The Duke of Portland
|Member of Parliament for Southampton|
|Member of Parliament for Hampshire|
|Governor of Jamaica|
|Born||17 March 1682|
|Died||4 July 1726 44) (aged|
|Resting place||Westminster Abbey|
|Spouse||Lady Elizabeth Noel|
|Children||7,including William and George|
|Parent(s)|| William Bentinck,1st Earl of Portland |
Henry Bentinck,1st Duke of Portland (17 March 1682 –4 July 1726),of Titchfield,Hampshire,styled Viscount Woodstock from 1689 until 1709,was a British Whig politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons from 1705 until 1709 when he succeeded to the peerage as Earl of Portland. He was Governor of Jamaica from 1721 to 1726.
Bentinck was the second,but eldest surviving,son of William Bentinck,1st Earl of Portland,and his wife Anne née Villiers. His mother was from the Villiers family,the eldest daughter of Sir Edward Villiers and sister of Edward Villiers,1st Earl of Jersey. From 1702 to 1703,Bentinck did the Grand Tour around Europe,travelling through Italy and Germany with his tutor,the historian Paul de Rapin. On 9 June 1704,he married Lady Elizabeth Noel,daughter of Wriothesley Baptist Noel,2nd Earl of Gainsborough and Catherine Greville at Chiswick,an heiress with a fortune of £60,000,who brought him the estate of Titchfield in Hampshire. 
At the 1705 English general election,Bentinck was returned in a contest as Whig Member of Parliament for Southampton. Apart from carrying out minor functions,he appears to have been inactive in Parliament. At the 1708 British general election,he was returned unopposed for Southampton and in a contest at Hampshire,and opted to sit for Hampshire. He acted as a teller for the Whigs. He succeeded his father as Earl of Portland on 23 November 1709 and vacated his seat in the House of Commons to sit in the Lords. He now owned the principal family seat of Bulstrode in Berkshire,and also inherited estates worth about £850,150 in Cheshire,Cumberland,Hertfordshire,Norfolk,Sussex,Westminster and Yorkshire,In 1710,he was appointed Colonel of the 1st Troop of Horse Guards until 1713. He was created Marquess of Titchfield and Duke of Portland on 6 July 1716.  In 1719 he was one of main subscribers in the Royal Academy of Music (1719),a corporation that produced baroque opera on stage.  He was appointed Lord of the Bedchamber in 1717 and held the post for the rest of hislife.
Portland lost a huge amount of money in the South Sea Bubble in 1720. In 1721,he accepted the post of Governor of Jamaica,  which was a lucrative but not a very prestigious post,and one with a low survival rate.
Portland died in Jamaica at Spanish Town on 4 July 1726,aged 45,and his body was returned to England for burial. He was interred on 3 November 1796  in Westminster Abbey in the vault of the Dukes of Ormond located in the King Henry VII Chapel. Portland and his wife had three sons and seven daughters,  who included
William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-Bentinck,3rd Duke of Portland,was a British Whig and then a Tory politician during the late Georgian era. He served as Chancellor of the University of Oxford (1792–1809) and twice as Prime Minister of Great Britain (1783) and then of the United Kingdom (1807–1809). The gap of 26 years between his two terms as Prime Minister is the longest of any British Prime Minister. He was also the fourth great-grandfather of King Charles III through his great-granddaughter Cecilia Bowes-Lyon,Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne.
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Earl of Portland is a title that has been created twice in the Peerage of England,firstly in 1633 and secondly in 1689. What proved to be a long co-held title,Duke of Portland,was created in 1716 and became extinct in 1990 upon the death of the ninth Duke,at which point the earldom passed to the most senior agnatic cousin,namely one of the 6th degree.
William Henry Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck,4th Duke of Portland,,styled Marquess of Titchfield until 1809,was a British politician who served in various positions in the governments of George Canning and Lord Goderich.
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William Bentinck,2nd Duke of Portland,styled Viscount Woodstock from 1709 to 1716 and Marquess of Titchfield from 1716 to 1726,was a British peer and politician.
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William Henry Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck,Marquess of Titchfield —styled Viscount Woodstock until 1809—was a British Member of Parliament (MP) and peer. Born into the noble Bentinck family,his grandfather William Cavendish-Bentinck,3rd Duke of Portland,served as both Prime Minister of Great Britain and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Expected to succeed his father as the fifth Duke of Portland,Titchfield died at only 27 years old.
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