Havířov

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Havířov

Hawiyrzów
Hawierzów
Havirov sq02.JPG
Republiky Square in the city centre
Flag of Havirov.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Havirov.svg
Coat of arms
Relief Map of Czech Republic.png
Red pog.svg
Havířov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°46′59″N18°25′22″E / 49.78306°N 18.42278°E / 49.78306; 18.42278 Coordinates: 49°46′59″N18°25′22″E / 49.78306°N 18.42278°E / 49.78306; 18.42278
CountryFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Region Moravian-Silesian
District Karviná
Founded1955
Government
   Mayor Josef Bělica [1] (ANO)
Area
  Total32.08 km2 (12.39 sq mi)
Elevation
260 m (850 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01) [2]
  Total70,165
  Density2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
736 01
Website www.havirov-city.cz

Havířov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɦaviːr̝of] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Polish : Loudspeaker.svg Hawierzów ) is a city in the Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 70,000 inhabitants, making it the second-largest city in the region. Havířov lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.

Contents

Havířov was founded after World War II (thus being the youngest city in today's Czech Republic) as a coal mining town. Havířov officially became a town in 1955. It was built on top of several villages with significant Polish populations. The local people were given apartments in the newly built city, and most of their old houses were demolished to make room for new urban buildings. The majority of the population of Havířov emigrated from other parts of Czechoslovakia, many of them from Slovakia, as migrant workers, thus substantially altering the ethnic structure of the area. Today, the original villages are administrative parts of the city and mostly lie on the outskirts of urban Havířov.

Administrative parts

The city is made up of eight administrative parts:

In 1975–1990, Horní Suchá, now a separate municipality, was a part of Havířov. [3]

Name

In a competition to name the city in 1956, various names were suggested, such as Stalin, Gottwaldův Horníkov (after Klement Gottwald), Zápotockýgrad (after Antonín Zápotocký) and "Čestprácov" (derived from the Socialist-era greeting čest práci). Eventually it was decided that the city should be named Havířov, from havíř, "miner", and the possessive suffix -ov. [4]

History

The first written mention of settlements in today's Havířov area is from 1305 (Horní Suchá and Dolní Suchá). Bludovice was first mentioned in 1335 and Šumbark in 1438. [3]

Havirov railway station Havirov, vlakove nadrazi, budova.JPG
Havířov railway station

Havířov was founded after the World War II to restore hard coal mining in the region. Building of first housing estates for miners and theirs families began in 1947. [3]

Most of the buildings of the new city were built in the style of Socialist Realism.

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18695,173    
18805,379+4.0%
18905,900+9.7%
19007,223+22.4%
191010,409+44.1%
YearPop.±%
192111,765+13.0%
193012,782+8.6%
195012,898+0.9%
196151,103+296.2%
197082,068+60.6%
YearPop.±%
198085,946+4.7%
199186,297+0.4%
200185,855−0.5%
201176,694−10.7%
202170,165−8.5%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic [5]

Sport

Football

The city's football club, MFK Havířov, competes in the Czech Fourth Division. In the past, the team appeared for several seasons in Czech 2. Liga. Football club MFK Havířov was founded in 1922. MFK Havířov entered into a contract with sports brand JOMA for four years. MFK Havířov has two pitches and one artificial pitch. They have nickname which is "indians" according to American bikers. Their matches are played on pitches in Prostřední Suchá. [6]

Ice hockey

The ice hockey club AZ Havířov appears in the 1st Czech Republic Hockey League, the second-tier league of ice hockey in the country.

Rugby

RC Havířov competes in the highest division of rugby in the Czech Republic, the KB Extraliga.

Cycling

Havířov hosted the prologue and the third stage, both an individual time trial, of the 2012 and 2013 Gracia-Orlová.

Notable people

Twin towns – sister cities

Havířov is twinned with: [7]

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Horní Bludovice Municipality in Moravian-Silesian, Czech Republic

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Životice (Havířov)

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Dolní Suchá

Dolní Suchá  is a village in Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic. It was a separate municipality but became administratively a part of Havířov in 1960. It has a population of 901 (2020). The village lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.

Baník is a Slovak word meaning "miner". Since the 1950s it has been part of the name of various sports clubs in Czechoslovakia associated mostly with coal mining regions. In Poland, the same practice was conducted with the name górnik.

Prostřední Suchá

Prostřední Suchá is a village in Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic. It was a separate municipality but became administratively a part of Havířov in 1960. It has a population of 4,595 (2020). The village lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.

Dukla coal mine closed coal mine in the Czech Republic

Dukla mine is a closed coal mine located in Dolní Suchá near the city of Havířov in the Czech Republic. A disaster occurred there in 1961, now depicted in film Dukla 61.

References

  1. "List of Members of City Council".
  2. "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  3. 1 2 3 "Historie a současnost". havirov-city.cz (in Czech). Statutární město Havířov. Retrieved 2021-05-11.
  4. "Havířov má šedesát let. Mohl to být také Gottwaldův Horníkov". Česká televize. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  5. "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Karviná" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 1–2.
  6. "MFK Havířov - history".
  7. "Partnerská města - Statutární město Havířov" (in Czech). Statutární město Havířov. Retrieved 2020-06-07.