Havant

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Havant
A crowded Havant Market - geograph.org.uk - 823982.jpg
Havant has a bi-weekly high street market
Hampshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Havant
Location within Hampshire
Area20.34 km2 (7.85 sq mi)
Population45,826 (2011 census) [1]
  Density 2,253/km2 (5,840/sq mi)
OS grid reference SU717062
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HAVANT
Postcode district PO9
Dialling code 023
Police Hampshire
Fire Hampshire and Isle of Wight
Ambulance South Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
50°51′06″N0°59′03″W / 50.85167°N 0.98417°W / 50.85167; -0.98417 Coordinates: 50°51′06″N0°59′03″W / 50.85167°N 0.98417°W / 50.85167; -0.98417

Havant ( /ˈhævənt/ HAV-ənt) is a town in the south-east corner of Hampshire, England between Portsmouth and Chichester. Its borough (population: 125,000 [2] ) comprises the town (45,826) and its suburbs including the resort of Hayling Island as well as Rowland's Castle, the larger town of Waterlooville and Langstone Harbour. Housing and population more than doubled in the 20 years following World War II, a period of major conversion of land from agriculture and woodland to housing across the region following the incendiary bombing of Portsmouth and the Blitz.

Contents

The old centre of the town was a small Celtic settlement before Roman times and the town's commerce, retired and commuter population swelled after World War II so as to be usually considered economically part of the Portsmouth conurbation.[ citation needed ]

History

The Old House at Home. The raised grass to the right is part of St Faith's Church grounds, in the middle of town. The Old House At Home, Havant, England.jpg
The Old House at Home. The raised grass to the right is part of St Faith's Church grounds, in the middle of town.

Archeological digs in the 19th and 20th centuries uncovered evidence of Roman buildings – near St Faith's Church and in Langstone Avenue, along with neolithic and mesolithic remains. [3]

Havant was known around 935 CE as 'Hamafunta' (the spring of Hama), referring to the spring to the south-west of St Faith's Churchyard and a settlement was made at the crossing point of tracks from the Downs to the coast and another east–west along the coast. [3]

In 1086 (at the time of the Domesday Book), Havant was a village with a population of around 100. In 1200, the monks of Winchester Cathedral were granted the right to hold a market at Haveunte. [3] Around 1450, an annual fair was held on the feast of Saint Faith. [4] [5]

For much of its history water played a vital part in local commerce, with many water mills, and parchment manufacture and brewing. [3]

Much of Havant was destroyed by fire in 1760, leaving only the church and the adjacent late 16th or early 17th century cottages. The cottages are now known collectively as "The Old House at Home", and are used as a pub. It is claimed that the two main beams in the lounge bar were recovered from the Spanish Armada, and that the "Bear Post" within once had the last dancing bear in England tethered to it. The fire allowed widening of roads and easier passage of stagecoaches through the town: the Bear Hotel and Dolphin Hotel were notable coaching inns. In the early hours of 25 October 1784 Havant suffered a minor earthquake, and a similar event occurred on 30 November 1811. [3]

Hall Place, on South Street is a grade II-listed house, larger than others in the four main streets. It was rebuilt in 1796 by John Butler, replacing a seventeenth-century house reputed to have been built with stone from the slighted Warblington Castle. The classically Georgian house, of buff colour bricks from Dorset, passed in the 1820s into the ownership of Mr Charles Beare Longcroft, solicitor of established civic fame, whose wife's grandfather, John Cressweller (or Crassweller), had purchased the house from John Butler in 1803 and whose family parted with it in the middle of the 20th century. [6] [7]

Early English in style, the oldest undisturbed parts of the church of St Faith, such as the chancel, date from the early 13th century. Some of the foundations are believed to date from Roman times. The vestry is 14th century and there is a monumental brass to William Aylward, 1413. [8]

By 1768 Havant had its first postmaster trading from various offices until the present post office in East Street opened in 1936 (one of a handful in the UK with the cypher of King Edward VIII above the entrance). In 1976 a Royal Mail Christmas postage stamp depicted an angel design from a medieval embroidery in the Victoria and Albert Museum owned by the Victorian-established Catholic Mission in the Brockhampton neighbourhood. [9]

In 1847 Havant was connected with a station on the railway to Portsmouth and Brighton via Chichester and this was followed by the Portsmouth Direct Line to London in 1859. The branch line to Hayling Island ran from 1867 until the mid-1960s rationalisation.

The first hospital in the town opened in 1894 in Potash Terrace as a fever hospital, closing in 1939. A war memorial hospital opened in 1929 in Crossway; in 1935 a fine frieze of Wedgwood tiles depicting nursery rhymes was added to the children's ward. [3]

The resident population rose in 'Havant and Waterloo Urban District' from 26,367 in 1939 to 74,552 for this direct predecessor to the borough in 1961. [10] The rate of population increase has decreased since 1961 but population approximately doubled in the 50 years to 2011, with less cultivated land and fewer housing schemes and little non-hillside or direct coastal land available for development.

Geography

The old centre of the town is on a classic crossroad configuration, with the four streets being named North Street, East Street, South Street and West Street, and St Faith's Church at the crossing. One axis is a known Roman road and a few artefacts along the route point to the other also being so.

The major A27 road with various crossings sections off the coastal village suburbs of Langstone /ˈlæŋstən/ and the south of Bedhampton. Its north is Leigh Park, a three-ward suburb originally of council housing laid out before 1960 through the co-operation of the local and Portsmouth authorities (the other designated area being Paulsgrove occupying west Cosham), beyond which is Staunton Country Park in the South Downs National Park. To the east is Emsworth, a much smaller contiguous town. To the west is Portsdown Hill and part of Bedhampton. The A3(M) passes to the west.

There are several natural springs in the area, including one a short distance south-west of the church on West Street at the end of Homewell. This used to be the home of the premier parchment making facility in Southern England (closing in 1936) which later became a glove making factory and leather processing plant. The Treaty of Versailles was written on Havant parchment. [3]

Climate data for a Rough climate of Havant
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)17
(63)
16
(61)
21
(70)
25
(77)
32
(90)
36
(97)
35
(95)
37
(99)
34
(93)
27
(81)
18
(64)
16
(61)
37
(99)
Average high °C (°F)8
(46)
8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
17
(63)
20
(68)
23
(73)
24
(75)
19
(66)
16
(61)
11
(52)
9
(48)
15
(59)
Average low °C (°F)2
(36)
1
(34)
3
(37)
5
(41)
8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
14
(57)
12
(54)
8
(46)
5
(41)
3
(37)
7
(45)
Record low °C (°F)−10
(14)
−9
(16)
−8
(18)
−4
(25)
−1
(30)
2
(36)
5
(41)
6
(43)
0
(32)
−4
(25)
−6
(21)
−8
(18)
−10
(14)
Average precipitation mm (inches)85
(3.3)
60
(2.4)
62
(2.4)
54
(2.1)
50
(2.0)
50
(2.0)
42
(1.7)
57
(2.2)
74
(2.9)
90
(3.5)
85
(3.3)
90
(3.5)
799
(31.3)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 658513020023023525523017012590601,875
Source: Met Office [11]

Demography

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005 [1]
Output areaHomes owned outrightOwned with a loanSocially rentedPrivately rentedOtherkm2 green spaceskm2 waterkm2 roadskm2 domestic gardenskm2 domestic buildingskm2 non-domestic buildingsUsual residentskm2
St Faith's Ward (S and Centre, Langstone)16701314435498523.960.030.641.200.290.3088827.29
Bedhampton Ward (W)14801432403335422.000.080.491.070.260.0688354.14
Barncroft Ward (NW Havant and N Bedhampton)541864791213591.280.010.230.410.110.0265182.12
Battins Ward (N)5287511336251692.050.020.240.410.120.0470622.95
Bondfields Ward (NE)5418501224213520.500.010.270.320.150.1469101.57
Warren Park Ward (NW)4146701456242711.470.010.230.340.140.0476192.27

Economy

The town's commerce, retired and commuter population swelled after World War II so as to be usually considered economically part of the Portsmouth conurbation, its part closest to the Brighton-Worthing-Littlehampton conurbation, as at the 2011 census, in population, within the 20 largest conurbations in the UK.

The main shopping centre is called Meridian Shopping (formerly known as the Meridian Centre), as well as a pedestrianised section of West Street. The old town hall now houses The Spring Arts & Heritage Centre (formerly known as Havant Arts Centre). Havant is home to the local community radio station, Angel Radio which specialises in music of the pre-1960s era.

Transport

The multi-bay Havant town bus station is located adjacent the Meridian Shopping Centre and 0.3 km south—west of the railway station. The primary operator is Stagecoach with services to Portsmouth, Hayling Island, Leigh Park, Waterlooville, Petersfield, Emsworth, Chichester, and Bognor Regis. Additional services are provided by First Hampshire & Dorset covering Emsworth, Leigh Park, and Rowlands Castle. [12]

The railway station is on north street with the current buildings dating from 1938. [13]

Education

Although there had been private schools before, it was not until the 1870 Education Act that Havant gained its first state schools – one in Brockhampton Lane, followed by one in West Street and then in Fairfield Road. [3] The town gained another school in the form of Bosmere Junior School in 1985. [13]

In 2017 Havant College was merged with South downs college.

Sport

Havant Cricket Club in action at Havant Park Peaceful cricket scene within Havant Park - geograph.org.uk - 798704.jpg
Havant Cricket Club in action at Havant Park

The town's senior non-league football side is Havant & Waterlooville F.C., On 16 January 2008 they reached the fourth round of the FA Cup for the first time in their history, beating Swansea City 4–2 in a third-round replay, setting up a 4th round match against Liverpool at Anfield, which they went on to lose 5–2 despite having led twice in the first half. The town is represented by Havant RFC (founded 1951) for rugby and Havant HC (founded 1905) are three times winners of the English Hockey League. The latter contributed several players to the British Olympic gold medal-winning side of 1988. Havant Hockey Club also contributed two players to the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne. The astroturf was provided by the National Lottery Fund. The town has a successful amateur cricket club (founded 1876), which has attracted a number of first-class cricketers. Havant Cricket Club have won the Southern Premier Cricket League in 2000, 2002, 2007, 2008 and most recently 2009. In 2005 Havant Cricket Club reached the semi-finals of the Cockspur Cup.

Havant is also home to a notable rifle and pistol club. This club was the training venue for a member named Malcolm Cooper who won Olympic Gold at the 1984 Los Angeles Games and the 1988 Seoul Games.

The Avenue (Tennis) Club, Havant has ten lawn tennis championship (LTC)-standard grass courts. [14]

Places of worship

St Faith's Church St Faith's Church, Havant, Hampshire, England.jpg
St Faith's Church

The town's Church of England church is St. Faith's parts of which date back to the 12th century. [15] The Roman Catholic church is St.Joseph's dating from 1875. [15] There is also a United Reformed Church on north street built in 1891. [15]

See also

Related Research Articles

Emsworth Human settlement in England

Emsworth is a town in the Borough of Havant in the county of Hampshire, England, near the border of West Sussex and located at by the south coast of England. It lies at the north end of an arm of Chichester Harbour, a large and shallow inlet from the English Channel and is equidistant between Portsmouth and Chichester.

Hayling Island Island in Hampshire, England

Hayling Island is an island off the south coast of England, in the borough of Havant in the county of Hampshire, east of Portsmouth.

Waterlooville Human settlement in England

Waterlooville is a market town in the Borough of Havant in Hampshire, England, approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) north northeast of Portsmouth. It is the largest town in the borough.

Langstone, Hampshire Human settlement in England

Langstone is a village near Havant, Hampshire in the south east of England in Portsmouth. It has good railway connections to London, Southampton, Portsmouth and Brighton, from the nearby Havant railway station. There are many large gated detached houses on the main road, "Langstone Road" and on the roads surrounding this. It has a sailing club, several architecturally unusual buildings, and several historically significant buildings, including a converted (water) millhouse and a converted 18th century windmill, the latter of which is a local landmark.

South Hampshire Conurbation in Hampshire, southern England

South Hampshire is a term used mainly to refer to the conurbation formed by the city of Portsmouth, city of Southampton and the non-metropolitan boroughs of Gosport, Fareham, Havant and Eastleigh in southern Hampshire, South East England. The area was estimated to have a population of over 1.5 million in 2013. It is the most populated part of South East England, excluding London. The area is sometimes referred to as Solent City particularly in relation to local devolution, but the term is controversial.

Leigh Park Post World War II housing estate in the suburbs of Havant, Hampshire, England

Leigh Park is a large suburb of Havant, in Hampshire, England. It currently forms the bulk or whole of four electoral wards: Battins, Bondfields, Barncroft and Warren Park.

Havant (UK Parliament constituency)

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Solent Way Long-distance footpath in Hampshire, England

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Havant railway station</span> Railway station in Hampshire, England

Havant railway station is a railway station in Havant, Hampshire, near Portsmouth, located on the Portsmouth Direct Line which runs between London Waterloo and Portsmouth Harbour.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Warblington railway station</span> Railway station in Hampshire, England

Warblington railway station serves the Warblington and Denvilles suburbs of Havant in Hampshire.

Bedhampton Human settlement in England

Bedhampton is a former village, and now suburb, located in the Borough of Havant, Hampshire, England. It is located at the northern end of Langstone Harbour and at the foot of the eastern end of Portsdown Hill.

Farlington, Hampshire Suburb of Portsmouth, England

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The PO postcode area, also known as the Portsmouth postcode area, is a group of 34 postcode districts in southern England, within 24 post towns. These cover south-east Hampshire, southwestern West Sussex and the Isle of Wight.

Warblington Human settlement in England

Warblington is a suburb of Havant, a town in Hampshire, England. Warblington used to be a civil parish, and before that was part of the Hundred of Bosmere.

Borough of Havant Non-metropolitan borough in England

The Borough of Havant is a local government district with borough status and as Havant and Waterloo an unparished area in Hampshire, England. Its council is based in Havant. Other places within the borough include Bedhampton, Cowplain, Emsworth, Hayling Island, Purbrook, Waterlooville and Widley. The borough covers much of the semi-urban area in the south east of Hampshire, between the city of Portsmouth and the West Sussex border.

St Thomas à Becket Church, Warblington Church in Hampshire , United Kingdom

St Thomas à Becket Church, sometimes referred to as St Thomas of Canterbury's Church and known until 1796 as the Church of Our Lady, is the Church of England parish church of Warblington in Hampshire, England. It was founded in the Saxon era, and some Anglo-Saxon architecture survives. Otherwise the church is largely of 12th- and 13th-century appearance; minimal restoration work was undertaken in the 19th century. Its situation in a "lonely but well-filled churchyard" in a rural setting next to a farm made it a common site for body snatching in that era, and two huts built for grave-watchers survive at opposite corners of the churchyard.

References

  1. 1 2 "Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005". Archived from the original on 11 February 2003. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  2. UK Office for National Statistics
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Cousins R & Rogers P. Bygone Havant. Phillimore & Co Ltd, Chichester, 1993.
  4. Reger AJC. A short history of Emsworth and Warblington. Reeves, Portsmouth, 1967.
  5. O’Brien, Charles; Bailey, Bruce; Pevsner, Nikolaus; Lloyd, David W. (2018). The Buildings of England Hampshire: South. Yale University Press. p. 325. ISBN   9780300225037.
  6. The Longcrofts: 500 Years of a British Family by James Phillips-Evans (2012).
  7. Historic England. "Hall Place (1092115)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  8. The Shell Guide to England, ed Hadfield J, 1970 & 1977.
  9. Havant's Christmas Stamp. Hampshire County Library, Winchester, 1976.
  10. Vision of Britain – Units and Statistics Archived 19 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 19 February 2015
  11. "Regional mapped climate averages". Met Office. November 2008. Archived from the original on 4 August 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  12. "Bus | Havant Borough Council". Archived from the original on 16 January 2021. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  13. 1 2 O’Brien, Charles; Bailey, Bruce; Pevsner, Nikolaus; Lloyd, David W. (2018). The Buildings of England Hampshire: South. Yale University Press. p. 329. ISBN   9780300225037.
  14. "Avenue Club". Archived from the original on 17 April 2012. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
  15. 1 2 3 O’Brien, Charles; Bailey, Bruce; Pevsner, Nikolaus; Lloyd, David W. (2018). The Buildings of England Hampshire: South. Yale University Press. pp. 325–328. ISBN   9780300225037.