|Birth name||Iqbal Hussain|
|Born||15 April 1922|
Jaipur, Jaipur State, British India
|Died||17 September 1999 77)(aged|
Hasrat Jaipuri, born Iqbal Ahmed (15 April 1922 – 17 September 1999) was an Indian poet, who wrote in the Hindi and Urdu languages. He was also a renowned film lyricist in Hindi films, where he won the Filmfare Awards for Best Lyricist twice.
Indians are the nationals or citizens of India, the second most populous nation in the world, containing 17.50% of the world's population. "Indian" refers to nationality, rather than a particular ethnicity or language; the Indian nationality consists of dozens of regional ethno-linguistic groups, reflecting the rich and complex history of the country. Due to emigration, the Indian diaspora is present throughout the world, notably in other parts of Asia, North America, the Caribbean, Oceania, and Africa.
Hindustani, also known as Hindi-Urdu and historically also known as Hindavi, Dehlavi and Rekhta, was a historical lingua franca of Northern India and Pakistan. It is an Indo-Aryan language, deriving its base primarily from the Khariboli dialect of Delhi. The language incorporates a large amount of vocabulary from Prakrit, Sanskrit, as well as Persian and Arabic. It is now a pluricentric language, with two official forms, Modern Standard Hindi and Modern Standard Urdu, which are its standardised registers. According to Ethnologue's 2019 estimates, if Hindi and Urdu are taken together as Hindustani, the language would be the 3rd most spoken language in the world, with approximately 409.8 million native speakers and 785.6 million total speakers.
The Filmfare Awards, presented by The Times Group, are a set of awards that honour artistic and technical excellence in the Hindi-language film industry of India. The Filmfare ceremony is one of the oldest and most prestigious film events in India. The awards were first introduced in 1954, the same year as the National Film Awards. They were initially referred to as the "Clare Awards" or "The Clares" after Clare Mendonca, the editor of The Times of India. A dual voting system was developed in 1956. Under this system, in contrast to the National Film Awards, which are decided by a panel appointed by Indian Government, the Filmfare Awards are voted on by both the public and a committee of experts.
Jaipuri was born Iqbal Husain in Jaipur, where he studied English till medium level, and then acquired his taalim (education) in Urdu and Persian from his paternal grandfather, Fida Husain.He began writing verse, when he was around twenty years old. Around the same time, he fell in love with a neighborhood girl name Radha. Hasrat talked about a love letter he wrote to this girl, in an interview, later in his life, that love knows no religion. Hasrat Jaipuri was quoted as saying, "It is not at all necessary that a Muslim boy must fall in love only with a Muslim girl. My love was silent, but I wrote a poem for her, 'Yeh mera prem patra padh kar, ke tum naaraaz na hona." It is not known for sure whether the love letter was actually delivered to Radha. But veteran film producer Raj Kapoor liked it enough to include it in his Sangam (1964 Hindi film) and the song ended up becoming a 'hit' song in India.
Jaipur is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It was founded on 18 November 1727 by Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amer, and after whom the city is named. As of 2011, the city had a population of 3.1 million, making it the tenth most populous city in the country. Jaipur is also known as the Pink City, due to the dominant color scheme of its buildings. It is located 268 km from the national capital New Delhi. Jaipur is a popular tourist destination in India and forms a part of the west Golden Triangle tourist circuit along with Delhi and Agra. It also serves as a gateway to other tourist destinations in Rajasthan such as Jodhpur, Jaisalmer Udaipur, Kota and Mount Abu (520 km, 323 mi). Jaipur is located 616 km from Shimla.
Urdu —or, more precisely, Modern Standard Urdu—is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language. It is the official national language and lingua franca of Pakistan. In India, it is one of the 22 official languages recognized in the Constitution of India, having official status in the six states of Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal, as well as the national capital territory of Delhi. It is a registered regional language of Nepal.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is a pluricentric language primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.
In 1940, Jaipuri came to Bombay (now Mumbai), and started working as a bus conductor, earning a monthly salary of eleven rupees. He used to participate in mushairas. At a mushaira, Prithviraj Kapoor noticed Jaipuri and recommended him to his son, Raj Kapoor. Raj Kapoor was planning a musical love story, Barsaat (1949) with Shankar-Jaikishan. Jaipuri wrote his first recorded song, Jiya Beqaraar Hai for the film. His second song (and first duet) was Chhor Gaye Baalam.
Mumbai is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. As of 2011 it is the most populous city in India with an estimated city proper population of 12.4 million. The larger Mumbai Metropolitan Region is the second most populous metropolitan area in India, with a population of 21.3 million as of 2016. Mumbai lies on the Konkan coast on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. In 2008, Mumbai was named an alpha world city. It is also the wealthiest city in India, and has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires among all cities in India. Mumbai is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, and the city's distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings.
Mushaira is a poetic symposium. It is an event where poets gather to perform their works. A mushaira is a beloved part of the Culture of North India, Pakistan and the Deccan, particularly among the Hyderabadi Muslims, and it is greatly admired by participants as a forum for free self-expression.
Prithviraj Kapoor born Prithvinath Kapoor, was a pioneer of Indian theatre and of the Hindi film industry, who started his career as an actor in the silent era of Hindi cinema, associated with IPTA as one of its founding members and who founded the Prithvi Theatres, a travelling theatre company based in Mumbai, in 1944. He was the patriarch of the Kapoor family of Hindi films, four generations of which, beginning with him, have played active roles in the Hindi film industry, with two generations still active in Bollywood. However, his father, Basheshwar Nath Kapoor, also played a short role in his movie Awaara. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan in 1969 and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1971 for his contributions towards Indian cinema.
Along with Shailendra, Jaipuri wrote lyrics for all Raj Kapoor films till 1971. After the death of Jaikishan and failures of Mera Naam Joker (1970) and Kal Aaj Aur Kal (1971), however, Raj Kapoor turned to other lyricists and music directors. Raj Kapoor initially wanted to call him back for Prem Rog (1982), but later settled for another lyricist, Amir Qazalbash. Kapoor finally asked him to write lyrics for the film, Ram Teri Ganga Maili (1985). Later, he also invited Hasrat to write three songs for the movie Henna (1991). Jaipuri alleges that after Raj Kapoor's death, the music composer Ravindra Jain "conspired" to "scrap" his lyrics and replace them with his own lyrics.
Shailendra was a popular Indian Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu) lyricist, music arranger, playback singer and music director. Noted for his association with the filmmaker Raj Kapoor and the composers Shankar-Jaikishan, he wrote lyrics for several successful Hindi film songs in the 1950s and the 1960s.
Mera Naam Joker is a 1970 Indian drama film, directed and produced by Raj Kapoor, and written by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas. The film stars Kapoor as the eponymous character, with Simi Garewal, Kseniya Ryabinkina and Padmini in supporting roles, and was also the debut of Kapoor's son Rishi Kapoor. The plot focuses on a clown who must make his audience laugh at the cost of his own sorrows. Three women who shaped his life view his final performance.
Kal Aaj Aur Kal is a 1971 Hindi film produced by Raj Kapoor and directed by his son Randhir Kapoor. The film's USP is the appearance of three generations of the famous Kapoor family starring Prithviraj Kapoor, his son Raj Kapoor, Raj Kapoor's son Randhir Kapoor and Randhir's real-life wife-to-be Babita. Among the non Kapoors in the film are Iftekhar.
When fellow lyricist Shailendra turned producer with Teesri Kasam , he invited Jaipuri to write lyrics for the movie. He also wrote screenplay for the movie Hulchul (1951). His last film as a lyricist was Hatya: The Murder (2004).
Teesri Kasam is a 1966 Hindi language drama film directed by Basu Bhattacharya. It is based on the short story Mare Gaye Gulfam, by the Hindi novelist Phanishwarnath Renu. The film stars Raj Kapoor and Waheeda Rehman. The duo Shankar-Jaikishan composed the film's score. The film's cinematography is by Subrata Mitra. Dialogues are by Phanishwarnath Renu and the screenplay by Nabendu Ghosh.
|Jiya Beqaraar Hai||Barsaat||First recorded song|
|Chhod Gaye Baalam||Barsaat||First duet song|
|Zindagi ek safar hai suhana||Andaz|
|Teri pyari pyari soorat ko||Sasural||specially written for Chanda Jaipuri|
|Pankh hote to ud aati re||Sehra|
|Tere khayalon meinhum||Geet Gaya Pattharon Ne|
|Ehsan tera hoga mujh par||Junglee|
|Tum mujhe yoon bhula na paaoge||Pagla Kahin Ka|
|Sayonara sayonara||Love In Tokyo|
|Aao twist karen||Bhoot Bangla|
|Ajhoon na aaye baalma||Sanjh Aur Savera|
|Duniya bananewale||Teesri Kasam|
|Sun Sahiba Sun||Ram Teri Ganga Maili|
|Unke Khayal Aaye To||Lal Patthar|
|Badan Pe Sitare Lapete Hue||Prince||Inspired to write this song on seeing a woman dressed in a sari studded with glittering stars in Paris|
|Yeh Mera Prem Patra Padh Kar||Sangam||Written when he fell in love with a Hindu girl named Radha|
|Main Rangeela Pyar Ka Rahi||Chhoti Bahen (1959 Hindi film)||Beautiful heart touched lyrics|
|Jhoome Re Jhoome Re||Parvarish|
Jaipuri has written several books of poetry, in Hindi and Urdu. He once said, "Hindi and Urdu are like two great and inseparable sisters".
Jaipuri invested his earnings in real estate or rental property, on his wife's advice. Thanks to earnings from these properties, his financial condition was sound, and therefore he could devote his time as a lyricist. He was survived by two sons and a daughter who live in Mumbai.
Shankar Jaikishan, were a popular and successful Indian composer duo of the Hindi film industry, working together from 1949 to 1971. They are considered to be among the best composers of the Hindi film industry. Later, Shankar continued to function as a Music Director alone, still giving music under the banner Shankar-Jaikishan, till 1987.
Majrooh Sultanpuri, born Asrar ul Hassan Khan, was an Indian Urdu poet. He is known for his work as an Urdu poet, and as a lyricist and songwriter in the Bollywood film industry, where he wrote Hindi-Urdu lyrics for numerous Bollywood soundtracks.
Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai is a 1960 Hindi film directed by Radhu Karmakar and produced by Raj Kapoor. The film stars Kapoor, Pran and Padmini in lead roles. This was the first directorial venture of Karmakar, who had previously been cinematographer for many of Kapoor's films. The film was declared a "hit" at Box Office India.
Bombay Talkie is a 1970 film by Merchant Ivory Productions, with a screenplay by Ruth Prawer Jhabvala and James Ivory.
Junglee is a 1961 Indian movie produced and directed by Subodh Mukherjee. The music is by Shankar Jaikishan and the lyrics by Shailendra and Hasrat Jaipuri. The film stars Shammi Kapoor, Lalita Pawar, Shashikala, Anoop Kumar and Asit Sen. Saira Banu, in her debut film, earned a Filmfare nomination as Best Actress.
Anari is a 1959 Bollywood film directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee. The film stars Raj Kapoor, Nutan, Motilal and Lalita Pawar. The music was by Shankar Jaikishan and the lyrics by Hasrat Jaipuri as well as Shailendra. This was among the few movies in which Lalita Pawar played a positive role and Motilal a role with shades of grey.
Andaz is a 1971 Indian Bollywood romantic drama film, directed by Ramesh Sippy, and written by Salim-Javed, Gulzar and Sachin Bhowmick. It stars Shammi Kapoor, Hema Malini, Rajesh Khanna and Simi Garewal.
Arzoo is a 1964 Bollywood film directed by Ramanand Sagar. It stars Sadhana, Rajendra Kumar and Feroz Khan in the lead roles. It was a success at the box office. Arzoo is the story of a love that triumphed over life and fate. The theme of "hating the disabled" was also tried in Rajshri films' Ek Baar Kaho, starring Navin Nischol and Shabana Azmi, but it did not work.
Brahmachari is a 1968 Indian film. Written by Sachin Bhowmick, it is a G. P. and Ramesh Sippy production directed by Bhappi Sonie. The film stars Shammi Kapoor, Rajshree, Pran, Mumtaz, Jagdeep, Sachin and Asit Sen. The music was by Shankar Jaikishan. The film became a box office hit and won several awards, including Filmfare Best Movie Award.
Chhoti Bahen is a 1959 Hindi film that stars Nanda in the title role, Balraj Sahni and Rehman. The movie was a remake of the 1952 Tamil movie En Thangai. The film was remade in Telugu as Aada Paduchu with Shoban Babu and in Kannada as Onde Balliya Hoogalu.
Diwana is a 1967 Indian Bollywood film directed by Mahesh Kaul. The film stars Raj Kapoor, Saira Banu, Lalita Pawar in pivotal roles. The film made under the Anupam Chitra production banner had music by Shankar-Jaikishan with lyrics by Hasrat Jaipuri and Shailendra.
Gaban (English:Embezzlement) is 1966 Hindi film directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, based on Munshi Premchand's classic novel by the same name. It had Sunil Dutt and Sadhna playing the lead role. The film has music by Shankar Jaikishan, and lyrics were by Shailendra and Hasrat Jaipuri.
Kathputli is a 1957 Pygmalion Black-and-white social Hindi film produced by Ajit Chakraborty and Amiya Chakrabarty with their Sreerangam Productions. The film was the last film of director Amiya Chakrabarty, who had earlier directed Basant, Daag and Seema. He died during the filming and Nitin Bose took up the mantle of director in the film. The film stars Vyjayanthimala and Balraj Sahni in the lead with Jawahar Kaul, Agha, Kumari Kamala, C. S. Dubey, Sheela Kashmiri, Poonam and Laxman Rao, forming an ensemble cast. The film's music was composed by the Shankar Jaikishan duo, with the lyrics penned by Shailendra and Hasrat Jaipuri.
Aah is a 1953 black and white Bollywood romantic drama film starring Raj Kapoor and Nargis in lead roles. The film was produced by Raj Kapoor and directed by Raja Nawathe. This was Nawathe's first independent directorial venture. He had previously worked as assistant director to Kapoor in Aag (1948), Barsaat (1949) and Awaara (1951).
Zindagi Ek Safar Hai Suhana is a song from the Hindi film Andaz, composed by the duo of Shankar Jaikishan, written by Hasrat Jaipuri and sung by Kishore Kumar. The song topped the annual list of Binaca Geetmala for 1971.
Mere Huzoor is a 1968 Hindi-Urdu romance drama film, produced by Malik Chand Kochar and Vinod Kumar under the Movie Mughals banner and directed by Vinod Kumar. The film stars Raaj Kumar, Mala Sinha, Jeetendra in the lead roles and music composed by Shankar-Jaikishan.
Hare Kanch Ki Chooriyan is a 1967 Hindi, social family drama film, produced and directed by Kishore Sahu. The story, screenplay and dialogue were written by Kishore Sahu. Shankar Jaikishan composed the music while the lyrics were written by Hasrat Jaipuri and Shailendra. Sahu presented his daughter Naina Sahu, in her debut acting role, as the main character. The film starred Biswajeet, Naina Sahu, Shiv Kumar, Nazir Hussain, Rajendranath, Helen and Lalita Pawar.