Hautes-Alpes

Last updated

Hautes-Alpes

Auts Aups  (Occitan)
Pano crete des cerces.jpg
VilleGap052.jpg
Col de Laurichard, Ecrins - IMG6550.jpg
Lac Serre Poncon - Belvedere Pierre Arnoux.jpg
Cascade de Fontcouverte vallee de la Claree France.jpg
Top down, left to right: Massif des Cerces, Prefecture building in Gap, Barre des Écrins, Lac de Serre-Ponçon and waterfall in Vallée de la Clarée
Flag of Hautes-Alpes.svg
Flag
Blason dpt fr HautesAlpes.svg
Coat of arms
Hautes-Alpes-Position.svg
Location of Hautes-Alpes in France
Coordinates: 44°40′N6°20′E / 44.667°N 6.333°E / 44.667; 6.333 Coordinates: 44°40′N6°20′E / 44.667°N 6.333°E / 44.667; 6.333
CountryFrance
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Prefecture Gap
Subprefectures Briançon
Government
   President of the General Council Jean-Marie Bernard (LR)
Area
1
  Total5,549 km2 (2,142 sq mi)
Elevation
1,665 m (5,463 ft)
Highest elevation
4,101 m (13,455 ft)
Lowest elevation
470 m (1,540 ft)
Population
 (2016)
  Total141,107
  Rank 99th
  Density25/km2 (66/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 05
Arrondissements 2
Cantons 15
Communes 162
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Hautes-Alpes (French:  [ot.z‿alp] ; Occitan : Auts Aups; English: "Upper Alps") is a department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of Southeastern France. Located in and named after the French Alps, it had a population of 141,107 in 2016. Its prefecture is Gap; its sole subprefecture is Briançon.

Contents

History

Hautes-Alpes is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It consists of the southeast of the former province of Dauphiné and the north of Provence.

At the time when the department was created, the two mountain communes of La Grave and Villar-d'Arêne successfully campaigned to be included in Hautes-Alpes and not in the neighbouring department of Isère to which they had originally been assigned. This was because they hoped to benefit from the relative autonomy and certain fiscal privileges enjoyed by the region since the fourteenth century under the terms of the Statute of the Briançon Escartons.

Napoleon passed through Gap when he returned to reclaim France after his exile on Elba using what is now known as Route Napoléon.

After Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, the department was occupied by Austrian and Piedmontese troops from 1815 to 1818.

During World War II, Italy occupied Hautes-Alpes from November 1942 to September 1943.

Geography

Map of Hautes-Alpes Hautes-Alpes.jpeg
Map of Hautes-Alpes

The department is surrounded by the following French departments: Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, Drôme, Isère, and Savoie. Italy borders it on the east with the Metropolitan City of Turin and the province of Cuneo, region of Piedmont.

Hautes-Alpes is located in the Alps mountain range. The average elevation is over 1000 m, and the highest elevation is over 4000 m. The only three sizable towns are Gap, Briançon, and Embrun, which was the subprefecture until 1926.

The third highest commune in all of Europe is the village of Saint-Véran. Gap and Briançon are the highest prefecture and subprefecture in France.

The following rivers flow through the department: Durance, Guisane, Buëch, Drac and Clarée. The Durance has been dammed to create one of the largest artificial lakes in Western Europe: the Lac de Serre-Ponçon. The Queyras valley is located in the eastern part of the department and is noted by many as being an area of outstanding beauty.

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Haut-Alpins and Haut-Alpines in French.

The extremely mountainous terrain explains the sparse population, which was originally about 120,000. It changed little during the 19th century, but fell to about 85,000 after World War I. Thanks in large part to tourism, the population has risen from 87,436 in 1962 to 121,419 in 1999, principally in the town of Gap.

Population development since 1791:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1791120,485    
1801112,500−0.68%
1851132,038+0.32%
1901109,510−0.37%
1911105,083−0.41%
192189,275−1.62%
193187,566−0.19%
194684,932−0.20%
195485,067+0.02%
196287,436+0.34%
196891,790+0.81%
197597,358+0.84%
1982105,070+1.09%
1990113,300+0.95%
1999121,631+0.79%
2006130,752+1.04%
2011138,605+1.17%
2016141,107+0.36%
source: [1]


Politics

Departmental Council of Hautes-Alpes

The President of the Departmental Council of Hautes-Alpes has been Jean-Marie Bertrand of The Republicans since the 2015 departmental elections.

PartySeats
The Republicans and Union of Democrats and Independents 22
Socialist Party and Radical Party of the Left 8

Members of the National Assembly

Hautes-Alpes elected the following members of the National Assembly during the 2017 legislative election:

ConstituencyMember [2] Party
Hautes-Alpes's 1st constituency Pascale Boyer La République En Marche!
Hautes-Alpes's 2nd constituency Joël Giraud La République En Marche!

Tourism

The tourist industry is largely dependent on skiing in winter. In summer the Alpine scenery and many outdoor activities attract visitors from across Europe (sailing, hiking, climbing and aerial sports such as gliding). The Tour de France passes through the department regularly. This draws many cycling fanatics to cycle the cols and watch the race.

See also

Related Research Articles

Barcelonnette Subprefecture and commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Barcelonnette is a commune of France and a subprefecture in the department of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It is located in the southern French Alps, at the crossroads between Provence, Piedmont and the Dauphiné, and is the largest town in the Ubaye Valley. The town's inhabitants are known as Barcelonnettes.

Savoie Department of France in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Savoie is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of France. Its prefecture is Chambéry; it is located in the French Alps. In 2016, it had a population of 429,681.

Gap, Hautes-Alpes Prefecture and commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Gap is a commune in southeastern France, the capital and largest town of the Hautes-Alpes department. At a height of 750 m above sea level, it is France's highest prefecture.

Briançon Subprefecture and commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Briançon is a commune in the Hautes-Alpes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department.

The 2 arrondissements of the Hautes-Alpes department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Briançon, with 36 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 35,266 in 2016.
  2. Arrondissement of Gap, with 126 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 105,841 in 2016.
Écrins National Park national park of France

Écrins National Park is one of the ten French national parks. It is located in the south-eastern part of France in the Dauphiné Alps south of Grenoble and north of Gap, shared between the départements of Isère and Hautes-Alpes.

LArgentière-la-Bessée Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

L'Argentière-la-Bessée is a commune of the Hautes-Alpes department in the Alps in southeastern France.

Durance major river in south-eastern France

The Durance is a major river in south-eastern France.

Sisteron Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Sisteron is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

Embrun, Hautes-Alpes Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Embrun is a commune in the Hautes-Alpes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

Alpes Maritimae Roman province

Alpes Maritimae was a province of the Roman Empire. It was one of the three provinces straddling the Alps between modern France and Italy, along with Alpes Poeninae and Alpes Cottiae. The province included parts of the present-day French departments of Alpes-Maritimes, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and Hautes-Alpes.

Arrondissement of Briançon Arrondissement in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

The arrondissement of Briançon is an arrondissement of France in the Hautes-Alpes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It has 36 communes. Its population is 35,266 (2016), and its area is 2,138.1 km2 (825.5 sq mi).

Montgenèvre Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Montgenèvre is a commune of the Hautes-Alpes department in southeastern France.

Authon, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Authon is a French commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of south-eastern France.

Aubignosc Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Aubignosc is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of south-eastern France.

Sigonce Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Sigonce is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in southeastern France.

Turriers Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Turriers is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in southeastern France. Since 2016, it has been designated a key village in the UNESCO Geopark of Haute Provence because of its outstanding geological features, its rich biodiversity, and its historical interest.

Guillestre Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Guillestre is a commune in the Hautes-Alpes department in southeastern France.

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Department of France

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence is a department in Southeastern France, located in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. Formerly part of the province of Provence, it had a population of 161,916 in 2013. Its main cities are Digne-les-Bains (prefecture), Manosque, Sisteron, Barcelonnette, Castellane and Forcalquier. Inhabitants of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence are called the Bas-Alpins or Bas-Alpines referring to the department of Basses-Alpes which was the former name of the department until 1970.

Dauphiné Prealps mountains in France

The Dauphiné Prealps are a mountain range in the south-western part of the Alps. They are located in Rhône-Alpes and, marginally, in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. Dauphiné Prealps are the central section of the French Prealps.

References

Hautes-Alpes at Curlie