Hengshui

Last updated
Hengshui

衡水市
Hengshui Old Town Bridge by Graham Strachan.JPG
Hengshui Lake, Hebei, China3.jpg
Heng Shui .jpg
Hengshui High School Panoramic View.JPG
Clockwise from top: Fuyang Bridge, Hengshui Lake, Skyline of Hengshui, Hengshui High School
Nickname(s): 
Peach City (桃城), Lake City (水市湖城)
Hengshui
Location of Hengshui Prefecture within Hebei (China).png
Location of Hengshui City jurisdiction in Hebei
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Hengshui
Location of the city centre in Hebei
China Northern Plain relief location map.png
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Hengshui
Hengshui (North China Plain)
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Hengshui
Hengshui (China)
Coordinates(Hengshui municipal government): 37°44′20″N115°40′08″E / 37.739°N 115.669°E / 37.739; 115.669 Coordinates: 37°44′20″N115°40′08″E / 37.739°N 115.669°E / 37.739; 115.669
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Province Hebei
Settled1265
EstablishedMay 31, 1996
Municipal seat Taocheng District
Area
   Prefecture-level city 8,836.95 km2 (3,411.97 sq mi)
  Urban
[1]
401.40 km2 (154.98 sq mi)
   Districts [1] 1,509.6 km2 (582.9 sq mi)
Population
   Prefecture-level city 4,340,773
  Density490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
   Urban
[1]
643,400
  Urban density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
  Districts [1]
1,082,000
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 code CN-HE-11
License Plate Prefix 冀T
Hengshui
Simplified Chinese 衡水
Literal meaning"horizontal river"

Hengshui (Chinese :衡水) is a prefecture-level city in southern Hebei province, People's Republic of China, bordering Shandong to the southeast. At the 2010 census its population was 4,340,373 inhabitants whom 522,147 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Taocheng urban district. [2] It is on the Jingjiu Railway.

Contents

Administrative divisions

Map
#Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010 census)Area (km²)Density (/km²)
1 Taocheng District 桃城区Táochéng Qū522,147602.5867
2 Jizhou District 冀州区Jìzhōu Qū362,013918394
3 Shenzhou City 深州市Shēnzhōu Shì566,0871,244455
4 Zaoqiang County 枣强县Zǎoqiáng Xiàn391,469903437
5 Wuyi County 武邑县Wǔyì Xiàn315,693830380
6 Wuqiang County 武强县Wǔqiáng Xiàn214,549442485
7 Raoyang County 饶阳县Ráoyáng Xiàn280,498573490
8 Anping County 安平县Ānpíng Xiàn328,512493666
9 Gucheng County 故城县Gùchéng Xiàn487,025941518
10 Jing County 景县Jǐng Xiàn528,6931,183447
11 Fucheng County 阜城县Fùchéng Xiàn341,087698489

Education

Hengshui High School and Hengshui University [3] are located in Hengshui.

Sights

Hengshui City Hall, 2007 Hengshui City Hall.jpg
Hengshui City Hall, 2007

The Harrison International Peace Hospital is located in Hengshui. This comprehensive teaching and research hospital was named after Dr. Tillson Harrison, a martyr to the Chinese revolution. Dr. Harrison, a Canadian, died in 1947 while transporting medical equipment and supplies. Some of this equipment is on display in an exhibition room in the hospital. The hospital uses both traditional Chinese medicine and modern western diagnostic and therapeutic technology.[ citation needed ]

The city is renowned as the centre for inside painting, mainly of small snuff bottles. Zhang Rucai was born in Hebei Province and since 1972, he started to learn the art of inside painting. In April 1996, he was conferred the title Master of Chinese Folk Arts & Crafts by UNESCO. The city has a fascinating museum and exhibition of the art of the inside painter - many complex paintings done on the inside of small snuff bottles as well as special larger pieces of glassware. [4]

There is a Buddhist Temple on the outskirts of the city which is well worth a visit, as is the bridge in the old part of the city - one of the few remnants of the old town.

Geography and environment

Climate data for Hengshui (19812010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)3.2
(37.8)
7.2
(45.0)
13.7
(56.7)
21.8
(71.2)
27.4
(81.3)
31.9
(89.4)
32.0
(89.6)
30.5
(86.9)
26.9
(80.4)
21.0
(69.8)
11.8
(53.2)
4.9
(40.8)
19.4
(66.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)−2.7
(27.1)
0.9
(33.6)
7.2
(45.0)
15.1
(59.2)
20.9
(69.6)
25.7
(78.3)
27.1
(80.8)
25.6
(78.1)
20.9
(69.6)
14.3
(57.7)
5.6
(42.1)
−0.7
(30.7)
13.3
(56.0)
Average low °C (°F)−7.1
(19.2)
−3.9
(25.0)
1.9
(35.4)
9.2
(48.6)
14.9
(58.8)
20.0
(68.0)
22.8
(73.0)
21.5
(70.7)
16.1
(61.0)
9.2
(48.6)
0.9
(33.6)
−4.8
(23.4)
8.4
(47.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches)2.0
(0.08)
5.4
(0.21)
11.4
(0.45)
18.5
(0.73)
37.4
(1.47)
71.3
(2.81)
147.1
(5.79)
116.4
(4.58)
46.1
(1.81)
27.1
(1.07)
11.1
(0.44)
3.1
(0.12)
496.9
(19.56)
Average relative humidity (%)60555354596075797266666464
Source: China Meteorological Administration [5]

Air pollution

According to a survey made by "Global voices China" in February 2013, 7 cities in Hebei including Xingtai, Shijiazhuang, Baoding, Handan, Langfang, Hengshui and Tangshan, are among China's 10 most polluted cities. [6]

Religion

Hengshui is the seat of the Catholic Diocese of Hengshui.

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References

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  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-03. Retrieved 2007-09-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. Archived 2011-02-07 at the Wayback Machine
  5. 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data. China Meteorological Administration . Retrieved 2018-11-09.
  6. Bildner, Eli (February 27, 2013). "Interactive Maps of China's Most–and Least–Polluted Places". Global Voices China. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2014.