|Chancellor of the Exchequer|
26 January 1828 –22 November 1830
|Prime Minister||The Duke of Wellington|
|Preceded by||John Charles Herries|
|Succeeded by||Viscount Althorp|
3 September 1841 –27 June 1846
|Prime Minister||Sir Robert Peel, Bt|
|Preceded by||Francis Baring|
|Succeeded by||Sir Charles Wood, Bt|
15 December 1834 –18 April 1835
|Prime Minister||Sir Robert Peel, Bt|
|Preceded by||The Duke of Wellington|
|Succeeded by||Lord John Russell|
|Born||19 March 1784|
|Died||12 January 1856 71)(aged|
|Political party||Tory, Peelite|
|Spouse(s)||Hon. Jane Montagu (died 1857)|
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
Henry Goulburn PC FRS (19 March 1784 – 12 January 1856) was a British Conservative statesman and a member of the Peelite faction after 1846.
Born in London, Goulburn was the eldest son of Munbee Goulburn, of London, by his wife Susannah, eldest daughter of William Chetwynd, 4th Viscount Chetwynd. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge.
Goulburn lived in Betchworth, Dorking in Betchworth House for much of his life.
Goulburn's inheritance included a number of sugar estates in Jamaica, Amity Hall in the parish of Vere, now Clarendon Parish being the most important. Slave labour was still being used to work the sugar plantations when he inherited the estates.
Goulburn never visited Jamaica himself, due his health and political work, he relied on attorneys to manage his estates on his behalf. One attorney in particular, Thomas Samson, held the top job at the estate from 1802–1818 and earned a reputation for cruelty towards Goulburn's slaves.
By 1818 the income from his Jamaican estates halved to less than £3,000 'although he did console himself that the condition of his slaves had probably improved'.
In 1808, Goulburn became Member of Parliament for Horsham. In 1810, he was appointed Under-Secretary of State for Home Affairs, and two and a half years later, he was made Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. It was in this capacity that James Meehan named Goulburn, New South Wales after him, a naming that was ratified by Governor Lachlan Macquarie. Still retaining office in the Tory government, he became a Privy Counsellor in 1821, and shortly afterwards was appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland, a position which he held until April 1827. Here, although he was frequently denounced as he was considered an Orangeman, he had a successful period of office on the whole, and in 1823 he managed to pass the Composition for Tithes (Ireland) Act 1823. In January 1828, he was made Chancellor of the Exchequer under the Duke of Wellington; like his leader, he disliked Roman Catholic emancipation, which he voted against in 1828.
In the domain of finance, Goulburn's chief achievements were to reduce the rate of interest on part of the national debt, and to allow anyone to sell beer upon payment of a small annual fee, a complete change of policy with regard to the drink traffic. Leaving office with Wellington in November 1830, Goulburn was Home Secretary under Sir Robert Peel for four months in 1835, and when this statesman returned to office in September 1841 he became Chancellor of the Exchequer for the second time. Although Peel himself did some of the chancellor's work, Goulburn was responsible for a further reduction in the rate of interest on the national debt, and he aided his chief in the struggle which ended in the repeal of the Corn Laws. With his colleagues, he left office in June 1846. After representing Horsham in the House of Commons for over four years, Goulburn was successively member for St Germans, for West Looe, and for the city of Armagh. In May 1831, he was elected for Cambridge University, and he retained this seat until his death.
Goulburn was a member of the Canterbury Association from 27 March 1848.
Frederick Goulburn (1788–1837), the first Colonial Secretary of New South Wales, was his younger brother. Henry Goulburn married the Hon. Jane, third daughter of Matthew Montagu, 4th Baron Rokeby, in 1811. They had four children. He died on 12 January 1856, aged 71. His wife died the following year.
Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, was a British statesman and Prime Minister (1812–1827).
Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon,, styled The Honourable F. J. Robinson until 1827 and known as The Viscount GoderichGOHD-rich between 1827 and 1833, the name by which he is best known to history, was a British politician during the Regency era. He was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom between August 1827 and January 1828.
Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne,, known as Lord Henry Petty from 1784 to 1809, was a British statesman. In a ministerial career spanning nearly half a century, he notably served as Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer and was three times Lord President of the Council.
Master of the Mint is a title within the Royal Mint given to the most senior person responsible for its operation. It was an important office in the governments of Scotland and England, and later Great Britain, between the 16th and 19th centuries. Until 1699, appointment was usually for life. Its holder occasionally sat in the cabinet.
Thomas Spring Rice, 1st Baron Monteagle of Brandon, was a British Whig politician, who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1835 to 1839.
Marquess of Lansdowne is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain created in 1784, and held by the head of the Petty-FitzMaurice family. The first Marquess served as Prime Minister of Great Britain.
Earl Peel is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The Peel family descends from Robert Peel, eldest son of a wealthy cotton merchant. The family lands, known as Drayton Manor, in the County of Stafford would become more commonly known in modern-day as an amusement park. The family seat is Elmire House, near Ripon, North Yorkshire.
Francis Thornhill Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook,, known as Sir Francis Baring, 3rd Baronet, from 1848 to 1866, was a British Whig politician who served in the governments of Lord Melbourne and Lord John Russell.
Edward Meyrick Goulburn was an English churchman.
Henry Boyle, 1st Baron Carleton, was an Anglo-Irish Whig politician who sat in the Irish House of Commons from 1692 to 1695 and in the English and British House of Commons between 1689 and 1710. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer and Secretary of State, and after he was raised to the peerage as Baron Carleton, served as Lord President of the Council.
Henry Bilson-Legge was an English statesman. He notably served three times as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the 1750s and 1760s.
The second Peel ministry was formed by Sir Robert Peel in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1841.
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John Leslie Foster, FRS was an Irish barrister, judge and Tory Member of Parliament (MP) in the United Kingdom Parliament. In 1830 he was appointed a Baron of the Court of Exchequer of Ireland.
Charles Chetwynd Chetwynd-Talbot, 2nd Earl Talbot, 2nd Viscount of Ingestre, 2nd Baron Dynevor, KG, PC, FRS, styled Viscount of Ingestre between 1784 and 1793, was a British politician. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland between 1817 and 1821.
This is a list of members of the government of the United Kingdom in office under the leadership of Lord Liverpool from 1812 to 1827. He was appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by the Prince Regent after the assassination of Spencer Perceval.
Hon. Hugh Percy was an Anglican bishop who served as Bishop of Rochester (1827) and Bishop of Carlisle (1827–56).
Matthew Montagu, 4th Baron Rokeby, FRS, 6th Bart., known as Matthew Robinson until 1776, was a British Member of Parliament, and briefly a baronet and Peer of the Realm.
Henry Bright was a British Whig politician, MP for Bristol 1820–1830.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir Samuel Romilly
| Member of Parliament for Horsham |
With: Joseph Marryat
Sir Arthur Piggott
Charles Philip Yorke
| Member of Parliament for St Germans |
With: William Henry Pringle
Henry Fitzgerald-de Ros
Sir Charles Hulse
| Member of Parliament for West Looe |
With: Sir Charles Hulse
| Member of Parliament for Armagh |
The Viscount Palmerston
| Member of Parliament for Cambridge University |
with William Yates Peel 1831–1832
Charles Manners-Sutton 1832–1835
Hon. Charles Law 1835–1850
Loftus Wigram 1850–1856
Spencer Horatio Walpole
| Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department |
John Hiley Addington
| Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies |
With: Henry Edward Bunbury 1812–1816
R. W. Horton
| Chief Secretary for Ireland |
John Charles Herries
| Chancellor of the Exchequer |
| Home Secretary |
Lord John Russell
| Chancellor of the Exchequer |
Sir Charles Wood, Bt