Hasan Tahsin

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Hasan Tahsin
Hasan tahsin2.jpg
Native name
Osman Nevres
Born
Osman Nevres

1888
Died15 May 1919
Smyrna, Ottoman Empire
NationalityOttoman
OccupationJournalist, member of the Ottoman Special Organization
Organization Special Organization
Known forOpening of fire on the Greek soldiers that landed at Smyrna
Movement Pan-Turkism

Hasan Tahsin was the code name of Osman Nevres (1888 – 15 May 1919), an Ottoman-born Turkish nationalist [1] [2] , patriot, journalist, republican from a Dönmeh [3] [4] [5] [6] background and a hero of the Turkish nation whose name has been given by the Turkish Armed Forces to the Information Center of the Turkish General Staff (Genelkurmay İletişim Başkanlığı'nın Hasan Tahsin Bilgi Merkezi). A member of the Ottoman Special Organization, he unsuccessfully tried to assassinate the Buxton Brothers: Noel Noel-Buxton, 1st Baron Noel-Buxton and Charles Roden Buxton in Romania during World War I [7] . He was sentenced to five-years imprisonment for the attempt. He was released when German forces overran Romania. [8] :75

Ottoman Empire Former empire in Asia, Europe and Africa

The Ottoman Empire, historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror.

Turkish people or the Turks, also known as Anatolian Turks, are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language. They are the largest ethnic group in Turkey, as well as by far the largest ethnic group among the speakers of Turkic languages. Ethnic Turkish minorities exist in the former lands of the Ottoman Empire. In addition, a Turkish diaspora has been established with modern migration, particularly in Western Europe.

Turkish nationalism

Turkish nationalism is a political ideology that promotes and glorifies the Turkish people, as either a national, ethnic, or linguistic group.

He is the national symbol of the Turkish resistance to enemy forces. He is the first to open fire on the Greek soldiers that landed at Smyrna (present day İzmir) on May 15, 1919 [9] in the opening act of the Greek occupation of more than three years that extended over a large part of western Anatolia, as well as of the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922). He was one of the first journalists who talked openly about women's rights. At the time of his death he was publishing and writing for the newspaper "Hukuk-u Beşer" (Ottoman Turkish for "Human Rights") [10] . He was killed on the spot on May 15, 1919 becoming the first martyr of the Turkish War of Independence.

Greek landing at Smyrna

The Greek landing at Smyrna was a military operation by Greek forces starting on May 15, 1919 which involved landing troops in the city of Smyrna and surrounding areas. The Allied powers sanctioned and oversaw the planning of the operation and assisted by directing their forces to take over some key locations and moving warships to the Smyrna harbor. During the landing, a shot was fired on the Greek 1/38 Evzone Regiment and significant violence ensued with Greek troops and Greek citizens of Smyrna participating. The event became important for creating the three-year-long Greek Occupation of Smyrna and was a major spark for the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922).

İzmir Metropolitan municipality in Aegean, Turkey

İzmir, outside Turkey known until the 1930s as Smyrna, is a metropolitan city in the western extremity of Anatolia and the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara. It is the second most metropolitan area on the Aegean Sea after Athens, Greece. In 2017, the city of İzmir had a population of 3,028,323, while İzmir Province had a total population of 4,279,677. İzmir's metropolitan area extends along the outlying waters of the Gulf of İzmir and inland to the north across the Gediz River delta; to the east along an alluvial plain created by several small streams; and to a slightly more rugged terrain in the south.

Greece republic in Southeast Europe

Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, self-identified and historically known as Hellas, is a country located in Southern and Southeast Europe, with a population of approximately 11 million as of 2016. Athens is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki.

The first bullet statue of Hasan Tahsin, Izmir, Turkey IlkKursunAniti.JPG
The first bullet statue of Hasan Tahsin, İzmir, Turkey

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References

  1. Bozkurt Güvenç, Türk Kimliği, Kültür Bakanlığı, 1993, p. 32. (in Turkish)
  2. Yaşar Aksoy, Hasan Tahsin’in Anlamı, Haberhüriyeti
  3. Arda Sualp - M. Ali Eren, "Cumhuriyet hanedanları" Archived 2015-05-18 at the Wayback Machine ., Aksiyon, Sayı: 51 / Tarih : 25-11-1995. (in Turkish)
  4. Ilgaz Zorlu, Evet, ben Selânikliyim: Türkiye Sabetaycılığı, Belge Yayınları, 1999, p. 95. (in Turkish)
  5. Abdurrahman Küçük, Dönmeler ve Dönmelik Tarihi, Ünal Matbaası, 1979, p. 237. (in Turkish)
  6. Orhan Türkdoğan, Osmanlı'dan Günümüze türk Toplum Yapısı, Çamlıca Yayınları, 2002, p. 166. (in Turkish)
  7. "Teşkilat-ı Mahsusa üyesi Hasan Tahsin", Hürriyet , 17 Mayıs 2009 (in Turkish)
  8. Noel-Buxton, Noel Noel-Buxton Baron; Leese, Charles Leonard (1919). Balkan Problems and European Peace. G. Allen & Unwin.
  9. Yaşar Aksoy, Jülide Tunaseli, Love for 70 years: Izmir Fair, Metropolitan Municipality of Izmir, 2001, p. 1.
  10. http://www.haberhurriyeti.com/IcerikDetay/533-hasan-tahsin%E2%80%99in-anlami.aspx
Mark Lambert Bristol American navy officer

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