Hauts-de-Seine

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Hauts-de-Seine
View on Boulogne-Billancourt from Parc de Saint-Cloud 140411 1.jpg
Meudon Observatory (3559558087) (cropped).jpg
Le Chateau-Musee departemental de Sceaux, Journees du Patrimoine 2020.jpg
Rueil-Malmaison Bois de Saint-Cucufa en automne 009.JPG
La Defense depuis La Garenne-Colombes.jpg
From top down, left to right: a view of Boulogne-Billancourt from the Parc de Saint-Cloud, Meudon site of the Paris Observatory, the Château de Sceaux, lake in Rueil-Malmaison, La Défense seen from La Garenne-Colombes
Drapeau fr departement Hauts-de-Seine.svg
Blason departement fr Hauts-de-Seine.svg
Hauts-de-Seine-Position.svg
Location of Hauts-de-Seine in France
Coordinates: 48°50′N02°12′E / 48.833°N 2.200°E / 48.833; 2.200
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Prefecture Nanterre
Subprefectures Antony
Boulogne-
Billancourt
Government
   President of the Departmental Council Georges Siffredi [1] (LR)
Area
1
  Total176 km2 (68 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2021) [2]
  Total1,635,291
  Rank 5th
  Density9,300/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
Demonym Altoséquanais.e
GDP
[3]
  Total€188.333 billion (2021)
  Per capita€115,168 (2021)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 92
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 23
Communes 36
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Hauts-de-Seine (French pronunciation: [od(ə)sɛn] ; lit.'Seine Heights') is a department in the Île-de-France region of France. It covers Paris's western inner suburbs. It is bordered by Paris, Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne to the east, Val-d'Oise to the north, Yvelines to the west and Essonne to the south. With a population of 1,624,357 (as of 2019) [4] and a total area of 176 square kilometres (68 square miles), it is the second most highly-densely populated department of France, after Paris. It is the fifth most populous department in France. Its prefecture is Nanterre, but Boulogne-Billancourt, one of its two subprefectures, alongside Antony, has a larger population.

Contents

Hauts-de-Seine is best known for containing the modern office, cinema and shopping complex La Défense, one of Grand Paris's main economic centres and one of Europe's major business districts. Hauts-de-Seine is one of the wealthiest departments in France; it had the highest GDP per capita in France at €107,800 in 2020. [5] Its inhabitants are called Altoséquanais (masculine) and Altoséquanaises (feminine) in French.

History

From 1790 to 1968, Hauts-de-Seine was part of the former department of Seine.

The Hauts-de-Seine department was created in 1968, from parts of the former departments of Seine and Seine-et-Oise. Its creation reflected the implementation of a law passed in 1964; Nanterre had already been selected as the prefecture for the new department early in 1965.

In 2016, the Departmental Council of Hauts-de-Seine voted in favour of a fusion of Hauts-de-Seine and Yvelines, its western neighbour. Following a similar vote in Yvelines, an établissement public interdépartemental was established. [6] The fusion project was abandoned in 2021, but the cooperation between the two departments continues. [7]

Demographics

Population development since 1881

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1881254,928    
1891332,076+2.68%
1901467,391+3.48%
1911614,862+2.78%
1921724,261+1.65%
1931949,231+2.74%
19361,019,627+1.44%
1946992,859−0.27%
19541,118,020+1.50%
YearPop.±% p.a.
19621,381,805+2.68%
19681,461,619+0.94%
19751,438,930−0.22%
19821,387,039−0.52%
19901,391,658+0.04%
19991,428,881+0.29%
20061,536,100+1.04%
20111,581,268+0.58%
20161,603,268+0.28%
Sources: [8] [9]

Place of birth of residents

Place of birth of residents of Hauts-de-Seine in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
80.6%19.4%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.5%3.5%3.8%10.6%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. A foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. An immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Geography

Location

Hauts-de-Seine and two other small departments (Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne) form an inner ring around Paris, known as the Petite Couronne (literal translation: "Little Crown"). Together with the City of Paris, they are included in Greater Paris since 1 January 2016. It is the Smallest Department in France followed by Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne. It is slightly smaller than Maldives. The whole of the department is a salient which is looks like Warwickshire in England, within the districts of North Warwickshire, Nuneaton and Bedworth, and Rugby.

Petite couronne.png

Administration

Hauts-de-Seine comprises three departmental arrondissements and 36 communes:

Map numberNameArea (km2)Population (2019) [4] Coat of armsArrondissementMapLabelled map
1 Antony 9.5662,760 Blason ville fr Antony (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Antony Antony map.svg Administrative map 92.png
2 Châtenay-Malabry 6.3834,021 Blason ville fr Chatenay-Malabry (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Chatenay-Malabry map.svg
3 Sceaux 3.620,004 Blason Sceaux 92.svg Sceaux map.svg
4 Bourg-la-Reine 1.8621,050 Blason Brest(29).svg Bourg-la-Reine map.svg
5 Bagneux 4.1940,936 Blason ville fr Bagneux (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Bagneux map.svg
6 Fontenay-aux-Roses 2.5125,531 Blason ville fr Fontenay-aux-Roses (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Fontenay-aux-Roses map.svg
7 Le Plessis-Robinson 3.4330,061 Blason Plessis-Robinson 92.svg Le Plessis-Robinson map.svg
8 Clamart 8.7752,925 Blason ville fr Clamart (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Clamart map.svg
9 Châtillon 2.9236,639 Blason Chatillon 92.svg Chatillon map.svg
10 Montrouge 2.0748,352 Blason ville fr Montrouge (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Montrouge map.svg
11 Malakoff 2.0730,950 Blason ville fr Malakoff (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Malakoff map.svg
12 Vanves 1.5627,846 Blason Vanves.svg Boulogne-Billancourt Vanves map.svg
13 Issy-les-Moulineaux 4.2567,981 Blason ville fr Issy-les-Moulineaux (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Issy-les-Moulineaux map.svg
14 Boulogne-Billancourt 6.17121,583 Blason ville boulogne billancourt.svg Boulogne-Billancourt map.svg
15 Meudon 9.945,818 Blason ville fr Meudon (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Meudon map.svg
16 Sèvres 3.9123,463 Blason Sevres 92.svg Sevres map.svg
17 Chaville 3.5520,771 Blason ville fr Chaville (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Chaville map.svg
18 Ville-d'Avray 3.6711,225 Blason ville fr Ville d'Avray (92).svg Ville-d'Avray map.svg
20 Marnes-la-Coquette 3.481,774 Blason ville fr Marnes-la-Coquette (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Marnes-la-Coquette map.svg
19 Saint-Cloud 7.5630,012 Blason ville fr Saint-Cloud (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Nanterre Saint-Cloud map.svg
21 Vaucresson 3.088,683 Blason ville fr Vaucresson (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Vaucresson map.svg
22 Garches 2.6917,795 Blason ville fr Garches (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Garches map.svg
23 Rueil-Malmaison 14.778,317 Blason ville fr Rueil-Malmaison (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Rueil-Malmaison map.svg
24 Suresnes 3.7949,311 Blason ville fr Suresnes (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Suresnes map.svg
25 Puteaux 3.1945,157 Blason ville fr Puteaux (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Puteaux map.svg
26 Nanterre 12.1996,277 Blason ville fr Nanterre (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Nanterre map.svg
27 Colombes 7.8186,534 Blason ville fr Colombes (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Colombes map.svg
28 La Garenne-Colombes 1.7829,642 Blason Garenne Colombes 92.svg La Garenne-Colombes map.svg
29 Bois-Colombes 1.9228,841 Blason ville fr Bois-Colombes (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Bois-Colombes map.svg
30 Courbevoie 4.1781,558 Blason Courbevoie 92.svg Courbevoie map.svg
31 Neuilly-sur-Seine 3.7359,599 FRA Neuilly-sur-Seine COA.svg Neuilly-sur-Seine map.svg
32 Levallois-Perret 2.4166,082 Blason Levallois-Perret 92.svg Levallois-Perret map.svg
33 Clichy 3.0863,089 Blason Clichy 92.svg Clichy map.svg
34 Asnières-sur-Seine 4.8287,143 Blason ville fr Asnieres-sur-Seine (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Asnieres-sur-Seine map.svg
35 Gennevilliers 11.6448,530 Blason ville fr Gennevilliers (92).svg Gennevilliers map.svg
36 Villeneuve-la-Garenne 3.224,097 Blason ville fr Villeneuve-la-Garenne (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Villeneuve-la-Garenne map.svg

Hauts-de-Seine currently has the fewest number of any communes in Metropolitan France. With only 36 communes, not including Paris which has only one commune, this makes the French department in Metropolitan France with the fewest number of communes.

Economy

Hauts-de-Seine is one of France's wealthiest departments and one of Europe's richest areas. Its GDP per capita was €106,800 in 2020, according to Eurostat official figures. [5]

Politics

In the 1990s and early 2000s, Hauts-de-Seine received national media attention as the result of a corruption scandal concerning the misuse of public funds provided for the department's housing projects. Implicated were former minister and departmental council president Charles Pasqua, as well as other personalities of the Rally for the Republic (RPR) party.

Hauts-de-Seine was the political base of Nicolas Sarkozy, President of the French Republic from 2007 to 2012. He was Mayor of Neuilly-sur-Seine (1983–2002) and President of the Departmental Council of Hauts-de-Seine (2004–2007) before he assumed the office. Sarkozy succeeded Pasqua as President of the Departmental Council. [10]

Departmental Council of Hauts-de-Seine

Hauts-de-Seine is governed by a departmental council. Its 46 members are called departmental councillors. The electorate of Hauts-de-Seine usually votes for right-wing parties; there has never been a left-wing majority since the department's inception in 1968.

The departmental council is the deliberative organ of the department. The executive is led by the council president, assisted by vice presidents, in charge of various portfolios. Departmental councillors are elected (two per canton) by the department's inhabitants for six-year terms (no term limits). The president of the Departmental Council is Georges Siffredi, elected in 2020.

Presidential elections 2nd round

ElectionWinning CandidateParty%2nd Place CandidateParty%
2022 [11] Emmanuel Macron LREM 80.39 Marine Le Pen FN 19.61
2017 [12] Emmanuel Macron LREM 85.65 Marine Le Pen FN 14.35
2012 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 50.52 François Hollande PS 49.48
2007 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 55.65 Ségolène Royal PS 44.35
2002 [12] Jacques Chirac RPR 87.99 Jean-Marie Le Pen FN 12.01
1995 [13] Jacques Chirac RPR 57.25 Lionel Jospin PS 42.75

National representation

Hauts-de-Seine elected the following members of the National Assembly in the 2017 legislative election:

ConstituencyMember [14] Party
Hauts-de-Seine's 1st constituency Elsa Faucillon French Communist Party
Hauts-de-Seine's 2nd constituency Adrien Taquet La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 3rd constituency Christine Hennion La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 4th constituency Isabelle Florennes La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 5th constituency Céline Calvez La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 6th constituency Constance Le Grip The Republicans
Hauts-de-Seine's 7th constituency Jacques Marilossian La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 8th constituency Jacques Maire La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 9th constituency Thierry Solère The Republicans
Hauts-de-Seine's 10th constituency Florence Provendier La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 11th constituency Laurianne Rossi La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 12th constituency Jean-Louis Bourlanges Democratic Movement
Hauts-de-Seine's 13th constituency Frédérique Dumas La République En Marche!

In the Senate, Hauts-de-Seine is represented by:

Tourism

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  4. 1 2 Populations légales 2019: 92 Hauts-de-Seine, INSEE
  5. 1 2 "Gross domestic product (GDP) at current market prices by NUTS 3 regions". Eurostat. Retrieved 31 October 2022.
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