Republiky Square in the city centre
|• Mayor||Josef Bělica (ANO)|
|• Total||32.08 km2 (12.39 sq mi)|
|Elevation||260 m (850 ft)|
|• Density||2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Havířov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɦaviːr̝of] ( listen ); Polish : Hawierzów ) is a city in the Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 70,000 inhabitants, making it the second-largest city in the region. Havířov lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.
Havířov was founded after World War II (thus being the youngest city in today's Czech Republic) as a coal mining town. Havířov officially became a town in 1955. It was built on top of several villages with significant Polish populations. The local people were given apartments in the newly built city, and most of their old houses were demolished to make room for new urban buildings. The majority of the population of Havířov emigrated from other parts of Czechoslovakia, many of them from Slovakia, as migrant workers, thus substantially altering the ethnic structure of the area. Today, the original villages are administrative parts of the city and mostly lie on the outskirts of urban Havířov.
The city is made up of eight administrative parts:
In 1975–1990, Horní Suchá, now a separate municipality, was a part of Havířov.
In a competition to name the city in 1956, various names were suggested, such as Stalin, Gottwaldův Horníkov (after Klement Gottwald), Zápotockýgrad (after Antonín Zápotocký) and "Čestprácov" (derived from the Socialist-era greeting čest práci). Eventually it was decided that the city should be named Havířov, from havíř, "miner", and the possessive suffix -ov.
The first written mention of settlements in today's Havířov area is from 1305 (Horní Suchá and Dolní Suchá). Bludovice was first mentioned in 1335 and Šumbark in 1438.
Havířov was founded after the World War II to restore hard coal mining in the region. Building of first housing estates for miners and theirs families began in 1947.
Most of the buildings of the new city were built in the style of Socialist Realism.
|Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic|
The city's football club, MFK Havířov, competes in the Czech Fourth Division. In the past, the team appeared for several seasons in Czech 2. Liga. Football club MFK Havířov was founded in 1922. MFK Havířov entered into a contract with sports brand JOMA for four years. MFK Havířov has two pitches and one artificial pitch. They have nickname which is "indians" according to American bikers. Their matches are played on pitches in Prostřední Suchá.
The ice hockey club AZ Havířov appears in the 1st Czech Republic Hockey League, the second-tier league of ice hockey in the country.
RC Havířov competes in the highest division of rugby in the Czech Republic, the KB Extraliga.
Havířov hosted the prologue and the third stage, both an individual time trial, of the 2012 and 2013 Gracia-Orlová.
Havířov is twinned with:
Kladno is a city in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 69,000 inhabitants. It is the largest city in the region and together with its adjacent suburban areas has a population of more than 110,000. It is located 25 kilometres northwest of the capital city Prague and is a part of the Prague metropolitan area.
Ostrava is a city in the north-east of the Czech Republic, and the capital of the Moravian-Silesian Region. It has about 285,000 inhabitants. It lies 15 km (9 mi) from the border with Poland, at the confluences of four rivers: Oder, Opava, Ostravice and Lučina. Ostrava is the third largest city in the Czech Republic in terms of both population and area, the second largest city in the region of Moravia, and the largest city in the historical land of Czech Silesia. It straddles the border of the two historic provinces of Moravia and Silesia. The wider conurbation – which also includes the towns of Bohumín, Havířov, Karviná, Orlová, Petřvald and Rychvald – is home to about 500,000 people, making it the largest urban area in the Czech Republic apart from the capital, Prague.
Litvínov is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. With its population of around of 24,000 inhabitants it is the sixth largest town in the region and the second largest in Most District.
Mladá Boleslav is a statutory city in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 44,000 inhabitants. It lies on the left bank of the Jizera River about 50 kilometres northeast of Prague.
Frýdek-Místek is a city in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It is the administrative centre of Frýdek-Místek District. It has about 55,000 inhabitants, and over 80,000 within its larger urban area. Frýdek-Místek is located at the confluence of the rivers Ostravice and Morávka in the foothills of the Beskyds near the borders of Poland 25 km (16 mi) and Slovakia 35 km (22 mi).
Karviná is a city in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 51,000 inhabitants. It is administrative centre of Karviná District. Karviná lies on the Olza River in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia and is one of the most important coal mining centres in the Czech Republic. Together with neighboring cities it forms the industrial Ostrava-Karviná Coal Basin.
Horní Suchá (help·info) is a municipality and village in the Karviná District in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 4,400 inhabitants. Polish minority makes up 17.1% of the population.
Třinec is a statutory city in Frýdek-Místek District in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 35,000 inhabitants and is the least populated statutory city in the Czech Republic.
Lázně Bělohrad is a spa town in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 3,700 inhabitants.
Karviná District is a district (okres) within the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. Its administrative center is the city of Karviná. It was created by 1960 reform of administrative divisions in the area of former Fryštát District. Karviná District is part of Czech Silesia.
Lučina is a river in Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic. It is the tributary of the Ostravice River to which it enters in Ostrava. It originates in Beskids and then flows northwestward through Horní Bludovice and Dolní Bludovice, near Havířov. Žermanice Dam is built on the river. River is distinct for its meanders which are protected as a unique natural landmark.
Horní Bludovice is a municipality and village in the Karviná District in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 2,400 inhabitants. Lučina River flows through the municipality. It lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.
Životice (help·info) is a village in Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic. It was a separate municipality but after the expansion of the city of Havířov created in 1955 it became administratively a part of this city in 1960. It has a population of 1,339 (2020). It lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.
Bludovice may refer to several places in the Czech Republic:
Dolní Suchá (help·info) is a village in Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic. It was a separate municipality but became administratively a part of Havířov in 1960. It has a population of 901 (2020). The village lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.
Baník is a Slovak word meaning "miner". Since the 1950s it has been part of the name of various sports clubs in Czechoslovakia associated mostly with coal mining regions. In Poland, the same practice was conducted with the name górnik.
Prostřední Suchá is a village in Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic. It was a separate municipality but became administratively a part of Havířov in 1960. It has a population of 4,595 (2020). The village lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.
Dukla mine is a closed coal mine located in Dolní Suchá near the city of Havířov in the Czech Republic. A disaster occurred there in 1961, now depicted in film Dukla 61.
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