Henry I, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg

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Henry I, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg

Seal Heinrich I. (Holstein-Rendsburg) 01.jpg

Seal of Henry I from about 1295 to 1302
Born 1258
Died 1304
Noble family House of Schaumburg
Spouse(s) Heilwig of Bronckhorst
Father Gerhard I, Count of Holstein-Itzehoe
Mother Elisabeth of Mecklenburg

Henry I, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg (1258–1304) was the first Count of Holstein-Rendsburg.

Holstein-Rendsburg noble family

Holstein-Rendsburg is the name of a county that existed from 1290 to 1459, ruled by a line of the Schauenburg family.

Contents

Life

He was the son of Gerhard I, Count of Holstein-Itzehoe (d. 1290) and Elisabeth of Mecklenburg (d. c.1280). In 1285, he was able to persuade King Eric V of Denmark to release Duke Valdemar IV of Schleswig from captivity. After the death of his father, the surviving sons divided the county among themselves. Henry was awarded the division of Rendsburg. He was constantly at war with the Dithmarschen.

Gerhard I, Count of Holstein-Itzehoe Count of Holstein-Itzehoe

Gerhard I, Count of Holstein-Itzehoe was the only count of Holstein-Itzehoe.

Eric V of Denmark King of Denmark

Eric V Klipping was King of Denmark (1259–1286) and son of King Christopher I of Denmark. From 1259-1266, he ruled under the auspices of his competent mother, Margaret Sambiria (1230-1282). Between 1261 and 1262, the young King Eric was a prisoner in Holstein following a military defeat. Afterwards, he lived in Brandenburg, where he was initially held captive by John I, Margrave of Brandenburg.

Valdemar IV, Duke of Schleswig German noble

Valdemar IV Eriksøn was Duke of Schleswig from 1283 until his death in 1312. He was the eldest son of Duke Eric I of Schleswig and Margaret of Rugia.

Shortly before his death he introduced a toll on imported goods. Half the proceeds went to Hamburg, the other half was divided between Holstein-Schaumburg and Holstein-Rendsburg. After the Holstein-Schaumburg line died out in 1640, the Holstein half of the proceeds went to the Duchy of Holstein. After the Dukes of Holstein died out in 1768, the proceeds went to Hamburg [1]

Seal

The inscription in his seal reads: S (IGILLUM) * HINRICI * Comitis * HOLTSATIE * ET * EN * SCOWENBRCH (Seal of Henry, Count of Holstein and Schauenburg).

Marriage and issue

He married in 1289 to Heilwig (1265 – after 1324), the daughter of Count Floris of Bronckhorst. The couple had the following children:

Bronckhorst Municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Bronckhorst is a municipality in Gelderland, the Netherlands. The municipality is the result of a merger of the former municipalities Hengelo, Hummelo en Keppel, Steenderen, Vorden and Zelhem, on 1 January 2005. The new municipality is named after the medieval castle of the Bronckhorst family, who once ruled this area.

Gerhard III, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg Count of Holstein-Rendsburg

Gerhard III of Holstein-Rendsburg, sometimes called Gerhard the Great, and in Denmark also known as Count Gert or den kullede greve, was a German prince who ruled Schauenburg and Holstein-Rendsburg and a large part of Denmark during the interregnum of 1332–40.

Nicholas II, Lord of Werle was Lord of Werle-Parchim from 1283 until his death, and from 1292 Lord of Werle.

Adelaide of Holstein-Rendsburg, Countess of Schauenburg, was the daughter of Count Henry I and his wife, Helwig of Bronckhorst. One source gives her birthdate as 1299 in Rendsburg, Rendsburg-Eckernforde, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

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The Treaty of Ribe was a proclamation at Ribe made by King Christian I of Denmark to a number of Holsatian nobles enabling himself to become Count of Holstein and regain control of Denmark's lost Duchy of Schleswig. The most famous line of the proclamation was that the Danish Duchy of Schleswig and the County of Holstein within the Holy Roman Empire, should now be, in the original Middle Low German language, Up Ewig Ungedeelt, or "Forever Undivided". This was to assume great importance as the slogan of German nationalists in the struggles of the 19th century, under completely different circumstances.

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Counts of Schauenburg and Holstein German noble family

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House of Schaumburg

The House of Schaumburg was a dynasty of German rulers. Until c. 1485, it was also known as the House of Schauenburg. Together with its ancestral possession, the County of Schaumburg, the family also ruled the County of Holstein and its partitions Holstein-Itzehoe, Holstein-Kiel, Holstein-Pinneberg, Holstein-Plön, Holstein-Segeberg and Holstein-Rendsburg and through the latter at times also the Duchy of Schleswig.

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John I, Count of Holstein-Kiel Count of Holstein-Kiel

John I, Count of Holstein-Kiel was a member of the House of Schauenburg. He was Count of Holstein-Kiel from 1261 until his death.

Adolph VI, Count of Holstein-Schauenburg Count of Holstein-Pinneberg and Schauenburg

Adolph VI, Count of Holstein-Schauenburg (1256–1315) was the ruling Count of Holstein-Pinneberg and Schaumburg from 1290 until his death. He was the third son of Gerhard I and Elisabeth of Mecklenburg and was married to Helen of Saxe-Lauenburg, daughter of John I, Duke of Saxony.

Nicholas, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg Count of Holstein-Rendsburg and co-ruler of Schleswig

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Henry III, Count of Schauenburg-Holstein Count of Holstein and Bishop of Osnabrück

Henry III, Count of Schauenburg-Holstein was Bishop of Osnabrück as Henry I from 1402 to 1410, and also Count of Holstein-Rendsburg from 1404 until his death.

Holstein-Pinneberg countship

The County of Holstein-Pinneberg was a small territory which existed from 1290 until 1640, centred around Pinneberg in modern-day Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

References

  1. Eduard Wippermann, Kurze Staatsgeschichte der Herzogthümer Schleswig und Holstein, p. 61 Online
Henry I, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg
Born: 1258 Died: 1304
Preceded by
Gerhard I
as Count of Holstein-Itzehoe
Count of Holstein-Rendsburg
1290-1304
Succeeded by
Gerhard III