Hawke Ministry (Western Australia)

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The Hawke Ministry was the 22nd Ministry of the Government of Western Australia, led by Labor Premier Albert Hawke and deputy John Tonkin. It commenced on 23 February 1953, nine days after the McLarty–Watts Ministry, led by Premier Ross McLarty of the Liberal Party, was defeated at the 1953 election. The ministry was followed by the Brand–Watts Ministry on 2 April 1959 after the Labor Party lost government at the state election held on 21 March.

Government of Western Australia state government of Western Australia

The Government of Western Australia, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government of Western Australia, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of Western Australia. It is also commonly referred to as the WA Government or the Western Australian Government. The Government of Western Australia, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1890 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, Western Australia has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, Western Australia ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.

Australian Labor Party (Western Australian Branch) Western Australian state branch of the Australian Labor Party

The Australian Labor Party , commonly known as WA Labor, is the Western Australian branch of the Australian Labor Party. It is the current governing party of Western Australia since winning the 2017 election under Mark McGowan.

Albert Hawke Premier of Western Australia (1953-1959)

Albert Redvers George Hawke was the 18th Premier of Western Australia. He served from 23 February 1953 to 2 April 1959, and represented the Labor Party. His nephew, Bob Hawke, became Prime Minister of Australia.

Contents

First Ministry

On 23 February 1953, the Governor, Sir Charles Gairdner, constituted the Ministry. He designated 10 principal executive offices of the Government and appointed the following ministers to their positions, who served until the reconstitution of the Ministry following the 1956 state election. [1]

Charles Gairdner British Army general

Sir Charles Henry Gairdner, was a senior British Army officer who later occupied two viceregal positions in Australia. Born in Batavia in the Dutch East Indies, he was brought up in Ireland, and educated at Repton School and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, in England. Having served on active duty during the First World War, in which he sustained a serious wound to his right leg, Gairdner spent time at the Staff College, Camberley in the interwar period, and served as commanding officer of the 10th Royal Hussars, 6th Armoured Division and 8th Armoured Division during the Second World War. He retired from the army in 1949 and was appointed Governor of Western Australia in 1951, a position in which he served until 1963, when he assumed the role of Governor of Tasmania until 1968. Gairdner died in Nedlands, at the age of 84, and was awarded a state funeral.

The list below is ordered by decreasing seniority within the Cabinet, as indicated by the Government Gazette and the Hansard index. The members of the Ministry were:

OfficeMinister

Premier
Treasurer
Minister for Child Welfare
Minister for Industrial Development (until 13 May 1954)

Albert Hawke, MLA

Deputy Premier
Minister for Education (until 13 May 1954)
Minister for Works
Minister for Water Supplies

John Tonkin, Dip.Tchg., FAIA, MLA

Minister for Education (from 13 May 1954)
Minister for Labour
Minister for Native Welfare
Minister for Prices (until 13 May 1954)

Bill Hegney, MLA

Leader of the Government in the Legislative Council
Chief Secretary
Minister for Local Government and Town Planning

Gilbert Fraser, MLC

Minister for Lands
Minister for Agriculture

Ernest Hoar, MLA

Minister for Railways
Minister for Transport
Minister for Police

Herbert Styants, MLA

Minister for Health
Minister for Justice

Emil Nulsen, MLA

Minister for Housing
Minister for Forests

Herb Graham, MLA

Minister for Mines
Minister for Tourism
Minister for Fisheries
Minister for Industrial Development (from 13 May 1954)

Lionel Kelly, MLA

Minister for the North-West
Minister for Supply and Shipping

Harry Strickland, MLC

Second Ministry

On 20 April 1956, the Governor, Sir Charles Gairdner, reconstituted the Ministry. He designated 10 principal executive offices of the Government and appointed the following ministers to their positions, who served until the end of the Ministry. [2] During the term, Ernest Hoar was appointed Agent-General for Western Australia in London, and Gilbert Fraser died on 1 November 1958.

Gilbert Fraser was an Australian politician, postmaster and World War II Telegraphist. He was a Labor Party member in the Western Australian Legislative Council from 1928 to 1958, representing West Province. He served as Chief Secretary and Minister for Local Government and Town Planning from 1953 to 1958, and was Leader of the Government in the Legislative Council from 1955 to 1958.

The list below is ordered by decreasing seniority within the Cabinet, as indicated by the Government Gazette and the Hansard index. The members of the Ministry were:

OfficeMinister

Premier
Treasurer
Minister for Child Welfare
Minister for Industrial Development
  (19 December 1957 – 13 November 1958)

Albert Hawke, MLA

Deputy Premier
Minister for Works
Minister for Water Supplies

John Tonkin, Dip.Tchg., FAIA, MLA

Minister for Transport
Minister for Housing
Minister for Forests

Herb Graham, MLA

Leader of the Government in the Legislative Council
Chief Secretary
Minister for Local Government and Town Planning

Gilbert Fraser, MLC
(until 1 November 1958)

Minister for Lands
Minister for Agriculture

Ernest Hoar, MLA
(until 17 December 1957)

Minister for Health
Minister for Justice

Emil Nulsen, MLA

Minister for Education
Minister for Labour

Bill Hegney, MLA

Minister for Fisheries

(until 19 December 1957:)

Minister for Mines
Minister for Industrial Development

(from 19 December 1957:)

Minister for Lands
Minister for Agriculture
Lionel Kelly, MLA

Leader of the Government in the Legislative Council
  (from 13 November 1958)
Minister for Railways
Minister for the North-West
Minister for Supply and Shipping

Harry Strickland, MLC

Minister for Police
Minister for Native Welfare

John Brady, MLA

Minister for Mines
Chief Secretary (from 13 November 1958)

Arthur Moir, MLA
(from 19 December 1957)

Minister for Industrial Development
Minister for Local Government and Town Planning

Frank Wise, MLC
(from 13 November 1958)

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References

  1. Hansard Index for 1953–1955, "Legislature of Western Australia"
  2. Hansard Index for 1956–1958, "Legislature of Western Australia"
Preceded by
McLarty–Watts Ministry
Hawke Ministry
1953-1959
Succeeded by
Brand–Watts Ministry