Henry Boyle, 1st Baron Carleton

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The Lord Carleton

PC
Henry Boyle Lord Carleton by Godfrey Kneller.jpg
Lord President of the Council
In office
25 June 1721 27 March 1725
Monarch George I
Preceded by Viscount Townshend
Succeeded by The Duke of Devonshire
Personal details
Born12 July 1669
Died31 March 1725(1725-03-31) (aged 55)
Education Westminster School
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

Henry Boyle, 1st Baron Carleton, PC (12 July 1669 – 31 March 1725) was an Anglo-Irish Whig politician who sat in the Irish House of Commons from 1692 to 1695 and in the English and British House of Commons between 1689 and 1710. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer and Secretary of State, and after he was raised to the peerage as Baron Carleton, served as Lord President of the Council.

Contents

Biography

Boyle was the son of Charles Boyle, 3rd Viscount Dungarvan and his first wife Lady Jane Seymour, daughter of William Seymour. He was educated at Westminster School and travelled abroad from 1685 to 1688, attending Padua University in 1685. [1] He entered the army under the auspices of his uncle, the Tory politician Lord Rochester. However, Boyle himself became a Whig, and in 1688 deserted the army of James II in favour of the Prince of Orange.

Arms of Baron Carleton. Baron Carleton coa.png
Arms of Baron Carleton.

In 1689, he was elected Member of Parliament for Tamworth, but was defeated the next year. [2] He spent the next two years in Ireland managing the family estates and represented Cork County in the Irish House of Commons in 1692. Also in 1692, he was returned as MP for Cambridge University at a by election on 21 November 1692, having been admitted at Trinity College, Cambridge on 9 November, and was awarded MA in 1693. [3] He became a prominent spokesman of the "country" opposition, but in 1697 he switched to the court party. Here he advanced quickly, becoming a Lord of the Treasury in 1699 and Chancellor of the Exchequer of England in 1701. [1]

Boyle picked up other offices during his career, becoming Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire and Lord Treasurer of Ireland in 1704, and was elected member for Westminster at the 1705 English general election. With the departure of Harley and his followers from the government, Boyle became Secretary of State for the Northern Department and Lord Treasurer Godolphin's principal lieutenant in the Commons. His and Godolphin's dominance in the ministry was increasingly overshadowed by the power of the Junto of Whig aristocrats, however, and in 1710 he retired from office and withdrew from politics with the arrival of Harley's new Tory ministry.

Baron Carleton

With the Hanoverian succession in 1714, Boyle was raised to the peerage as Baron Carleton, and became Lord President in 1721, an office in which he continued until his death in 1725.

Carlton Way, a road in north Cambridge that follows the path of the Roman Akeman Street, and the public house The Carlton Arms on the same road, are named after him. [4]

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References

  1. 1 2 "BOYLE, Hon. Henry (1669-1725), of Carleton House, Pall Mall, Westminster". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  2. "BOYLE, Hon. Henry (d.1725), of Pall Mall, Westminster". History of Parliament Online (1660-1690). Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  3. "Boyle, the Hon. Henry (BL692-)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  4. Gray, Ronald D; Stubbings, Derek (2000). Cambridge Street-Names: Their Origins and Associations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 2–3.
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Unknown
Member of Parliament for Cork County
1692–1695
With: St John Brodrick
Succeeded by
Sir St John Brodrick
Thomas Brodrick
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Robert Sawyer
Edward Finch
Member of Parliament for Cambridge University
1692–1705
With: Edward Finch 1692–1695
George Oxenden 1695–1689
Anthony Hammond 1698–1701
Isaac Newton 1701–1702
Arthur Annesley 1702–1705
Succeeded by
Arthur Annesley
Dixie Windsor
Preceded by
Sir Walter Clarges, Bt
Sir Thomas Crosse
Member of Parliament for Westminster
1705 – 1707
With: Sir Henry Dutton Colt, Bt
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for Westminster
17071710
With: Sir Henry Dutton Colt, Bt 1707–1708
Thomas Medlycott 1708–1710
Succeeded by
Thomas Medlycott
Sir Thomas Crosse
Political offices
Preceded by
The 2nd Earl of Burlington
Lord Treasurer of Ireland
1704–1715
Succeeded by
The 3rd Earl of Burlington
Preceded by
John Smith
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1701–1708
Succeeded by
John Smith
Preceded by
Robert Harley
Northern Secretary
1708–1710
Succeeded by
Henry St John
Preceded by
The Viscount Townshend
Lord President of the Council
1721–1725
Succeeded by
The Duke of Devonshire
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The 2nd Earl of Burlington
Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire
1704–1715
Succeeded by
The 3rd Earl of Burlington
Vice-Admiral of Yorkshire
1704–1715
Custos Rotulorum of the North Riding of Yorkshire
1704–1715
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Carleton
1714–1725
Extinct