Hechi

Last updated
Hechi

河池市Hozciz Si

Hochih
Jinchengjiang Station.jpg
Jinchengjiang Station
Guangxi subdivisions - Hechi.svg
Location of Hechi City jurisdiction in Guangxi
China edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Hechi
Location in China
Coordinates(Hechi municipal government): 24°41′35″N108°05′06″E / 24.693°N 108.085°E / 24.693; 108.085 Coordinates: 24°41′35″N108°05′06″E / 24.693°N 108.085°E / 24.693; 108.085
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Region Guangxi
County-level divisions2 district
4 counties
5 autonomous counties
Municipal seat Jinchengjiang District
Area
  Total33,500 km2 (12,900 sq mi)
Elevation
195 m (640 ft)
Population
 (2010)
  Total3,991,900
  Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
547000
Area code(s) 0778
ISO 3166 code CN-GX-12
Licence plate prefixes 桂M
Website gxhc.gov.cn
Hechi
Chinese name
Chinese 河池
Literal meaningriver pool
Zhuang name
Zhuang Hozciz
1957 orthography Hoƨciƨ

Hechi (Chinese :河池) is a prefecture-level city in the northwest of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China, bordering Guizhou to the north. In June 2002 it gained city status.

Contents

Geography and climate

Hechi (labelled as HO-CH'IH He Chi on a 1954 US Army Service map) Txu-oclc-10552568-ng48-16.jpg
Hechi (labelled as HO-CH'IH 河池 on a 1954 US Army Service map)

Hechi is located in northwestern Guangxi on the southern end of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. The total area is 33,500 km2 (12,900 sq mi), with elevations increasing from southeast to northwest. It is very mountainous with ranges including in the north the Jiuwanda Mountains, in the northwest the Phoenix Mountains, in the east the Fengling Mountains, in the west, the Duyang Mountains, and in the southwest the Green Dragon Mountains. The tallest mountain is "Nameless Peak" with an elevation of 1,693 metres (5,554 ft). Bordering prefecture-level divisions are Liuzhou to the east, Laibin to the southeast, Nanning to the south, and Baise to the southwest in Guangxi and Qiannan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Guizhou to the north.

Hechi has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) and is generally overcast. The short and mild winters begin dry but become progressively rainier and cloudier. Early spring is the cloudiest time of year, though the monsoonal rains do not arrive until May. Summer is long, hot, and humid, and is the sunniest season. Autumn is warmer and drier than spring. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 11.0 °C (51.8 °F) in January to 28.3 °C (82.9 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 20.78 °C (69.4 °F). Annual rainfall averages around 1,470 mm (58 in), over 65% of which falls from May to August. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 15% in February and March to 43% in August, the city receives 1,259 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Administration

Hechi has 2 urban district, 4 counties, and 5 autonomous counties.

District:

Counties:

Autonomous counties:

Map

Demographics

In 2010 Hechi's population was 3,991,900. 83.89%(2,826,400) of the people belong to the national minority. Ethnic groups include Zhuang, Han, Yao, Mulao, Maonan, Miao, Dong, and Shui. In these ethnic groups, Zhuang population was 2,542,852(63.7%), Yao was 365,910(9.16%).It is home to Guangxi's largest national minority population. [3]

English NameSimplified ChinesePinyin Zhuang AreaPopulation(2010 )
Jinchengjiang District 金城江区Jīnchéngjiāng QūGinhcwngzgyan Gih2,340308,133.01( 73% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Yizhou District 宜州区Yízhōu QūYizcou Gih3,869628,655.86 (74.01% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Nandan County 南丹县Nándān XiànNamzdan Yen3,916291,427.84 (33% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Tian'e County 天峨县Tiān'é XiànDienhngoz Yen3,291156,615.5 (57% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Fengshan County 凤山县Fèngshān XiànFonghsan Yen1,738195,716.15 (58% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Donglan County 东兰县Dōnglán XiànDunghlanz Yen2,435295,521.3 (85% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Luocheng Mulao Autonomous County 罗城仫佬族自治县Luóchéng Mùlǎozú ZìzhìxiànLozcwngz Bouxmohlaujcuz Swci Yen2,658369,229.83 (31.7% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Huanjiang Maonan Autonomous County 环江毛南族自治县Huánjiāng Máonánzú ZìzhìxiànVanzgyangh Mauznamzcuz Swci Yen4,558361,827.23 (69.71% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Bama Yao Autonomous County 巴马瑶族自治县Bāmǎ Yáozú ZìzhìxiànBahmax Yauzcuz Swci Yen1,966266,722.46 (70.13% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Du'an Yao Autonomous County 都安瑶族自治县Dū'ān Yáozú ZìzhìxiànDuhnganh Yauzcuz Swci Yen4,095702,200 (73.98% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)
Dahua Yao Autonomous County 大化瑶族自治县Dàhuà Yáozú ZìzhìxiànGinhsiu Yauzcuz Swci Yen2,754446,236.08 (33.23% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)

[4] [5] [6]

Economy

Minerals

Hechi is one of Guangxi's most important mineral producers. All of Hechi's counties have large quantities of high quality mineral resources. They include but are not limited to tin, antimony, gold, zinc, indium, copper, iron, silver, manganese, and arsenic. It is a major source of gold for both China and the global market. Limestone and marble are also produced.

Water

Due to Hechi's tropical wet climate, water power is also a major resource. Each year, more than 25 km3 (6.0 cu mi) of water flows through Hechi; 13% of all of Guangxi's water. There are more than 630 streams, creeks, and rivers with a combined length of more than 5,130 km (3,190 mi). Hydropwer facilities on these rivers produce more than 10 gigawatts of electricity; half of Guangxi's hydropower energy.

Agriculture

Hechi's climate, weather, and soil make it a major agricultural center. More than 400 types of crops including oranges, pineapple, corn, lotus root, casava, sugarcane, tobacco, vegetables, melons, mulberry, mushrooms and more than 100 different kinds of rice are grown here. Sugarcane is a major crop with more than 220,000 tons of refined sugar produced each year from 360 km2 (140 sq mi) of cane. Oil plants such as peanuts, sesame, and grape are also important.

Fruit make up a significant portion of Hechi's agriculture. There are more than 200 kinds of fruit found here. 120,000 tons of fruit are grown annually on more than 310 km2 (120 sq mi) of land.[ citation needed ]

Forestry

Forest products are another important industry. Hechi has more than 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) of forest. More than 200 species of wild plants can be used in Chinese medicine.

Flora fauna

Due to its tropical wet climate, Hechi has an amazing level of biodiversity. There are more than 1800 species of plants, 150 species of trees, 700 species of insects, 50 species of fish, and 60 species of land animals, many of which are rare and protected. Animals such as langurs, pangolins, and wild cats can be found in Hechi's forested mountains.

Transportation

Air

Rail

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References

  1. 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration . Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  2. 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  3. Main data bulletin of the sixth national census in 2010, 11 October 2011.(in Chinese)
  4. 河池市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. hcwang.cn (in Chinese). 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2011-12-13.
  5. 河池市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. drcnet.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 2011-10-11.
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