Helicobacter cellulitis

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Helicobacter cellulitis
Specialty Dermatology

Helicobacter cellulitis is a cutaneous condition caused by Helicobacter cinaedi . [1] :280H. cinaedi can cause cellulitis and bacteremia in immunocompromised people. [2]

<i>Helicobacter cinaedi</i> species of bacterium

Helicobacter cinaedi is a bacterium in the family Helicobacteraceae, Campylobacterales order. It was formerly known as Campylobacter cinaedi until molecular analysis published in 1991 led to a major revision of the genus Campylobacter. H. cinaedi can cause cellulitis and bacteremia in immunocompromised people.

Cellulitis Human disease

Cellulitis is a bacterial infection involving the inner layers of the skin. It specifically affects the dermis and subcutaneous fat. Signs and symptoms include an area of redness which increases in size over a few days. The borders of the area of redness are generally not sharp and the skin may be swollen. While the redness often turns white when pressure is applied, this is not always the case. The area of infection is usually painful. Lymphatic vessels may occasionally be involved, and the person may have a fever and feel tired.

Bacteremia is the presence of bacteria in the blood. Blood is normally a sterile environment, so the detection of bacteria in the blood is always abnormal. It is distinct from sepsis, which is the host response to the bacteria.

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References

  1. James, William D.; Berger, Timothy G.; et al. (2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. ISBN   0-7216-2921-0.
  2. Kiehlbauch JA, Tauxe RV, Baker CN, Wachsmuth IK (1994). "Helicobacter cinaedi-associated bacteremia and cellulitis in immunocompromised patients". Annals of Internal Medicine. 121 (2): 90&ndash, 93. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-121-2-199407150-00002.