Haute-Corse

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Haute-Corse
Coat of Arms of Corsica.svg
Coat of arms
Haute-Corse-Position.svg
Location of Haute-Corse in France
Coordinates: 42°28′N9°12′E / 42.467°N 9.200°E / 42.467; 9.200 Coordinates: 42°28′N9°12′E / 42.467°N 9.200°E / 42.467; 9.200
CountryFrance
Region Corsica
Prefecture Bastia
Subprefectures Calvi
Corte
Government
   President of the General Council François Orlandi (PRG; since Jan. 20th, 2015)
Area
1
  Total4,666 km2 (1,802 sq mi)
Population
(1999)
  Total141,603
  Rank 93rd
  Density30/km2 (79/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 2B
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 15
Communes 236
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Haute-Corse (French pronunciation:  [ot.kɔʁs] ; Corsican : Corsica suprana) (English: Upper Corsica) is a former department of France, consisting of the northern part of the island of Corsica. It and the other Corsican department, Corse-du-Sud, merged on 1 January 2018 with the single collectivity of Corsica, with territorial elections coinciding with the dissolution of the separate councils. [1] The people living in the former department are called "Northerners" (Supranacci).

Corsican language Italo-Dalmatian language spoken in Corsica and part of Sardinia

Corsican is an Italo-Dalmatian lect of the Romance family spoken in Corsica (France). Corsican is closely related to Tuscan and therefore to the Florentine-based Italian. Some southern Corsican varieties are also spoken, and to some extent written, on the island of Sardinia (Italy).

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

France Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

Contents

History

Map of Haute-Corse Haute-Corse department relief location map.jpg
Map of Haute-Corse

The department was formed on 15 September 1975, when the department of Corsica was divided into Upper Corsica (Haute-Corse) and South Corsica ( Corse-du-Sud ). The department corresponds exactly to the former department of Golo, which existed between 1793 and 1811.

Corse-du-Sud Department in Corsica, France

Corse-du-Sud is a former department of France consisting of the southern part of the island of Corsica. It and the other Corsican department, Haute-Corse, decided to merge with each other and the single collectivity of Corsica effective 1 January 2018, coinciding with territorial elections The people living in Corse-du-Sud are called "Southerners" (Suttanacci).

On 6 July 2003, a referendum on increased autonomy was voted down by a very thin majority: 50.98 percent against to 49.02 percent for. This was a major setback for French Minister of the Interior Nicolas Sarkozy, who had hoped to use Corsica as the first step in his decentralization policies.

Nicolas Sarkozy 23rd President of the French Republic

Nicolas Paul Stéphane Sarközy de Nagy-BocsaKOGF, GCB is a retired French politician who served as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 16 May 2007 until 15 May 2012.

Geography

The former department is surrounded on three sides by the Mediterranean Sea and on the south by the department of Corse-du-Sud.

Mediterranean Sea Sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean between Europe, Africa and Asia

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant. Although the sea is sometimes considered a part of the Atlantic Ocean, it is usually identified as a separate body of water. Geological evidence indicates that around 5.9 million years ago, the Mediterranean was cut off from the Atlantic and was partly or completely desiccated over a period of some 600,000 years, the Messinian salinity crisis, before being refilled by the Zanclean flood about 5.3 million years ago.

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [2] Party
Haute-Corse's 1st constituency Michel Castellani Pè a Corsica
Haute-Corse's 2nd constituency Jean-Félix Acquaviva Pè a Corsica

Tourism

Bastia Prefecture and commune in Corsica, France

Bastia is a French commune in the Haute-Corse department of France located in the north-east of the island of Corsica at the base of Cap Corse. It also has the second-highest population of any commune on the island after Ajaccio and is the capital of the Bagnaja region and of the department.

Calvi, Haute-Corse Subprefecture and commune in Corsica, France

Calvi is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica.

SantAntonino, Haute-Corse Commune in Corsica, France

Sant'Antonino is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. It is one of Les Plus Beaux Villages de France.

See also

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Party of the Corsican Nation political party

The Party of the Corsican Nation is a Corsican nationalist and autonomist political party on the French island of Corsica. It was founded in Corte in 2002 by members of three nationalist parties, Union of the Corsican People (UPC), A Scelta Nova and A Mossa Naziunale.

Asco, Haute-Corse Commune in Corsica, France

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Corsican nationalism

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Pè a Corsica organization

Pè a Corsica is a Corsican nationalist political party in France, which calls for more autonomy for Corsica. More specifically, it is a coalition of the two Corsican nationalist parties active on the island; that is, the moderately autonomist Femu a Corsica and the strongly committed separatist Corsica Libera (which won respectively 17,62% and 7,73% of the vote in the first round of the 2015 French regional elections. The party is led by the autonomist Gilles Simeoni. The alliance was renewed for the 2017 territorial election.

The 2017 Corsican territorial elections were held on 3 and 10 December 2017 to elect 63 members of the Corsican Assembly who in turn will determine the composition of the Executive Council of Corsica. The elections, held only two years after the 2015 territorial elections, were called as a result of the planned creation of a single collectivity within Corsica resulting from the mergers of two departments and the existing territorial collectivity of Corsica.

Corse-du-Suds 2nd constituency

Corse-du-Sud's 2nd constituency is one of two French legislative constituencies in the department of Corse-du-Sud. It is currently represented by Paul-André Colombani of Pè a Corsica (PaC).

References

  1. Morgane Rubetti (1 December 2017). "Corse : cinq questions pour comprendre les élections territoriales". Le Figaro. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  2. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/