The Earl Fauconberg
|Born||13 April 1742|
|Died||23 March 1802 59)(aged|
|Spouse(s)||Charlotte Lamb Jane Cheshyre|
Henry Belasyse, 2nd Earl Fauconberg (13 April 1742 – 23 March 1802) was a British politician and peer.
Fauconberg was the son of Thomas Belasyse, 1st Earl Fauconberg and Catherine Betham.
Thomas Belasyse, 1st Earl Fauconberg was a British peer.
He served as the Member of Parliament for Peterborough between 1768 and 1774, sitting for the Whig party. Following his succession to his father's title in 1774, Fauconberg assumed his seat in the House of Lords. He was a Lord of the Bedchamber from 1777 until his death in 1802, and was Custos Rotulorum and Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire over the same period.
Peterborough is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Its current form is the direct, unbroken successor of a smaller constituency that was created in the mid-16th century and used for the legislatures of England, Great Britain and the United Kingdom (UK). The seat today elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post system of election since 1885, before which its earlier form had two-member representation using the similar bloc vote system and both forms had a broadening but restricted franchise until 1918.
The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom. Between the 1680s and 1850s, they contested power with their rivals, the Tories. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute monarchy. The Whigs played a central role in the Glorious Revolution of 1688 and were the standing enemies of the Stuart kings and pretenders, who were Roman Catholic. The Whigs took full control of the government in 1715 and remained totally dominant until King George III, coming to the throne in 1760, allowed Tories back in. The Whig Supremacy (1715–1760) was enabled by the Hanoverian succession of George I in 1714 and the failed Jacobite rising of 1715 by Tory rebels. The Whigs thoroughly purged the Tories from all major positions in government, the army, the Church of England, the legal profession and local offices. The Party's hold on power was so strong and durable, historians call the period from roughly 1714 to 1783 the age of the Whig Oligarchy. The first great leader of the Whigs was Robert Walpole, who maintained control of the government through the period 1721–1742 and whose protégé Henry Pelham led from 1743 to 1754.
The House of Lords, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Membership is granted by appointment or else by heredity or official function. Like the House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Officially, the full name of the house is the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled.
On 29 May 1766, he married the Hon. Charlotte Lamb, the daughter of Sir Matthew Lamb, 1st Baronet and sister of Peniston Lamb, 1st Viscount Melbourne. Together they had four daughters:
Sir Matthew Lamb, 1st Baronet was a British barrister and politician. He was the grandfather of Prime Minister William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne.
Peniston Lamb, 1st Viscount Melbourne, known as Sir Peniston Lamb, 2nd Baronet, from 1768 to 1770, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1768 to 1793. He was the father of Prime Minister William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne.
Sir George Wombwell, 2nd Baronet was an English first-class cricketer with amateur status who was active in the 1790s playing for Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC). He was born the son of Sir George Wombwell, 1st Baronet and succeeded his father in 1780. As a cricketer he was recorded in one first-class match in 1792, totalling 19 runs with a highest score of 19.
Bernard Edward Howard, 12th Duke of Norfolk, was a British peer. He was the son of Henry Howard and Juliana Molyneux (1749–1808).
Richard Bingham, 2nd Earl of Lucan, styled The Honourable from 1776 to 1795 and subsequently Lord Bingham until 1799, was an Irish peer and Tory politician.
On 5 January 1791 he married Jane Cheshyre, daughter of John Cheshyre, Esq., of Bennington co. Hertford. She died 4 April 1820 and they had no children.
As Fauconberg had no sons, his earldom became extinct upon his death. He was succeeded by his cousin, Rowland Belasyse, in his viscountcy and barony.Through his wife he was the uncle of the Whig Prime Minister William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne.
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne,, in some sources called Henry William Lamb, was a British Whig statesman who served as Home Secretary (1830–1834) and Prime Minister. He is best known for being prime minister in Queen Victoria's early years and coaching her in the ways of politics, acting almost as her private secretary. Historians have concluded that Melbourne does not rank highly as a Prime Minister, for there were no great foreign wars or domestic issues to handle, he lacked major achievements, he enunciated no grand principles, and he was involved in several political scandals in the early years of Victoria's reign.
Viscount Melbourne, of Kilmore in the County of Cavan, was a title in the Peerage of Ireland held by the Lamb family.
Viscount Massereene is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1660, along with the subsidiary title of Baron Loughneagh. From 1665 to 1816 the Skeffington Baronetcy of Fisherwick was attached to the viscountcy and from 1756 to 1816 the Viscounts also held the title of Earl of Massereene. Since 1843 the peerages are united with titles of Viscount Ferrard, of Oriel and Baron Oriel, both in the Peerage of Ireland, and Baron Oriel, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The Viscount also holds the subsidiary titles of Baron Loughneagh (1660) and Baron Oriel (1790) in the Peerage of Ireland and Baron Oriel (1821) in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. As Baron Oriel, he sat in the House of Lords until 1999.
Baron Fauconberg is an hereditary title created twice in the Peerage of England.
Viscount Fauconberg, of Henknowle in the Bishopric of Durham, was a title in the Peerage of England held by the head of the Belasyse family. This family descended from Sir Henry Belasyse, High Sheriff of Yorkshire from 1603 to 1604, who was created a Baronet, of Newborough in the County of York, in the Baronetage of England in 1611. His son, Sir Thomas, the second Baronet, was created Baron Fauconberg, of Yarm in the County of York, in the Peerage of England in 1627. In 1643 he was further honoured when he was made Viscount Fauconberg, of Henknowle in the Bishopric of Durham, also in the Peerage of England. He was succeeded by his grandson, Thomas, the second Viscount, the son of the Honourable Henry Belasyse. Thomas was created Earl Fauconberg in the Peerage of England in 1689. He was childless and the earldom became extinct on his death in 1700. He was succeeded in the remaining titles by his nephew and namesake, Thomas, the third Viscount, the son of Sir Rowland Belasyse. The third Viscount was succeeded by his son, Thomas, the fourth Viscount, who in 1756 was created Earl Fauconberg, of Newborough in the County of York, in the Peerage of Great Britain. The Earl's son Thomas, the second Earl, had no sons and the earldom became extinct on his death in 1802. He was succeeded in the remaining titles by his second cousin Rowland Belasyse, the sixth Viscount, the grandson and namesake of Rowland Belasyse, younger brother of the third Viscount. The sixth Viscount was succeeded by his younger brother, Charles the seventh Viscount, on whose death in 1815 all the titles became extinct.
John Manners, 2nd Duke of Rutland KG was the son of John Manners, 1st Duke of Rutland and his third wife Catherine Wriothesley Noel, daughter of Baptist Noel, 3rd Viscount Campden. He was styled Lord Roos from 1679 until 1703 and Marquess of Granby from 1703 until 1711.
John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer was a British peer and politician.
The post of Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire was created in 1660, at the Restoration, and was abolished on 31 March 1974. From 1782 until 1974, all Lords Lieutenant were also Custos Rotulorum of the North Riding of Yorkshire.
Thomas Pelham, 1st Baron Pelham of Laughton Bt was a moderate English Whig politician and Member of Parliament for several constituencies. He is best remembered as father of two British prime ministers who, between them, served for 18 years as first minister. Pelham was born in Laughton, Sussex, the son of Sir John Pelham, 3rd Baronet and his wife Lucy Sidney. Pelham was educated at Tonbridge School and Christ Church, Oxford. He sat for East Grinstead from October 1678 until August 1679. In October 1679 he was returned for Lewes, serving until 1702 ; he subsequently chose to sit for Sussex, a seat he held until 1705.
Armar Lowry-Corry, 1st Earl Belmore was an Irish nobleman and politician.
Brownlow Cust, 1st Baron Brownlow, known as Sir Brownlow Cust, 4th Baronet, from 1770 to 1776, was a British Tory Member of Parliament.
Baron Belasyse was a title that was created twice in the Peerage of England. The first creation came on 27 January 1645 when the Honourable John Belasyse was made Baron Belasyse of Worlaby in the County of Lincoln. He was the second son of Thomas Belasyse, 1st Viscount Fauconberg, the younger brother of the Honourable Henry Belasyse and the uncle of Thomas Belasyse, 1st Earl Fauconberg. He was succeeded by his grandson, Henry, the second Baron, the son of Sir Henry Belasyse, who was killed in a duel in 1667. The title became extinct when the second Baron died childless in 1691.
Newburgh Priory is a house near Coxwold, North Yorkshire, England. Originally an Augustinian priory, it was founded in 1145 and became a family home following the dissolution of the priory in 1538. The 40 acres of grounds contain a water garden, walled garden, topiary yews and woodland walks.
Thomas Belasyse, 1st Viscount Fauconberg, styled Baron Fauconberg between 1627 and 1643 and Sir Thomas Belasyse, 2nd Baronet between 1624 and 1627, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1597 and 1624 and was raised to the peerage in 1627. He was an ardent supporter of the Royalist cause in the English Civil War.
The Honourable Henry Belasyse (1604–1647), also known as Henry Bellasis was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons of England variously between 1625 and 1642.
Randal William MacDonnell, 1st Marquess of Antrim was an Irish peer.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
Sir Matthew Lamb, Bt
| Member of Parliament for Peterborough |
1768 – 1774
With: Matthew Wyldbore
|Peerage of Great Britain|
| Earl Fauconberg |
|Peerage of England|
| Viscount Fauconberg |
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