Hauraki-Waikato

Last updated

Hauraki-Waikato
Single-member Māori constituency
for the New Zealand House of Representatives
Hauraki-Waikato electorate, 2014.svg
Location of Hauraki-Waikatowithin Auckland and Waikato
Region Auckland and Waikato
Current constituency
Created2008
Current MP Hana-Rawhiti Maipi-Clarke
Party Te Pāti Māori

Hauraki-Waikato is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate first established for the 2008 election. It largely replaced the Tainui electorate. Nanaia Mahuta of the Labour Party, formerly the MP for Tainui, became MP for Hauraki-Waikato in the 2008 general election and was re-elected in 2011, 2014, 2017 and 2020.

Contents

Population centres

The electorate includes the following population centres:

Downtown Hamilton Hlz victoriast.jpg
Downtown Hamilton

Within the Auckland Region: Papakura, Pukekohe, Waiuku, Clarks Beach, Ramarama, Bombay, Pōkeno.

Within the Waikato region: Meremere, Huntly, Whitianga, Whangamatā, Thames, Paeroa, Waihi, Hamilton, Ngāruawāhia, Morrinsville, Matamata, Cambridge, Te Awamutu, Raglan, Kawhia.

In the 2007 boundary redistribution, the Tainui electorate was reduced in size by transferring the tribal area of Ngāti Maniapoto to the Te Tai Hauāuru electorate, and in the process, the electorate was renamed as Hauraki-Waikato. [1] The electorate saw no boundary adjustment in the 2013/14 redistribution. [2]

In 2020, following the relatively higher population growth in the Hauraki-Waikato electorate than that of Tāmaki Makaurau, Hauraki-Waikato's northern boundary was contracted to east of Manurewa. [3] Following an objection raised by the Labour Party which emphasised Waiheke Island's ferry connections to Auckland, the island was moved to Tāmaki Makaurau. [3] [4]

Tribal areas

The electorate includes the following tribal areas: Ngāi Tai, Ngāti Huia, Ngāti Mahuta, Ngāti Maru, Ngāti Paoa, Ngāti Raukawa, Ngāti Tamaterā, Ngāti Te Ata, Waikato-Tainui, Ngāti Porou ki Hauraki

History

The electorate was originally proposed by Elections New Zealand as "Pare Hauraki-Pare Waikato" [lower-alpha 1] to even out the numbers on the voting roll in Tainui and Te Tai Hauauru. [6] Labour's Nanaia Mahuta won the 2008 election against Angeline Greensill of the Māori Party. [7] In the 2011 election, Mahuta defeated Greensill with a greatly increased margin of 35.5% of the candidate vote. [8] Mahuta won the 2014 election with another decisive majority. [9]

Members of Parliament

Key

  Labour

ElectionWinner
2008 election Nanaia Mahuta
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election
2020 election
2023 election Hana-Rawhiti Maipi-Clarke

Election results

2023 election

2023 general election: Hauraki-Waikato [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Te Pāti Māori Hana-Rawhiti Maipi-Clarke 12,93951.63+26.068,50332.38+20.38
Labour Red x.svgN Nanaia Mahuta 10,02840.01–25.2411,50843.83–19.55
Outdoors Donna Pokere-Phillips 1,2204.86
Green  1,8937.21+1.00
National  1,2924.92+1.27
NZ First  9743.71+0.13
Freedoms NZ  3231.23
New Zealand Loyal  3101.10
ACT  2941.11–0.17
Legalise Cannabis  2540.96–0.98
Opportunities  1860.70–0.30
NewZeal  1280.48+0.20
DemocracyNZ  230.08
Women's Rights  190.07
New Conservatives  150.05–0.35
Animal Justice  140.05
Leighton Baker Party  110.04
New Nation  80.03
Informal votes873497
Total Valid votes25,06026,252
Te Pāti Māori gain from Labour Majority2,91111.61–28.08

2020 election

2020 general election: Hauraki-Waikato [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Nanaia Mahuta 15,88565.26-3.5915,88463.38+1.88
Māori Party Donna Pokere-Phillips 6,22525.57-1.791,98612.00+0.70
Advance NZ Phillip Stephen Lambert5923.376852.50
New Conservative Richard Hill3241.751000.40+0.33
Green  1,5576.21+1.26
National  6713.65-3.22
NZ First  6483.58-4.76
Legalise Cannabis  4861.94+0.91
ACT  3221.28+1.28
Vision NZ  3011.20
Opportunities  2501.00-1.51
ONE  690.28
Outdoors  280.11+0.05
Heartland  210.08
Sustainable NZ  90.04
Social Credit  30.01+0.00
TEA  10.00
Informal votes985525
Total Valid votes24,34125,062
Labour holdMajority9,66039.69-1.80

2017 election

2017 general election: Hauraki-Waikato [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Nanaia Mahuta 15,30668.85+7.2914,27961.5+15
Māori Party Stanley Rahui Papa6,08327.364.662,63511.3-0.67
NZ First  1,9368.34-5.03
National  1,5946.87-0.7
Green  1,1935.14-4.63
Opportunities  5822.51+2.51
Legalise Cannabis  2401.03-0.43
Mana  2300.99-7.09 [lower-alpha 2]
People's Party  310.13+0.13
Ban 1080  290.12-0.04
ACT  200.09-0.12
Conservative  180.08-0.68
Outdoors  130.06+0.06
United Future  60.03-0.04
Democrats  40.02+0
Internet  40.02-8.06 [lower-alpha 3]
Informal votes843402
Total Valid votes22,23223,216
Labour holdMajority9,22341.49+5.96

2014 election

2014 general election: Hauraki-Waikato [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Nanaia Mahuta 12,19161.56+3.199,72446.50+0.39
Māori Party Susan Cullen4,49622.70+5.352,50411.97-1.09
Mana Angeline Greensill 3,11615.73-7.11
NZ First  2,79613.37+3.54
Green  2,0439.77+0.64
Internet Mana  1,6898.08-3.14 [lower-alpha 4]
National  1,5837.57-0.76
Legalise Cannabis  3061.46+0.02
Conservative  1590.76+0.34
ACT  430.21+0.00
Ban 1080  340.16+0.16
United Future  140.07-0.11
Focus  100.05+0.05
Democrats  50.02+0.01
Civilian  30.01+0.01
Independent Coalition  10.005+0.005
Informal votes742302
Total Valid votes20,54521,216
Labour holdMajority7,69538.86+3.33

2011 election

2011 general election: Hauraki-Waikato [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Nanaia Mahuta 9,75158.38+5.888,25046.11-6.45
Mana Angeline Greensill 3,81622.84+22.842,00711.22+11.22
Māori Party Tau Bruce Mataki2,89917.36-30.152,33713.06-14.62
Nga Iwi Te Ariki Karamaene2381.42+1.42
NZ First  1,7589.83+4.36
Green  1,6349.13+5.90
National  1,4918.33+1.12
Legalise Cannabis  2581.44+0.18
Conservative  760.42+0.42
ACT  370.21-0.40
United Future  330.18+0.01
Libertarianz  80.04+0.01
Alliance  20.01±0.00
Democrats  20.01±0.00
Informal votes1,078436
Total Valid votes16,70417,893
Labour holdMajority5,93535.53+30.54

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 33,215 [14]

2008 election

2008 general election: Hauraki-Waikato [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Nanaia Mahuta 9,34952.499,81952.55
Māori Party Angeline Greensill 8,46147.515,17227.68
National  1,3477.21
NZ First  1,0225.47
Green  6033.23
Legalise Cannabis  2361.26
Family Party  1380.74
ACT  1130.60
Bill and Ben  980.52
Progressive  410.22
Kiwi  330.18
United Future  330.18
Libertarianz  70.04
Workers Party  60.03
Pacific  50.03
RONZ  40.02
RAM  30.02
Alliance  20.01
Democrats  20.01
Informal votes697358
Total Valid votes17,81018,684
Turnout 19,45460.89
Labour win new seatMajority8884.99

Notes

  1. Translation: Tainui tribes of Hauraki – Tainui tribes of Waikato [5]
  2. Compared to Internet Mana party vote
  3. Compared to Internet Mana party vote
  4. Compared to Mana Movement party vote

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2002 New Zealand general election</span> General election in New Zealand

The 2002 New Zealand general election was held on 27 July 2002 to determine the composition of the 47th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the reelection of Helen Clark's Labour Party government, as well as the worst-ever performance by the opposition National Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tariana Turia</span> New Zealand politician

Dame Tariana Turia is a former New Zealand politician. She was first elected to Parliament in 1996. Turia gained considerable prominence during the foreshore and seabed controversy in 2004, and eventually broke with the Labour Party as a result. She resigned from parliament, and successfully contested a by-election in her former electorate as a candidate of the newly formed Māori Party, of which became a co-leader. She retired from Parliament in 2014.

Te Pāti Māori, also known as the Māori Party, is a political party in New Zealand advocating Māori rights. With the exception of a handful of general electorates, Te Pāti Māori contests the reserved Māori electorates, in which its main rival is the Labour Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Māori electorates</span> Electoral districts for Māori voters in New Zealand

In New Zealand politics, Māori electorates, colloquially known as the Māori seats, are a special category of electorate that give reserved positions to representatives of Māori in the New Zealand Parliament. Every area in New Zealand is covered by both a general and a Māori electorate; as of 2020, there are seven Māori electorates. Since 1967, candidates in Māori electorates have not needed to be Māori themselves, but to register as a voter in the Māori electorates people need to declare that they are of Māori descent.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nanaia Mahuta</span> New Zealand politician (born 1970)

Nanaia Cybele Mahuta is a New Zealand Labour Party politician who served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of New Zealand from 2020 to 2023. In October 2022, Mahuta became the Mother of the House, having served continuously in the House of Representatives since the 1996 general election. She lost her seat in parliament in the 2023 general election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Māori politics</span> Politics of the Māori people

Māori politics is the politics of the Māori people, who were the original inhabitants of New Zealand and who are now the country's largest minority. Before the arrival of Pākehā (Europeans) in New Zealand, Māori society was based largely around tribal units, and chiefs provided political leadership. With the British settlers of the 19th century came a new British-style government. From the outset, Māori sought representation within this government, seeing it as a vital way to promote their people's rights and improve living standards. Modern Māori politics can be seen as a subset of New Zealand politics in general, but has a number of distinguishing features, including advocacy for indigenous rights and Māori sovereignty. Many Māori politicians are members of major, historically European-dominated political parties, but several Māori parties have been formed.

The Nga Iwi Morehu Movement was a New Zealand Māori political party. Its name literally translates as "the surviving people" or "the remnant people". It contested the 1996 election as an unregistered party, running a single candidate and gaining 194 votes. It ran two candidates in the 2002 election, winning 522 votes. In the 1999 election, members of Nga Iwi Morehu stood under the banner of the Freedom Movement.

Tainui was a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate that existed between 2002 and 2008. It replaced the Hauraki electorate and absorbed a significant part of northern Te Tai Hauāuru. From the 2008 election it was replaced by the Hauraki-Waikato electorate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Te Tai Tokerau</span> Māori electorate in Northland, New Zealand

Te Tai Tokerau is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate that was created out of the Northern Maori electorate ahead of the first Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) election in 1996. It was held first by Tau Henare representing New Zealand First for one term, and then Dover Samuels of the Labour Party for two terms. From 2005 to 2014, it was held by MP Hone Harawira. Initially a member of the Māori Party, Harawira resigned from both the party and then Parliament, causing the 2011 by-election. He was returned under the Mana Party banner in July 2011 and confirmed at the November 2011 general election. In the 2014 election, he was beaten by Labour's Kelvin Davis, ending the representation of the Mana Party in Parliament.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Te Tai Tonga</span> Māori electorate in New Zealand

Te Tai Tonga is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was established for the 1996 general election, replacing Southern Maori. It covers all of the South Island, Stewart Island, the Chatham Islands, and parts of both Wellington City and the Hutt Valley. The current MP for Te Tai Tonga is Tākuta Ferris of Te Pāti Māori.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waiariki (New Zealand electorate)</span> Māori electorate in New Zealand

Waiariki is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate that was established for the 1999 election, replacing the Te Tai Rawhiti electorate. It is currently held by Te Pāti Māori co-leader Rawiri Waititi, who won it in the 2020 and 2023 general elections.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tāmaki Makaurau</span> Māori electorate in Auckland, New Zealand

Tāmaki Makaurau is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was first formed for the 2002 election. The electorate covers central and southern Auckland, and southern parts of western Auckland. It derives its name from the Māori-language name for Auckland; Makaurau is a descriptive epithet referring to the value and desirability of the land.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Te Tai Hauāuru</span> Māori electorate in New Zealand

Te Tai Hauāuru is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives, that was first formed for the 1996 election. The electorate was represented by Tariana Turia from 2002 to 2014, first for the Labour Party and then for the Māori Party. Turia retired and was succeeded in 2014 by Labour's Adrian Rurawhe who retained the seat in 2017 and again in 2020.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ngāti Pāoa</span> Māori iwi in New Zealand

Ngāti Pāoa is a Māori iwi (tribe) that has extensive links to the Hauraki and Waikato tribes of New Zealand. Its traditional lands stretch from the western side of the Hauraki Plains to Auckland. They also settled on Hauraki Gulf islands such as Waiheke.

Angeline Ngahina Greensill is a New Zealand Māori political rights campaigner, academic and leader.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Adrian Rurawhe</span> New Zealand politician

Adrian Paki Rurawhe is a New Zealand Labour Party politician. He has been an MP since 2014, and the speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives since 2022.

Hauraki was a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It existed for one parliamentary term from 1999 to 2002, and was held by John Tamihere. The electorate's area was formed from the northern portion of Te Tai Rawhiti as well as a small portion of Te Tai Hauāuru. Its area was expanded significantly westward to form the Tainui electorate for the 2002 election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tāmaki Māori</span> Iwi in New Zealand

Tāmaki Māori are Māori iwi and hapū who have a strong connection to Tāmaki Makaurau, and whose rohe was traditionally within the region. Among Ngā Mana Whenua o Tāmaki Makaurau, also known as the Tāmaki Collective, there are thirteen iwi and hapū, organised into three rōpū (collectives), however Tāmaki Māori can also refer to subtribes and historical iwi not included in this list.

Donna Marie Pokere-Phillips is a New Zealand politician known for her conspiracy-driven views. She is the co-leader of the NZ Outdoors & Freedom Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Soraya Peke-Mason</span> New Zealand politician

Soraya Waiata Peke-Mason is a New Zealand politician. She was a Member of Parliament in the House of Representatives for the Labour Party from 2022 to 2023.

References

  1. Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. p. 11. ISBN   978-0-477-10061-8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 January 2019. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  2. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 11. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  3. 1 2 Representation Commission (2020). Report of the Representation Commission 2020. Wellington. p. 21. ISBN   978-0-473-51728-1. OCLC   1162791915 . Retrieved 28 June 2022.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  4. New Zealand Labour Party (December 2019). "New Zealand Labour Party Submission to the Representation Commission" (PDF). Elections NZ.
  5. "Māori Dictionary – "Pare"". Archived from the original on 23 May 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  6. "Proposed Electorate Boundaries – Pare Hauraki-Pare Waikato". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 14 May 2010. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
  7. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Hauraki-Waikato, 2008". Chief Electoral Office. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  8. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Hauraki-Waikato, 2011". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  9. "Nanaia Mahuta and Kelvin Davis consider what lies ahead for Māori Labour MPs". Māori Television . 21 September 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  10. "Hauraki-Waikato – Official Result". New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  11. "Hauraki-Waikato – Official Result". New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  12. "Official Count Results – Hauraki-Waikato". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  13. "Official Count Results – Hauraki-Waikato, 2014". Electoral Commission. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  14. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011.