Karl Vilhelm Helmer Ringgren (November 29, 1917 – March 26, 2012), was a Swedish theologian.
He became Associate Professor in Religion at Uppsala University, 1947–59, and Acting Professor of Old Testament exegesis at the Royal Academy of Turku, 1947–56, the professor of Old Testament exegesis at the Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, Illinois, 1960–62, professor of comparative religion at Åbo Akademi University in Turku, Finland, 1962–64, and then Old Testament exegesis at Uppsala University, 1964-83.Ringgren died on March 26, 2012.
He was a fellow of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.
James Bennett Pritchard was an American archeologist whose work explicated the interrelationships of the religions of ancient Palestine, Canaan, Egypt, Assyria, and Babylon. Pritchard was honored with the Gold Medal Award for Distinguished Archaeological Achievement in 1983 from the Archaeological Institute of America.
Frederick Fyvie Bruce, usually cited as F. F. Bruce, was a British biblical scholar who supported the historical reliability of the New Testament. His first book, New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable? (1943), was voted by the American evangelical periodical Christianity Today in 2006 as one of the top 50 books "which had shaped evangelicals".
Trinity Evangelical Divinity School (TEDS) is an academic divinity school founded in 1897 and located north of Chicago, Illinois. TEDS is one of the largest seminaries in the world, enrolling more than 1,200 graduate students in professional and academic programs, including more than 150 in its PhD programs. The most popular degree at the school, the Master of Divinity (MDiv) degree, prepares pastors, educators, and missionaries for many kinds of service. The school also offers a range of more focused Master of Arts programs in counseling ministries, Christian thought, New Testament, Old Testament, and other disciplines.
Garrett–Evangelical Theological Seminary (G-ETS) is a graduate school of theology of the United Methodist Church. It is located in Evanston, Illinois. The seminary offers a number of masters and doctoral-level degree programs in theology and is actively engaged in outreach to congregations focusing in the Midwest but with influence around the world.
David Noel Freedman (1922–2008) was an American biblical scholar, author, editor, archaeologist, and, after his conversion from Judaism, a Presbyterian minister. He was one of the first Americans to work on the Dead Sea Scrolls. He is the son of the writer David Freedman. He died of a heart ailment.
George Ernest Wright, was a leading Old Testament scholar and biblical archaeologist. An expert in Ancient Near Eastern archaeology, he was especially known for his work in the study and dating of pottery. He was associated with the biblical theology movement.
Frank Moore Cross Jr. (1921–2012) was the Hancock Professor of Hebrew and Other Oriental Languages Emeritus at Harvard University, notable for his work in the interpretation of the Dead Sea Scrolls, his 1973 magnum opusCanaanite Myth and Hebrew Epic, and his work in Northwest Semitic epigraphy. Many of his essays on the latter topic have since been collected in Leaves from an Epigrapher's Notebook.
Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political and Religion History, the Archeology, Geography and Natural History of the Bible (1899), edited by Thomas Kelly Cheyne and J. Sutherland Black, is a critical encyclopedia of the Bible. In theology and biblical studies, it is often referenced as Enc. Bib., or as Cheyne and Black.
Mark Stratton John Matthew Smith is an American biblical scholar, professor, and ancient historian.
Heinz-Josef Fabry is a German Hebraist and deacon of the Catholic Theological Faculty of Bonn University. Following the death of his teacher Gerhard Johannes Botterweck in 1981 he was co-editor of the 15 volume Theological dictionary of the Old Testament with the Swedish scholar Helmer Ringgren. He is also author of various studies on the Dead Sea scrolls.
Gerhard Johannes Botterweck was a German theologian, Old Testament scholar and dean of the Catholic Theological Faculty of the University of Bonn. He is best known for his multi volume work the Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament.
Gunnel Margareta André is a Swedish theologian, an ordained Lutheran minister in the Church of Sweden and an author.
Robert McQueen Grant was an American academic theologian and the Carl Darling Buck Professor Emeritus of Humanities and of New Testament and Early Christianity at the University of Chicago. His scholarly work focused on the New Testament and Early Christianity.
Harold Henry Rowley was an English Old Testament scholar from the Baptist tradition.
Wolfgang Max Wilhelm Roth was a Pastor of the United Church of Canada and an Old Testament scholar with major contribution to the growth of Old Testament scholarship for more than half a century from 1959 through 2013. Roth was a scholar in the line of Gerhard von Rad acknowledging the influence of the master-specialist of Old Testament ever since his study days at the University of Heidelberg, Germany. Roth's writings drew the attention of the world of Old Testament scholarship through his writings which began appearing in journals like Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Journal of Biblical Literature, Vetus Testamentum, theological commentaries and other theological treatises.
Robert Dobbie (1901–2000) was a Pastor hailing from Dundee, Scotland who taught Old Testament at the Universities of Glasgow (1946–1947), St. Andrews (1947–1955), Toronto (1955–1969) and at Carleton (1969–1974).
Peter Runham Ackroyd was a British Biblical scholar, Anglican priest, and former Congregational minister. From 1961 to 1982, he was the Samuel Davidson Professor of Old Testament Studies at the University of London. He was also President of the Society for Old Testament Study in 1972.
Hanna Tervanotko is an assistant professor in the Department of Religious Studies at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada. Her research focuses on the Second Temple era and her research interests include women in antiquity, Qumran, Dead Sea Scrolls, and Jewish interpretation of scripture. She is affiliated with the Centre of Excellence "Changes in Sacred Texts and Traditions" (CSTT) at the University of Helsinki.
Samuel MacLean Gilmour was a Canadian New Testament scholar, professor at Queen's Theological College, Norris Professor of New Testament at Andover Newton Theological School, and President of the Canadian Society of Biblical Studies and of the Canadian Section of the Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis. S. MacLean Gilmour also was member of the Editorial Committee of the Journal of Biblical Literature and a member of the Studiorum Novi Testamenti Societas.
Eelis Gideon Gulin also known as Pinomaa or Gulin-Pinomaa was Professor of New Testament at the University of Helsinki from 1933 to 1945 and Bishop of Tampere from 1945 to 1966.