Henry Dreyfuss

Last updated
Henry Dreyfuss
Henry Dreyfuss.jpg
BornMarch 2, 1904
DiedOctober 5, 1972 (aged 68)
Occupation Industrial designer
Spouse(s)Doris Marks Dreyfuss
Children3

Henry Dreyfuss (March 2, 1904 – October 5, 1972) was an American industrial design pioneer. Dreyfuss is known for designing some of the most iconic devices found in American homes and offices throughout the twentieth century, including the Western Electric Model 500 telephone, the Westclox Big Ben alarm clock, and the Honeywell round thermostat. Dreyfuss enjoyed long-term associations with several name brand companies such as John Deere, Polaroid, and American Airlines.

Contents

Career

Dreyfuss, a native of Brooklyn, New York City, is one of the celebrity industrial designers of the 1930s and 1940s who pioneered his field. Dreyfuss dramatically improved the look, feel, and usability of dozens of consumer products. Sometimes compared to Raymond Loewy and other contemporaries, Dreyfuss was much more than a stylist; he applied common sense and a scientific approach to design problems, making products more pleasing to the eye and hand, safer to use, and more efficient to manufacture and repair. His work helped popularize the role of the industrial designer while also contributing significant advances to the fields of ergonomics, anthropometrics and human factors.

Dreyfuss began as a Broadway theatrical designer. Until 1920, he apprenticed under Norman Bel Geddes, who would later become one of his competitors. In 1929 Dreyfuss opened his own office for theatrical and industrial design. His firm quickly met with commercial success, and continued as Henry Dreyfuss Associates for over four decades after his death.

Designs

One of the NYC Hudsons given a streamlined casing of Henry Dreyfuss' design to haul the 20th Century Limited NYC Hudson2.jpg
One of the NYC Hudsons given a streamlined casing of Henry Dreyfuss' design to haul the 20th Century Limited

Later life and death

In 1955, Dreyfuss wrote Designing for People. A window into Dreyfuss's career as an industrial designer, the book illustrated his ethical and aesthetic principles, included design case studies, many anecdotes, and an explanation of his "Joe" and "Josephine" anthropometric charts. In 1960 he published The Measure of Man, a collection of ergonomic reference charts providing designers precise specifications for product designs. In 1965, Dreyfuss became the first President of the Industrial Designers Society of America (IDSA). In 1969, Dreyfuss retired from the firm he founded, [5] but continued serving many of the companies he worked with as board member and consultant. In 1972 Dreyfuss published The Symbol Sourcebook, A Comprehensive Guide to International Graphic Symbols. This visual database of over 20,000 symbols continues to provide a standard for industrial designers around the world.[ citation needed ]

On October 5, 1972, The bodies of Henry Dreyfuss (aged 68) and his wife and business partner Doris Marks Dreyfuss (aged 69) were found dead in the garage in 500 Columbia Street in South Pasadena, California by Dr. Edward Evans, the family physician. Both Mr. and Mrs. Dreyfuss both committed suicide together. Mrs. Dreyfuss was terminally ill at this time. Authorities reported the cause of death as carbon monoxide poisoning. Lieut. John R. Simmons, chief of the detective bureau of the South Pasadena police, reported that notes had been left. One note instructed the Dreyfuss's maid to call Dr. Evans upon her arrival this morning. Another note held the key to the carriage house and instructions to enter. Dr. Evans reported the deaths to the police at approximately 8:10 A.M. Mr. and Mrs. Dreyfuss are survived by their son, John A., and their two daughters, Ann and Mrs. George C. Wilson Jr.. [6] [7] [8]

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References

Notes

  1. Stoddard, Bill. "Westclox Big Ben and Baby Ben Advertising History". ClockHistory.com.
  2. 1 2 Drury, George H. (1993). Guide to North American Steam Locomotives. Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing Company. p.  271. ISBN   0-89024-206-2.
  3. White, Norval; Willensky, Elliot & Leadon, Fran (2010). AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. p. 317. ISBN   978-0-19538-386-7.
  4. "Designer of 1960s American Airlines logo tells Businessweek what he really thinks of AA's new logo". Sky Talk. Archived from the original on 2017-09-15. Retrieved 2017-09-14.
  5. Henry Dreyfuss Associates | People | Collection of Smithsonian Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum
  6. JONES, ROBERT A. (7 May 1997). "Our Dreyfuss Affair". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  7. "Henry Dreyfuss, Noted Designer, Is Found Dead With His Wife". The New York Times. South Pasadena, CA. 6 October 1972. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  8. "Henry Dreyfuss". Academy Stamp & Autograph. Archived from the original on 2020-08-01. Retrieved 2021-11-27.

Bibliography