2020; Ward 1), Carol Mandaglio (D, 2019; Ward 1), Ellen Mendoza (D, 2020; Ward 2), Francisco Nascimento (D, 2019; Ward 3) and Eleanor Villalta (D, 2019; Ward 2). [5] [46] [47] [48] [49]

While serving a term scheduled to end on December 31, 2014, longtime Mayor Raymond McDonough died on February 12, 2014, after suffering a heart attack at town hall. [50] Later that month, the town council selected James Fife, a former Harrison High School principal, to complete term of McDonough's seat as mayor, which he had held since 1995. [51]

Harrison had one of the longest-serving mayors in American history, Frank E. Rodgers, who was first elected in 1946, defeating incumbent Frederick J. Gassert who had served for 16 years, and served for 48 years, from 1947 to 1995, being elected to 24 two-year terms. He also served two terms in the New Jersey State Senate, from 1978 to 1984. [52]

Federal, state and county representation

Harrison is located in the 8th Congressional District [53] and is part of New Jersey's 32nd state legislative district. [11] [54] [55] Prior to the 2010 Census, Harrison had been part of the 13th Congressional District , a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections. [56]

For the 116th United States Congress , New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires ( D , West New York ). [57] [58] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker ( Newark , term ends 2021) [59] and Bob Menendez ( Paramus , term ends 2025). [60] [61]

For the 2018–2019 session ( Senate , General Assembly ), the 32nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nicholas Sacco ( D , North Bergen ) and in the General Assembly by Angelica M. Jimenez (D, West New York ) and Pedro Mejia (d, Secaucus ). [62] [63] Mejia took office in April 2018 to succeed Vincent Prieto , who resigned from office in March to head the New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority . [64] The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy ( D , Middletown Township ). [65] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange ). [66]

The Hudson County Executive , elected at-large , is Thomas A. DeGise. [67] Hudson County Board of Chosen Freeholders District 9 , comprising the West Hudson towns of Kearny , Harrison , and East Newark and most of Secaucus , [68] is represented by Albert Cifelli. [69] [70]

Politics

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 5,454 registered voters in Harrison, of which 3,207 (58.8%) were registered as Democrats, 312 (5.7%) were registered as Republicans and 1,934 (35.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party. [71]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 78.4% of the vote (2,699 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 20.0% (689 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (54 votes), among the 3,473 ballots cast by the town's 5,940 registered voters (31 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 58.5%. [72] [73] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 68.0% of the vote (2,347 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 30.0% (1,036 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (38 votes), among the 3,453 ballots cast by the town's 5,827 registered voters, for a turnout of 59.3%. [74] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 64.8% of the vote (2,142 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 34.1% (1,128 votes) and other candidates with 0.3% (16 votes), among the 3,306 ballots cast by the town's 5,411 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 61.1. [75]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 53.2% of the vote (896 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 45.2% (762 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (27 votes), among the 1,718 ballots cast by the town's 6,032 registered voters (33 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 28.5%. [76] [77] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 69.0% of the vote (1,542 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 24.8% (554 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 3.9% (87 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (30 votes), among the 2,234 ballots cast by the town's 5,225 registered voters, yielding a 42.8% turnout. [78]

Emergency services

Police

Initially, in the 1870s, the township was patrolled by Phillip Mulligan and four constables. In 1878, Mulligan was eventually appointed "Police Justice" and in 1885, an ordinance was passed to regulate and establish a police department. In 1891, the first police officers were appointed under the 1895 ordinance. Michael Rodgers (father of Mayor Frank E. Rodgers) was among those appointed. He eventually became the first chief of police.

On March 28, 1897, Officer John J. Clark was electrocuted while investigating a downed power line, becoming the first Harrison police officer to die in the line of duty. A plaque at police headquarters is dedicated in his memory.

The Harrison Police Department is presently led by Chief of Police David Strumolo, who was sworn-in March 2018. [79]

The department currently consists of 39 members, down from a one-time high of 67 officers in the 1990s. The department consists of several divisions; Administrative, Patrol, Detective, Traffic Safety, Street Crimes, and Community Policing. The department is very active in the community, participating in National Night Out, and various cultural and civic events, as well as "meet and greets."

The department was among the many Hudson County agencies that responded to the January 2009 crash of Flight 1549, for which they received accolades from the survivors. [80] [81]

The Harrison Police Department is also recognized as an "accredited police agency" by the New Jersey Law Enforcement Accreditation Commission and the New Jersey Association of Chiefs of Police.

Fire

Fire Headquarters Harrison Fire HQ Sussex St crop jeh.jpg
Fire Headquarters

The Harrison Fire Department operates out of a fire station located at 634 Sussex Street and operates a fire apparatus fleet of three engines, one ladder, and several special, support and reserve units. Due to cutbacks, the HFD usually is able to staff one engine with three members and one ladder with three members and one tour commander on duty. The HFD has a table of organization of 29 firefighters. In April 2013, officials from neighboring municipalities and fire departments expressed their frustration at the stresses placed on their firefighters in covering fires in Harrison. [82]

EMS

As of January 1, 2014, Monmouth Ocean Hospital Service Corporation (MONOC) EMS provides 9-1-1 ambulance service to the city of Harrison and nearby East Newark. As part of the agreement, MONOC pays a $1,500 monthly fee for its use of the firehouse on Cleveland Avenue that had previously been used by Harrison Emergency Management Services. [83]

Education

Washington Middle School Washington Middle School NJ.JPG
Washington Middle School

The Harrison Public Schools serves students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide, [84] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority. [85] [86]

As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its four schools had an enrollment of 2,380 students and 162.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 14.6:1. [87] Schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics [88] ) are Harrison Early Childhood Program [89] for (grades Pre-K3 and PreK4), Lincoln Elementary School [90] (grades Pre-K to 3; 667 students), Hamilton Intermediate School [91] (4-5; 302), Washington Middle School [92] (6-8; 430) and Harrison High School [93] (9-12; 698). [94] [95]

In September 2007, Harrison realigned the grades being housed in each of the school buildings in town. The new Harrison High School located on Hamilton Street between Kingsland and Schuyler Avenues opened to students in grades 9–12. As a result, the old Harrison High School building, located on 1 North 5th Street, was renamed as Washington Middle School. The old Washington Middle School, in turn, located on Hamilton Street between North 2nd and North 3rd Streets, has been renamed Hamilton School and now houses the 4th and 5th grades that formerly used the top floors of Holy Cross School. Holy Cross School has since been vacated by the Harrison Public School district.

The Harrison Public School District is participating in the Interdistrict Public School Choice Program. For the 2005–06. school year parents can request to transfer a child from the Washington School, designated by the State of New Jersey as a Category I School, to another school which is not a Category I School. Since there is only one elementary school in Harrison, parents can request a transfer to the Hoboken Public Schools under the Choice program. A transfer request will depend upon the capacity of the selected Hoboken school. [96]

In 2000, the then Harrison High School building (now Washington Middle School) was used as the location of an open casting call by HBO for the series The Sopranos , which brought 15,000-plus TV star hopefuls to the town, doubling the town's population and bringing traffic to a standstill. [97]

In September 2013, Harrison High School was recognized with the National Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence by the United States Department of Education, one of 286 in the country to receive the award that year. [98] [99]

Civic organizations

Harrison Lions Club was chartered on July 25, 1951. The Harrison Club is part of Multiple District 16 (New Jersey) which is part of Lions Clubs International (LCI), the world's largest service organization. The club supports and provides financial aid to the district, state, and international sight projects and is also involved in community programs. [100]

Transportation

View west along I-280 in Harrison 2018-07-08 11 18 34 View west along Interstate 280 (Essex Freeway) at Exit 16 (Harrison) in Harrison, Hudson County, New Jersey.jpg
View west along I-280 in Harrison
PATH station Harrisonpathjeh.JPG
PATH station
Jackson Street Bridge connects Harrison to the Newark Ironbound Jackson Rogers Passaic br jeh.JPG
Jackson Street Bridge connects Harrison to the Newark Ironbound

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the town had a total of 18.15 miles (29.21 km) of roadways, of which 15.23 miles (24.51 km) were maintained by the municipality, 1.57 miles (2.53 km) by Hudson County and 1.35 miles (2.17 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation. [101]

By car, Harrison depends on Interstate 280 which runs through town. Westward, I-280 leads to Route 21, the Garden State Parkway, and Interstate 80. Eastward, it leads to Route 7 and the New Jersey Turnpike.

Replacement of Interstate 280's partial access in central Harrison with service roads, a new interchange, and an overpass (to improve access to Harrison Avenue, the PATH station, and Red Bull Arena, and to give north-south passage to local street traffic) is in the planning stages. [102] [103]

Public transportation

The Harrison station on the PATH rapid transit system offers service to Newark, Jersey City, Hoboken and New York City. The station was built in 1913 and relocated to its present location in 1936. A major reconstruction for the Harrison Station was approved on March 28, 2012, and construction started in January 2013. [104] The completion target, originally scheduled for April 2017, was tentatively moved to 2018, and settling a required right-of-way renewal with Amtrak may delay the completion further. [105]

The Northeast Corridor, built in the 19th century by the Pennsylvania Railroad and now owned by Amtrak, carries NJ Transit trains, and passes through the city on the same alignment as the PATH. There was a stop on the Northeast Corridor in Harrison, but it was eliminated due to the ease of picking up trains in Newark at Penn Station.

Harrison is served by buses operated by several bus companies. NJ Transit offers service within New Jersey on the 30, 40 routes. [106]

The closest airport in New Jersey with scheduled passenger service is Newark Liberty International Airport, located 4.8 miles (7.7 km) away in Newark and Elizabeth.

Harrison Waterfront Development Plan

Old and new on the Passaic HarrisonPassaicRiver.JPG
Old and new on the Passaic

The Harrison Waterfront Redevelopment Plan invited developers to submit plans that capitalize on the presence of the Harrison PATH Station and the Passaic River within a 275-acre (1.11 km2) area that covers 35% of the whole town. The Plan seeks to unite the developers' proposals with a design theme that includes motifs from Harrison's industrial, cultural, and environmental history as a means of fostering a new identity for Harrison that provides a variety of mixed-use, transit-oriented, pedestrian-scale development that will make Harrison a regional destination. [107] [108]

Red Bull Arena

The waterfront across from Newark has been cleared of industrial buildings and is being redeveloped Le Red Bull Arena.jpg
The waterfront across from Newark has been cleared of industrial buildings and is being redeveloped

Harrison is the location of the Red Bull Arena soccer stadium, home of the New York Red Bulls of Major League Soccer. After years of construction delays, the arena opened on March 20, 2010, with an exhibition game against the Brazilian club Santos FC. [109] The soccer-specific stadium (SSS) was constructed at a cost of $200 million and has a capacity of approximately 25,000, with a natural grass field, featuring a full wavy translucent European-style roof that covers all of the seats in the stadium but not the field. [110] The stadium sits alongside the Passaic River with a view of the Newark skyline, and is accessible via public transportation at the PATH train stop in Harrison. [111] The stadium is owned and operated by Red Bull GmbH. [112]

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Harrison include:

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