Hasan Saka

Last updated
Hasan Saka
Hasan Husnu Saka.jpg
7th Prime Minister of Turkey
In office
10 September 1947 16 January 1949
President İsmet İnönü
Preceded by Recep Peker
Succeeded by Şemsettin Günaltay
Member of the Grand National Assembly
In office
28 June 1923 2 May 1954
Constituency Trabzon (1923, 1927, 1931, 1935, 1939, 1943, 1946, 1950)
Personal details
Born1885
Trabzon, Ottoman Empire
Died29 July 1960(1960-07-29) (aged 74–75)
Istanbul, Turkey
Political party Republican People's Party
Alma mater Mekteb-i Mülkiye

Hasan Saka (1885, Akçaabat 29 July 1960) was a Turkish politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Prime Minister of Turkey.

Akçaabat Town in Karadeniz, Turkey

Akçaabat is a town and district of Trabzon Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is located to the west of the city of Trabzon. It covers an area of 385 km² and the elevation is 10 m. The town has an estimated population of 48,315 (2007). Akçaabat is a coastal town known for its local soccer team Akçaabat Sebatspor, its kofta dish Akçaabat köfte and the Akçaabat Horonu dance. Akçaabat has hosted an international folklore festival since 1990, and it was a venue for Archery and Athletics competitions of the First Black Sea Games held in 2007.

Turkish people or the Turks, also known as Anatolian Turks, are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language. They are the largest ethnic group in Turkey, as well as by far the largest ethnic group among the speakers of Turkic languages. Ethnic Turkish minorities exist in the former lands of the Ottoman Empire. In addition, a Turkish diaspora has been established with modern migration, particularly in Western Europe.

A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.

Political career

Hasan Saka in the 1920s Hasan Husnu Bey Saka.jpg
Hasan Saka in the 1920s

He graduated from "Mülkiye Mektebi" (School of Civil Service) in 1908. Hasan Saka started working for government in "Divan-ı Muhasebat" (Council of Accounts). He was sent to France for further education by the Ottoman government in 1909. After graduating from the School of Political Science with a Diplomacy major, he returned home to continue his prior job.

France Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

Ottoman Empire Former empire in Asia, Europe and Africa

The Ottoman Empire, historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror.

He was elected as a member of the Ottoman Parliament in Istanbul at its last term and kept his position until the parliament was closed. He was elected as a member of Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) from Trabzon at its first term on 28 January 1921.

Istanbul Metropolitan municipality in Marmara, Turkey

Istanbul, formerly known as Byzantium and Constantinople, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural and historic center. Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, straddling the Bosporus strait between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. Its commercial and historical center lies on the European side and about a third of its population lives in suburbs on the Asian side of the Bosporus. With a total population of around 15 million residents in its metropolitan area, Istanbul is one of the world's most populous cities, ranking as the world's fourth largest city proper and the largest European city. The city is the administrative center of the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Istanbul is viewed as a bridge between the East and West.

Trabzon Metropolitan municipality in Turkey

Trabzon, historically known as Trebizond, is a city on the Black Sea coast of northeastern Turkey and the capital of Trabzon Province. Trabzon, located on the historical Silk Road, became a melting pot of religions, languages and culture for centuries and a trade gateway to Persia in the southeast and the Caucasus to the northeast. The Venetian and Genoese merchants paid visits to Trebizond during the medieval period and sold silk, linen and woolen fabric; the Republic of Genoa had an important merchant colony within the city called Leonkastron that played a role to Trebizond similar to the one Galata played to Constantinople. Trabzon formed the basis of several states in its long history and was the capital city of the Empire of Trebizond between 1204 and 1461. During the early modern period, Trabzon, because of the importance of its port, again became a focal point of trade to Persia and the Caucasus.

Saka was appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs on 13 September 1944. He quit this position on 9 September 1947 when the entire cabinet resigned.

He was appointed as Prime Minister on 10 September 1947. He resigned on 9 September 1949 but continued to be a member of parliament. His political life ended in 1954 when he decided not to run for the parliament again.

He died on 29 July 1960 in Istanbul, and was laid to rest at the Zincirlikuyu Cemetery.

Zincirlikuyu Cemetery burial ground in the European part of Istanbul, Turkey

The Zincirlikuyu Cemetery is a modern burial ground residing on the European part of Istanbul, Turkey. It is administered by the Metropolitan Municipality. Many prominent figures from the world of politics, business, sports and arts rest here.

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References

Political offices
Preceded by
Abdülhalik Renda
Minister of Finance
3 March 1925 – 13 July 1926
Succeeded by
Abdülhalik Renda
Preceded by
Numan Menemencioğlu
Minister of Foreign Affairs
13 September 1944 – 10 September 1947
Succeeded by
Necmettin Sadak
Preceded by
Münir Birsel
Minister of National Defence (acting)
5 June 1948 – 10 June 1948
Succeeded by
Hüseyin Hüsnü Çakır
Preceded by
Mehmet Recep Peker
Prime Minister of Turkey
10 September 1947 – 16 January 1949
Succeeded by
Şemsettin Günaltay