The Earl of Warrington
|Chancellor of the Exchequer|
|Preceded by||Sir John Ernle|
|Succeeded by||Richard Hampden|
|Member of the English Parliament |
|Born||13 January 1652|
|Died||2 January 1694 41)(aged|
|Children||George Booth, 2nd Earl of Warrington|
|Mother||Lady Elizabeth Grey|
|Father||George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer|
Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington (13 January 1652 – 2 January 1694) was a Member of Parliament, Privy Councillor, Protestant protagonist in the Revolution of 1688, Mayor of Chester and author.
Booth was a son of George Booth, Baron Delamer and Lady Elizabeth Grey.His maternal grandparents were Henry Grey, 1st Earl of Stamford and Anne Cecil, daughter of William Cecil, 2nd Earl of Exeter.
Booth served as a Member of Parliament for Cheshire in 1678, 1679 and 1679–1681,and was conspicuous for his opposition to Catholics. He married Mary Langham, daughter of Sir James Langham, 2nd Baronet, on 7 July 1670, and they had five children who lived past infancy – Elizabeth, died 1697, Mary, 1674-1741, George, 2nd Earl of Warrington, 1675-1758, Langham, 1684-1724, and Henry, 1687-1726. In 1684, he succeeded his father as the 2nd Baron Delamer.
At a treason trial in the House of Lords in January 1685/6, Delamer was accused of participation in the Monmouth Rebellion, and the presiding judge in the case was Judge Jeffreys, as Lord High Steward, sitting with thirty other peers. The defence secured an acquittal.
During the Revolution of 1688, Booth declared in favour of William of Orange, and raised an army in Cheshire in support of him. After William was installed as William III, he made Booth chancellor of the exchequer in 1689. He wrote a number of political tracts, which were published after his death as The Works of the Right Honourable Henry, Late L. Delamer, and Earl of Warrington.He also authored a tract in vindication of his friend, Lord Russel. He was created Earl of Warrington on 17 April 1690. He became mayor of Chester in October 1691, and died on 2 January 1694.
In the Dunham Chancel of the Church of Bowdon is a monument placed between two windows on the south side of the chapel, and divided into two tablets; the first of which is inscribed:
"Beneath lieth the body of the right hon'ble Henry Booth, earl of Warrington, and baron Delamer of Dunham Massey, a person of unblemished honour, impartial justice, strict integrity, an illustrious example of steady and unalterable adherence to the liberties and properties of his country in the worst of times, rejecting all offers to allure, and despising all dangers to deter him therefrom, for which he was thrice committed close prisoner to the Tower of London, and at length tried for his life upon a false accusation of high treason, from which he was unanimously acquitted by his peers, on 14 January, MDCLXXX V/VI which day he afterwards annually commemorated by acts of devotion and charity: in the year MDCLXXXVIII he greatly signalised himself at the Revolution, on behalf of the protestant religion and the rights of the nation, without mixture of self-interest, preferring the good of his country to the favour of the prince who then ascended the throne; and having served his generation according to the will of God was gathered to his fathers in peace, on the 2d of January, 169¾, in the XLIId year of his age, whose mortal part was here entombed on the same memorable day on which eight years before his trial had been."
On the other tablet is inscribed:
"Also rest by him the earthly remains of the r. hon'ble Mary countess of Warrington, his wife, sole daughter and heir of sir James Langham, of Cottesbrooke, in the county of Northamptom, [sic] knt. and bart. a lady of ingenious parts, singular discretion, consummate judgement, great humility, meek and compassionate temper, extensive charity, exemplary and unaffected piety, perfect resignation to God's will, lowly in prosperity and patient in adversity, prudent in her affairs, and endowed with all other virtuous qualities, a conscientious discharger of her duty in all relations, being a faithful, affectionate, and observant, wife, alleviating the cares and afflictions of her husband by willingly sharing with him therein; a tender, indulgent, and careful mother, a dutiful and respectful daughter, gentle and kind to her servants, courteous and beneficent to her neighbours, a sincere friend, a lover and valuer of all good people, justly beloved and admired by all who knew her, who having perfected holiness in the fear of God, was by him received to an early and eternal rest from her labours, on 23 March 1690/1, in the XXXVIIth year of her age, calmly and composedly meeting and desiring death with joyful hope and steadfastness of faith, a lively draught of real worth and goodness, and a pattern deserving imitation, of whom the world was not worthy. Heb. XI. 38."
William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire was an English soldier, nobleman, and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1661 to 1684 when he inherited his father's peerage as Earl of Devonshire. He was part of the "Immortal Seven" group that invited William III, Prince of Orange to depose James II of England as monarch during the Glorious Revolution, and was rewarded with the elevation to Duke of Devonshire in 1694.
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Henry Grey, 1st Earl of Stamford, known as the Lord Grey of Groby from 1614 to 1628, was an English nobleman and military leader. He was the eldest son of Sir John Grey and Elizabeth Nevill. His mother was probably a daughter of Edward Nevill, 8th Baron Bergavenny and his wife Rachel Lennard.
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There have been three baronetcies created for persons with the surname Booth, one in the Baronetage of England and two in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. The 1916 creation remains extant, the 1835 creation became extinct in 1896 and the 1611 baronetcy has been dormant since 1797. The senior line of the first creation was elevated to the peerage as Baron Delamer and Earl of Warrington.
Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney was an English politician and army officer. Often dismissed as a mere flunkey and court favourite, he was nevertheless an expert Statesman, with an adroitness for manipulating men. He was one of the Immortal Seven, and in fact the author of the invitation that group extended to their future King.
Earl of Stamford was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1628 for Henry Grey, 2nd Baron Grey of Groby. This Grey family descended through Lord John Grey, of Pirgo, Essex, younger son of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset, and younger brother of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk ; Suffolk was executed for treason in 1554 forfeiting his titles.
George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer, was an English landowner and politician from Cheshire, who served as an MP from 1646 to 1661, when he was elevated to the House of Lords as Baron Delamer.
Richard Lumley, 1st Earl of Scarbrough, was an English soldier and statesman best known for his role in the Glorious Revolution.
Hans William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland, Baron Bentinck of Diepenheim and Schoonheten, was a Dutch and English nobleman who became in an early stage the favourite of William, Prince of Orange, Stadtholder in the Netherlands, and future King of England. He was reportedly steady, sensible, modest and usually moderate. The friendship and cooperation stopped in 1699.
George Booth, 2nd Earl of Warrington was an English peer and landowner, who amassed a fine collection of silver.
Booth is a surname of northern English and Scottish origin, but arguably of pre 7th century Norse-Viking origins. It is or rather was, topographical, and described a person who lived in a small barn or bothy. Derived from the word "both", the word was used to denote various kinds of shelter, but especially a herdsman's dwelling on a summer pasture. The surname is most popular in Northern England, where early Scandinavian influence was marked, and to some extent in Scotland.
George Harry Booth-Grey, 7th Earl of Stamford and 3rd Earl of Warrington was an English cricketer, landowner and peer, who sat on the Whig benches in the House of Lords.
Charles Boyle, Viscount Dungarvan, 3rd Baron Clifford, FRS, was an English peer and politician. He was a member of a famous Anglo-Irish aristocratic family.
George Harry Grey, 5th Earl of Stamford, styled Lord Grey from 1739 to 1768, was a British nobleman, who additionally became a peer of Great Britain as Earl of Warrington in 1796.
Dunham Massey Hall, usually known simply as Dunham Massey, is an English country house in the parish of Dunham Massey in the district of Trafford, near Altrincham, Greater Manchester. It is now a National Trust property, open to the public. During World War I it was the Stamford Military Hospital.
George Harry Booth-Grey, 6th Earl of Stamford and 2nd Earl of Warrington, styled Lord Grey from 1768 to 1819, was a British peer and parliamentarian.
Edward Noel, 1st Earl of Gainsborough, 4th Viscount Campden was a British peer, styled Hon. Edward Noel from 1660 to 1681.
|Parliament of England|
Sir Fulk Lucy
| Member of Parliament for Cheshire |
With: Thomas Cholmondeley 1678–1679
Sir Philip Egerton 1679
Sir Robert Cotton, Bt 1679–1685
Sir Philip Egerton
Sir John Ernle
| Chancellor of the Exchequer |
The Lord Delamer
| Custos Rotulorum of Cheshire |
The Earl of Derby
The Earl of Derby
| Lord Lieutenant of Cheshire |
Title next held byThe Earl Rivers
The Marquess of Powis
| Custos Rotulorum of Cheshire |
|Peerage of England|
|New creation|| Earl of Warrington |
| Baron Delamer |