Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Winchilsea

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Sir Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Winchilsea (1628–1689) of Eastwell, Kent, was the 3rd Earl of Winchilsea.

Kent County of England

Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties. It borders Greater London to the north-west, Surrey to the west and East Sussex to the south-west. The county also shares borders with Essex along the estuary of the River Thames, and with the French department of Pas-de-Calais through the Channel Tunnel. The county town is Maidstone.

Earl of Winchilsea Title in the Peerage of England

Earl of Winchilsea is a title in the Peerage of England held by the Finch-Hatton family. It has been united with the title of Earl of Nottingham under a single holder since 1729. The Finch family is believed to be descended from Henry FitzHerbert, Lord Chamberlain to Henry I. The name change to Finch came in the 1350s after marriage to an heiress by a member of the Finch family. In 1660 the 3rd Earl of Winchilsea was created Baron FitzHerbert of Eastwell, Kent, in recompense for his efficient aid in the Restoration of the Monarchy. The Herbert family of Wales, Earls of Pembroke, share common ancestry but bear differenced arms. A later member of the family, Sir William Finch, was knighted in 1513. His son Sir Thomas Finch, was also knighted for his share in suppressing Sir Thomas Wyatt's insurrection against Queen Mary I, and was the son-in-law of Sir Thomas Moyle, some of whose lands Finch's wife inherited. Thomas's eldest son Moyle Finch represented Weymouth, Kent and Winchelsea in the House of Commons. In 1611 he was created a baronet, of Eastwell in the County of Kent.

Contents

Finch was the son of Thomas Finch, 2nd Earl of Winchilsea, and the grandson of Elizabeth Finch, 1st Countess of Winchilsea. His first cousin was Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham. He married four times and was the father of at least 16 children. He was educated at Queens' College, Cambridge. [1] "His contemporaries called him 'amorous', and in Turkey he was reputed to have 'had many women' and 'built little houses for them'. "

Elizabeth Finch, 1st Countess of Winchilsea English Countess

Elizabeth Finch, née Heneage, 1st Countess of Winchilsea was an English peeress.

Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham English politician

Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham, PC, Lord Chancellor of England, was descended from the old family of Finch, many of whose members had attained high legal eminence, and was the eldest son of Sir Heneage Finch, Recorder of London, by his first wife Frances Bell, daughter of Sir Edmond Bell of Beaupre Hall, Norfolk.

Queens College, Cambridge college of the University of Cambridge

Queens' College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. Queens' is one of the oldest and the largest colleges of the university, founded in 1448 by Margaret of Anjou, and has some of the most recognisable buildings in Cambridge. The college spans both sides of the river Cam, colloquially referred to as the "light side" and the "dark side", with the Mathematical Bridge connecting the two.

On his return from Ottoman territory in June 1668, King Charles II remarked to Finch, "My Lord, you have not only built a town, but peopled it too". Winchilsea, in an obvious reference to Charles' own brood of natural children, replied that after he was the King's representative.

Charles II of England King of England, Ireland and Scotland

Charles II was king of England, Scotland and Ireland. He was king of Scotland from 1649 until his deposition in 1651, and king of England, Scotland and Ireland from the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 until his death.

Lord Finch was appointed by his friend George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle a Governor of Dover Castle, and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports in the July 1660, also Lord Lieutenant of Kent and afterwards ambassador to the Ottoman Empire and served in this capacity from between 1668 and 1672

George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle English soldier and politician

George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, KG was an English soldier and politician, and a key figure in the Restoration of the monarchy to King Charles II in 1660.

Dover Castle medieval castle in Dover, Kent, England

Dover Castle is a medieval castle in Dover, Kent, England. It was founded in the 11th century and has been described as the "Key to England" due to its defensive significance throughout history. It is the largest castle in England.

Cinque Ports confederation of 5 towns in Kent and Sussex, England

The Confederation of Cinque Ports is a historic series of coastal towns in Kent, Sussex and Essex. It was originally formed for military and trade purposes, but is now entirely ceremonial. It lies at the eastern end of the English Channel, where the crossing to the continent is narrowest. The name is Norman French, meaning "five ports". They were:

Samuel Pepys first referred to him as the Lord Winchilsea. [2]

Samuel Pepys English naval administrator and member of parliament

Samuel Pepys was an administrator of the navy of England and Member of Parliament who is most famous for the diary he kept for a decade while still a relatively young man. Pepys had no maritime experience, but he rose to be the Chief Secretary to the Admiralty under both King Charles II and King James II through patronage, hard work, and his talent for administration. His influence and reforms at the Admiralty were important in the early professionalisation of the Royal Navy.

King Charles II had landed at Kent on his way to London to secure the throne on 25 May 1660. The King arrived in Dover with 20 ships and frigates, the Lord General and his life guard was accompanied by the Earl of Winchelsea to the cheer of the crowding locals gathered upon the beach to witness a salute fired from the guns of Dover Castle.

Marriages and children

He married his first wife Diana, daughter of Francis Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby of Parham and Elizabeth Cecil, on 21 May 1645.

His married his second wife Mary Seymour (1637 – 10 April 1673) the daughter of William Seymour, 2nd Duke of Somerset and Lady Frances Devereux, about 1650. Their children were:

He married thirdly, Catherine Norcliffe, daughter of Sir Thomas Norcliffe, on 10 April 1673.

He married his fourth wife Elizabeth Ayres on 29 October 1681. She was the mother of John Finch, 6th Earl of Winchilsea, who died unmarried and without issue.

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References

  1. http://www.queens.cam.ac.uk/page-242
  2. Note the difference in spelling from the modern place name, Winchelsea
  3. Burkes' Peerage (1939).

Bibliography

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Bendish, 2nd Baronet
British Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire
1660–1669
Succeeded by
Sir Daniel Harvey
Honorary titles
English Interregnum Lord Lieutenant of Kent
jointly with The Earl of Southampton 1662–1667
The Duke of Richmond 1668–1672

1660–1688
Succeeded by
The Lord Teynham
Custos Rotulorum of Kent
1660–1688
Preceded by
The Duke of Richmond
Vice-Admiral of Kent
1672–1687
Preceded by
Robert Blake
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
1660
Succeeded by
The Duke of York and Albany
Preceded by
The Duke of Somerset
Lord Lieutenant of Somerset
1675–1683
Succeeded by
The Duke of Somerset
Preceded by
The Earl of Feversham
Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Kent
1689
Succeeded by
The Viscount Sydney
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Finch
Earl of Winchilsea
1639–1689
Succeeded by
Charles Finch
Viscount Maidstone
1639–1689
New title Baron FitzHerbert
1660–1689
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Finch
Baronet
(of Eastwell, Kent)
1639–1689
Succeeded by
Charles Finch