Haute-Garonne

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Haute-Garonne
Nauta Garona  (Occitan)
Toulouse - Le clocher de la cathedrale depuis la cour de la prefecture (14925567135).jpg
Prefecture building in Toulouse, with the city's cathedral in the background
Drapeau non-officiel fr departement Haute-Garonne.svg
Blason departement fr Haute-Garonne.svg
Haute-Garonne-Position.svg
Location of Haute-Garonne in France
Coordinates: 43°25′N1°30′E / 43.417°N 1.500°E / 43.417; 1.500 Coordinates: 43°25′N1°30′E / 43.417°N 1.500°E / 43.417; 1.500
Country France
Region Occitanie
Prefecture Toulouse
Subprefectures Saint-Gaudens
Muret
Government
   President of the Departmental Council Georges Méric (PS)
Area
1
  Total6,309 km2 (2,436 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total1,348,183
  Rank 13th
  Density210/km2 (550/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 31
Largest city Colomiers
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 27
Communes 586
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Haute-Garonne (French pronunciation:  [ot ɡaʁɔn] ; Occitan : Nauta Garona, pronounced  [ˈnawto ɡaˈɾuno] ; English: Upper Garonne) is a department in the Occitanie region of Southwestern France. Named after the Garonne River, which flows through the department. its prefecture and main city is Toulouse, the country's fourth-largest. In 2016, it had a population of 1,348,183.

Contents

History

Haute-Garonne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the former provinces of Languedoc and Guyenne/Gascony.

The department was originally larger. The reduction in its area resulted from an imperial decree dated 21 November 1808 and which established the neighbouring department of Tarn-et-Garonne, to the north. The new department, created in response to the pleadings of various locally powerful politicians, took territory from five surrounding departments including Haute-Garonne. The districts lost to Tarn-et-Garonne in 1808 were those of Montech and Castelsarrasin.

Geography

Map of Haute-Garonne with its main cities and towns Haute-Garonne.jpg
Map of Haute-Garonne with its main cities and towns

Haute-Garonne is part of the current region of Occitanie and is surrounded by the departments of Hautes-Pyrénées, Gers, Tarn-et-Garonne, Tarn, Aude, and Ariège. It also borders Spain in the south (province of Lleida and province of Huesca).

The department is crossed by the upper course of the Garonne river (hence the name) for nearly 200 kilometers (120 mi). The borders of the department follow the river. The Garonne enters France from Spain at the town of Fos, and goes through Toulouse and leaves the department. The extreme south of the department lies in the Pyrenees mountain range and is very mountainous. The highest elevation is the Peak of Perdiguère, at 3,222 meters (10,571 feet) above sea level.

Politics

This department was the political base of former Prime Minister Lionel Jospin.

Departmental Council of Haute-Garonne

The Departmental Council of Haute-Garonne comprises 54 seats. In the 2015 departmental elections, the Socialist Party (PS) won 48 seats. The Republicans secured the remaining 6 seats. The President of the Departmental Council has been Georges Méric (PS) since 2015.

PartySeats
Socialist Party 48
The Republicans 6

Members of the National Assembly

Haute-Garonne elected the following members of the National Assembly during the 2017 legislative election:

ConstituencyMember [1] Party
Haute-Garonne's 1st constituency Pierre Cabaré La République En Marche!
Haute-Garonne's 2nd constituency Jean-Luc Lagleize MoDem
Haute-Garonne's 3rd constituency Corinne Vignon La République En Marche!
Haute-Garonne's 4th constituency Mickaël Nogal La République En Marche!
Haute-Garonne's 5th constituency Jean-François Portarrieu La République En Marche!
Haute-Garonne's 6th constituency Monique Iborra La République En Marche!
Haute-Garonne's 7th constituency Élisabeth Toutut-Picard La République En Marche!
Haute-Garonne's 8th constituency Joël Aviragnet Socialist Party
Haute-Garonne's 9th constituency Sandrine Mörch La République En Marche!
Haute-Garonne's 10th constituency Sébastien Nadot La République En Marche!

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Haut-Garonnais. The greatest population concentration is around Toulouse. The south of the department is quite sparsely populated. More than a million people inhabited the department at the last census in 1999. Young people are well represented with 55% of the population under the age of 40 and of those, 16% are between the ages of 20 and 29. This is because Toulouse is a university town.

The largest and most populous towns are:

CommunePopulation (1999)CommunePopulation (1999)
Toulouse 390,350 Colomiers 28,538
Tournefeuille 22,758 Muret 20,735
Blagnac 20,586 Plaisance-du-Touch 14,164
Cugnaux 12,997 L'Union 12,141
Balma 11,944 Ramonville-Saint-Agne 11,696
Saint-Orens-de-Gameville 11,142 Saint-Gaudens 10,845
Castanet-Tolosan 10,250 Portet-sur-Garonne 8,737
Saint-Jean 8,362 Villeneuve-Tolosane 8,252
Revel 7,985 Castelginest 7,735
Pibrac 7,440 Fonsorbes 6,909

Tourism

Main sights

Haute-Garonne's main sights include:

Winter sports

The department has four ski resorts:

See also

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A by-election was held in Haute-Garonne's 8th constituency on 11 March 2018, with a second round on 18 March as no candidate secured a majority of votes in the first round. The by-election was prompted after the Constitutional Council invalidated the election of Joël Aviragnet, candidate of the Socialist Party (PS), in the June 2017 legislative elections on 18 December 2017.

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