Henry Carr

Last updated

Henry Carr
Paul Drayton, Henry Carr, Edwin Roberts 1964.jpg
Henry Carr (center) at the 1964 Olympics
Personal information
Born(1941-11-27)November 27, 1941
Montgomery, Alabama, United States
DiedMay 29, 2015(2015-05-29) (aged 73)
Griffin, Georgia, United States
Height1.91 m (6 ft 3 in)
Weight84 kg (185 lb)
Sport
SportSprint running
ClubPhoenix Olympic Club
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s)100 yd – 9.3 (1963)
100 m – 10.2 (1964)
200 m – 20.1 (1964)
400 – 45.4 (1963) [1]
Henry Carr
No. 28
Position: Safety
Personal information
Height:6 ft 3 in (1.91 m)
Weight:190 lb (86 kg)
Career information
College: Arizona State
NFL Draft: 1965  / Round: 4 / Pick: 43
AFL draft: 1965  / Round:  Red Shirt 3  / Pick: 21
(By the Kansas City Chiefs) [2]
Career history
Career NFL statistics
Player stats at NFL.com
Player stats at PFR

Henry Carr (November 27, 1941 – May 29, 2015) was an American track and field athlete who won two gold medals at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan. [1]

Americans Citizens, or natives, of the United States of America

Americans are nationals and citizens of the United States of America. Although nationals and citizens make up the majority of Americans, some dual citizens, expatriates, and permanent residents may also claim American nationality. The United States is home to people of many different ethnic origins. As a result, American culture and law does not equate nationality with race or ethnicity, but with citizenship and permanent allegiance.

Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing. The name is derived from where the sport takes place, a running track and a grass field for the throwing and some of the jumping events. Track and field is categorized under the umbrella sport of athletics, which also includes road running, cross country running, and race walking.

1964 Summer Olympics Games of the XVIII Olympiad, celebrated in Tokyo in 1964

The 1964 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Tokyo, Japan, from 10 to 24 October 1964. Tokyo had been awarded the organization of the 1940 Summer Olympics, but this honour was subsequently passed to Helsinki because of Japan's invasion of China, before ultimately being cancelled because of World War II.

Contents

Early life

Born in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1941, [3] Carr moved with his family to Detroit, Michigan when he was young. [4]

Montgomery, Alabama Capital of Alabama

Montgomery is the capital city of the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Montgomery County. Named for Richard Montgomery, it stands beside the Alabama River, on the coastal Plain of the Gulf of Mexico. In the 2010 Census, Montgomery's population was 205,764. It is the second most populous city in Alabama, after Birmingham, and is the 118th most populous in the United States. The Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area's population in 2010 was estimated at 374,536; it is the fourth largest in the state and 136th among United States metropolitan areas.

Detroit Largest city in Michigan

Detroit is the largest and most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest American city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County. The municipality of Detroit had a 2017 estimated population of 673,104, making it the 23rd-most populous city in the United States. The metropolitan area, known as Metro Detroit, is home to 4.3 million people, making it the second-largest in the Midwest after the Chicago metropolitan area. Regarded as a major cultural center, Detroit is known for its contributions to music and as a repository for art, architecture and design.

Prior to bringing his athletic talents to Arizona State University (ASU), Carr was a state champion sprinter for Northwestern High School in Detroit having posted a 100-yard time of 9.3 seconds. While competing for the ASU Sun Devils, he won three national titles; along the way setting world records at 220 yards and as a member of the Sun Devil 4 x 440 yard relay team.

Arizona State University Public university located in the Phoenix metropolitan area, Arizona, United States

Arizona State University is a public metropolitan research university on five campuses across the Phoenix metropolitan area, and four regional learning centers throughout Arizona.

Northwestern High School (Michigan) high school in Detroit, Michigan, United States

Detroit Collegiate Preparatory Academy at Northwestern is a public high school in Detroit, Michigan; it replaced the previous Northwestern High School and is a part of Detroit Public Schools. The most recent enrollment figures for Northwestern indicate a student population of approximately 2,000.

The Arizona State Sun Devils are the athletic teams that represent Arizona State University. ASU has nine men's and eleven women's varsity teams competing at the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I level as a member of the Pac-12 Conference. The mascot was adopted in 1946; earlier nicknames were the Normals and later, the Bulldogs. The Sun Devil mascot, Sparky, was designed by former Disney illustrator Bert Anthony. ASU's chief rival is the University of Arizona Wildcats.

Henry Carr won the 1963 NCAA title at 200 meters in 20.5; the same year he ran 20.69 to tie Paul Drayton for the USA title. Twice that season Carr ran world records; a non-ratified 20.4 for 220 yards and, three days later in a college triangular meet, a 20.3 for 220 yards. Henry Carr ran even faster in 1964; setting a world record of 20.2 for 220 yards. He also defeated Drayton into second place to win the national title. [5]

National Collegiate Athletic Association Non-profit organization that regulates many American college athletes and programs

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a nonprofit organization which regulates student athletes from 1,268 North American institutions and conferences. It also organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, and helps more than 480,000 college student-athletes who compete annually in college sports. The organization is headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana.

Paul Drayton (athlete) American sprinter

Otis Paul Drayton was an American sprint runner. He was an AAU champion in the 220 yd (200 m) sprint from 1961 to 1963. In 1961, he was a member of the world record of 39.1 seconds setting American 4 × 100 m relay team, and equaled the 200 m world record of 20.5 s in 1962. At the 1964 Olympics, Drayton won a silver medal in the 200 m and ran the opening leg for the gold medal winning American 4 × 100 m relay team, which set a world record at 39.06 seconds.

Olympics

It was at the 1964 Olympics where Carr would achieve his greatest fame; Carr won the 200 meters (in an Olympic Record time) and anchored the winning 4 x 400 meter relay team to a world record 3:00.7 (with Ollan Cassell, Mike Larrabee and Ulis Williams).

Ollan Conn Cassell was an American sprinter in the 1950s and 1960s, winning a gold medal in the men's 4 × 400 m relay at the 1964 Summer Olympics. In his early 30s, Cassell later became the executive director of the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU). Right now he serves as an adjunct professor for Olympic Sports history at the University of Indianapolis and is the president of the Indiana Olympian Association.

Mike Larrabee American sprinter

Mike Larrabee was an American athlete, winner of two gold medals at the 1964 Summer Olympics.

Ulis Williams athletics competitor

Ulis C. Williams is an American former athlete, winner of a gold medal in the 4×400 meter relay at the 1964 Summer Olympics. He later served as President of Compton Community College in Compton, California, from 1996 to 2005.

Carr had a fright in his qualification for the Olympics. He had won the semi-final trials held in New York in July and only had to prove his fitness at the final trials in September in Los Angeles. However, he was well beaten into fourth place in the final there and with only 3 to qualify he could have been eliminated. His earlier win was enough though to convince the selectors that he should go to the Olympics. [6] [7] [8]

Professional football career

Following the Olympics, Carr played American football in the National Football League. He was drafted in the fourth round of the 1965 NFL Draft by the New York Giants and played three seasons as a safety and cornerback with the Giants. In his last year with them he was hampered by a knee injury. [4]

In 1969, he had a try-out with the Detroit Lions but quit their training camp. [9]

Personal life

After he left the NFL he found difficulty in adjusting and finding work. He found new purpose in 1973 when he became a Jehovah's Witness. [1] [4] In the mid-1970s he was described as living a simple life with his family outside Atlanta, Georgia. [10] In later life, Carr became a Jehovah's Witness elder, and was reported to have done contracting work and owned a restaurant. [4] He died of cancer on May 29, 2015 in Griffin, Georgia. [11]

Accolades and awards

Carr was a 1975 Charter inductee in the Arizona State Sun Devils Athletics Hall of Fame. [12] In 1997, he was inducted into the USA Track and Field Hall of Fame. [13]

World records

Carr set the following world records during his track career: [14]

Note: he also ran a 20.4 s for 220 y on March 19, 1963 that was never ratified as a world record.

World rankings

Carr was ranked among the best in the US and the world in the 100, 200 and 400 m sprint events in the period 1962-64, according to the votes of the experts of Track and Field News . [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Henry Carr Archived May 22, 2014, at the Wayback Machine . Sports Reference
  2. "1965 AFL Draft". Archived from the original on February 25, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
  3. Richard Goldstein (June 7, 2015) Henry Carr, Olympic Sprinter and a Football Giant, Dies at 73. New York Times.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Richard Goldstein (June 7, 2015). "Henry Carr, Gold Medalist and Then a Giant, Dies at 73". The New York Times.
  5. "A History Of The Results Of The National Track & Field Championships Of The USA From 1876 Through 2014". Track and Field News. Archived from the original on March 16, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  6. Richard Hymans. "Olympic Trials History". Track and Field News. Archived from the original on March 23, 2015. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  7. Richard Rothschild (July 24, 1992). "Flexible Rules Helped Carr Rule In `64". Chicago Tribune.
  8. E L Quercetani & G Pallicca, A World History of Sprint Racing 1850-2005, p 90-91.
  9. "Carr Quits and Lions cut him". The Milwaukee Sentinel. August 29, 1969.
  10. Mickey Herskowitz and Steve Perkins (May 29, 1976). "Saturday Sportsline". Lakeland Ledger.
  11. Jeff Metcalfe (June 2, 2015) ASU, Olympic track champion Henry Carr dies at 73. azcentral.com
  12. "Men's and Women's Track and Field". Arizona State University Official Athletics Site.
  13. "Henry Carr". USA Track and Field.
  14. Progression of IAAF World Records 2011 Edition, Editor Imre Matrahazi, IAAF Athletics, p. 462.
  15. "World Rankings Index--Men's 100 meters" (PDF). Track and Field News. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 20, 2015. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  16. "U.S. Rankings Index--Men's 100 meters" (PDF). Track and Field News.[ permanent dead link ]
  17. "World Rankings Index--Men's 200 meters" (PDF). Track and Field News.[ permanent dead link ]
  18. "U.S. Rankings Index--Men's 200 meters" (PDF). Track and Field News.[ permanent dead link ]
  19. "World Rankings Index--Men's 400 meters" (PDF). Track and Field News.[ permanent dead link ]
  20. "U.S. Rankings Index--Men's 400 meters" (PDF). Track and Field News.[ permanent dead link ]