Hauts-de-France

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Hauts-de-France
Amiens France Quai-Belu-02.jpg
Quay Belu in Amiens
Hauts-de-France in France 2016.svg
CountryFlag of France.svg France
Prefecture Lille
Departments
Government
   President of the Regional Council Xavier Bertrand (DVD)
Area
  Total31,813 km2 (12,283 sq mi)
Area rank9th
Population
 (2015 est.)
  Total6,009,976
  Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Demonym(s) none
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code FR-HDF
GDP (PPP)  (2016) Ranked 5th
(13th per capita)
Total€176 billion (US$195 billion)
Per capita€29,215 (US$32,363)
NUTS Region FRE
Website www.regionhautsdefrance.fr OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

Hauts-de-France [1] (French pronunciation:  [o d(ə) fʁɑ̃s] , Dutch: Opper-Frankrijk, meaning "Upper France") is the northernmost region of France, created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014, from a merger of Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy. Its capital is Lille. The new region came into existence on 1 January 2016, after the regional elections in December 2015. [2] France's Conseil d'État approved Hauts-de-France as the name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective 30 September 2016. [3]

Contents

With 6,009,976 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2015), and a population of 189 inhabitants/km2, it represents the 3rd most populous region in France and the 2nd most densely populated in metropolitan France after its southern neighbor Île-de-France.

Toponymy

The region's interim name Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie was a hyphenated placename, created by hyphenating the merged regions' names Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardie in alphabetical order. [4]

On 14 March 2016, well ahead of the 1 July deadline, the Regional council decided on Hauts-de-France as the region's permanent name. [1] [4] The provisional name of the region was retired on 30 September 2016, when the new name of the region, Hauts-de-France, took effect. [3]

Geography

The region covers an area of more than 31,813 km2 (12,283 sq mi). It borders Belgium (Flanders and Wallonia) to the northeast, the North Sea to the north, the English Channel to the west, as well as the French regions of Grand Est to the east-southeast, Île-de-France to the south, and Normandy to the west-southwest. It is connected to the United Kingdom (England) via the Channel Tunnel.

Map of the new region with its five departements, colored according to the historical provinces as they existed until 1790.
Picardy
Ile-de-France
Artois
French Flanders
French Hainaut
Cambrai [fr]
Champagne
Other Hauts-de-France.svg
Map of the new region with its five départements, colored according to the historical provinces as they existed until 1790.
   Picardy
   Artois
   Cambrai  [ fr ]
   Champagne
  Other

Departments

Hauts-de-France comprises five departments: Aisne, Nord, Oise, Pas-de-Calais, and Somme.

Major communities

  1. Lille (227,560; region prefecture; surrounding area is home to over 1.5 million inhabitants)
  2. Amiens (133,448)
  3. Roubaix (94,713)
  4. Tourcoing (91,923)
  5. Dunkirk (90,995)
  6. Calais (72,589)
  7. Villeneuve-d'Ascq (62,308)
  8. Saint-Quentin (55,978)
  9. Beauvais (54,289)
  10. Valenciennes (42,691)

French sartorial heritage

The region was a pivotal center of mulquinerie.

See also

Related Research Articles

Pas-de-Calais Department of France

Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders.

Nord-Pas-de-Calais Region of France

Nord-Pas-de-Calais is a former administrative region of France. Since 1 January 2016, it is part of the new region Hauts-de-France. It consisted of the departments of Nord and Pas-de-Calais. Nord-Pas-de-Calais borders the English Channel (west), the North Sea (northwest), Belgium and Picardy (south). The majority of the region was once part of the historical (Southern) Netherlands, but gradually became part of France between 1477 and 1678, particularly during the reign of king Louis XIV. The historical French provinces that preceded Nord-Pas-de-Calais are Artois, French Flanders, French Hainaut and (partially) Picardy. These provincial designations are still frequently used by the inhabitants.

Amiens Prefecture and commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, 120 km (75 mi) north of Paris and 100 km (62 mi) south-west of Lille. It is the capital of the Somme department in Hauts-de-France. The city had a population of 136,105 according to the 2006 census, and one of the biggest university hospitals in France with a capacity of 1,200 beds. Amiens Cathedral, the tallest of the large, classic, Gothic churches of the 13th century and the largest in France of its kind, is a World Heritage Site. The author Jules Verne lived in Amiens from 1871 until his death in 1905, and served on the city council for 15 years.

Picardy Region of France

Picardy is a historical territory and a former administrative region of France. Since 1 January 2016, it has been part of the new region of Hauts-de-France. It is located in the northern part of France.

Lens, Pas-de-Calais Subprefecture and commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Lens is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France. It is one of the main towns of Hauts-de-France along with Lille, Valenciennes, Amiens, Roubaix, Tourcoing, Arras and Douai. The inhabitants are called Lensois.

LGV Nord high-speed railway line in France

The LGV Nord is a French 333-kilometre (207 mi)-long high-speed rail line, opened in 1993, that connects Paris to the Belgian border and the Channel Tunnel via Lille.

The LGV Picardie is a proposed high-speed railway line running between Paris and Calais, via Amiens, in France.

Gare de Calais-Fréthun railway station

Gare de Calais-Fréthun is a SNCF international railway station in the suburbs of Calais, France. It is one of three stations serving the town; the other two are Calais-Ville in the town centre and Gare des Fontinettes in the suburbs.

Gare dArras railway station in France

Arras is a railway station serving the town Arras, Pas-de-Calais department, northern France. This station, which opened in 1846, is located on the Paris–Lille railway and Arras-Dunkirk railway and accessible from LGV Nord. The train services are operated by SNCF.

Paris–Lille railway railway line

The railway from Paris to Lille is an important French 251-kilometre long railway line, that connects Paris to the northern French city Lille. Branch lines offer connections to Belgium and Great Britain. As one of the first railway lines in France, it was opened on 20 June 1846. The opening of the LGV Nord high speed line from Paris to Lille in 1993 has decreased its importance for passenger traffic.

René Debrie French linguist

René Debrie was a French linguist.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Lille, France.

Pierre de Saintignon French politician

Pierre de Saintignon was a French politician. He was a member of the French Socialist Party since 1967. He was elected councilor to the Lille municipality in 1989, 1995, 2001, 2008 and 2014, the first two terms under Pierre Mauroy and the other three under Martine Aubry. From 2001, he was the First Deputy-Mayor, in charge of finance, economic development and military matters. In 1998, 2004 and 2010 he was elected councilor the Regional Council of Nord-Pas-de-Calais, where he sat as first vice-president, in charge of economic development. Most of his political career was as an unofficial chief of staff, rather than as a foreground person. He was chosen to lead the PS list for the 2015 regional elections that were held on 6 and 13 December 2015.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Amiens, France.

2015 Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie regional election

The first Regional Elections of Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie were held on 6 and 13 December 2015. At stake were the Regional Council of Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie.

TER Hauts-de-France is the regional rail network serving the region of Hauts-de-France, northern France. It is operated by the French national railway company SNCF. It was formed in 2017 from the previous TER networks TER Nord-Pas-de-Calais and TER Picardie, after the respective regions were merged.

Mulquinerie Art of weaving and trading fine fabrics composed exclusively of linen

Mulquinerie, a landmark of French sartorial heritage and high craftsmanship, is the art of weaving and trading fine fabrics composed exclusively of linen: whether plain flax cloth, 'linon' or batiste. A 'mulquinier' was the artisan textile designer and weaver as well as the merchant of canvases. The mulquiniers were not only a subcategorization of the tisserand(e) artists (hand loom weavers; French pronunciation: [tisʀɑ̃]) but were also the traders of their own craft. This activity was predominantly developed within villages as a substantial rural proto-industry, hence mulquiniers working on métiers à tisser in their home' basement while breathing from "bahottes" or "blocures" to obtain the most propitious humidity levels.

Coron (house)

In urbanism, a coron is a historical type of working-class housing found in parts of France and Belgium. Emerging during the Industrial Revolution, corons were a form of low-cost dwelling commonly found in coal mining and steelmaking regions of Wallonia and the Nord-Pas-de-Calais. Originating as a form of vernacular architecture, their design and materials were increasingly upgraded over time and some were even constructed as parts of purpose-built model villages. They can be considered a counterpart of the back-to-back housing found in industrial parts of the United Kingdom.

Regional Council of the Hauts-de-France government organization in Lille, France

The Hauts-de-France Regional Council is the name given to the deliberative assembly of the Hauts-de-France region.

The 2016–17 Coupe de France Preliminary Rounds, Picardie and Nord-Pas de Calais made up the qualifying competition to decide which teams from the Picardie and Nord-Pas de Calais leagues took part in the main competition from Round 7. This was the 100th season of the most prestigious football cup competition of France. The competition was organised by the French Football Federation (FFF) and is open to all clubs in French football, as well as clubs from the overseas departments and territories.

References

  1. 1 2 "La Région a voté et s'appelle désormais Hauts-de-France" [The region has voted and is now called Hauts-de-France]. La Voix du Nord (in French). Lille. 15 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  2. "La carte à 13 régions définitivement adoptée" [The 13-region map finally adopted]. Le Monde (in French). Agence France-Presse. 17 December 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  3. 1 2 Décret n° 2016-1265 du 28 septembre 2016 portant fixation du nom et du chef-lieu de la région Hauts-de-France (in French)
  4. 1 2 Loi n° 2015-29 du 16 janvier 2015 relative à la délimitation des régions, aux élections régionales et départementales et modifiant le calendrier électoral (in French)

Coordinates: 49°55′14″N2°42′11″E / 49.9206°N 2.7030°E / 49.9206; 2.7030