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Hengshui Old Town Bridge by Graham Strachan.JPG
Hengshui Lake, Hebei, China3.jpg
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Hengshui High School Panoramic View.JPG
Clockwise from top: Fuyang Bridge, Hengshui Lake, Skyline of Hengshui, Hengshui High School
Peach City (桃城), Lake City (水市湖城)
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Location of Hengshui City jurisdiction in Hebei
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Location of the city centre in Hebei
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Hengshui (North China Plain)
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Hengshui (China)
Coordinates(Hengshui municipal government): 37°44′20″N115°40′08″E / 37.739°N 115.669°E / 37.739; 115.669 Coordinates: 37°44′20″N115°40′08″E / 37.739°N 115.669°E / 37.739; 115.669
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Province Hebei
EstablishedMay 31, 1996
Municipal seat Taocheng District
   Prefecture-level city 8,836.95 km2 (3,411.97 sq mi)
401.40 km2 (154.98 sq mi)
   Districts [1] 1,509.6 km2 (582.9 sq mi)
   Prefecture-level city 4,340,773
  Density490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
  Urban density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
  Districts [1]
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 code CN-HE-11
License Plate Prefix 冀T
Simplified Chinese 衡水
Literal meaning"horizontal river"

Hengshui (Chinese :衡水) is a prefecture-level city in southern Hebei province, People's Republic of China, bordering Shandong to the southeast. At the 2010 census its population was 4,340,373 inhabitants whom 522,147 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Taocheng urban district. [2] It is on the Jingjiu Railway.


Administrative divisions

#Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010 census)Area (km²)Density (/km²)
1 Taocheng District 桃城区Táochéng Qū522,147602.5867
2 Jizhou District 冀州区Jìzhōu Qū362,013918394
3 Shenzhou City 深州市Shēnzhōu Shì566,0871,244455
4 Zaoqiang County 枣强县Zǎoqiáng Xiàn391,469903437
5 Wuyi County 武邑县Wǔyì Xiàn315,693830380
6 Wuqiang County 武强县Wǔqiáng Xiàn214,549442485
7 Raoyang County 饶阳县Ráoyáng Xiàn280,498573490
8 Anping County 安平县Ānpíng Xiàn328,512493666
9 Gucheng County 故城县Gùchéng Xiàn487,025941518
10 Jing County 景县Jǐng Xiàn528,6931,183447
11 Fucheng County 阜城县Fùchéng Xiàn341,087698489


Hengshui High School and Hengshui University [3] are located in Hengshui.


Hengshui City Hall, 2007 Hengshui City Hall.jpg
Hengshui City Hall, 2007

The Harrison International Peace Hospital is located in Hengshui. This comprehensive teaching and research hospital was named after Dr. Tillson Harrison, a martyr to the Chinese revolution. Dr. Harrison, a Canadian, died in 1947 while transporting medical equipment and supplies. Some of this equipment is on display in an exhibition room in the hospital. The hospital uses both traditional Chinese medicine and modern western diagnostic and therapeutic technology.[ citation needed ]

The city is renowned as the centre for inside painting, mainly of small snuff bottles. Zhang Rucai was born in Hebei Province and since 1972, he started to learn the art of inside painting. In April 1996, he was conferred the title Master of Chinese Folk Arts & Crafts by UNESCO. The city has a fascinating museum and exhibition of the art of the inside painter - many complex paintings done on the inside of small snuff bottles as well as special larger pieces of glassware. [4]

There is a Buddhist Temple on the outskirts of the city which is well worth a visit, as is the bridge in the old part of the city - one of the few remnants of the old town.

Geography and environment

Climate data for Hengshui (19812010)
Average high °C (°F)3.2
Daily mean °C (°F)−2.7
Average low °C (°F)−7.1
Average precipitation mm (inches)2.0
Average relative humidity (%)60555354596075797266666464
Source: China Meteorological Administration [5]

Air pollution

According to a survey made by "Global voices China" in February 2013, 7 cities in Hebei including Xingtai, Shijiazhuang, Baoding, Handan, Langfang, Hengshui and Tangshan, are among China's 10 most polluted cities. [6]


Hengshui is the seat of the Catholic Diocese of Hengshui.

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