Henri Félix Emmanuel Philippoteaux

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Lamartine, before the Hotel de Ville, Paris, rejects the Red Flag, February 25, 1848, Henri Felix Emmanuel Philippoteaux (1815-1884). The red flag represents terror, blood, and a "party's republic," Lamartine told the crowd. Lar9 philippo 001z.jpg
Lamartine, before the Hôtel de Ville, Paris, rejects the Red Flag, February 25, 1848, Henri Felix Emmanuel Philippoteaux (1815–1884). The red flag represents terror, blood, and a "party's republic," Lamartine told the crowd.
Print after Philippoteaux of Regiment colonel-general & Regiment suisse de Salis-Samade, 1786. Print after Henri Felix Emmanuel Philippoteaux, of Regiment colonel-general & Regiment suisse de Salis-Samade, 1786.jpg
Print after Philippoteaux of Régiment colonel-général & Régiment suisse de Salis-Samade, 1786.

Henri Félix Emmanuel Philippoteaux (1815–1884) was a French artist. He was born in Paris, France, studied art at the studio of Léon Cogniet, [1] and first exhibited his work at the Paris Salon of 1833. [1]

Studio artist’s or photographer’s workshop

A studio is an artist or worker's workroom. This can be for the purpose of acting, architecture, painting, pottery (ceramics), sculpture, origami, woodworking, scrapbooking, photography, graphic design, filmmaking, animation, industrial design, radio or television production broadcasting or the making of music. The term is also used for the workroom of dancers, often specified to dance studio.

Léon Cogniet French painter

Léon Cogniet was a French history and portrait painter. He is probably best remembered as a teacher, with over one hundred well-known students.

Contents

One of his best-known works was a depiction of the Siege of Paris during the Franco-Prussian War, [2] [3] painted in the form of a cyclorama, a type of large panoramic painting on the inside of a cylindrical platform designed to provide a viewer standing in the middle of the cylinder with a 360° view of the painting. Viewers surrounded by the panoramic image are meant to feel as if they are standing in the midst of a historic event or famous place.

Franco-Prussian War significant conflict pitting the Second French Empire against the Kingdom of Prussia and its allies

The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the War of 1870, was a conflict between the Second French Empire and later the Third French Republic, and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia. Lasting from 19 July 1870 to 28 January 1871, the conflict was caused by Prussian ambitions to extend German unification and French fears of the shift in the European balance of power that would result if the Prussians succeeded. Some historians argue that the Prussian chancellor Otto von Bismarck deliberately provoked the French into declaring war on Prussia in order to draw the independent southern German states—Baden, Württemberg, Bavaria and Hesse-Darmstadt—into an alliance with the North German Confederation dominated by Prussia, while others contend that Bismarck did not plan anything and merely exploited the circumstances as they unfolded. None, however, dispute the fact that Bismarck must have recognized the potential for new German alliances, given the situation as a whole.

A cyclorama is a panoramic image on the inside of a cylindrical platform, designed to give viewers standing in the middle of the cylinder a 360° view, and also a building designed to show a panoramic image. The intended effect is to make viewers, surrounded by the panoramic image, feel as if they were standing in the midst of the place depicted in the image.

Panoramic painting massive artwork that reveals a wide, all-encompassing view of a particular subject

Panoramic paintings are massive artworks that reveal a wide, all-encompassing view of a particular subject, often a landscape, military battle, or historical event. They became especially popular in the 19th century in Europe and the United States, inciting opposition from some writers of Romantic poetry. A few have survived into the 21st century and are on public display.

Philippoteaux also produced a large number of works chronicling the rise and successes of Napoleon Bonaparte, including a portrait of Napoleon in his regimental uniform and a group of paintings of French victories in the Napoleonic Wars. Philippoteaux was awarded the Légion d'honneur in 1846. [1] [4]

Napoleonic Wars Series of early 19th century European wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom. The wars stemmed from the unresolved disputes associated with the French Revolution and its resultant conflict. The wars are often categorised into five conflicts, each termed after the coalition that fought Napoleon: the Third Coalition (1805), the Fourth (1806–07), the Fifth (1809), the Sixth (1813), and the Seventh (1815).

Philippoteaux's son Paul Philippoteaux was also an artist; both were famous for their production of cycloramas. Father and son collaborated on The Defence of the Fort d'Issy in 1871. They also collaborated on a cyclorama of the Battle of Gettysburg that became a celebrated work in the United States:

Paul Philippoteaux French painter

Paul Dominique Philippoteaux was a French artist. He is best known for a cyclorama of the Battle of Gettysburg.

The Battle of Gettysburg, also known as the Gettysburg Cyclorama, is a cyclorama painting by the French artist Paul Philippoteaux depicting Pickett's Charge, the climactic Confederate attack on the Union forces during the Battle of Gettysburg on July 3, 1863.

"One cyclorama, however, halted the slide in popularity, and almost single-handedly revived the public's interest in the medium for another decade...this singular creation was initially painted in 1882-83 by Henry F. Philippoteaux and Paul Philippoteaux, a father and son team of French artists...within a year, half a million people had stood before it." [5]

Father and son enhanced the artistic effect of their cylindrical painting by adding a third dimension, including elements of diorama placed in front of the painting, and by incorporating sections of walls and battlefield objects that blended into the painted parts of the presentation. [6]

Diorama three-dimensional full-size or miniature model

The word diorama can either refer to a 19th-century mobile theatre device, or, in modern usage, a three-dimensional full-size or miniature model, sometimes enclosed in a glass showcase for a museum. Dioramas are often built by hobbyists as part of related hobbies such as military vehicle modeling, miniature figure modeling, or aircraft modeling.

He died in 1884 and his obituary in the New York Times appeared on November 10, 1884. [1]

Partial list of works

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Death of a French Painter" (PDF). The New York Times. November 10, 1884.
  2. "The Panorama of a battle. The picture of the Siege of Paris" (PDF). The New York Times. September 17, 1882. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
  3. Panorama of the Siege of Paris (by Philippoteaux) exhibited in Los Angeles Archived 2009-06-18 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Viardo, Louis. The Masterpieces of French Art Vol I. Ed. WM. A. ARMSTRONG. PHILADELPHIA: GEBBIE & CO., Publishers. 1883., p. 70.
  5. Sokalski, JA (2007). Pictorial illusionism: the theater of Steele MacKaye. McGill Queens University Press. p. 133. ISBN   978-0-7735-3204-5.
  6. Sokalski, p. 134