Hayri Kozakçıoğlu

Last updated
Hayri Kozakçıoğlu
15th Governor of İstanbul
In office
August 19, 1991 November 1, 1995
Preceded by B. Cahit Bayar
Succeeded by Rıdvan Yenişen
Regional Governor
In office
July 19, 1987 August 19, 1991
Appointed byPresident Turgut Özal
Preceded bynewly established
Succeeded by Mehmet Necati Çetinkaya
Governor of Diyarbakır Province
In office
January 12, 1987 July 19, 1987
Preceded byAhmet Elbeyli
Succeeded byHamdi Ardalı
Governor of Sakarya Province
In office
Preceded byMehmet Aldan
Succeeded byNurettin Turan
Governor of Adana Province
In office
Preceded byMetin Dirimtekin
Succeeded byErdoğan Şahinoğlu
Police Chief of Istanbul Province
In office
July 17, 1978 December 18, 1979
Preceded byNazmi İyibil
Succeeded byŞükrü Balcı
Governor of Erzurum Province
In office
Preceded bySadri Turan
Succeeded byZihni Akın
Personal details
Alaşehir, Manisa, Turkey
DiedMay 23, 2013(2013-05-23) (aged 74–75)
Sariyer, Istanbul, Turkey
Resting place Zincirlikuyu Cemetery, Istanbul
Political party True Path Party (DYP)
Childrendaughters: Faika (Alan), Meral (Özekici), son: Ferhan
Alma mater Ankara University
ProfessionCivil servant

Hayri Kozakçıoğlu (1938 – May 23, 2013) was a Turkish high-ranking civil servant and politician. He served as district governor, police chief, province governor in various administrative divisions. He was known as the first regional governor in the state of emergency ("OHAL") imposed in the provinces of Southeastern Anatolia and governor of Istanbul Province. He was found dead on May 23, 2013 in his house at Sarıyer, Istanbul.

Turkey Republic in Western Asia

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city, but more central Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.


The OHAL region was a "super-region" created in Turkey in 1987 under state of emergency legislation to deal with the developing Kurdish–Turkish conflict. From 1994 onwards the scope of the OHAL super-region was gradually narrowed, with provinces being downgraded to "neighbouring province" and then removed from OHAL altogether. The state of emergency was extended 46 times for four months each. OHAL was finally discontinued on 30 November 2002.

Istanbul Province Province of Turkey in Istanbul

Istanbul Province, also the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality is a province of Turkey. It has an area of 5,343.02 square kilometres (2,062.95 sq mi) and is located in the Marmara region in the north-west of the country, bordered by Tekirdağ Province to the west and Kocaeli Province to the east. The Bosphorus Strait between the Black Sea to the north and the Sea of Marmara to the south divides Istanbul Province into European and Asian sides, which makes it one of only two transcontinental provinces in Turkey, along with Çanakkale Province.


Early life and career

Hayri Kozakçıoğlu was born in 1938 to Ahmet and his spouse Lütfiye in Alaşehir, Manisa Province. [1]

Alaşehir Town in Aegean, Turkey

Alaşehir, in Antiquity and the Middle Ages known as Philadelphia, is a town and district of Manisa Province in the Aegean region of Turkey. It is situated in the valley of the Kuzuçay, at the foot of the Bozdağ Mountain. The town is connected to İzmir by a 105 km (65 mi) railway. The longtime mayor is Gökhan Karaçoban.

Manisa Province Province of Turkey in Aegean

Manisa Province is a province in western Turkey. Its neighboring provinces are İzmir to the west, Aydın to the south, Denizli to the southeast, Uşak to the east, Kütahya to the northeast, and Balıkesir to the north. The city of Manisa is the seat and capital of the province. The traffic code is 45.

After completing his primary education in Alaşehir, Kozakçıoğlu attended Atatürk High School in Izmir, finishing in 1955. He was educated then in political science at Ankara University between 1955-1959. [2]

İzmir Atatürk Lisesi is a prominent K-12 educational institution in İzmir, Turkey.

Ankara University Public university in Ankara, Turkey

Ankara University is a public university in Ankara, the capital city of Turkey. It was the first higher education institution founded in Turkey after the formation of the republic.

Following his graduation in 1959, he entered state service in the Ministry of the Interior, becoming a candidate district governor. Kozakçıoğlu served later as district governor (Turkish : Kaymakam) in Çamlıhemşin, Ardeşen, Delice, Çüngüş, Çınar, Kepsut and Gökçeada (Imbros). [2]

The Ministry of the Interior is a government ministry office of the Republic of Turkey, responsible for interior security affairs in Turkey.

Turkish language Turkic language (possibly Altaic)

Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around ten to fifteen million native speakers in Southeast Europe and sixty to sixty-five million native speakers in Western Asia. Outside Turkey, significant smaller groups of speakers exist in Germany, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Northern Cyprus, Greece, the Caucasus, and other parts of Europe and Central Asia. Cyprus has requested that the European Union add Turkish as an official language, even though Turkey is not a member state.

Çamlıhemşin Town in Black Sea, Turkey

Çamlıhemşin is a small town and district of Rize Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey.

In 1970, he was promoted to the post of an inspector at the ministry, and became later chief inspector. [2]

After receiving special training by Scotland Yard in security matters, [3] he was appointed in 1978 governor (Turkish : Vali) of Erzurum Province. His next post was the office of police chief in Istanbul Province for the period July 17, 1978 – December 18, 1979. [2] [4]

Scotland Yard Headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, London

Scotland Yard is a metonym for the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS), the territorial police force responsible for policing all but the inner core of London.

Erzurum Province Province of Turkey in Northeast Anatolia

Erzurum Province is a province of Turkey in the Eastern Anatolia Region of the country. It is bordered by the provinces of Kars and Ağrı to the east, Muş and Bingöl to the south, Erzincan and Bayburt to the west, Rize and Artvin to the north and Ardahan to the northeast.

Kozakçıoğlu served as governor for three years in Adana Province and then for three and half years in Sakarya Province. On January 12, 1987, he was appointed governor of Diyarbakır Province.

With the imposing state of emergency in 1987 over the region of Southeastern Anatolia, which comprised in the beginning eight provinces such as Bingöl, Diyarbakır, Elazığ, Hakkari, Mardin, Siirt, Tunceli and Van, Kozakçıoğlu became the first regional governor, appointed by President Turgut Özal. Called "super governor" (Turkish : Süper vali), he took office on July 19, 1987. [2] [5] [6]

Kozakçıoğlu was appointed on August 19, 1991 governor of Istanbul Province, the most populated administrative division in Turkey. [2]

On March 12, 1995, an attack on a cafe in the mainly by Alevi inhabited Gazi neighborhood in Istanbul resulted in the death of one person and twenty five people were wounded. [7] [8] This assault triggered riots in the Gazi Quarter that lasted for several days. People took to the streets and the police and Gendarmerie surrounded the neighborhood. More than 20 people died as the police shot at the crowds. [8] Kozakçıoğlu imposed martial law over the locations in unrest for three days.

At this post, he served until his resignation on November 1, 1995 to enter politics. [2]


After his retirement from the state service, Kozakçıoğlu joined True Path Party (DYP), and was elected to the parliament as a deputy of Istanbul following the 1995 general elections held on December 24. At the party, he served as the deputy chairman. [5] He was reelected a second time as deputy of Istanbul into the parliament after the 1999 general elections held on April 18. [9]

Family life

Kozakçıoğlu married in 1959 to Sabire. The couple has two daughters Faika (Alan, married 1992), Meral (Özekici, married 1999) and a son Ferhan. [2] [5] [10]


A vocational high school in Kağıthane, Istanbul is named after him. [11] [12]


According to a news published in September 1993 by the Turkish media, Hayri Kozakçıoğlu was accused of having peculated by transferring 2 billion Turkish Lira (approx. $250,000) of the funds provided by the United Nations from the regional governor's account to his private account, at the time he was the regional governor. He claimed that he did transfer the money on August 12, 1991 with the approval of Interior Minister Mustafa Kalemli, and he paid the amount back on January 18, 1993 upon the regional governor's request. However, Minister Kalemli stated that he had had no knowledge about this transaction. [5] [13]

Prime minister Tansu Çiller demanded Hayri Kozakçıoğlu's resignation. President Süleyman Demirel declared that "the funds were dedicated for discretionary spending in fight against terror. To disclose for what reason the funds were spent, might bring the state in difficulties". [5] [13]

He and his family members were repeatedly the subject of scandal news coverage. His spouse and daughters were criticized for living in over-proportional standards. His son was accused of sexual harassment by a model. [5] [10]


In the early morning of May 23, 2013, Kozakçıoğlu was found dead in his villa at Reşitpaşa neighborhood of Sariyer, Istanbul. He was shot at close range in the left side of his chest, and the gun was found next to him. An official autopsy will clarify whether it was suicide. He was survived by his wife Sabire, two daughters, Faika, Prof. Dr. Meral Kozakçıoğlu Özekici and son Ferhan. [14] On May 25, he was buried at the Zincirlikuyu Cemetery following the religious funeral at Teşvikiye Mosque [15]

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