This article needs additional citations for verification . (September 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|7th Prime Minister of Turkey|
10 September 1947 –16 January 1949
|Preceded by||Recep Peker|
|Succeeded by||Şemsettin Günaltay|
|Member of the Grand National Assembly|
28 June 1923 –2 May 1954
|Constituency||Trabzon (1923, 1927, 1931, 1935, 1939, 1943, 1946, 1950)|
Trabzon, Ottoman Empire
|Died||29 July 1960 74–75) (aged|
|Political party||Republican People's Party|
|Alma mater||Mekteb-i Mülkiye|
Hasan Saka (1885, Akçaabat – 29 July 1960) was a Turkish politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Prime Minister of Turkey.
Akçaabat is a town and district of Trabzon Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is located to the west of the city of Trabzon. It covers an area of 385 km² and the elevation is 10 m. The town has an estimated population of 48,315 (2007). Akçaabat is a coastal town known for its local soccer team Akçaabat Sebatspor, its kofta dish Akçaabat köfte and the Akçaabat Horonu dance. Akçaabat has hosted an international folklore festival since 1990, and it was a venue for Archery and Athletics competitions of the First Black Sea Games held in 2007.
Turkish people or the Turks, also known as Anatolian Turks, are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language. They are the largest ethnic group in Turkey, as well as by far the largest ethnic group among the speakers of Turkic languages. Ethnic Turkish minorities exist in the former lands of the Ottoman Empire. In addition, a Turkish diaspora has been established with modern migration, particularly in Western Europe.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.
He graduated from "Mülkiye Mektebi" (School of Civil Service) in 1908. Hasan Saka started working for government in "Divan-ı Muhasebat" (Council of Accounts). He was sent to France for further education by the Ottoman government in 1909. After graduating from the School of Political Science with a Diplomacy major, he returned home to continue his prior job.
France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
The Ottoman Empire, historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror.
He was elected as a member of the Ottoman Parliament in Istanbul at its last term and kept his position until the parliament was closed. He was elected as a member of Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) from Trabzon at its first term on 28 January 1921.
Istanbul, formerly known as Byzantium and Constantinople, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural and historic center. Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, straddling the Bosporus strait between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. Its commercial and historical center lies on the European side and about a third of its population lives in suburbs on the Asian side of the Bosporus. With a total population of around 15 million residents in its metropolitan area, Istanbul is one of the world's most populous cities, ranking as the world's fourth largest city proper and the largest European city. The city is the administrative center of the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Istanbul is viewed as a bridge between the East and West.
Trabzon, historically known as Trebizond, is a city on the Black Sea coast of northeastern Turkey and the capital of Trabzon Province. Trabzon, located on the historical Silk Road, became a melting pot of religions, languages and culture for centuries and a trade gateway to Persia in the southeast and the Caucasus to the northeast. The Venetian and Genoese merchants paid visits to Trebizond during the medieval period and sold silk, linen and woolen fabric; the Republic of Genoa had an important merchant colony within the city called Leonkastron that played a role to Trebizond similar to the one Galata played to Constantinople. Trabzon formed the basis of several states in its long history and was the capital city of the Empire of Trebizond between 1204 and 1461. During the early modern period, Trabzon, because of the importance of its port, again became a focal point of trade to Persia and the Caucasus.
Saka was appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs on 13 September 1944. He quit this position on 9 September 1947 when the entire cabinet resigned.
He was appointed as Prime Minister on 10 September 1947. He resigned on 9 September 1949 but continued to be a member of parliament. His political life ended in 1954 when he decided not to run for the parliament again.
He died on 29 July 1960 in Istanbul, and was laid to rest at the Zincirlikuyu Cemetery.
The Zincirlikuyu Cemetery is a modern burial ground residing on the European part of Istanbul, Turkey. It is administered by the Metropolitan Municipality. Many prominent figures from the world of politics, business, sports and arts rest here.
İsmail Nihat Erim was a Turkish politician and jurist. He served as the 30th Prime Minister of Turkey for almost 14 months after the 1971 Turkish coup d'état. He was assassinated in Istanbul in 1980.
Erdal İnönü was a Turkish theoretical physicist and politician, who served as the interim Prime Minister of Turkey between 16 May and 25 June 1993. He also served as the Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey from 1991 to 1993 and as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from March to October 1995. He served as the leader of the Social Democracy Party (SODEP) from 1983 to 1985 and later the Social Democratic Populist Party (SHP) from 1986 to 1993. He was the son of the 2nd President of Turkey, İsmet İnönü.
Mehmet Şükrü Saracoğlu was a Turkish politician, the fifth Prime Minister of Turkey and the Turkish Minister of Foreign Affairs during the early stages of World War II. He signed the German–Turkish Treaty of Friendship in 1941, which would prevent Turkish involvement in the war. He was also the chairman of the Turkish sports club Fenerbahçe S.K. for 16 years between 1934 and 1950, including holding that post concurrently with his time as Prime Minister from 1942 to 1946.
Fatin Rüştü Zorlu was a Turkish diplomat and politician. He was executed by hanging after the coup d'état in 1960 along with two other politicians.
Mehmet Şemsettin Günaltay was a Turkish historian, politician, and Prime Minister of Turkey from 1949 to 1950.
Hikmet Çetin is a Turkish politician former minister of foreign affairs and was leader of the Republican People's Party (CHP) for a short time. He served also as the Speaker of the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
Mehmet Ali İrtemçelik is the previous ambassador of the Republic of Turkey to Germany. He has also served as member of parliament in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey and as a minister of state in the Council of Ministers of Turkey. He graduated from Galatasaray High School and Bosphorus University, both in Istanbul, Turkey.
Stefanos Skouloudis was a Greek banker, diplomat and the 34th Prime Minister of Greece.
Necmettin Sadık Sadak was a Turkish politician, former minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey and former chairman of the Turkish sports club Galatasaray.
Erdoğan Bayraktar is a Turkish politician. He is the former Minister of Environment and Urban Planning of Turkey under Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's government and member of parliament for Trabzon from the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), resigning from both offices on 25 December 2013.
The 16th government of Turkey was a government in the history of Turkey. It is also called the first Saka government.
Events in the year 1960 in Turkey.
Events in the year 1961 in Turkey.
Events in the year 1947 in Turkey.
Events in the year 1948 in Turkey.
Fuat Sirmen (1899-1981) was a Turkish politician.
Yusuf Kemal Bey (1878–1969) was a Turkish civil servant, politician and academic. His birth name was Yusuf Kemal. After the Turkish Surname Law in 1934, he assumed the surname Tengirşenk.
Faik Ahmet Barutçu (1894–1959) was a Turkish politician
Ümit Haluk Bayülken was a Turkish diplomat, ambassador, politician, former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of National Defense of Turkey.
Zekai Apaydın was a former Turkish civil servant, diplomat and politician.
| Minister of Finance |
3 March 1925 – 13 July 1926
| Minister of Foreign Affairs |
13 September 1944 – 10 September 1947
| Minister of National Defence (acting) |
5 June 1948 – 10 June 1948
Hüseyin Hüsnü Çakır
Mehmet Recep Peker
| Prime Minister of Turkey |
10 September 1947 – 16 January 1949
|This article about a Turkish politician is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|