Hector-Louis Langevin

Last updated
    Sir Hector-Louis Langevin
    HectorLangevin23.jpg
    Secretary of State for Canada
    In office
    July 1, 1867 December 8, 1867

    Sir Hector-Louis Langevin, KCMG , CB , PC , KC (August 25, 1826 June 11, 1906) was a Canadian lawyer, politician, and one of the Fathers of Confederation.

    Contents

    Early life and education

    Langevin was born in Quebec City in 1826. He studied law[ where? ] and was called to the bar[ which? ] in 1850.

    Political career

    In 1856, he was elected to the municipal council of Quebec City and was mayor from 1858 to 1861. In 1857, he was elected Member of Parliament for Dorchester in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada as a member of the Conservative Party. He held various positions in Cabinet, including Solicitor General (1864–66), Postmaster General (1866–67), Secretary of State for Canada (1867–69), Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs (1868–69), Minister of Public Works (1869–73) and acting Minister of Militia and Defence (1873). Langevin also attended all three conferences leading to Confederation. He left politics in 1873 due to his role in the Pacific Scandal.

    In 1871 he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec in the provincial electoral district of Québec-Centre. At the time, dual mandates were still allowed. He served one term, until 1874.

    In 1876, he was re-elected in the riding of Charlevoix. His opponent contested the election and it was declared invalid, but he won the subsequent by-election in 1877. He was defeated in Rimouski in 1878 but elected by acclamation in the riding of Trois-Rivières in the same year. Langevin became Minister of Public Works again in 1879. He lobbied behind the scenes against the hanging of Louis Riel in 1885 and was one of the few Conservatives Members of Parliament to survive the resulting backlash in the province of Quebec in 1887.

    He was promised the post of Lieutenant Governor of Quebec by the new Conservative Prime Minister John Abbott if he resigned as Minister of Public Works. Langevin stepped down in 1891 but Abbott appointed Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau instead. That year, Langevin was implicated with Thomas McGreevy in what became known as the "McGreevy-Langevin scandal" over kickbacks to McGreevy associated with federal contracts granted to him by the department of public works overseen by Langevin. He retired to the backbenches and then left politics in 1896.

    Outside politics he was previously a newspaper editor. [1]

    View on Indigenous Canadians

    In 1883 he stated in Parliament "In order to educate the (‘Indian’) children properly we must separate them from their families. Some people may say that this is hard but if we want to civilize them we must do that." [2] "The fact is that if you wish to educate the children you must separate them from their parents during the time they are being taught. If you leave them in the family they may know how to read and write, but they will remain savages, whereas by separating them in the way proposed, they acquire the habits and tastes…of civilized people." [3]

    Posthumous recognition

    The Langevin Block office building on Parliament Hill and the Langevin Bridge in Calgary were formerly named in his honour. Langevin's group of honours insignia was sold at auction in Ottawa on May 18, 2010 for $8000.00

    On January 23, 2017, Calgary City Council voted to rename the Langevin Bridge to the Reconciliation Bridge. [4] In June 2017 it was announced the Langevin Block would be renamed to the Office of the Prime Minister and Privy Council building due to Langevin's involvement in the Canadian Indian residential school system. [5] in June of 2021 a Calgary Board of Education public school was renamed Riverside School, after being Langevin school from 1936 until 2021.

    Personal life

    His brother, Jean Langevin was a Roman Catholic bishop.

    Archives

    There is a Hector-Louis Langevin fonds at Library and Archives Canada [6] and a family Hector Langevin fonds at Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec. [7]

    Electoral history

    1867 Canadian federal election : Dorchester
    PartyCandidateVotes
    Conservative Hector-Louis Langevin acclaimed
    1872 Canadian federal election : Dorchester
    PartyCandidateVotes
    Conservative Hector-Louis Langevin 1,044
    UnknownE.H. Marceau724
    1891 Canadian federal election : Richelieu
    PartyCandidateVotes
    Conservative Hector-Louis Langevin 1,701
    Liberal Lomer Gouin 1,393

    Related Research Articles

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">John Abbott</span> Prime minister of Canada from 1891 to 1892

    Sir John Joseph Caldwell Abbott was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the third prime minister of Canada from 1891 to 1892. He held office as the leader of the Conservative Party.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau</span> 1st Premier of Quebec (1867–1873)

    Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau was a Canadian lawyer and politician. Chauveau was the first premier of Quebec, following the establishment of Canada in 1867. Appointed to the office in 1867 as the leader of the Conservative Party, he won the provincial elections of 1867 and 1871. He resigned as premier and his seat in the provincial Legislative Assembly in 1873.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">1891 in Canada</span> Canada-related events during the year of 1891

    Events from the year 1891 in Canada.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Honoré Mercier</span> 9th Premier of Quebec (1887–1891)

    Honoré Mercier was a Canadian lawyer, journalist and politician in Quebec. He was the ninth premier of Quebec from January 27, 1887, to December 21, 1891, as leader of the Parti National or Quebec Liberal Party (PLQ). He rose to power by mobilizing the Francophone opposition to the execution of Louis Riel, denouncing it as a betrayal by John A. Macdonald's Conservative government.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Camillien Houde</span> Canadian politician

    Camillien Houde was a Quebec politician, a Member of Parliament, and a four-time mayor of Montreal – one of the few Canadian politicians to have served at all three levels of government.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Office of the Prime Minister and Privy Council</span> Office building in Ottawa

    The Office of the Prime Minister and Privy Council building, formerly known as the Langevin Block, is an office building facing Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. As the home of the Privy Council Office and Office of the Prime Minister, it is the working headquarters of the executive branch of the Canadian government.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Louis-Philippe Brodeur</span> Canadian politician

    Louis-Philippe Brodeur, baptised Louis-Joseph-Alexandre Brodeur was a Canadian journalist, lawyer, politician, federal Cabinet minister, Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada, and puisne justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Joseph-Aldric Ouimet</span> Canadian politician

    Joseph-Aldric Ouimet, was a Canadian parliamentarian.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Marcel Masse</span> Canadian politician

    Marcel Masse, was a Canadian politician. He served as a Quebec MLA, federal MP and federal cabinet minister.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Adolphe-Philippe Caron</span> Canadian politician

    Sir Joseph-Philippe-René-Adolphe Caron, was a Canadian lawyer and politician. He is now best remembered as the Minister of Militia and Defence in the government of Sir John A. Macdonald and his role during the North-West Rebellion of 1885.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Auguste-Réal Angers</span> Canadian politician and Lieutenant Governor of Quebec

    Sir Auguste-Réal Angers was a Canadian judge and parliamentarian, holding seats both as a member of the House of Commons of Canada, and as a Senator. He was born in 1837 probably in Quebec City and died in Westmount, Quebec, in 1919.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Frederick Debartzch Monk</span> Canadian politician

    Frederick Debartzch Monk, was a Canadian lawyer and politician.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Théodore Robitaille</span> Canadian politician

    Théodore Robitaille, was a Canadian physician, politician, and the fourth Lieutenant Governor of Quebec.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Joseph-Israël Tarte</span> Canadian political figure

    Joseph-Israël Tarte, was a Canadian politician and journalist.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Frank Smith (Canadian politician)</span> Canadian politician

    Sir Frank Smith, was a Canadian businessman and senator.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">1st Canadian Ministry</span> Cabinet of Canada from 1867 to 1873

    The First Canadian Ministry was the first cabinet chaired by Prime Minister John A. Macdonald. It governed Canada from 1 July 1867 to 5 November 1873, including all of the 1st Canadian Parliament as well as the first eight months of the Second. The government was formed by the Liberal-Conservative Party in coalition with the old Conservative Party of Canada. Macdonald was also Prime Minister in the Third Canadian Ministry.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Vital-Justin Grandin</span> Catholic bishop

    Vital-Justin Grandin was a Roman Catholic priest and bishop known as a key architect of the Canadian Indian residential school system, which has been labeled an instrument of cultural genocide. In June 2021, this led to governments and private businesses to begin removing his name from institutions and infrastructure previously named for him. He served the Church in the western parts of what is now Canada both before and after Confederation. He is also the namesake or co-founder of various small communities and neighbourhoods in what is now Alberta, Canada, especially those of francophone residents.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Bridgeland, Calgary</span> Neighbourhood in Calgary, Alberta, Canada

    Bridgeland-Riverside, formerly known as Bridgeland and Germantown, is a neighbourhood in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, is located northeast of Downtown Calgary. It is bounded to the south by the Bow River, to the east by Deerfoot Trail, to the west by Edmonton Trail and to the north by the community of Renfrew.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Louis-Napoléon Larochelle</span> Canadian politician

    Louis-Napoléon LaRochelle was a manufacturer, railway contractor and political figure in Quebec. He represented Dorchester in the Legislative Assembly of Quebec from 1871 to 1878 and from 1886 to 1888 as a Conservative.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Reconciliation Bridge</span> Bridge in Calgary, Alberta, Canada

    The Reconciliation Bridge is a through truss bridge in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. It connects Downtown Calgary with north-central Calgary communities such as Bridgeland and Crescent Heights, by spanning the Bow River between 4th Avenue South and Memorial Drive.

    References

    1. Hopkins, J. Castell (1898). An historical sketch of Canadian literature and journalism. Toronto: Lincott. p. 225. ISBN   0665080484.
    2. Enberg, Susan (2015). "Making Erasure Manifest: The Importance of Archives and Reenactment in the Case of Canada's Indian Residential School Survivors" (PDF).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
    3. Keesmaat, Sylvia C.; Walsh, Brian J. (2019-05-21). Romans Disarmed: Resisting Empire, Demanding Justice. Brazos Press. ISBN   978-1-4934-1836-7.
    4. Klingbeil, Annalise (2017-01-23), Langevin Bridge officially renamed Reconciliation Bridge after council vote, Calgary Herald
    5. "PM renames Langevin Block out of respect for Indigenous Peoples". CTV News.
    6. "Hector-Louis Langevin fonds, Library and Archives Canada". 20 July 2017.
    7. "Hector Langevin family fonds, Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec".