Hekinan

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Hekinan

碧南市
Kokonoemirin.JPG
Kokonoe Mirin Co., Ltd.
Flag of Hekinan, Aichi.svg
Flag
Emblem of Hekinan, Aichi.svg
Seal
Hekinan in Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Hekinan in Aichi Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Hekinan
 
Coordinates: 34°53′4.9″N136°59′36.3″E / 34.884694°N 136.993417°E / 34.884694; 136.993417 Coordinates: 34°53′4.9″N136°59′36.3″E / 34.884694°N 136.993417°E / 34.884694; 136.993417
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Aichi
Area
  Total36.68 km2 (14.16 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
  Total72,864
  Density2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Tree Oak
- Flower Japanese iris
Phone number0566-41-3311
Address28 Matsumoto-chō, Hekinan-shi, Aichi-ken 447-8601
Website Official website
DownTown of HekinanCity Bi Nan Zhong Yang 001.jpg
DownTown of HekinanCity
Hekinan city center, 1987 Hekinan city center area Aerial photograph.1987.jpg
Hekinan city center, 1987
Hekinan City Hall Hekinan city office.JPG
Hekinan City Hall

Hekinan (碧南市, Hekinan-shi) is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 72,864 in 29,139 households, [1] and a population density of 1,986 persons per km². The total area of the city was 36.68 square kilometres (14.16 sq mi). [2]

Contents

Geography

Hekinan is located in south-central Aichi Prefecture, and is surrounded by Lake Aburagafuchi, the Yahagi River, Kinuura Bay, and Mikawa Bay. Most of the city area lies on reclaimed ground, with an average elevation of under seven meters above sea level.

Surrounding municipalities

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [3] the population of Hekinan has been increasing steadily over the past 50 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 45,491    
1960 50,116+10.2%
1970 56,933+13.6%
1980 62,021+8.9%
1990 65,899+6.3%
2000 67,814+2.9%
2010 72,020+6.2%

Climate

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Hekinan is 15.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1609 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around 4.6 °C. [4]

Climate

Gamagōri, Aichi is the closet point that measures climate information.

Climate data for Gamagōri, Aichi (1971–2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)9.2
(48.6)
9.7
(49.5)
13.2
(55.8)
18.5
(65.3)
22.7
(72.9)
25.5
(77.9)
29.2
(84.6)
30.9
(87.6)
27.4
(81.3)
22.2
(72.0)
17.1
(62.8)
11.9
(53.4)
19.8
(67.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)5.3
(41.5)
5.5
(41.9)
8.9
(48.0)
14.2
(57.6)
18.5
(65.3)
21.9
(71.4)
25.5
(77.9)
26.9
(80.4)
23.6
(74.5)
18.3
(64.9)
13.1
(55.6)
8.0
(46.4)
15.8
(60.4)
Average low °C (°F)2.0
(35.6)
1.9
(35.4)
4.9
(40.8)
10.1
(50.2)
14.7
(58.5)
18.8
(65.8)
22.6
(72.7)
23.8
(74.8)
20.7
(69.3)
14.9
(58.8)
9.6
(49.3)
4.5
(40.1)
12.4
(54.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)47.9
(1.89)
59.2
(2.33)
135.9
(5.35)
149.5
(5.89)
178.7
(7.04)
231.5
(9.11)
175.3
(6.90)
157.5
(6.20)
257.2
(10.13)
127.8
(5.03)
93.0
(3.66)
38.9
(1.53)
1,649.8
(64.95)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 169.3173.6192.9196.4190.9137.0163.9215.4150.4168.3169.2183.92,110.7
Source: [5]

History

The area is part of ancient Mikawa Province. Under then Edo period, Tokugawa Shogunate, much of what is now Hekinan was part of the holdings of Numazu Domain, with the remainder being tenryō territory under direct control of the shogunate. Widespread rioting occurred in the area against the new Meiji government and its policy of shinbutsu bunri in 1871. the area was organized into towns and villages within Hekikai District by the Meiji period establishment of the modern municipalities system in 1889. The towns of Ohama, Shinkawa and Tanao, and the village of Asahi merged on April 5, 1948 to form the city of Hekinan [2] As it is located on the southern (南) part of Hekikai District (海郡), the city was named Hekinan (碧南). Hekinan was the tenth city founded in Aichi Prefecture. [2] Since it had harbors and rails, the city developed quickly after Pacific War.

On April 1, 1955, one part of the village of Meiji, which is currently called Nishibata, was incorporated into Hekinan.

On September 26, 1959, Typhoon Vera also known as the “Isewan Typhoon” heavily damaged the city.

On July 14, 1974, Rinkai Kōen Pool or also known as Kinuura Mammoth Pool was opened. Because the city reclaimed the seaside for industrial purposes in 1960's, Hekinan opened this pool for people who complained about losing their beautiful beach. On May 23, 1988, Hekinan Municipal Hospital was opened. [6] In 1993, Hekinan Thermal Power Station was created by Chubu Electric Power on the reclaimed ground. This provides high tax revenue to the city. On August 17, 2003, since the facility of the Rinkai Kōen Pool became old and the number of the visitors of the pool was reduced, the city shut down the pool. Instead, the city created Hekinan Rinkai Park on the same place.

Government

Hekinan has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 22 members, which is considerably higher than other cities of similar size. The city contributes one member to the Aichi Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Aichi District 13 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Hekinan is one of the wealthiest cities in Japan. Its financial capability index is 1.70. [7] Automile-related components, metal, tile, and food processing are the main industries in the city. In 2006 the number of factories was 463 with 16,778 workers. The value of shipments was 84,356,533 million yen in total in 2006. [8] The Hekinan Thermal Power Station is one of largest thermal power plants in the world. [9]

Industry

In 2010, there were 9,148 people working in this industry, shipping products worth 47,058,959 yen which is more than half of the amount of shipments in the city. [8] Toyota Industries is the biggest company for the industry in the city. There were 1,722 Toyota employees in Hekinan, or about 10% of the total industrial workers in the city in 2010. [10]

One remarkable industry in the city is related to ceramic roofing tiles. Hekinan is one of the cities that produce Sanshu kawara , a well-known regional brand. In Japan, 58 per cent of tiles, which is about 50,000,000 tiles, are Sanshu kawara. [11]

Agriculture

Even though only 4% of the population of Hekinan engage in agriculture, one-quarter of the area is farmland. The main products are carrots, onions, potatoes and figs. Anjo and Hekinan are the largest producer of figs in Japan. [8] [12]

Education

Hekinan has seven public elementary schools and five public junior high schools operated by the city government, and two public high schools operated by the Aichi Prefectural Board of Education. The prefecture also operates one special education school for the handicapped.

High schools

Middle schools

Elementary schools

International schools

Transportation

Hekinan-chuo Station MT-Hekinan Chuo Station-Building 2018.jpg
Hekinan-chūō Station

Railway

Meitetsu logomark 2.svg MeitetsuMeitetsu Mikawa Line

KRR logomark.svg Kinuura Rinkai Railway - Hekinan Line

Highways

National Route

Prefectural road

  • Aichi Prefectural road 43
  • Aichi Prefectural road 45
  • Aichi Prefectural road 46
  • Aichi Prefectural road 50
  • Aichi Prefectural road 265
  • Aichi Prefectural road 291
  • Aichi Prefectural road 295
  • Aichi Prefectural road 301
  • Aichi Prefectural road 302
  • Aichi Prefectural road 303
  • Aichi Prefectural road 304
  • Aichi Prefectural road 305
  • Aichi Prefectural road 306
  • Aichi Prefectural road 307

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Hekinan is twinned with:

In April, 2005, the Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia visited to Hekinan in order to participate in Expo 2005. During the stay, the Vice Prime Minister proposed to have a sister cities relationships between Croatian cities. Hekinan sent officials to Pula in 2006. On April 5, 2007, Hekinan invited the Mayor of Pula for the 59th anniversary and established a sister city relationship between the two cities. [15]

In order to build Hekinan citizen's international sensibility, the city was looking for a sister city relationship with a city in the Pacific Ocean coast. At the same time, Edmonds considered to have the relationship with one of Japanese cities. Edmonds sent officials to Hekinan in 1986. The two cities started exchanging people for home stay. Two years later, at the ceremony of 40th anniversary of Hekinan, the two cities established a sister-cities relationship. [16]

Events between Hekinan and Edmonds
  • On April 5, 1988, Hekinan and Edmonds established a sister city relationship. [17]
  • In 1998, the Hekinan city hall hosted the sculpture by Steve Jensen to celebrate 10th anniversary of the relationships.
  • In 2004, Twenty five Hekinan artists, residents, and officials visited Edmonds to dedicate the Friendship Tree on the Edmonds waterfront.
  • In 2008, Mayor Gary Haakenson visited Hekinan with 18 citizens to celebrate 20th anniversary [18]

About 20 people from Hekikaigun moved to Yuni, Mikawa. Since the sounds of the regions were the same, they developed this region very well. This connection made two cities have the sister city relationship at the same date that Edmonds signed the relationship between Hekinan. [19]

Local attractions

Festivals

Various festivals are held throughout the year in Hekinan.

Schedule of Festivals [20]
NameDateLocationDetails
Cherry Blossom Festival

[note 1]

From March to AprilOnin-ji, Akashi Park, Nakayamashinmei shrine, Yahagi riverMany events related to cherry blossoms. During nighttime, the trees are illuminated along the Yahagi River.
Shiki Bishamonten Spring FestivalApril 3Myōfuku-ji (妙福寺/志貴毘沙門天)Pray for your and your family's happiness.
Nishiōninji RennyohiFrom April 19 to 25Ōnin-jiBuddhist event. Tea ceremony and other events held.
Spring Rennyo walkingAprilŌnin-ji"Walk-rally", Haiku contests, etc. are held.
Kōtō Garden Wisteria Festival

[note 2]

From April to MayKōtō GardenEnjoy Wistaria. There are a tea ceremony, which costs 500 yen including Japanese snack. During the night time, wistaria is illuminated by paper lanterns.
Shōmyō-ji Tōshō-gū FestivalMay 5Shōmyō-jiA lot of cultural assets, especially assets that related to Tokugawa, are treasured. Tokugawa Ieyasu's ancestor's graves exist in the temple. Variety of the events are held.
Henjō-in Three faces Jikokuten Spring FestivalMay 5Henjō-inPay for success in business, etc.
Hekinan Lake Aburagafuchi Oak Festival [note 3] From May to JuneLake Aburagafuchi and Ōnin-jiArt contests, Tea ceremony, etc. are held. There are about 3 million oak trees, more than 100 types of oak tree illuminated by paper lanterns at night.
Saigu Jinja Hydrangea FestivalSecond Sunday of JuneSaigu JinjaSelling Hydrangea, Nagashi Sōmen events are held.
Abacus FestivalAugust 8 (8-8 pronounce like abacus' sound so August 8 is Abacus day)Shōmyō-jiThanksgiving for old abacus.
Lake Aburagafuchi fishing contests [note 4] Second Sunday of SeptemberLake AburagafuchiFree fishing contest at Lake Aburagafuch
Ōhama Teramachi "Haiking" (Haiku Festival) [note 5] Third Sunday of OctoberŌhamaHaiku contests. The theme of Haiku is town. Participants walk around Ōhama and writing haiku poetry.
Shiki Bishamonten Fall FestivalNovember 3Myōfuku-ji (妙福寺/志貴毘沙門天)Pray for your and your family's happiness.
Henjō-in Three faces Daikokuten Fall FestivalNovember 11Henjō-inPay for success in business, etc.

Notable people from Hekinan

Notes

  1. "碧南市観光協会ホームページ さくらまつり". Archived from the original on 13 April 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2010.
  2. "碧南市観光協会ホームページ 広藤園 藤まつり". Archived from the original on 7 May 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2010.
  3. "碧南市観光協会ホームページ へきなん花しょうぶまつり". Archived from the original on 11 July 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2010.
  4. "碧南市観光協会ホームページ へきなん油ヶ渕つり大会". Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2010.
  5. "碧南市観光協会ホームページ 大浜てらまち俳句ing(はいきんぐ)". Archived from the original on 15 March 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2010.

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References

  1. Hekinan City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. 1 2 3 "碧南はこんなまち" . Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  3. Hekinan population statistics
  4. Hekinan climate data
  5. "気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値) 蒲郡" . Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  6. "碧南市民病院改革プラン" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  7. "平成20年度市町村決算カード 愛知" (PDF). Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  8. 1 2 3 "業種別・事業所数・従業者数・出荷額等の推移". Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  9. industcards. "The Top 100 - World's Largest Power Plants". Power Plants Around the World. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
  10. "主要国内拠点 碧南工場" . Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  11. "三州瓦の紹介" . Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  12. "碧南市の農業". Archived from the original on 20 August 2010. Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  13. "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. Retrieved on October 13, 2015. "Endereço: 4-53 Tajiri-cho, Hekinan-shi, Aichi-ken 447-0867"
  14. "Međunarodna suradnja Grada Pule". Grad Pula (in Croatian and Italian). Archived from the original on 2012-05-05. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
  15. "もっと知りたい!碧南姉妹都市 クロアチア" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  16. "エドモンズ市(アメリカ合衆国ワシントン州)". Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  17. "City of Edmonds, Washington - Sister City Commission". Archived from the original on 29 July 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  18. "City of Edmonds, Washington - Sister City Commission - History". Archived from the original on 18 November 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  19. "由仁町(北海道夕張郡由仁町)" . Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  20. "碧南市観光協会ホームページ". Archived from the original on 9 January 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2010.