Hedong District, Tianjin

Last updated
Hedong
河东区
Hedong District, Tianjin
Coordinates: 39°07′47″N117°15′04″E / 39.12972°N 117.25111°E / 39.12972; 117.25111 Coordinates: 39°07′47″N117°15′04″E / 39.12972°N 117.25111°E / 39.12972; 117.25111
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Municipality Tianjin
Township-level divisions13 subdistricts
Area
  Total39 km2 (15 sq mi)
Elevation
6 m (21 ft)
Population
 (2010)
  Total730,000
  Density19,000/km2 (48,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
300171
Area code 0022
Tianjin district map
Subdivisions of Tianjin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Airplane silhouette.svg
ColorTianjinMap1.png
  Core districts
See inset
1 Heping
2 Hedong
3 Hexi
4 Nankai
5 Hebei
6 Hongqiao
  Suburbs
7 Dongli
8 Xiqing
9 Jinnan
10 Beichen
  Binhai and   Rural
13 Binhai 14 Ninghe
11 Wuqing 15 Jinghai
12 Baodi 16 Ji Zhou

Hedong District (simplified Chinese :河东区; traditional Chinese :河東區; pinyin :Hédōng Qū) is located at the heart of the municipality of Tianjin, People's Republic of China. Its name literally means "east of the river", referring to its location east of the Hai River. Parts of the district were once part of the Russian Concession during the colonial period in the early 20th century.

Contents

As of 2020, Hedong District has a population of 858,787. [1] It hosts Tianjin Railway Station, Tianjin Customs House and General Mail Office of Tianjin. It also hosts Tianjin Conservatory of Music and Tianjin Polytechnic University (which used to be a branch of Tianjin University, the oldest university of China).

History

In 1125, the territory of what would become Hedong District was part of Dazhigu, and fell under the control of Jin dynasty. It became a maritime transport hub during the Yuan dynasty. In 1404, the Ming dynasty built a series of military settlement on the southern bank of Hai River, causing the economic center of the region to shift south away from Dazhigu. For the rest of the Ming dynasty, Dazhigu remained part of Jinghai county. [2]

During the Qing dynasty, the area belonged to Wuqing county. After Eight-Nation Alliance occupied Tianjin in 1900, a portion of Wuqing county became part of Russian concession, while a piece of land south of Russian concession was given to Belgian as concession. In 1924, Republic of China regain the control of Russian concession, and set it as the 3rd district. Belgian concession was returned in 1931, where it became the 4th district. The city of Tianjin was occupied by Japan from 1937 to 1945, during which the border of districts within the city was redrawn 4 times.

After the founding of People's Republic of China, the area was devided into the 4th and 5th districts in 1951, and the latter was merged into the 4th district a year later. In 1956, the 4th district was given the current name Hedong. Its name was shortly changed to Dongfeng(Chinese :东风; lit. 'East Wind') district in 1966, before changing back two years later. [3]

Administrative divisions

There are 13 subdistricts in the district: [4]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) [5] Area (km2)
Dawangzhuang Subdistrict 大王庄街道Dàwángzhuāng Jiēdào65,6143.0
Dazhigu Subdistrict 大直沽街道Dàzhígū Jiēdào88,8603.7
Zhongshanmen Subdistrict 中山门街道Zhōngshānmén Jiēdào94,7621.29
Fumin Road Subdistrict 富民路街道Fùmínlù Jiēdào45,4195.32
Erhaoqiao Subdistrict 二号桥街道Èrhàoqiáo Jiēdào61,5475.4
Chunhua Subdistrict 春华街道Chūnhuájiē Jiēdào69,8293.13
Tangjiakou Subdistrict 唐家口街道Tángjiākǒu Jiēdào72,8452.81
Xiangyanglou Subdistrict 向阳楼街道Xiàngyánglóu Jiēdào80,678
Changzhou Street Subdistrict 常州道街道Chángzhōudào Jiēdào51,4473.64
Shanghang Road Subdistrict 上杭路街道Shànghánglù Jiēdào66,164
Lushan Street Subdistrict 鲁山道街道Lǔshāndào Jiēdào90,809
Dongxin Subdistrict 东新街道Dōngxīn Jiēdào43,109
Tianjin Tiechang Subdistrict 天津铁厂街道Tiānjīn Tiěchǎng Jiēdào29,769

Transportation

Metro

Hedong is currently served by three metro lines operated by Tianjin Metro:

Education

Universities

High schools

Primary schools

Culture and leisure

Cultural Interests

Parks

Hospitals

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References

  1. "统计信息_政务公开信息公开专栏". www.tjhd.gov.cn. Retrieved 2022-09-16.
  2. "历史沿革_历史沿革_天津市河东区人民政府". www.tjhd.gov.cn. Retrieved 2022-09-16.
  3. Hedong qu zhi. Tianjin Shi Hedong qu di fang zhi bian xiu wei yuan hui, 天津市河东区地方志编修委员会. Tianjin Shi: Tianjin she hui ke xue yuan chu ban she. 2001. ISBN   7-80563-890-X. OCLC   53105668.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:河东区 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on 2012-10-01. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
  5. Census Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China; Population and Employment Statistics Division of the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China (2012). 中国2010人口普查分乡、镇、街道资料 (1 ed.). Beijing: China Statistics Print. ISBN   978-7-5037-6660-2.