Haute-Garonne

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Haute-Garonne
Nauta Garona (Occitan)
Toulouse - Le clocher de la cathedrale depuis la cour de la prefecture (14925567135).jpg
Prefecture building in Toulouse, with the city's cathedral in the background
Drapeau non-officiel fr departement Haute-Garonne.svg
Blason departement fr Haute-Garonne.svg
Haute-Garonne-Position.svg
Location of Haute-Garonne in France
Coordinates: 43°25′N1°30′E / 43.417°N 1.500°E / 43.417; 1.500 Coordinates: 43°25′N1°30′E / 43.417°N 1.500°E / 43.417; 1.500
Country France
Region Occitanie
Prefecture Toulouse
Subprefectures Saint-Gaudens
Muret
Government
   President of the Departmental Council Georges Méric [1] (PS)
Area
1
  Total6,309 km2 (2,436 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [2]
  Total1,400,039
  Rank 13th
  Density222/km2 (570/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 31
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 27
Communes 586
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Haute-Garonne (French pronunciation:  [ot ɡaʁɔn] ; Occitan : Nauta Garona, pronounced  [ˈnawto ɡaˈɾuno] ; English: Upper Garonne) is a department in the Occitanie region of Southwestern France. Named after the river Garonne, which flows through the department. Its prefecture and main city is Toulouse, the country's fourth-largest. In 2019, it had a population of 1,400,039. [3]

Contents

History

Haute-Garonne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the former provinces of Languedoc and Guyenne/Gascony.

The department was originally larger. The reduction in its area resulted from an imperial decree dated 21 November 1808 and which established the neighbouring department of Tarn-et-Garonne, to the north. The new department, created in response to the pleadings of various locally powerful politicians, took territory from five surrounding departments including Haute-Garonne. The districts lost to Tarn-et-Garonne in 1808 were those of Montech and Castelsarrasin.

Geography

Map of Haute-Garonne with its main cities and towns Haute-Garonne.jpg
Map of Haute-Garonne with its main cities and towns

Haute-Garonne is part of the current region of Occitanie and is surrounded by the departments of Hautes-Pyrénées, Gers, Tarn-et-Garonne, Tarn, Aude, and Ariège. It also borders Spain in the south (province of Lleida and province of Huesca). According to the Köppen climate classification, the Haute-Garonne department has Oceanic climate, Subarctic climate and Polar climate.

The department is crossed by the upper course of the Garonne river (hence the name) for nearly 200 kilometers (120 mi). The borders of the department follow the river. The Garonne enters France from Spain at the town of Fos, and goes through Toulouse and leaves the department. The extreme south of the department lies in the Pyrenees mountain range and is very mountainous. The highest elevation is the Peak of Perdiguère, at 3,222 meters (10,571 feet) above sea level.

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Haut-Garonnais. The greatest population concentration is around Toulouse. The south of the department is quite sparsely populated. Overall the department had a population of 1.4 million as of the 2019 census. Young people are well represented with 55% of the population under the age of 40 and of those, 16% are between the ages of 20 and 29. This is in part because Toulouse is an important university town. The department has also received significant migration from other parts of the country.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801339,574    
1821391,118+0.71%
1831427,856+0.90%
1841468,153+0.90%
1851481,610+0.28%
1861484,081+0.05%
1872479,362−0.09%
1881478,009−0.03%
1891472,383−0.12%
1901448,481−0.52%
1911432,126−0.37%
1921424,582−0.18%
1931441,799+0.40%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1936458,647+0.75%
1946512,260+1.11%
1954525,669+0.32%
1962594,633+1.55%
1968690,712+2.53%
1975777,431+1.70%
1982824,501+0.84%
1990925,962+1.46%
19991,046,338+1.37%
20061,186,330+1.81%
20111,260,226+1.22%
20161,348,183+1.36%
Sources: [4] [5]

Principal towns

The most populous commune is Toulouse, the prefecture. As of 2019, there are 8 communes with more than 15,000 inhabitants: [3]

CommunePopulation (2019)
Toulouse 493,465
Colomiers 39,968
Tournefeuille 28,117
Blagnac 25,525
Muret 24,797
Plaisance-du-Touch 19,402
Cugnaux 19,344
Balma 16,625

Politics

This department was the political base of former Prime Minister Lionel Jospin.

Departmental Council of Haute-Garonne

The Departmental Council of Haute-Garonne comprises 54 seats. In the 2015 departmental elections, the Socialist Party (PS) won 48 seats. The Republicans secured the remaining 6 seats. The President of the Departmental Council has been Georges Méric (PS) since 2015.

PartySeats
Socialist Party 48
The Republicans 6

Members of the National Assembly

Haute-Garonne elected the following members of the National Assembly during the 2017 legislative election:

ConstituencyMember [6] Party
Haute-Garonne's 1st constituency Pierre Cabaré La République En Marche!
Haute-Garonne's 2nd constituency Jean-Luc Lagleize MoDem
Haute-Garonne's 3rd constituency Corinne Vignon La République En Marche!
Haute-Garonne's 4th constituency Mickaël Nogal La République En Marche!
Haute-Garonne's 5th constituency Jean-François Portarrieu La République En Marche!
Haute-Garonne's 6th constituency Monique Iborra La République En Marche!
Haute-Garonne's 7th constituency Élisabeth Toutut-Picard La République En Marche!
Haute-Garonne's 8th constituency Joël Aviragnet Socialist Party
Haute-Garonne's 9th constituency Sandrine Mörch La République En Marche!
Haute-Garonne's 10th constituency Sébastien Nadot La République En Marche!

Tourism

Main sights

Haute-Garonne's main sights include:

Winter sports

The department has four ski resorts:

See also

Related Research Articles

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Montauban is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department, region of Occitania, Southern France. It is the capital of the department and lies 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of Toulouse. Montauban is the most populated town in Tarn-et-Garonne, and the sixth most populated of Occitanie behind Toulouse, Montpellier, Nîmes, Perpignan and Béziers. In 2019, there were 61,372 inhabitants, called Montalbanais. The town has been classified Ville d’art et d’histoire since 2015.

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Lozère is a landlocked department in the region of Occitanie in Southern France, located near the Massif Central, bounded to the northeast by Haute-Loire, to the east by Ardèche, to the south by Gard, to the west by Aveyron, and the northwest by Cantal. It is named after Mont Lozère. With 76,604 inhabitants as of 2019, Lozère is the least populous French department.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tarn (department)</span> Department in Occitanie, France

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lot (department)</span> Department of France in Occitanie

Lot is a department in the Occitanie region of France. Named after the Lot River, it lies in the southwestern part of the country and had a population of 174,094 in 2019. Its prefecture is Cahors; its subprefectures are Figeac and Gourdon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hautes-Pyrénées</span> Department of France in Occitanie

Hautes-Pyrénées is a department in the region of Occitania, southwestern France. In 2019, its population was 229,567; its prefecture is Tarbes. It is named after the Pyrenees mountain range.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tarn-et-Garonne</span> Department of France

Tarn-et-Garonne is a department in the Occitania region in Southern France. It is traversed by the rivers Tarn and Garonne, from which it takes its name. The area was originally part of the former provinces of Quercy and Languedoc. The department was created in 1808 under Napoleon, with territory taken from the neighbouring Lot, Haute-Garonne, Lot-et-Garonne, Gers and Aveyron departments.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ariège (department)</span> Department of France in Occitanie

Ariège is a department in southwestern France, located in the region of Occitanie. It is named after the river Ariège and its capital is Foix. Ariège is known for its rural landscape, with a population of 153,287 as of 2019. Its INSEE and postal code is 09, hence the department's informal name of le zéro neuf. The inhabitants of the department are known as Ariègeois or Ariègeoises.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gers</span> Department of France

Gers is a department in the region of Occitania, Southwestern France. Named after the Gers River, its inhabitants are called the Gersois and Gersoises in French. In 2019, it had a population of 191,377.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lot-et-Garonne</span> Department of France in Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Lot-et-Garonne is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Named after the rivers Lot and Garonne, it had a population of 331,271 in 2019. Its prefecture and largest city is Agen.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Moissac</span> Commune in Occitania, France

Moissac is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region in southern France. The town is situated at the confluence of the rivers Garonne and Tarn at the Canal de Garonne. Route nationale N113 was constructed through the town and between Valence-d'Agen and Castelsarrasin. It is served by Moissac station on the Bordeaux-Toulouse line.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Castelsarrasin</span> Subprefecture and commune in Occitania, France

Castelsarrasin is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in Occitanie region of France. The inhabitants are called Castelsarrasinois. It is the second most populous commune in Tarn-et-Garonne after Montauban. It is served by Castelsarrasin station on the Bordeaux-Toulouse line.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arrondissements of the Haute-Garonne department</span>

The 3 arrondissements of the Haute-Garonne department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Muret, with 126 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 220,791 in 2016.
  2. Arrondissement of Saint-Gaudens, with 235 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 77,444 in 2016.
  3. Arrondissement of Toulouse, with 225 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 1,049,948 in 2013.
<span class="mw-page-title-main">Beaumont-de-Lomagne</span> Commune in Occitania, France

Beaumont-de-Lomagne is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region in southern France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Barbazan, Haute-Garonne</span> Commune in Occitania, France

Barbazan is a commune in the Haute-Garonne department in the Occitanie region of south-western France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brax, Haute-Garonne</span> Commune in Occitania, France

Brax is a commune in the Haute-Garonne department in the Occitanie region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lamagistère</span> Commune in Occitania, France

Lamagistère is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region in southern France. Inhabitants of the district are known as les Magistériens.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Laguépie</span> Commune in Occitania, France

Laguépie is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region in southern France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Occitania (administrative region)</span> Administrative region of France

Occitania is the southernmost administrative region of metropolitan France excluding Corsica, created on 1 January 2016 from the former regions of Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées. The Council of State approved Occitania as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, coming into effect on 30 September 2016.

A by-election was held in Haute-Garonne's 8th constituency on 11 March 2018, with a second round on 18 March as no candidate secured a majority of votes in the first round. The by-election was prompted after the Constitutional Council invalidated the election of Joël Aviragnet, candidate of the Socialist Party (PS), in the June 2017 legislative elections on 18 December 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">French Great South-West</span>

The French Great South-West is a geographical, sociological, economic and cultural entity bringing together the administrative regions of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and Occitanie, resulting from the merger on January 1, 2016, of five previous regions; in these two regions combined, it covers 156,000 km2, or 29% of the territory of metropolitan France. It is a grouping devoid of its own political or administrative structures, set up, with the objective of an interregional reflection on spatial planning at the level of new European issues, at the initiative of the Interministerial Delegation at territory planning and regional attractiveness.

References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
  2. "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. 1 2 Populations légales 2019: 31 Haute-Garonne, INSEE
  4. "Historique de la Haute-Garonne". Le SPLAF.
  5. "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
  6. Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.