Harry Catterick

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Harry Catterick
Personal information
Date of birth(1919-11-26)26 November 1919
Place of birth Darlington, County Durham, England
Date of death 9 March 1985(1985-03-09) (aged 65)
Place of death Goodison Park, Liverpool, England
Position(s) Centre-forward
Youth career
Stockport County
Cheadle Heath Nomads
Senior career*
YearsTeamApps(Gls)
1946–1951 Everton 59 (19)
1951–1953 Crewe Alexandra 24 (11)
Teams managed
1951–1953 Crewe Alexandra
1953–1958 Rochdale
1958–1961 Sheffield Wednesday
1961–1973 Everton
1975–1977 Preston North End
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

Harry Catterick (26 November 1919 – 9 March 1985) was an English football player and manager. As a player Catterick played for Everton and Crewe Alexandra, in a career that was interrupted by World War II, but he is most notable as a manager. After spells with Crewe, Rochdale and Sheffield Wednesday, with whom he won the Football League Second Division title, he took over at Everton and won the Football League twice and the FA Cup with the Merseyside club and is regarded as one of Everton's most successful managers. [1] He finished his managerial career at Preston North End.

Contents

Playing career

His father Harry Catterick Senior, was a former player and coach of Stockport. Catterick Junior played at amateur level for Stockport Schoolboys and for Cheadle Heath Nomads before signing part-time for Everton in 1937 as an 18-year-old. He was an apprentice marine engine engineer.

However, his professional career coincided with the Second World War so that his opportunities to play were limited. His wartime scoring record with Everton was an impressive 55 goals in 71 games. During the war, he also played for Manchester United and Stockport County.

He finally made his league debut in August 1946, aged 26.

Managerial career

Sheffield Wednesday

Replacing Eric Taylor in 1958, Catterick achieved much success in his three years with Sheffield Wednesday. He led to team to the Division 2 title in 1959 and reached the FA Cup semi-final the following season, losing to Blackburn Rovers. The following season, Wednesday were league runners-up to Tottenham Hotspur, who won the Double. Catterick left just before the end of the season following an approach from Everton.

Everton

Catterick took over from Johnny Carey in 1961. He soon began to motivate the team and made some astute signings. Under his authoritarian guidance, Everton won the First Division Championship in the 1962–63 season and the 1966 FA Cup Final. Although he narrowly lost the 1968 FA Cup Final, the same young team eventually dominated the 1969–70 season, winning the Championship again by one point short of a record points total. Catterick upheld Everton's tradition of cultured, attacking football.

Many tipped Everton to dominate the 1970s under Catterick. However, a dip in the team's morale saw Everton struggle in the league the following season. The sale of Alan Ball to Arsenal in December 1971 came as a surprise to supporters. The struggle by a previously great team seriously affected Catterick's health, and he suffered a severe heart attack on 5 January 1972 near Sheffield after watching the league semi-final between West Ham United and Stoke City. He spent 14 days in hospital in Sheffield, being discharged on 19 January, and returned later that season, but later said that he felt it took him 12 months to fully recover.

He was persuaded to accept a non-executive role at the club on 11 April 1973 by chairman John Moores. He held that role until becoming manager of Preston North End in August 1975. It was a role he remained in up to May 1977. In the Summer of 1977 Catterick wrote to the FA inquiring about the England managerial vacancy but never got a reply. [2] After that Catterick worked as a scout for Southampton FC when managed by Lawrie MacMenemy.

The Shankly rivalry

While the manager of rivals Liverpool, Bill Shankly, was an extrovert, Catterick was the opposite; an introvert. He disliked that the press gave information about his team out to the public, even simple details such as the formation. He ensured that the players on the team-sheet were only listed in alphabetical order so that rival managers would not know the line-up.

He also disliked televised games as he wanted to keep Everton's playing style out of the public eye. His rival Shankly was the opposite, welcoming televised matches as he felt it frightened opposing teams.

Catterick once gave an "exclusive" story to a journalist that Everton had missed out on the signing of Preston North End's Howard Kendall and that Kendall had in fact opted to sign for Liverpool. The journalist published the story in the newspaper but hours later Kendall had in fact signed for Everton. It is claimed that Catterick had manipulated the media to score points off the field against Shankly.

Managerial statistics

Managerial record by team and tenure
TeamFromToRecord
PWDLWin %
Crewe Alexandra 1 December 19511 June 195375311133041.3
Rochdale 1 June 19531 May 1958238885892037.0
Sheffield Wednesday 1 August 1958April 1961138773130055.8
Everton 15 April 196112 April 1973597278157162046.6
Preston North End 27 August 19751 May 197798402434040.8
Total [3] 1,146514281351044.9

Death

Catterick died of a heart attack shortly after watching Everton draw 2–2 with Ipswich Town in an FA Cup Sixth Round match at Goodison Park on 9 March 1985. He was 65 years old. His death came almost exactly five years after former Everton striker Dixie Dean had died while watching a game at the ground, also of a heart attack. Everton won the replay 1–0 and the players wore a black armband in honour of Catterick.

He is buried in the graveyard of St Anne's Church, St Anne's-on-the-Sea, Lancashire after a funeral held there six days after his death. His gravestone bears the Everton motto, "Nil satis nisi optimum".

Honours

Manager

Sheffield Wednesday
Everton

Catterick was portrayed by Colin Welland in the 1997 TV film The Fix , which featured the events of the 1964 football betting scandal.

See also

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References

  1. Hilton, Nick (21 December 2010). "The Harry Catterick Story: Part One - Was Everton FC's most successful boss for 90 years Top Catt or a Sour Puss?". Liverpool Echo . Retrieved 22 December 2010.
  2. Clough and Revie - The Rivals who changed football - Roger Hermiston
  3. http://www.soccerbase.com/managers/manager.sd?manager_id=577