Hasan Fehmi (Ataç)

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Hasan Fehmi (Ataç)
Hasan Fehmi Atac.jpg
Minister of Finance
In office
24 April 1922 2 January 1925
Prime Minister Fevzi Çakmak
Rauf Orbay
Ali Fethi Okyar
İsmet İnönü
Ali Fethi Okyar
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded by Abdülhalik Renda
Minister of Agriculture
In office
22 November 1924 2 March 1925
Prime Minister Ali Fethi Okyar
Preceded by Şükrü Kaya
Succeeded by Mehmet Sabri Toprak
Personal details
Born
Hasan Fehmi

1879
Gümüşhane, Trebizond Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died16 September 1961 (aged 82)
Awards Medal of Independence with Red-Green Ribbon
Nickname(s)Ataç

Hasan "Ataç" [n 1] Fehmi (1879 – 16 September 1961) was a Turkish politician and a member of both the Grand National Assembly of the Republic of Turkey (the Turkish Parliament) and the earlier Chamber of Deputies of the Ottoman Empire (the lower house of the Ottoman Parliament). As a member of both parliaments, Hasan Fehmi was a deputy representing Gümüşhane, the place of his birth.

Contents

After his career in the Grand National Assembly, Hasan Fehmi was appointed by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk to be the Minister of Agriculture and Minister of Finance. Later in life, he was awarded the Medal of Independence with Red-Green Ribbon for his services to the Republic of Turkey. [1]

Early life and career

Hasan Fehmi was born in Gümüşhane in 1879 and was the son of Kadirbeyzade Mehmet Salim Beyin. [2] Fehmi went on to receive his local education at the Rüştiye school located in the Süleymaniye district of Gümüşhane. In his later life, however, Fehmi did not have an opportunity to attain higher education. [3] Soon thereafter, Fehmi became a politician and a member of the Chamber of Deputies of the Ottoman Empire from Gümüşhane in its second and third sessions during the disintegrating Empire's Second Constitutional Era, and after the fall of the Ottoman Empire, became a deputy in the newly established Republic of Turkey. He served as deputy of Gümüşhane in the first period of the convening of the Grand National Assembly until the eighth period. On 17 October 1920, during his career as a deputy, Fehmi provided important testimony concerning the Armenian deportations during a secret conference in the national assembly:

"As you know the [Armenian] deportations were an event that triggered a worldwide outcry and caused us to be regarded as murderers. Before embarking upon it we knew that the Christian world would not indulge us and would direct its full wrath and deep-seated enmity against us on account of it. Why have we then [opted for] appending to ourselves the label of murderers (Neden katillik unvanini nefsimize izafe ettik)? Why have we involved ourselves in such a grave and difficult conflict? We acted thusly simply to ensure the future of our country that we consider to be dearer and more sacred to us than our own lives." [4] [5] [6]

During the testimony, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the first president of the Republic of Turkey, presided over the national assembly. [4] Fehmi also provided testimony regarding the confiscation of Armenians goods and property during another secret session of the national assembly:

"Not a single Muslim's good were liquidated, you can establish these facts by examining the old records of the secret deliberations. The Parliament at that time secretly secured reassurances from the Finance Minister that the law would not apply to Muslims who had fled as a result of war. Only after registering this assurance did we proclaim to the world that law. Presently, we are repeating that procedure." [7]

Amid protests that he was uneducated, Fehmi was appointed by Atatürk as the Finance Minister on 24 April 1922 and served until 2 January 1925. [4] During his career as a Finance Minister, Fehmi managed to provide needed provisions of the Turkish army after Turkish War of Independence. After serving as Finance Minister for three years, Fehmi became the Minister of Agriculture between 22 November 1924 and 3 March 1925. [3]

Fehmi was married and had one child. [8]

He was also awarded the Medal of Independence with Red-Green Ribbon. [1]

Fehmi died on 16 September 1961 at the age of 82. [2]

See also

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References

Notes
  1. Hasan Fehmi was one of two members of the Turkish parliament who was named as such. Therefore, he went by his nickname "Ataç".
References
  1. 1 2 Türk Parlamento Tarihi Araştırma Grubu, Türk Parlamento Tarihi, Millî Mücadele ve T.B.M.B. I. Dönem 1919–1923 – III. Cilt: I. Dönem Milletvekillerin Özgeçmişleri, Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi Vakfı Yayınları, Ankara, 1995, ISBN   975-7291-06-4, pp. 1015–1016.
  2. 1 2 "Hasan Fehmi ATAÇ". Haber29.
  3. 1 2 "Hasan Fehmi Ataç". Kim Kimdir.
  4. 1 2 3 Dadrian, Vahakn (2003). Warrant for Genocide: Key Elements of Turko-Armenian Conflict. Transaction Publishers. ISBN   1412841194.
  5. Marchak, Patricia (2003). Reigns of terror. Montreal [Que.]: McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 95. ISBN   0773571604.
  6. Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi Gizli Celse Zabıtları, Vol. I, Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları, Ankara, 1985, p. 177, Turkish text: Tehcir meselesi, biliyorsunuz ki dünyayı velveleye veren ve hepimizi katil telâkki ettiren bir vaka idi. Bu yapılmazdan evvel âlem-i nasraniyetin bunu hazmetmeyeceği ve bunun için bütün gayz ve kinini bize tevcih edeceklerini biliyorduk. Neden katillik ünvanını nefsimize izafe ettik? Neden o kadar azim, müşkül bir dava içine girdik? Sırf canımızdan daha aziz ve daha mukaddes bildiğimiz vatanımızın istikbalini taht-ı emniyete almak için yapılmış şeylerdir.
  7. Dadrian, Vahakn N. (2004). The history of the Armenian genocide : ethnic conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus (6th rev. ed.). New York: Berghahn Books. ISBN   1571816666.
  8. "Hasan Fehmi Atac" (PDF). T.C. Maliye Bakanlari. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.