Henry Deane (archbishop of Canterbury)

Last updated

Henry Deane
Archbishop of Canterbury
Elected26 April 1501
Term ended15 February 1503
Predecessor John Morton
Successor William Warham
Other post(s) Lord Chancellor of Ireland (1491–1496)
Deputy Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (1496)
Bishop of Bangor (1494–1500)
Bishop of Salisbury (1500–1501)
Lord Keeper of the Great Seal (1500–1502)
Personal details
Died15 February 1503
Lambeth Palace, Surrey, England
Buried Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, England
Denomination Roman Catholic

Henry Deane (c.1440 – 1503) was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1501 until his death.


Early life and education

In 1457, Deane is recorded as a Canon of Llanthony by Gloucester, his first appearance in the records. In 1473 and again in 1488 he is recorded as having rented rooms from Exeter College, Oxford, from which it has been assumed that he was a student at the University.


In 1481, Deane was able to join the priory of Llanthony Prima in Monmouthshire to his own priory. He instituted a programme of building works at his priory and also added his own arms to the gatehouse. Later in 1485 when Henry VII came to the throne, Deane was able to continue in royal favour. [1] Deane was admitted to the society of Lincoln's Inn in 1489, suggesting knowledge of common law. On 13 September 1494, as part of a campaign to staff the Irish judiciary with Englishmen of proven loyalty to the Tudor dynasty, he was appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland under Sir Edward Poynings, in which capacity he made the opening address at the Drogheda Parliament of December 1494. When Poynings was recalled in January 1496, Deane was appointed his successor as Deputy Governor, but sour relations with the local clergy led to his removal in August of the same year. [2]


On 13 April 1494, he was appointed Bishop of Bangor (confirmed by the Pope in July 1495), where he engaged in rebuilding the fortunes of the diocese after the rebellion led by Owain Glyndŵr. On 7 December 1499, Henry VII appointed him to the much more significant bishopric of Salisbury, confirmed by the Pope on 8 January 1500.


On 13 October 1500, after the death of the Chancellor, Archbishop John Morton, Deane was appointed Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, which held until 27 July 1502. Thomas Langton, Bishop of Winchester, was elected to succeed Morton at Canterbury, but following his death on 27 January 1501, Deane was, in turn, elected on 26 April 1501. He was the first monastic to be elevated to Canterbury for 135 years and the last.

As archbishop, his main contribution was the negotiation of the Treaty of Perpetual Peace (signed January 1502) between England and Scotland, which also arranged the marriage of Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII, and James IV of Scotland. He also officiated at the wedding of Arthur, Prince of Wales and Catherine of Aragon, assisted by 19 bishops, on 14 November 1501.


Deane died on 15 February 1503, and was buried at Canterbury on 24 February. Sir Reginald Bray was one of his executors. Elrington Ball described him as one of the greatest ecclesiastical statesmen of his age. [3]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Morton (cardinal)</span> 15th-century Archbishop of Canterbury, Chancellor of England, and cardinal

John Morton was an English cleric, civil lawyer and administrator during the period of the Wars of the Roses. He entered royal service under Henry VI and was a trusted councillor under Edward IV and Henry VII. Edward IV made him Bishop of Ely and under Henry VII he became Lord Chancellor, Archbishop of Canterbury and a cardinal.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Warham</span> Archbishop of Canterbury

William Warham was the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1503 to his death.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arthur, Prince of Wales</span> Heir apparent of Henry VII of England

Arthur, Prince of Wales, was the eldest son of King Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, and an older brother to the future King Henry VIII. He was Duke of Cornwall from birth, and he was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester in 1489. As the heir apparent of his father, Arthur was viewed by contemporaries as the great hope of the newly established House of Tudor. His mother, Elizabeth, was the daughter of the Yorkist king, Edward IV, and his birth cemented the union between the House of Lancaster and the House of York.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Richard Foxe</span> 15th and 16th-century Bishop of Bath and Wells, Exeter, Durham, and Winchester

Richard Foxe was an English churchman, the founder of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. He was successively Bishop of Exeter, Bath and Wells, Durham, and Winchester, and became also Lord Privy Seal.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Edward Poynings</span> Member of the Parliament of England

Sir Edward Poynings KG was an English soldier, administrator and diplomat, and Lord Deputy of Ireland under King Henry VII of England.

The Lord High Chancellor of Ireland was the highest judicial office in Ireland until the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922. From 1721 to 1801, it was also the highest political office of the Irish Parliament: the Chancellor was Speaker of the Irish House of Lords. The Lord Chancellor was also Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of Ireland. In all three respects, the office mirrored the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andrew Forman</span> Scottish diplomat

Andrew Forman was a Scottish diplomat and prelate who became Bishop of Moray in 1501, Archbishop of Bourges in France, in 1513, Archbishop of St Andrews in 1514 as well as being Commendator of several monasteries.

Alexander Plunket was an Irish statesman and judge of the fifteenth century.

William Barons was the Bishop of London from 1504 to 1505. He was also Master of the Rolls of the Court of Chancery from 1502 to 1504.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">François Guillaume de Castelnau-Clermont-Ludève</span> French diplomat and cardinal

François Guillaume de Castelnau de Clermont-Lodève (1480–1541) was a French diplomat and Cardinal. He was the son of Pierre-Tristan, Seigneur de Clermont et de Clermont-Lodève and Vicomte de Nébouzan, and Catherine d'Amboise. His father was a member of the Order of Saint Michael. François' grandmother had been heiress of Dieudonné Guillaume de Clermont. He had an elder brother, Pierre de Castelnau, who was heir to the family estates. François was also the nephew of Cardinal Georges d'Amboise (1498-1510), who was largely responsible for François' swift rise to prominence in the Church. Cardinal d'Amboise had been Archbishop of Narbonne from 1491 to 1494.

Events from the year 1494 in Ireland.

This article is about the particular significance of the century 1501–1600 to Wales and its people.

Events from the 1500s in England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cardinals created by Alexander VI</span>

Pope Alexander VI created 43 new cardinals in 9 consistories:

John Topcliffe was an English-born judge who spent much of his career in Ireland, where he held office as Chief Justice of each of the three courts of common law in turn.

William Cosyn was priest, a JP for Somerset from 1506–1516, and Dean of Wells Cathedral from 1498–1525.

Clement Fitzleones, FitzLyons, or Leones was an Irish lawyer and judge. He held the offices of Serjeant-at-law (Ireland) and Attorney-General for Ireland and was briefly Deputy to the Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer.

Thomas Cusacke, Cusack or de Cusack was an Irish barrister and judge, who held the offices of Attorney General for Ireland and Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. He should not be confused with his much younger cousin Sir Thomas Cusack, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, who was a child of about six when the elder Thomas died.

Walter Ivers, Evers or Yvers was an English-born Crown official and judge in late fifteenth-century Ireland. For a few years in the 1490s, he was a key ally of Sir Edward Poynings, Lord Deputy of Ireland 1494-6.


  1. Ridgway, Author: Claire (15 February 2023). "February 15 - Henry Deane, the last monk to become Archbishop of Canterbury - The Tudor Society". www.tudorsociety.com. Retrieved 29 September 2023.{{cite web}}: |first= has generic name (help)
  2. Crimes, S.B. Henry VII Yale University Press 1999
  3. Ball, F. Elrington The Judges in Ireland 1221-1921 John Murray London 1926
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by Bishop of Bangor
Succeeded by
Preceded by Bishop of Salisbury
Succeeded by
Preceded by Archbishop of Canterbury
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by
John Morton
as Lord Chancellor
Lord Keeper
Succeeded by
William Warham