Hengelo

Last updated
Hengelo
Twentekanaal Hengelo 2.jpg
Twentekanaal through Hengelo
Flag of Hengelo, Overijssel.svg
Flag
Hengelo, Overijssel wapen.svg
Coat of arms
Map - NL - Municipality code 0164 (2009).svg
Location in Overijssel
Coordinates: 52°15′55″N6°47′35″E / 52.26528°N 6.79306°E / 52.26528; 6.79306 Coordinates: 52°15′55″N6°47′35″E / 52.26528°N 6.79306°E / 52.26528; 6.79306
Country Netherlands
Province Overijssel
Government
[1]
  Body Municipal council
   Mayor Sander Schelberg (VVD)
Area
[2]
  Total61.83 km2 (23.87 sq mi)
  Land60.90 km2 (23.51 sq mi)
  Water0.93 km2 (0.36 sq mi)
Elevation
[3]
18 m (59 ft)
Population
 (August 2017) [4]
  Total80,648
  Density1,324/km2 (3,430/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Hengeloër
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
7550–7559
Area code 074
Climate Cfb
Website www.hengelo.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Hengelo (city), June 2014 Hengelo-plaats-OpenTopo.jpg
Dutch Topographic map of Hengelo (city), June 2014
Two of the three large cities in East Overijssel: Almelo and Hengelo Oost-Overijssel 6.76540E 52.28976N.jpg
Two of the three large cities in East Overijssel: Almelo and Hengelo

Hengelo (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦɛŋəloː] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city in the eastern part of the Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel. The city lies along the motorways A1/E30 and A35 and it has a station for the international AmsterdamHannoverBerlin service.

Contents

Population centres

Transport

Hengelo is easily reached by train. One can travel from Hengelo railway station, the main station of Hengelo and get directly and regularly to:

Apeldoorn, Amersfoort, Hilversum, Southern Amsterdam, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Utrecht, Gouda, Rotterdam, Den Haag, Zwolle, Zutphen, Oldenzaal, Almelo, Deventer, Enschede. There are international trains daily to Bad Bentheim, Rheine, Osnabrück, Hannover, and Berlin.

For information on the train services see Hengelo railway station. One can also plan a journey on the website of Dutch Railways. [5] For Amsterdam, passengers should use the train to Schiphol and change at Amersfoort, where there are regular trains to Amsterdam Centraal railway station, which is the nearest station to the city.

Hengelo Oost railway station and Hengelo Gezondheidspark railway station are also located in Hengelo. Just beside Hengelo Oost railway station is the football club Juliana '32 and the Groot Driene tennis club.

The town of Hengelo

Although archeological research indicates the location has been inhabited for thousands of years, the municipality was founded in 1802. At that time it merely consisted of a few hundred farms and agricultural workers' houses.

Hengelo was never granted city rights as it was only a small village that expanded in the 19th century during the industrial revolution. In the late 19th century it rapidly developed after the construction of an important railway junction. This attracted industry with a focus on technology: Stork B.V., Hazemeyer, N.V. Heemaf (now part of France's Alstom, Brush HMA, Brush-Barclay, Eaton Corporation, Essent, Heemaf BV, Vattenfall, and Wabtec), KHZ (now AkzoNobel), and Hollandse Signaal Apparaten, now taken over by the Thales Group. Hengelo was the home town of Hengelo Bier, a local brewery. Nowadays, the beer brand Twents is produced in Hengelo, brewed by De Twentse Bierbrouwerij. This brewery was founded in 2007 and is located in the monumental factory complex Hazemeijer. [6] [ circular reference ]

During World War II, the city was often bombed by the Allies because of the presence of the railways and the war industry activities of local factories. The heart of the town was accidentally destroyed during the Bombing of Hengelo on 6 and 7 October 1944, killing several hundred people.

In addition, after World War II the synagogue that survived the war, an entire block called de Telgen, a monastery at the Thiemsbrug, the farm dating from the 17th century where Wolter ten Cate was born, and the 19th-century town hall were all demolished. This has also left the city without much of an historical centre.

One of the most prominent buildings is the Lambertusbasiliek, a Roman Catholic basilica built in 1890 devoted to Saint Lambert.

Climate

Like most of the Netherlands, Hengelo features an oceanic climate (Cfb in the Köppen classification); however, winters tend to be less mild than the rest of the Netherlands due to its inland location. Summer is also warmer than places near the coast. Although the former military airport is derelict and plans to revive the place were canceled in 2012, the weather station of the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute is still located there.

Climate data for Twenthe (1981-2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)4.8
(40.6)
5.7
(42.3)
9.5
(49.1)
13.9
(57.0)
18.0
(64.4)
20.5
(68.9)
22.8
(73.0)
22.5
(72.5)
18.7
(65.7)
14.1
(57.4)
8.9
(48.0)
5.2
(41.4)
13.7
(56.7)
Daily mean °C (°F)2.3
(36.1)
2.6
(36.7)
5.6
(42.1)
8.9
(48.0)
12.9
(55.2)
15.4
(59.7)
17.6
(63.7)
17.1
(62.8)
14.0
(57.2)
10.2
(50.4)
6.0
(42.8)
2.9
(37.2)
9.6
(49.3)
Average low °C (°F)−0.5
(31.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
1.5
(34.7)
3.4
(38.1)
7.1
(44.8)
9.6
(49.3)
12.0
(53.6)
11.5
(52.7)
9.2
(48.6)
6.2
(43.2)
3.0
(37.4)
0.3
(32.5)
5.2
(41.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)71.5
(2.81)
51.6
(2.03)
65.1
(2.56)
45.2
(1.78)
62.4
(2.46)
67.7
(2.67)
74.5
(2.93)
71.0
(2.80)
65.4
(2.57)
67.5
(2.66)
68.9
(2.71)
74.1
(2.92)
784.9
(30.90)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 52.882.6114.0169.9202.1184.6202.4184.4137.4112.358.946.01,547.3
Source: KNMI [7]

Notable events

Twin cities

Education

Hengelo has seven high schools. These high schools are: The Montessori College Twente, The Bataafs Lyceum, The Twickel College, The Avila College, The Gilde College, Grundel Lyceum, and The Grundel Parkcollege.

There is also an MBO school, ROC of Twente.

Notable residents

portrait of Theo Wolvecamp, 2013 P1040585 Theo Wolvecamp.jpg
portrait of Theo Wolvecamp, 2013
Sport
Gert-Jan Bruggink and Andrea, 2013 Hessischen Ministerprasidenten Gert-Jan Bruggink auf Andrea 1 mk.jpg
Gert-Jan Bruggink and Andrea, 2013

Related Research Articles

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Overijssel is a province of the Netherlands located in the eastern part of the country. The province's name translates to "across the IJssel", from the perspective of the Episcopal principality of Utrecht by which it was held until 1528. The capital city of Overijssel is Zwolle and the largest city is Enschede. The province had a population of 1,162,215 as of November 2019.

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References

  1. "drs. Schelberg, Sander W.J.G" (in Dutch). Gemeente Hengelo. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. "Postcodetool for 7551EC". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  5. NS.nl
  6. nl:Twentse Bierbrouwerij
  7. "Twenthe, long-term averages, time period 1981-2010 (in Dutch)" (PDF). Retrieved December 29, 2012.
  8. Dutch Wiki, Theo Wolvecamp