Henley-on-Thames

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Henley-on-Thames
Henley Town Hall - geograph.org.uk - 956401.jpg
Henley Town Hall
Oxfordshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Henley-on-Thames
Location within Oxfordshire
Area5.58 km2 (2.15 sq mi)
Population11,619 (2011 Census)
  Density 2,082/km2 (5,390/sq mi)
OS grid reference SU7682
  London 33 miles (53 km)
Civil parish
  • Henley-on-Thames
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Henley-on-Thames
Postcode district RG9
Dialling code 01491
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
UK Parliament
Website Henley-on-Thames Town Council
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire
51°32′10″N0°53′53″W / 51.536°N 0.898°W / 51.536; -0.898 Coordinates: 51°32′10″N0°53′53″W / 51.536°N 0.898°W / 51.536; -0.898

Henley-on-Thames ( /ˌhɛnli-/ ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ) HEN-lee) is a town and civil parish on the River Thames in Oxfordshire, England, 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Reading, 7 miles (11 km) west of Maidenhead, 23 miles (37 km) southeast of Oxford and 37 miles (60 km) west of London (by road), near the tripoint of Oxfordshire, Berkshire and Buckinghamshire. The population at the 2011 Census was 11,619. [1]

Contents

History

The first record of Henley is from 1179, when it is recorded that King Henry II "had bought land for the making of buildings". King John granted the manor of Benson and the town and manor of Henley to Robert Harcourt in 1199. A church at Henley is first mentioned in 1204. In 1205 the town received a tax for street paving, and in 1234 the bridge is first mentioned. In 1278 Henley is described as a hamlet of Benson with a chapel. The street plan was probably established by the end of the 13th century.

As a demesne of the crown it was granted in 1337 to John de Molyns, whose family held it for about 250 years.

The existing Thursday market, it is believed, was granted by a charter of King John. A market was certainly in existence by 1269; however, the jurors of the assize of 1284 said that they did not know by what warrant the earl of Cornwall held a market and fair in the town of Henley. The existing Corpus Christi fair was granted by a charter of Henry VI.

During the Black Death pandemic that swept through England in the 14th century, Henley lost 60% of its population. [2]

A variation on its name can be seen as "Henley up a Tamys" in 1485. [3]

By the beginning of the 16th century, the town extended along the west bank of the Thames from Friday Street in the south to the Manor, now Phyllis Court, in the north and took in Hart Street and New Street. To the west, it included Bell Street and the Market Place.

Henry VIII granted the use of the titles "mayor" and "burgess", and the town was incorporated in 1568 in the name of the warden, portreeves, burgesses and commonalty. The original charter was issued by Elizabeth I but replaced by one from George I in 1722. [4]

Henley suffered at the hands of both parties in the Civil War. Later, William III rested here on his march to London in 1688, at the nearby recently rebuilt Fawley Court, and received a deputation from the Lords. The town's period of prosperity in the 17th and 18th centuries was due to manufactures of glass and malt, and trade in corn and wool. Henley-on-Thames supplied London with timber and grain.

A workhouse to accommodate 150 people was built at West Hill in Henley in 1790, and was later enlarged to accommodate 250 as the Henley Poor Law Union workhouse. [5]

Prior to 1974 Henley was a municipal borough with a Borough Council comprising twelve Councillors and four Aldermen, headed by a Mayor. The Local Government Act 1972 resulted in the re-organisation of local government in that year. Henley became part of Wallingford District Council, subsequently renamed South Oxfordshire District Council. The borough council was replaced by a town council but the role of mayor was retained.

Landmarks and structures

Henley Bridge over the River Thames Henley Bridge.jpg
Henley Bridge over the River Thames

Henley Bridge is a five arched bridge across the river built in 1786. It is a Grade I listed historic structure. During 2011 the bridge underwent a £200,000 repair programme after being hit by the boat Crazy Love in August 2010. [6] About 1 mile (1.5 kilometres) upstream of the bridge is Marsh Lock. [7]

Henley Town Hall, which maintains a prominent position in the Market Place, was designed by Henry Hare and completed in 1900. [8]

Henley Bridge, engraved in 1812 from a drawing by J. P. Neale, and published in The Beauties of England and Wales Henley Bridge, engraved by Hay from a drawing by J.P.Neale, from Beauties of England and Wales, London, 1812.jpg
Henley Bridge, engraved in 1812 from a drawing by J. P. Neale, and published in The Beauties of England and Wales

Chantry House is the second Grade I listed building in the town. It is unusual in having more storeys on one side than on the other. [9]

Chantry House, next to the church Chantry House Henley-on-Thames.jpg
Chantry House, next to the church

The Church of England parish church of St Mary the Virgin is nearby and has a 16th-century tower. [10] [11]

The Old Bell is a pub in the centre of Henley on Bell Street. The building has been dated from 1325: the oldest-dated building in the town. [12]

To celebrate Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, 60 oak trees were planted in the shape of a Victoria Cross near Fairmile, the long straight road to the northwest of the town. [13] [14]

Two notable buildings just outside Henley, in Buckinghamshire, are:

Property

Lloyds Bank's analysis of house price growth in 125 market towns in England over the year to June 2016 (using Land Registry data), found that Henley was the second-most expensive market town in the country with an average property price of £748,001. [16]

Transport

Henley-on-Thames from the playground near the railway station Henley2.jpg
Henley-on-Thames from the playground near the railway station

The town's railway station is the terminus of the Henley Branch Line from Twyford. In the past there have been direct services to London Paddington. There are express mainline rail services from Reading (6  miles or 10 km away) to Paddington. Trains from High Wycombe (12 miles or 20 km away) go to London Marylebone. The M4 motorway (junction 8/9) and the M40 motorway (junction 4) are both about 7 miles (12 km) away. There are 2 bus services that runs from Reading through to Wycombe via Henley. They are the 800 and the 850 bus service. [17]

Well-known institutions and organisations

The River and Rowing Museum, located in Mill Meadows, is the town's one museum. It was established in 1998, and officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II. The museum, designed by the architect David Chipperfield, features information on the River Thames, the sport of rowing, and the town of Henley itself.

The University of Reading's Henley Business School is near Henley, as is Henley College.

Rupert House School is a preparatory school located in Bell Street.

Rowing

A race during the Henley Royal Regatta Henley regatta race.jpg
A race during the Henley Royal Regatta

Henley is a world-renowned centre for rowing. Each summer the Henley Royal Regatta is held on Henley Reach, a naturally straight stretch of the river just north of the town. It was extended artificially. The event became "Royal" in 1851, when Prince Albert became patron of the regatta. [18]

Other regattas and rowing races are held on the same reach, including Henley Women's Regatta, the Henley Boat Races for women's and lightweight teams between Oxford and Cambridge University, Henley Town and Visitors Regatta, Henley Veteran Regatta, Upper Thames Small Boats Head, Henley Fours and Eights Head, and Henley Sculls. These "Heads" often attract strong crews that have won medals at National Championships. [19]

Local rowing clubs include:

The regatta depicted throughout Dead in the Water, an episode of the British detective television series Midsomer Murders, was filmed at Henley.

Other sports

Henley has the oldest football team Henley Town F.C. recognised by the Oxfordshire Football Association, they play at The Triangle ground. Henley also has a rugby union club Henley Hawks which play at the Dry Leas ground, a hockey club Henley Hockey Club which play at Jubilee Park, and Henley Cricket Club which has played at Brakspear Ground since 1886. [20] a new club in Henley was started in September 2016 called Henley Lions FC.

Notable people

The actor David Tomlinson, seen here in the 1964 film Mary Poppins, was born and raised in the town. Mary Poppins4.jpg
The actor David Tomlinson, seen here in the 1964 film Mary Poppins , was born and raised in the town.

Media

Henley's local newspaper is the Henley Standard .

BBC Radio Berkshire (94.6,95.4,104.1,104.4), Heart Berkshire (97.0, 102.9, 103.4), Reading 107 (107.0), all broadcast from Reading, serve an area including Henley, as does Time 106.6 (106.6) broadcast from Slough. London's radio stations such as Capital FM and Magic 105.4 along with a few others can also be received. Regatta Radio (87.7) is broadcast during Henley Royal Regatta.

As Henley is on an overlap of TV regions, it is possible to receive signals from both BBC London and BBC South transmitters, as well as ITV London and ITV Meridian (West). However, the local relay transmitter for Henley only broadcasts programmes from ITV and BBC London, making Henley the only part of Oxfordshire included within the London television region.

Henley-on-Thames was represented in the 2010 American drama film The Social Network as the site of a rowing competition between the US and the Netherlands.

Twin towns/Sister cities

Henley is twinned with:

Friendship link with:

See also

Related Research Articles

Maidenhead Human settlement in England

Maidenhead is a market town in Berkshire, England, on the southwestern bank of the River Thames. It has an estimated population of 70,374. It is a town in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead and the part of the Berkshire county, forming part of the border with southern Buckinghamshire. Travelling by road, the town is situated 28 miles (45 km) west of Charing Cross, London, 13 miles (21 km) east-northeast of the county town of Reading, 31 miles (50 km) southeast of Oxford, 8 miles (13 km) east-southeast of Henley-on-Thames, 8 miles (13 km) south of High Wycombe and 7 miles (11 km) northwest of Windsor. The town differs from the Parliamentary constituency of Maidenhead, which includes a number of outer suburbs and villages such as Twyford, Charvil, Remenham, Ruscombe and Wargrave.

Fawley, Buckinghamshire Human settlement in England

Fawley is a village and civil parish in Wycombe district in the south-western corner of Buckinghamshire, England. It is on the boundary between Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire, about seven miles west of Great Marlow and north of Henley-on-Thames.

Marlow, Buckinghamshire Human settlement in England

Marlow is a town and civil parish within the Unitary Authority of Buckinghamshire, England. It is located on the River Thames, 4 miles (6 km) south south-west of High Wycombe, 5 miles (8 km) west north-west of Maidenhead and 33 miles (53 km) west of central London.

Henley Royal Regatta Recurring rowing event in Henley-on-Thames, UK

Henley Royal Regatta is a Rowing event held annually on the River Thames by the town of Henley-on-Thames, England. It was established on 26 March 1839. It differs from the three other regattas rowed over approximately the same course, Henley Women's Regatta, Henley Masters Regatta, and Henley Town and Visitors' Regatta, each of which is an entirely separate event.

Shiplake Human settlement in England

Shiplake consists of 3 settlements: Shiplake, Shiplake Cross and Lower Shiplake. Together these villages form a civil parish situated beside the River Thames 2 miles (3 km) south of Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, England. The river forms the parish boundary to the east and south, and also the county boundary between Oxfordshire and Berkshire.

The Isis Name for the River Thames in Oxfordshire, UK

"The Isis" is an alternative name for the River Thames, used from its source in the Cotswolds until it is joined by the Thame at Dorchester in Oxfordshire. It derives from the ancient name for the Thames, Tamesis, which in the Middle Ages was falsely assumed to be a combination of "Thame" and "Isis". Notably, the Isis flows through the city of Oxford.

Phyllis Court is a private members club in Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, England, situated by the River Thames.

Fawley Court

Fawley Court is a country house, with large mixed-use grounds standing on the west bank of the River Thames at Fawley in the English county of Buckinghamshire. Its former deer park extended east into the Henley Park area of Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire that abuts it to the south. Following World War II, it was run as Divine Mercy College by the Polish Congregation of Marian Fathers, with its associated library, museum and was one of the cultural centres for the Polish minority in the United Kingdom until its closure and sale in the 2009. It is listed at Grade I for its architecture.

Temple Island

Temple Island is an eyot in the River Thames in England just north (downstream) of Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire. The island is on the reach above Hambleden Lock between the Buckinghamshire and Berkshire banks, and is part of Remenham in Berkshire. The main significance of the island is that it lies at the start of the course for Henley Royal Regatta.

Henley Bridge

Henley Bridge is a road bridge built in 1786 at Henley-on-Thames over the River Thames, between Oxfordshire and Berkshire. The bridge has five elliptical stone arches, and links Hart Street in Henley with White Hill leading up a steep hill to Remenham Hill. It crosses the Thames on the reach between Hambleden Lock and Marsh Lock, carrying the Thames Path across the river. It is a Grade I listed building.

Shiplake railway station Railway station in the village of Lower Shiplake, Oxfordshire, England

Shiplake railway station is a railway station in the village of Lower Shiplake in Oxfordshire, England. The station is on the Henley-on-Thames branch line that links the towns of Henley-on-Thames and Twyford. It is 2 miles 60 chains (4.4 km) down the line from Twyford and 33 miles 61 chains (54.3 km) measured from London Paddington.

Kingston Rowing Club

Kingston Rowing Club (KRC) is a rowing club in England founded in 1858 and a member club of British Rowing.

Remenham Human settlement in England

Remenham is a village and civil parish on the Berkshire bank of the River Thames opposite Henley-on-Thames in southern England.

The Princess Royal Challenge Cup is a rowing event for women's single sculls at the annual Henley Royal Regatta on the River Thames at Henley-on-Thames in England. It is open to all eligible female scullers.

Maidenhead Rowing Club

Maidenhead Rowing Club is a rowing club, on the River Thames in England at Maidenhead, Berkshire.

Henley Park

Henley Park is a country house and landscape garden in Bix and Assendon civil parish in the Chiltern Hills of South Oxfordshire, England. The house is about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north of Henley-on-Thames. The park adjoins the county boundary with Buckinghamshire.

Poplar Blackwall and District Rowing Club

Poplar Blackwall and District Rowing Club is a rowing club in Millwall, on the River Thames in England, on the northern bank of the Thames opposite Greenwich on the Isle of Dogs, London.

Sambrooke Freeman

Sambrooke Freeman FRSA was a member of the prominent Freeman family of Fawley Court near Henley-on-Thames, England. He was a Member of Parliament, for Pontefract in Yorkshire from 1754–61 and Bridport in Dorset from 1768–74.

University College London Boat Club

University College London Boat Club (UCLBC) is a rowing club on the River Thames, based at Hartington Road, Chiswick.

Highmoor, Oxfordshire Human settlement in England

Highmoor is a village and civil parish in the Chiltern Hills in Oxfordshire, about 4 miles (6.4 km) west of Henley-on-Thames. The parish includes the hamlet of Satwell.

References

  1. "Area: Henley-on-Thames (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics . Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 14 March 2016. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  2. Hylton, Stuart (2007). A History of Reading. Phillimore & Co Ltd. p. 34. ISBN   978-1-86077-458-4.
  3. "Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; CP 40/892". Anglo-Ammerican Legal Tradition. University of Houston. Archived from the original on 29 February 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  4. Lewis, Samuel, ed. (1931) [1848]. "Hendred, East – Henstead". A Topographical Dictionary of England (Seventh ed.). London: Samuel Lewis. pp. 478–482. Archived from the original on 3 October 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  5. "Henley, Oxfordshire". The Workhouse. Archived from the original on 12 July 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  6. "Bridge damage costs £200,000 in repairs". Henley Standard . 5 September 2011. Archived from the original on 26 April 2014.
  7. "A user's guide to the River Thames" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 December 2013.
  8. Historic England. "Town Hall (1047802)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  9. Historic England. "Chantry House  (Grade I) (1047033)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  10. "St Mary's, Henley | THE PARISH CHURCH OF ST MARY THE VIRGIN, HENLEY-ON-THAMES". Archived from the original on 15 August 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  11. "The Tower and Chapel of St. John the Baptist" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 May 2021. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  12. "Old Bell". UK: Brakspear. Archived from the original on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  13. "Map". Google Maps . Google Maps. Archived from the original on 29 May 2021. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  14. "Oak trees planted for Victoria's diamond jubilee still going strong". Henly Standard. 18 February 2019. Archived from the original on 26 April 2021. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  15. "Briefing News Update — Henley Business School". University of Reading. Summer 2008.
  16. "The 10 most expensive market towns revealed - Money Observer". www.moneyobserver.com. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  17. "Arriva Bus". www.arrivabus.co.uk. Archived from the original on 23 September 2020. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  18. ""Royal Patronage", Henley Royal Regatta". Archived from the original on 19 August 2013.
  19. "2011 Henley Royal Regatta". world rowing. Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  20. "About Us - Henley Cricket Club". www.henleycricketclub.co.uk. Archived from the original on 26 April 2017. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  21. McKenzie, Andrea (2004). "Blandy, Mary" . Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/2620 . Retrieved 5 April 2020.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  22. Ian (12 January 2012). "Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin, Henley on Thames". Mysterious Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2020. (updated 26 December 2018)
  23. "Russell Brand taking to the water for big day". Henley Standard. 14 August 2017. Archived from the original on 5 December 2018. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  24. Mitchell, Rosemary, "Copley, Esther (1786–1851)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. (Oxford: OUP, 2004). Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Subscription required, accessed 8 May 2010

Further reading

Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 335–345. ISBN   0-14-071045-0.