Hartmann Schedel

Last updated
Hartmann Schedel
Born13 February 1440
Died28 November 1514(1514-11-28) (aged 74)
Germany
NationalityGerman
Occupation Physician, humanist, historian, cartographer
Opening from the Nuremberg Chronicle, showing Erfurt Schedel erfurt.jpg
Opening from the Nuremberg Chronicle , showing Erfurt
1493 Woodcut of the City of Rhodes, by Hartmann Schedel Rhodos1493.png
1493 Woodcut of the City of Rhodes, by Hartmann Schedel

Hartmann Schedel (13 February 1440 – 28 November 1514) was a German historian, physician, humanist, and one of the first cartographers to use the printing press. He was born and died in Nuremberg. Matheolus Perusinus served as his tutor.

Contents

Schedel is best known for his writing the text for the Nuremberg Chronicle , known as Schedelsche Weltchronik (English: Schedel's World Chronicle), published in 1493 in Nuremberg. It was commissioned by Sebald Schreyer (1446–1520) and Sebastian Kammermeister (1446–1503). [1] Maps in the Chronicle were the first ever illustrations of many cities and countries.

With the invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg in 1447, it became feasible to print books and maps for a larger customer basis. Because they had to be handwritten, books were previously rare and very expensive.

Schedel was also a notable collector of books, art and old master prints. An album he had bound in 1504, which once contained five engravings by Jacopo de' Barbari, provides important evidence for dating de' Barbari's work.

Editions

Notes

  1. Hartmann Schedule, Weltchronik, Kolorierte Gesamtausgabe von 1493, Einleitung und cementer Stephen Füssel, Weltbild Verlag

Sources

Related Research Articles

Nuremberg city in Bavaria, Germany

Nuremberg is the second-largest city of the German federal state of Bavaria after its capital Munich, and its 511,628 (2016) inhabitants make it the 14th largest city in Germany. On the Pegnitz River and the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal, it lies in the Bavarian administrative region of Middle Franconia, and is the largest city and the unofficial capital of Franconia. Nuremberg forms a continuous conurbation with the neighbouring cities of Fürth, Erlangen and Schwabach with a total population of 798,867 (2018), while the larger Nuremberg Metropolitan Region has approximately 3.6 million inhabitants. The city lies about 170 kilometres (110 mi) north of Munich. It is the largest city in the East Franconian dialect area, Nuremberg was one of the host cities of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

Conrad Celtes German Renaissance humanist

Conrad Celtes was a German humanist scholar and poet of the German Renaissance born in Franconia. He led the theatrical performances at the Viennese court and reformed the syllabi. In 1500, he published Tacitus' "Germania" and his rediscovered works and wrote the "Quatuor libri amorum" in 1500, after the model of Ovid.

Świdnica Place in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland

Świdnica is a city in south-western Poland in the region of Silesia. As of 2019, it has a population of 57,014 inhabitants. It lies in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, being the seventh largest town in that voivodeship. From 1975–98 it was in the former Wałbrzych Voivodeship. It is now the seat of Świdnica County, and also of the smaller district of Gmina Świdnica. Świdnica became part of the Wałbrzych agglomeration on 23 January 2014.

Ernest Charles Jones British poet

Ernest Charles Jones was an English poet, novelist and Chartist.

<i>Nuremberg Chronicle</i> 1493 book of woodcuts by Hartmann Schedel

The Nuremberg Chronicle is an illustrated encyclopedia comprised of world historical accounts, as well as accounts told through biblical paraphrase. Subjects include human history in relation to the bible, illustrated mythological creatures, and the histories of important Christian and secular cities from antiquity. Finished in 1493 after years in the making, it was originally written in Latin by Hartmann Schedel, and a German version was translated by Georg Alt. It is one of the best-documented early printed books—an incunabulum—and one of the first to successfully integrate illustrations and text.

Anton Koberger German printer

Anton Koberger was the German goldsmith, printer and publisher who printed and published the Nuremberg Chronicle, a landmark of incunabula, and was a successful bookseller of works from other printers. He established in 1470 the first printing house in Nuremberg.

Wildenstein Castle (Leibertingen) castle

Burg Wildenstein (Leibertingen), a fortified spur castle, built between 1200 and 1300 A.D., is situated above the Danube break-through at the Swabian Alb in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It functions now as a hostel of the German Youth Hostel Association.

Johann Christoph Volkamer German botanist

Johann Christoph Volkamer was a German merchant, manufacturer and botanist.

Johannes Christoph Andreas Zahn was a German theologian and musicologist best known for his opus Die Melodien der deutschen evangelischen Kirchenlieder, a critical anthology of almost 9000 hymn melodies developed and used in German Lutheran churches.

Marcus Junkelmann German military historian and experimental archaeologist

Marcus Junkelmann is a German historian and experimental archeologist.

Friedrich Wilhelm Schulz German politician and publisher

Friedrich Wilhelm Schulz was a German officer, radical, and social democratic publisher in Hesse. His most famous works are Der Tod des Pfarrers Friedrich Ludwig Weidig as well as Die Bewegung der Produktion, which Karl Marx quoted extensively in his 1844 Manuscripts. Schulz was the first to describe the movement of society "as flowing from the contradiction between the forces of production and the mode of production," which would later form the basis of historical materialism. Marx continued to praise Schulz's work decades later when writing Das Kapital.

Trams in Nuremberg tram system

The Nuremberg tramway network is a network of tramways forming part of the public transport system in Nuremberg, a city in the federal state of Bavaria, Germany.

Manfred Rühl is a German communication scientist with a social science background.

<i>Lochamer-Liederbuch</i>

The Lochamer-Liederbuch is an extensive collection of German songs at the transition from the late Middle Ages to the Renaissance. It dates from the mid-15th century and is regarded as one of the most important surviving collections of music from fifteenth-century Germany. Other names are Locheimer and Lochheimer Liederbuch.

Martinic was a Czech noble family from Bohemia, claimed to be descended from the old Vršovci clan. The family have been part of the Bohemian ancient nobility. As of 1322, the family possessed the castle of Martinice near Votice in southern part of Central Bohemia.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Nuremberg, Germany.

The Reichskrieg was a war fought in 1311 and 1312 by the imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire against Eberhard I, Count of Württemberg, known as 'Eberhard the Illustrious Highness'.

Franz Seraph von Kohlbrenner German writer, civil servant and opinion journalist

Johann Franz Seraph von Kohlbrenner was a German polymath, promoting the Enlightenment in Bavaria. While working as a civil servant for the Bavarian court, he published a hymnal which contained a complete German High Mass and songs such as "Das Grab ist leer, der Held erwacht" for which he is known. These hymns and especially his German mass, used in settings by Michael Haydn, remain popular to this day.

Nordostbahnhof (Nuremberg U-Bahn) metro station in Nuremberg, Germany

Nordostbahnhof is the 34th underground station of the Nuremberg U-Bahn and was opened on 27 January 1996. It is 902 m from Schoppershof underground station and 835 m from Herrnhütte underground station. The station is connected to Röthenbach by a sharp track change in the direction of Röthenbach and a parking and sweeping facility in the direction of the airport up to Herrnhütte underground station. The Nordostbahnhof was opened on 1 February 1908 as part of the Gräfenbergbahn. According to earlier plans, the station was to be called Leipziger Platz.

Georg Goldberg was a German copper and steel engraver of Jewish descent.