Stirling Cottage in Harvey
|Population||2,750 (2016 census)|
|Elevation||40.3 m (132 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Harvey|
Harvey is a town located in the South West of Western Australia along the South Western Highway, 140 kilometres (87 mi) south of Perth, between Pinjarra and Bunbury. It has a population of 2,750. Harvey Town is known for its dairy industry and oranges.
Harvey's name is derived from the nearby Harvey River, named by Governor James Stirling in 1829, soon after the river's discovery by explorers Alexander Collie and Lieutenant William Preston RN.
Although not positively known, the river is most likely named after Rear Admiral John Harvey. In 1817–18, Harvey was Commander in Chief of the West Indies Station –Stirling served under him while in charge of HMS Brazen, and Harvey recommended him for promotion. Stirling named a number of Western Australian features after his former navy colleagues.
According to James Battye, Stirling selected 52 square kilometres (12,800 acres) known as Wellington Location 50A and established the Harvey River Settlement. The only improvement he made to the land, as far as is known, was the erection of a hunting lodge near the present town of Harvey, known as "The Hut", featuring a shingled roof, jarrah walls and hexagonal paving blocks. In the 1880s, this hut became the childhood home of children's author May Gibbs. Stirling called the area around the town of Harvey "Korijekup", using the Noongar name meaning "place of the red-tailed black cockatoo".
The area was settled slowly over the remainder of the 1800s. During the 1860s, Australind, originally the site of a failed grandiose settlement scheme, was the centre of the Harvey District community. In 1863, a road was gazetted from Pinjarra to Brunswick Junction, which was built by convicts between 1864 and 1876 - it was called the "foothills route" and later became the South Western Highway.
Harvey was developed as a private town in the 1890s by a group of investors following the opening of a railway station there in 1893. However, Cookernup, little more than a railway stop today, had a greater population, and had a telegraph office and school years before Harvey.
The population of the town was 93 (66 males and 27 females) in 1898.
In 1926 the Harvey Road Board sought the declaration of a townsite, but this did not occur until 1938.
In February 2006, EG Green & Sons, the owner of the Harvey Beef brand since 1919 and responsible for about 90% of Western Australia's beef exports, went into administration. In April, however, the brand was rescued by a new consortium who acquired EG Green & Sons and recreated it as Harvey Industries.
In 2010, Harvey gained national attention when 19-year-old Jessica Moloney became a finalist in the popular Fox8 show Australia's Next Top Model . She came in fourth place in Cycle 6 of the series.
The town is the seat of the Shire of Harvey and is the centre of the Western Australian dairy industry. It contains a hospital, agricultural college, vocational college and the headquarters of Harvey Fresh, Harvey Beef and Harvey Cheese. Each year in April (previously October) it hosts a major agricultural show. In addition, Harvey Senior High School, two primary schools, dining and shopping facilities, banks, accommodation (hotel, motel, caravan park, farm stay), council offices and the Forest Products Commission's Timber Technology Centre are located within the town.
The railway station contains a museum which documents early life in the town, and the Stirling Cottage (actually a replica of it built 500 metres or 550 yards downstream from the original in 1994 after the original cottage succumbed to the elements in the 1960s) has been converted into a tourist information centre and tearooms. An unusual feature is the Italian Internment Shrine, built by Italian internees of Harvey No. 11 Camp during World War II and believed to be one of the only monuments of its kind in existence.
Harvey is home to Harvey Dam, which is a popular recreational angling (licensed) and tourist destination, with picnic facilities, walkways and historical information.Harvey Dam's wall can be traversed completely on foot.
In 2015 Harvey received a new war memorial with detailed casualty counts and information relevant to major Australian engagements.
On 7 January 2016 the residents of the town were urged to evacuate immediately by Western Australia's Department of Fire and Emergency Services due to an approaching bushfire. Patients at the Harvey District Hospital were evacuated to nearby hospitals along with residents from local nursing homes.On the evening of 8 January, after catastrophic losses in nearby Yarloop, the fire was threatening the town. Harvey was evacuated late on the afternoon of 9 January, but conditions eased the following day and the alert level was downgraded.
The main road route through the area is South Western Highway (Route 20; Perth to Bunbury via Pinjarra and Waroona). Uduc Road, the town's main street, goes to Old Coast Road near Myalup.
Harvey station is located on the South Western Railway and served by Transwa's twice daily Australind service from Perth to Bunbury.
Transwa and South West Coachlines run daily bus service between Perth, Mandurah and Bunbury via Forrest Highway, and have stops in Harvey Intersection near Forestry Road, between Mylaup and Binningup. Private cab shuttle service also run daily to Perth Airport through Harvey.
A senior citizens bus service also run every Friday between Harvey and Bunbury.
There are two primary schools in Harvey, being Harvey Primary Schooland St Anne's School. Secondary school options are Harvey Senior High School and the WA College of Agriculture – Harvey. Other popular secondary education options include Our Lady of Mercy College and Australind Senior High School, both located in Australind.
Harvey experiences a mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and wet winters.
|Climate data for Harvey|
|Record high °C (°F)||41.5|
|Average high °C (°F)||31.1|
|Average low °C (°F)||15.7|
|Record low °C (°F)||5.2|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||12.4|
|Average rainy days||2.6||2.6||3.8||9.1||12.6||15.5||18.4||18.6||19.0||9.8||7.7||3.6||123.3|
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Waroona is a town located in the Peel region of Western Australia along the South Western Highway, between Pinjarra and Harvey. The town is the seat of the Shire of Waroona. At the 2016 census, Waroona had a population of 2,934.
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The Australind is a rural passenger train service in Western Australia operated by Transwa on the South Western Railway between Perth and Bunbury.
Yarloop is a town in the South West of Western Australia along the South Western Highway, between Waroona and Harvey. At the 2016 census, Yarloop had a population of 395. On 7 January 2016 a bushfire destroyed most of the town.
Pinjarra is a town in the Peel region of Western Australia along the South Western Highway, 82 kilometres (51 mi) from the state capital, Perth and 21 kilometres (13 mi) south-east of the coastal city of Mandurah. Its local government area is the Shire of Murray. At the 2016 census, Pinjarra had a population of 4910.
Brunswick Junction is a town in the South West of Western Australia, situated along the South Western Highway between Harvey and Bunbury. It had a population of 772 people at the 2016 census, down from 797 at the 2006 census.
Cookernup is a town in the South West of Western Australia near the South Western Highway, between Waroona and Harvey.
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Australind is a town in Western Australia, located 12 km north-east of Bunbury's central business district. Its local government area is the Shire of Harvey. At the 2016 census, Australind had a population of 14,539.
Murray-Wellington is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia. The seat's current member is Labor MLA Robyn Clarke.
Binningup is a town on the coast of the South West region of Western Australia between Mandurah and Bunbury. At the 2016 census, Binningup had a population of 1,227.
Wellesley is a locality in the Bunbury region of Western Australia, about 10 km north-east of Australind. Its local government area is the Shire of Harvey. It is bordered on the south and east by the Brunswick River and the Wellesley River. The main feature of the locality is the Kemerton Industrial Park.
The Shire of Harvey is a local government area of Western Australia. Harvey is located in the state's South West region, approximately 140 km south of Perth, and includes some of Bunbury's northern suburbs. The shire covers an area of 1,728 km² and had a population of approximately 26,500 as at the 2016 Census. Around 12% of the population are of Southern or Eastern European origin.
The South Western Railway, also known as the South West Main Line, is the main railway route between Perth and Bunbury in Western Australia.
Forrest Highway is a 95-kilometre-long (59 mi) highway in Western Australia's Peel and South West regions, extending Perth's Kwinana Freeway from east of Mandurah down to Bunbury. Old Coast Road was the original Mandurah–Bunbury route, dating back to the 1840s. Part of that road, and the Australind Bypass around Australind and Eaton, were subsumed by Forrest Highway. The highway begins at Kwinana Freeway's southern terminus in Ravenswood, continues around the Peel Inlet to Lake Clifton, and heads south to finish at Bunbury's Eelup Roundabout. There are a number of at-grade intersections with minor roads in the shires of Murray, Waroona, and Harvey including Greenlands Road and Old Bunbury Road, both of which connect to South Western Highway near Pinjarra.
Pinjarra railway station is located on the South Western Railway in Western Australia. It is located at the town of Pinjarra.
Harvey railway station is located on the South Western Railway in Western Australia. It serves the town of Harvey.