Kokonoe Mirin Co., Ltd.
Location of Hekinan in Aichi Prefecture
|• Total||36.68 km2 (14.16 sq mi)|
(October 1, 2019)
|• Density||2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Flower||Japanese iris|
|Address||28 Matsumoto-chō, Hekinan-shi, Aichi-ken 447-8601|
Hekinan (碧南市, Hekinan-shi) is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019 [update] , the city had an estimated population of 72,864 in 29,139 households, and a population density of 1,986 persons per km². The total area of the city was 36.68 square kilometres (14.16 sq mi).
Hekinan is located in south-central Aichi Prefecture, and is surrounded by Lake Aburagafuchi, the Yahagi River, Kinuura Bay, and Mikawa Bay. Most of the city area lies on reclaimed ground, with an average elevation of under seven meters above sea level.
Per Japanese census data,the population of Hekinan has been increasing steadily over the past 50 years.
The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Hekinan is 15.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1609 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around 4.6 °C.
Gamagōri, Aichi is the closet point that measures climate information.
|Climate data for Gamagōri, Aichi (1971–2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||9.2|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||5.3|
|Average low °C (°F)||2.0|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||47.9|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||169.3||173.6||192.9||196.4||190.9||137.0||163.9||215.4||150.4||168.3||169.2||183.9||2,110.7|
The area is part of ancient Mikawa Province. Under then Edo period, Tokugawa Shogunate, much of what is now Hekinan was part of the holdings of Numazu Domain, with the remainder being tenryō territory under direct control of the shogunate. Widespread rioting occurred in the area against the new Meiji government and its policy of shinbutsu bunri in 1871. the area was organized into towns and villages within Hekikai District by the Meiji period establishment of the modern municipalities system in 1889. The towns of Ohama, Shinkawa and Tanao, and the village of Asahi merged on April 5, 1948 to form the city of Hekinan Hekinan (碧南). Hekinan was the tenth city founded in Aichi Prefecture. Since it had harbors and rails, the city developed quickly after Pacific War.As it is located on the southern (南) part of Hekikai District (碧海郡), the city was named
On April 1, 1955, one part of the village of Meiji, which is currently called Nishibata, was incorporated into Hekinan.
On September 26, 1959, Typhoon Vera also known as the “Isewan Typhoon” heavily damaged the city.
On July 14, 1974, Rinkai Kōen Pool or also known as Kinuura Mammoth Pool was opened. Because the city reclaimed the seaside for industrial purposes in 1960's, Hekinan opened this pool for people who complained about losing their beautiful beach. On May 23, 1988, Hekinan Municipal Hospital was opened.In 1993, Hekinan Thermal Power Station was created by Chubu Electric Power on the reclaimed ground. This provides high tax revenue to the city. On August 17, 2003, since the facility of the Rinkai Kōen Pool became old and the number of the visitors of the pool was reduced, the city shut down the pool. Instead, the city created Hekinan Rinkai Park on the same place.
Hekinan has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 22 members, which is considerably higher than other cities of similar size. The city contributes one member to the Aichi Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Aichi District 13 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.
Hekinan is one of the wealthiest cities in Japan. Its financial capability index is 1.70.Automile-related components, metal, tile, and food processing are the main industries in the city. In 2006 the number of factories was 463 with 16,778 workers. The value of shipments was 84,356,533 million yen in total in 2006. The Hekinan Thermal Power Station is one of largest thermal power plants in the world.
In 2010, there were 9,148 people working in this industry, shipping products worth 47,058,959 yen which is more than half of the amount of shipments in the city.Toyota Industries is the biggest company for the industry in the city. There were 1,722 Toyota employees in Hekinan, or about 10% of the total industrial workers in the city in 2010.
One remarkable industry in the city is related to ceramic roofing tiles. Hekinan is one of the cities that produce Sanshu kawara , a well-known regional brand. In Japan, 58 per cent of tiles, which is about 50,000,000 tiles, are Sanshu kawara.
Even though only 4% of the population of Hekinan engage in agriculture, one-quarter of the area is farmland. The main products are carrots, onions, potatoes and figs. Anjo and Hekinan are the largest producer of figs in Japan.
Hekinan has seven public elementary schools and five public junior high schools operated by the city government, and two public high schools operated by the Aichi Prefectural Board of Education. The prefecture also operates one special education school for the handicapped.
Hekinan is twinned with:
In April, 2005, the Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia visited to Hekinan in order to participate in Expo 2005. During the stay, the Vice Prime Minister proposed to have a sister cities relationships between Croatian cities. Hekinan sent officials to Pula in 2006. On April 5, 2007, Hekinan invited the Mayor of Pula for the 59th anniversary and established a sister city relationship between the two cities.
In order to build Hekinan citizen's international sensibility, the city was looking for a sister city relationship with a city in the Pacific Ocean coast. At the same time, Edmonds considered to have the relationship with one of Japanese cities. Edmonds sent officials to Hekinan in 1986. The two cities started exchanging people for home stay. Two years later, at the ceremony of 40th anniversary of Hekinan, the two cities established a sister-cities relationship.
About 20 people from Hekikaigun moved to Yuni, Mikawa. Since the sounds of the regions were the same, they developed this region very well. This connection made two cities have the sister city relationship at the same date that Edmonds signed the relationship between Hekinan.
Various festivals are held throughout the year in Hekinan.
|Cherry Blossom Festival||From March to April||Onin-ji, Akashi Park, Nakayamashinmei shrine, Yahagi river||Many events related to cherry blossoms. During nighttime, the trees are illuminated along the Yahagi River.|
|Shiki Bishamonten Spring Festival||April 3||Myōfuku-ji (妙福寺/志貴毘沙門天)||Pray for your and your family's happiness.|
|Nishiōninji Rennyohi||From April 19 to 25||Ōnin-ji||Buddhist event. Tea ceremony and other events held.|
|Spring Rennyo walking||April||Ōnin-ji||"Walk-rally", Haiku contests, etc. are held.|
|Kōtō Garden Wisteria Festival||From April to May||Kōtō Garden||Enjoy Wistaria. There are a tea ceremony, which costs 500 yen including Japanese snack. During the night time, wistaria is illuminated by paper lanterns.|
|Shōmyō-ji Tōshō-gū Festival||May 5||Shōmyō-ji||A lot of cultural assets, especially assets that related to Tokugawa, are treasured. Tokugawa Ieyasu's ancestor's graves exist in the temple. Variety of the events are held.|
|Henjō-in Three faces Jikokuten Spring Festival||May 5||Henjō-in||Pay for success in business, etc.|
|Hekinan Lake Aburagafuchi Oak Festival||From May to June||Lake Aburagafuchi and Ōnin-ji||Art contests, Tea ceremony, etc. are held. There are about 3 million oak trees, more than 100 types of oak tree illuminated by paper lanterns at night.|
|Saigu Jinja Hydrangea Festival||Second Sunday of June||Saigu Jinja||Selling Hydrangea, Nagashi Sōmen events are held.|
|Abacus Festival||August 8 (8-8 pronounce like abacus' sound so August 8 is Abacus day)||Shōmyō-ji||Thanksgiving for old abacus.|
|Lake Aburagafuchi fishing contests||Second Sunday of September||Lake Aburagafuchi||Free fishing contest at Lake Aburagafuch|
|Ōhama Teramachi "Haiking" (Haiku Festival)||Third Sunday of October||Ōhama||Haiku contests. The theme of Haiku is town. Participants walk around Ōhama and writing haiku poetry.|
|Shiki Bishamonten Fall Festival||November 3||Myōfuku-ji (妙福寺/志貴毘沙門天)||Pray for your and your family's happiness.|
|Henjō-in Three faces Daikokuten Fall Festival||November 11||Henjō-in||Pay for success in business, etc.|
Handa is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 118,259 in 51,846 households, and a population density of 2,494 persons per km². The total area of the city was 47.42 square kilometres (18.31 sq mi).
Anjō is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 188,693 in 76,087 households, and a population density of 2,193 persons per km². The total area of the city was 86.05 square kilometres (33.22 sq mi).
Gamagōri is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 80,063 in 32,800 households, and a population density of 1,407 persons per km². The total area of the city is 56.92 square kilometres (21.98 sq mi).
Takahama is a city located in central Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 48,736 in 20,500 households, and a population density of 3,717 persons per km². The total area of the city is 13.11 square kilometres (5.06 sq mi).
Ryōzen is one of the five towns incorporated into Date City, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan, along with the former towns of Date, Hobara, Tsukidate, and Yanagawa. It was formerly an independent town located in Date District. As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 9,491 and a density of 108.68 persons per km². The total area is 87.33 km².
Toyohashi is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2019, the city had an estimated population of 377,453 in 160,516 households and a population density of 1,400 persons per km². The total area of the city was 261.86 square kilometres (101.10 sq mi). By area, Toyohashi was Aichi Prefecture's second-largest city until March 31, 2005 when it was surpassed by the city of Toyota, which had merged with six peripheral municipalities.
The Kinuura Rinkai Railway is a freight-only railway company in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operating since 1971. The two lines operated by the company lines serve the industrial area of the Port of Kinuura, Mikawa Bay. They mainly transport cement, fly ash, and calcium carbonate.
Kita Shinkawa Station is a railway station in the city of Hekinan, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.
Shinkawa-machi Station is a railway station in the city of Hekinan, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.
Hekinan-chūō Station is a railway station in the city of Hekinan, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Meitetsu.
Hekinan Station is a railway station in the city of Hekinan, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Meitetsu. The station provides access to the center of Hekinan, Aichi, and specific notable sites nearby include Hekinan Seaside Aquarium, Myōfuku Temple, and the headquarters of Kokonoe Mirin Company, which produces mirin.
The Kinuura Rinkai Railway Hekinan Line is a freight-only railway line owned and operated by the Kinuura Rinkai Railway in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, since 1977. The line extends 8.2 km (5.1 mi) from Higashiura Station Higashiura, Aichi to the terminal at Hekinanshi in Hekinan, Aichi.
Hekikai District was a rural district located in central Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As a result of various consolidations and mergers of municipalities, the district was incorporated into the five cities of Kariya, Anjō, Takahama, Chiryū and Hekinan in 2005.
Fujieda Soccer Stadium (藤枝総合運動公園サッカー場) is a multi-use stadium built in Fujieda, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. It was used by Senegal for a precursory 2002 FIFA World Cup training camp. It is the home stadium of football club Fujieda MYFC.
Okō Castle was a castle structure in Nankoku Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. Located on a 97-meter mountain. The site was designated a National Historic Site. It was the original base of power for the Chōsokabe clan who were feudal lords of Tosa Province and famous as the birthplace of the warlord Chōsokabe Motochika.
Hamada Castle is a castle structure in Hamada, Shimane Prefecture, Japan.
Shingū Castle is a castle structure in Shingū, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan.
Sadowara Castle is the earthly remains of a castle structure in Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan.
Hondōri Iwamura-chō is the name of the town center of Iwamura in Ena, Gifu Prefecture, and was designated as one of the Important Preservation Districts for Groups of Traditional Buildings on April 17, 1998. It is the merchant district of a former castle town that prospered during the Edo period as a political, cultural and economic center of the Tōnō region.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hekinan, Aichi .|