Helfaut

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Helfaut
Helfaut (Pas-de-Calais, Fr) mairie et ecoles.JPG
The town hall and schools of Helfaut
Blason Helfaut.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Helfaut
Helfaut
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
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Helfaut
Hauts-de-France region location map.svg
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Helfaut
Coordinates: 50°41′54″N2°14′38″E / 50.6983°N 2.2439°E / 50.6983; 2.2439 Coordinates: 50°41′54″N2°14′38″E / 50.6983°N 2.2439°E / 50.6983; 2.2439
Country France
Region Hauts-de-France
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Saint-Omer
Canton Longuenesse
Intercommunality Pays de Saint-Omer
Government
  Mayor (20082014) Brigitte Leblond
Area
1
8.92 km2 (3.44 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01) [1]
1,697
  Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
62423 /62570
Elevation23–95 m (75–312 ft)
(avg. 92 m or 302 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Helfaut is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

Contents

Geography

A large village situated 4 miles (6 km) south of Saint-Omer, at the D195 and D198 crossroads. It is located on a geological formation called the "plateau d'Helfaut", which separates the Aa valley to the north from the Lys valley, to the south. The commune is home to a unique geological heritage, resulting in an unusual landscape. The sides of the old quarries alongside the plateau display many geological strata. The quarries of Heuringhem and Blendecques have collapsed as a result of soil creep. The commune gave its name to 'Dilluvium d’Helfaut', a flint and clay formation rare in France and Europe. The commune is home to many rare and protected species in a heathland landscape, which is unusual for northern France and justified the creation of a nature reserve (Les Landes d'Helfaut).

Population

The inhabitants are called Helfalois.

Historical population of Helfaut
Year196219681975198219901999
Population100011391248142616711693
From the year 1962 on: No double countingresidents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

History

The village was subject to much damage during World War II, as it was here that the Germans sited La coupole, an underground bunker, housing a huge concrete dome built by the Nazis between 1943 and 1944. Initially this bunker was to serve as a base to launch V2 rockets, but it never entered service because of the many bombing raids by the Allies. The Dome has been transformed into a museum. [2]

Places of interest

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE . Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. "Base Mémoire : accès cartographique". culture.gouv.fr. Retrieved 25 March 2015.