Harrow School

Last updated

Harrow School
Harrow Crest.svg
The Old Schools, Harrow School.JPG
The Old Schools photographed in 2013
Harrow London UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Harrow School
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Harrow School
England location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Harrow School
United Kingdom adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Harrow School
5 High Street, Harrow on the Hill


Coordinates 51°34′21″N00°20′06″W / 51.57250°N 0.33500°W / 51.57250; -0.33500 Coordinates: 51°34′21″N00°20′06″W / 51.57250°N 0.33500°W / 51.57250; -0.33500
Type Public school
Independent school
Boarding school
Mottoes Latin: Stet Fortuna Domus
(Let the Fortune of the House Stand)
Latin: Donorum Dei Dispensatio Fidelis
(The Faithful Dispensation of the Gifts of God)
Religious affiliation(s) Anglicanism
Established1572;448 years ago (1572) (Royal Charter)
Founder John Lyon of Preston
Department for Education URN 102245 Tables
Chairman of the GovernorsJ P Batting
Head Master Alastair Land
Staff~200 (full-time)
Age13to 18
Enrolment~800 pupils
Colour(s)Blue and white
Publication The Harrovian
School fees£41,775
Former pupilsOld Harrovians
BadgesThe Harrow Lion
The Silver Arrow

Harrow School ( /ˈhær/ ) [1] is an independent school for boys in Harrow, London, England. [2] The School was founded in 1572 by John Lyon under a Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I. Harrow has three terms per academic year (2017/18). [3] Harrow is the fourth most expensive boarding school in the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference. [4] Harrow's history and influence have made Harrow one of the most prestigious schools in the world. [5] [6] [7]


The school has an enrolment of 829 boys all of whom board full-time, in twelve boarding houses. [8] It remains one of four all-boys, full-boarding schools in Britain, the others being Eton, Radley and Winchester. [9] Harrow's uniform includes morning suits, straw boater hats, top hats and canes. Its alumni include eight former British or Indian Prime Ministers (including Peel, Palmerston, Baldwin, Churchill and Nehru), foreign politicians, former and current members of both houses of the UK Parliament, five kings and several other members of various royal families, three Nobel Prize winners, twenty Victoria Cross and one George Cross holders, and many figures in the arts and sciences.


The original Old Schools at background, as they were in 1615 HarrowOldPrint.JPG
The original Old Schools at background, as they were in 1615

The school was founded in February 1572 under a Royal Charter granted by Queen Elizabeth I to John Lyon, a wealthy local farmer. [10] The Charter described this as a re-endowment, and there is some evidence of a grammar school at Harrow in the mid-16th century, but its location and connection with Lyon's foundation are unclear. [11] Evidence for earlier schools, possibly connected with the chantry of St Mary (established in 1324), is weak. [12] In the original charter, six governors were named, including two members of the Gerard family of Flambards, and two members of the Page family of Wembley and Sudbury Court. [13]

Speech Room in 1900 Harrow school speech room 1900.jpg
Speech Room in 1900

Lyon died in 1592, leaving his assets to two causes: the lesser was the School, and by far the greater beneficiary was the maintenance of a road to London, 10 miles (16 km) away. The school owned and maintained this road for many years following Lyon's death, and the whole school still runs along this 10-mile road in an event called "Long Ducker" every November, whilst some 6th formers opt to do 20 miles – to and from the Albert Memorial in London.

It was only after the death of Lyon's wife in 1608 that the construction of the first school building began. It was completed in 1615 and remains to this day, however it is now much larger. At first the primary subject taught was Latin, and the only sport was archery. Both subjects were compulsory; archery was dropped in 1771. [14]

Although most boys were taught for free, their tuition paid for by Lyon's endowment, there were a number of fee-paying "foreigners" (boys from outside the parish). It was their presence that amplified the need for boarding facilities. By 1701 for every local there were two "foreign" pupils; these generated funds for the School as fees increased. By 1876 the ratio was so high that John Lyon Lower School was brought under the authority of the governors of the Upper School so that the School complied with its object of providing education for the boys of the parish. It is now known as The John Lyon School and is a prominent independent school. It maintains close links with Harrow. [10] The majority of the school's boarding houses were constructed in Victorian times, when the number of boys increased dramatically. [15] Between 1872 and 1877, a Speech Room was constructed to the designs of William Burges. The structure is a Grade II* listed building. [16]

The school war memorial, designed by Sir Robert Lorimer, was erected in 1917, marking the already substantial loss of former pupils by that stage of the First World War. [17]

The 20th century saw the innovation of a central dining hall, the demolition of small houses and further modernisation of the curriculum. Currently there are about 850 boys boarding at Harrow. [18]


In 2005, the school was one of fifty of the country's leading independent schools which were found guilty of running an illegal price-fixing cartel, exposed by The Times , which had allowed them to drive up fees for thousands of parents, although the schools said that they had not realised that the change to the law (which had happened only a few months earlier) about the sharing of information had subsequently made it an offence. [19] Each school was required to pay a nominal penalty of £10,000 and all agreed to make ex-gratia payments totalling £3,000,000 into a trust designed to benefit pupils who attended the schools during the period in respect of which fee information was shared. [20] Jean Scott, the head of the Independent Schools Council, said that independent schools had always been exempt from anti-cartel rules applied to business, were following a long-established procedure in sharing the information with each other, and that they were unaware of the change to the law (on which they had not been consulted). [21]


Harrow has expanded overseas, opening additional schools in Beijing, China (Harrow International School Beijing); Shanghai, China (Harrow International School Shanghai), Bangkok, Thailand (Harrow International School, Bangkok); and New Territories, Hong Kong (Harrow International School Hong Kong). [22]

School traditions


House name and Colours [8]
Bradbys – Purple and White (DJE)        
Druries – Red and Black (BTM)        
Elmfield – Purple and Black (AJC)        
Gayton – (over-spill house) (NSK)
The Grove – Red and Blue (CST)        
The Headmaster's – Pink and White (CTP)        
The Knoll – Gold and Black (CO)        
Lyon's – Green and Black (NJM)        
Moretons – White and Blue (RSMJ)        
Newlands – Yellow and White (EWH)        
The Park – Red and White (BJDS)        
Rendalls – Magenta and Silver (SNT)        
West Acre – Red, White and Blue (JLR)            

Boys at Harrow have two uniforms. Everyday dress, worn to most lessons, consists of a white shirt, black polyester tie, light grey trousers known as "greyers", black shoes, an optional blue jumper (sweater), a dark blue woollen uniform jacket known as a "bluer", the option of the School blue and white scarf and dark blue woollen overcoat similar to the bluer on cold days and the Harrow Hat, often erroneously called a boater, made of varnished straw with a dark blue band. Variations include boys who are monitors who are allowed to wear a jumper of their choice, and members of certain societies who may earn the right to replace the standard school tie with one of a variety of scarves, cravats, neck and bow ties. [23]

Sunday dress, which is worn every Sunday up to lunch and on special occasions such as Speech Day and songs, consists of black tailcoats, morning trousers, a white shirt, a black tie, and a black single breasted waistcoat. Boys with sports colours may wear a grey double breasted waistcoat; members of the Guild may wear maroon double breasted waistcoats with maroon bowties; members of the Philathletic Club may wear black bowties alongside grey double breasted waistcoats; school monitors may wear black double breasted waistcoats, a top hat and carry canes.

The Harrow uniform achieved fame in the mid-20th century when a 1937 photograph of two Harrovians in formal dress wear being watched by three working-class boys was taken outside Lord's Cricket Ground. The photograph was placed on the front cover of the News Chronicle (now absorbed into the Daily Mail ) the next morning under the tagline "Every picture tells a story". The picture was soon reproduced in other national publications and became, and remains, one of the most popular symbols of the class divide in the United Kingdom. [24]


Harraw school football team 1867.jpg
Football team of 1867
Harrow cricket team of 1869 for the match against Eton.jpg
Cricket team of 1868
Harrow School Footer Field.jpg
Football match at the School footer field, painted by Thomas M. Henry
Tennis courts include acrylic, hard and synthetic lawn surfaces

The sport squash (originally called 'Squasher') was invented in Harrow out of the game rackets around 1830. [25] [26] [27] It spread to other schools and eventually becoming an international sport.

An annual cricket match has taken place between Harrow and Eton College at Lord's Cricket Ground since 1805. It is considered to be the longest-running cricket fixture in the world [28] and is the oldest fixture at Lord's (see: Eton v Harrow). Eton won the match in 2013, and Harrow in 2014 and 2015.

Harrow has its own unique style of football called Harrow Football. [29]

School houses

Harrow School divides its pupils, who are all boarders, into twelve Houses, each of about seventy boys, with a thirteenth house, Gayton, used as an overflow. Each House has its own facilities, customs and traditions, and each competes in sporting events against the others.

Until the 1950s there existed what were known as 'small houses' where only 5–10 boys stayed at one time while they waited for a space in a large house to become available (hence the use of the term large house in this article). A twelfth large house, Lyon's, was built in 2010. [8]

House Masters, Deputy House Masters and their families live in the boarding Houses and are assisted by House Tutors appointed from the teaching staff. Every House has a residential House Tutor, who may or may not also be the Deputy House Master. The House Master oversees the welfare of every boy in his care; for parents he is the main point of contact with the School. [8]

Each House has a resident matron, and sick room. The matrons are supported by the School's Medical Centre where trained nursing staff offer round the clock care. The medical centre is under the direct supervision of the school doctor who is available on the Hill every day for consultation. [8]

There are no dormitories: a boy shares his room for the first three to six terms and thereafter has a room to himself. [8]

Media coverage

Harrow was featured in a Sky 1 documentary series entitled Harrow: A Very British School in 2013.

In February 2016, the actor Laurence Fox claimed Harrow threatened legal action to prevent him discussing the racism, homophobia and bullying he allegedly encountered as a pupil at the school. [30]

Old Harrovians

A modern view from the library to the Old Schools, one of the sets of the Harry Potter films HarrowHighStreet.JPG
A modern view from the library to the Old Schools, one of the sets of the Harry Potter films

Harrow alumni are known as Old Harrovians, they include seven former British prime ministers including Winston Churchill and Robert Peel and the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru. Twenty Old Harrovians have been awarded the Victoria Cross and one the George Cross. [31]

The School has educated five monarchs: King Hussein of Jordan, both Kings of Iraq, Ghazi I and his son Faisal II, the current Emir of Qatar Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani and Ali bin Hamud of Zanzibar.[ citation needed ]

Harrow is one of the few schools in the UK to have educated several Nobel laureates: John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, who received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1904; John Galsworthy, winner of the 1932 Nobel Prize in Literature; and Winston Churchill, who also received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1953.

Other alumni include writers Lord Byron, Sir Terence Rattigan, Simon Sebag-Montefiore, and Richard Curtis, the 6th Duke of Westminster and the prominent reformist Lord Shaftesbury and business people (including DeBeers chairman Nicky Oppenheimer, Pret a Manger founder Julian Metcalfe) and the big game hunter and artist General Douglas Hamilton, as well as Island Records founder Chris Blackwell. In sports, the school produced the first two Wimbledon champions (Spencer Gore and Frank Hadow) as well as FA Cup founder C.W. Alcock and current England rugby international players Billy Vunipola and Maro Itoje. Alumni in the arts and media industry include actors Benedict Cumberbatch and Cary Elwes, photographer Count Nikolai von Bismarck, singer James Blunt, pianist James Rhodes, and horse racing pundit John McCririck. Margaret Thatcher sent her son, Mark, to Harrow.

Fictional characters who have attended Harrow include Brett Sinclair of the TV series The Persuaders! , Withnail and Uncle Monty from the film Withnail & I , Matthew Pocket from Charles Dickens's novel, Great Expectations , and Geoffrey Charles Poldark from Poldark.

Notable staff

Caricature of the Rev. Joseph Wood DD, Headmaster at Harrow (1898-1910) by George Algernon Fothergill ("GAF")
Caption reads: "Harrow" Joseph Wood, Vanity Fair, 1899-09-21.jpg
Caricature of the Rev. Joseph Wood DD, Headmaster at Harrow (1898–1910) by George Algernon Fothergill ("GAF")
Caption reads: "Harrow"

Head Masters

See also

Related Research Articles

The Kings School, Canterbury Public school in Canterbury, Kent, England

The King's School is a 13–18 mixed, independent, boarding and day school in Canterbury, Kent, England. It is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference and the Eton Group. It is Britain's oldest public school; and is arguably the oldest continuously operating school in the world, having been founded in AD 597.

Rugby School Public school in Rugby, Warwickshire, England

Rugby School is an English independent boarding school for pupils aged 13–18 in Rugby, Warwickshire, England.

Eton College Independent boarding school for boys near Windsor, Berkshire, England

Eton College is a 13–18 independent boarding school for boys in the parish of Eton, near Windsor in Berkshire, England. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as "Kynge's College of Our Ladye of Eton besyde Windesore", as a sister institution to King's College, Cambridge, making it the 18th-oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference school. Eton's history and influence have made it one of the most prestigious schools in the world.

Westminster School School in Westminster, United Kingdom

Westminster School is a historic public school in Westminster, London, England, within the precincts of Westminster Abbey and beside the Houses of Parliament. It can be traced to a charity school founded by Westminster Benedictine monks before the Norman Conquest in 1066, documented by the Croyland Chronicle and a charter of King Offa. Its unbroken existence is clear from the early 14th century. Boys are admitted to Under School at the age of seven and by examination to the senior school at 13, girls to the Sixth Form at 16. The school has some 750 pupils; about a quarter are mainly weekday boarders, free to go home after Saturday morning school. The school motto Dat Deus Incrementum refers to 1 Corinthians 3:6: "I planted the seed and Apollos watered it, but God made it grow" The school was one of nine examined by the Clarendon Commission of 1861. and reformed by the Public Schools Acts Westminster is one of the few UK schools to have educated several Nobel laureates: Edgar Adrian, Sir Andrew Huxley and Sir Richard Stone.

Charterhouse School Public school in Godalming, Surrey, United Kingdom

Charterhouse is a boarding school in Godalming, Surrey. Originally founded by Thomas Sutton in 1611 on the site of the old Carthusian monastery in Charterhouse Square, Smithfield, London, it educates over 800 pupils, aged 13 to 18 years, and is one of the original 'great' nine English public schools. Today pupils are still referred to as Carthusians, and ex-pupils as Old Carthusians.

Malvern College Public school in Malvern, Worcestershire, England

Malvern College is an independent coeducational day and boarding school in Malvern, Worcestershire, England. It is a public school in the British sense of the term and is a member of the Rugby Group and of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference. Since its foundation in 1865, it has remained on the same grounds, which are located near the town centre of Great Malvern. The campus, now covering some 250 acres, is set against the backdrop of the Malvern Hills.

Clifton College Public school in Bristol, England

Clifton College is a co-educational independent school in the suburb of Clifton in the city of Bristol in South West England, founded in 1862. In its early years it was notable for emphasising science rather than classics in the curriculum, and for being less concerned with social elitism, e.g. by admitting day-boys on equal terms and providing a dedicated boarding house for Jewish boys, called Polack's House. Having linked its General Studies classes with Badminton School, it admitted girls to the Sixth Form in 1987 and is now fully coeducational. Polack's House closed in 2005 but a scholarship fund open to Jewish candidates still exists. Clifton is one of the original 26 English public schools as defined by the Public Schools Yearbook of 1889.

Radley College Boarding school near Radley, England

Radley College is a boys' public school near Radley, Oxfordshire, England, which was founded in 1847. The school covers 800 acres (3.2 km2) including playing fields, a golf course, a lake, and farmland.

Tonbridge School School in Kent, UK

Tonbridge School is an independent boarding and day school for boys in Tonbridge, Kent, England, founded in 1553 by Sir Andrew Judde. It is a member of the Eton Group and has close links with the Worshipful Company of Skinners, one of the oldest London livery companies. It is a public school in the British sense of the term.

Ipswich School Public school in Suffolk, England

Ipswich School is an independent school for children aged 3 to 18 in Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

Bedford School Public school in Bedford, Bedfordshire, England

Bedford School is an HMC independent school for boys located in the county town of Bedford in England. Founded in 1552, it is the oldest of four independent schools in Bedford run by the Harpur Trust.

Millfield is a co-educational independent school for pupils aged 13–18 years based in Street, Somerset, England. It was founded in 1935.

Truro School Public school in Truro, Cornwall, England

Truro School is a coeducational independent day and boarding school in the city of Truro, Cornwall, England, UK. It is the largest coeducational independent school in Cornwall with over 1050 pupils from pre-prep to sixth form. It is a member School of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference of Leading Independent Schools. Membership of the HMC is often considered to be what defines a school as a public school in England and Wales.

St Edwards School, Oxford Public school in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England

St Edward's School is a co-educational, independent boarding school in Oxford, England.

Royal Hospital School Public school in Holbrook, Suffolk, England

The Royal Hospital School is a British co-educational independent day and boarding school with naval traditions. The school admits pupils from age 11 to 18 through Common Entrance or the school's own exam. The school is regulated by Acts of Parliament.

Sunningdale School is a family-run boys' preparatory independent boarding school of around 100 pupils, situated in Sunningdale in Berkshire, close to London, England.

Harrow International School Bangkok International school in Don Mueang District, Bangkok, Thailand

Harrow International School Bangkok is a British international school in Don Mueang District, Bangkok, Thailand.

Public school (United Kingdom) Type of independent school in England and Wales

A public school in England and Wales is a fee-charging endowed school originally for older boys which was "public" in the sense of being open to pupils irrespective of locality, denomination or paternal trade or profession. The term was formalised by the Public Schools Act 1868, which put into law most recommendations of the 1864 Clarendon Report. Nine prestigious schools were considered by Clarendon, and seven subsequently included in the Act.

Harrow International School Beijing Independent, international, day school

Harrow International School Beijing is a private school located in Chaoyang District, Beijing.

Harrow International School Hong Kong Independent, international, day and boarding school

Harrow International School Hong Kong is a British international boarding and day, all-through school in Tuen Mun, Hong Kong. When it opened in September 2012, it became the first British boarding school in Hong Kong. It was also the third in the Harrow family of schools in the Asia region in association with Harrow School and The John Lyon School in London. The School provides a British independent style of education from Early Years to Y13.


  1. Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.), Longman, p. 368, ISBN   9781405881180
  2. "Harrow school threatens to drop A-levels". The Guardian. London. 31 October 2006. Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  3. http://www.harrowschool.org.uk/Fees-and-Deposits
  4. http://www.privateschoolfees.co.uk/uploads/1/1/2/4/11247026/boarding_fees_2015_2016.pdf
  5. https://www.msn.com/en-gb/money/careersandeducation/the-worlds-most-elite-boarding-schools/ss-BBozy2a?li=BBoPMmp#image=26
  6. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/education-and-careers/0/worlds-exclusive-boarding-schools/
  7. https://world-schools.com/the-best-boarding-schools-in-the-world/
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Houses". Harrow School. Archived from the original on 13 February 2010. Retrieved 10 October 2009.
  9. Rae, John (18 April 2009). "The Old Boys' Network". The Spectator. London. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
  10. 1 2 Cockburn, J. S.; King, H. P. F.; McDonnell, K. G. T., eds. (1969). "Schools: Harrow School". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 1, Physique, Archaeology, Domesday, Ecclesiastical Organization, the Jews, Religious Houses, Education of Working Classes To 1870, Private Education From Sixteenth Century. London: Victoria County History. pp. 299–302 via British History Online.
  11. Tyerman, Christopher (2000). A History of Harrow School. Oxford University Press. pp. 8–11. ISBN   0-19-822796-5.
  12. Tylerman (2000), pp. 13–17.
  13. Harrow School. Edward Arnold, London. 1898. p.  29 . Retrieved 5 December 2009. harrow school page family.
  14. "Archery, Romance and Elite Culture in England and Wales, c. 1780–1840".
  15. Tyerman, Christopher (2000). A history of Harrow School. Oxford University Press. ISBN   0-19-822796-5.
  16. Historic England (9 July 1968). "SPEECH ROOM (HARROW SCHOOL), Harrow (1193321)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  17. Dictionary of Scottish Architects: Robert Lorimer
  18. "Inspection Report on Harrow School". Reports. Independent Schools Inspectorate. October 2006. Archived from the original on 20 March 2008. Retrieved 11 January 2008.
  19. Halpin, Tony (10 November 2005). "Independent schools face huge fines over cartel to fix fees". The Times. London. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  20. "OFT names further trustees as part of the independent schools settlement". Office of Fair Trading (archived on nationalarchives.org.uk). 21 December 2006. Archived from the original on 2 April 2014.
  21. "Private schools send papers to fee-fixing inquiry". The Daily Telegraph. London. 3 January 2004. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
  22. "Harrow International School, (Beijing)". Harrow Beijing. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
  23. "Harrow Terminology". Tradition. Harrow School. Archived from the original on 13 February 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
  24. Jack, Ian (23 March 2010). "The photograph that defined the class divide". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  25. "History of squash". squashplayer.co.uk. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  26. "History". worldsquash.org.uk. Archived from the original on 10 November 2010. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  27. "History of squash". talksquash.co.uk. Archived from the original on 29 September 2010. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  28. "The oldest fixture of them all". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  29. "Harrow Football: The Game". Tradition. Harrow School. Archived from the original on 17 February 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
  30. Leon Watson (23 February 2016). "Laurence Fox: Harrow tried to silence me over racism, homophobia and bullying". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  31. "History of the School". Harrow School. Archived from the original on 20 September 2008. Retrieved 10 October 2009.
  32. Kelly's Handbook to the Titled, Landed & Official Classes, Vol. 38 (Kelly's Directories, 1912), p. 1,838

Further reading