Henry IV, Count of Luxembourg

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Henry IV, Count of Luxembourg
Henry IV, Count of Luxembourg.png
Bornc.1112
Died(1196-08-14)14 August 1196
Echternach
Noble family Namur
Spouse(s) Laurette of Alsace
Agnes of Guelders

Issue

Father Godfrey I, Count of Namur
Mother Ermesinde of Luxembourg

Henry IV (c.1112 – 14 August 1196), called the Blind (l'Aveugle or der Blinde), was count of Luxembourg from 1136 until his death and count of Namur (as Henry I) from 1139 until his abdication in 1189. He was the son of Godfrey I, Count of Namur and Ermesinde, a daughter of Conrad I of Luxembourg.

Godfrey of Namur was a Lotharingian nobleman. He was Count jure uxoris of Porcéan from 1097 until his death. From 1102, he was also Count of Namur. He was the oldest son of Count Albert III and his wife Ida of Saxony, the heiress of Laroche.

Ermesinde of Luxembourg was a German noblewoman.

He inherited the counties of La Roche and Durbuy from his cousins Henry II of Durbuy and Henry of Laroche. When another cousin, Conrad II of Luxembourg, died he was granted that county by the Emperor Lothair II, who thus prevented its passing to the French count of Grandpré. At the same time he also inherited the advocacies of the abbeys of Saint-Maximin at Trier and Saint-Willibrord at Echternach. This was the cause of many conflicts with Albero of Montreuil, archbishop of Trier. Three years later, he inherited Namur from his father.

La Roche-en-Ardenne Municipality in French Community, Belgium

La Roche-en-Ardenne is a Walloon municipality of Belgium located in the province of Luxembourg and the arrondissement of Marche-en-Famenne. Lying beside a bend in the River Ourthe, the small town of La Roche-en-Ardenne is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the Ardennes.

Durbuy Municipality in French Community, Belgium

Durbuy is a Walloon city and municipality located in the Belgian province of Luxembourg. The total area is 156.61 km², consisting of the following sub-municipalities: Durbuy proper, Barvaux, Bende, Bomal, Borlon, Grandhan, Heyd, Izier, Septon, Tohogne, Villers-Sainte-Gertrude, and Wéris. On 1 January 2018 the municipality had 11,374 inhabitants with the most populous town of the municipality being Barvaux not Durbuy itself which is known in Belgium as the nation's smallest city.

Grandpré, Ardennes Commune in Grand Est, France

Grandpré is a commune in the Ardennes department in northern France. On 1 January 2016, the former commune Termes was merged into Grandpré.

In 1141, he helped Alberon II, Bishop of Liège take Bouillon with Renaut I of Bar. In 1147, he gave up Saint-Maximin, but he regained it on the death of Archbishop Albero de Montreuil in 1152. The new archbishop, Hillin of Falmagne, exchanged the rights over the abbeys with the town of Grevenmacher in 1155. In 1157, he married Laurette (d.1175), daughter of Thierry of Alsace, Count of Flanders, and Margaret of Clermont. They separated in 1163. Left without child, he designated his brother-in-law Baldwin IV of Hainault, husband of his sister Alice of Namur, as his heir. When Baldwin died in 1171, he designated Baldwin V. Baldwin V and Henry carried out two wars, in 1170 and 1172, with Henry III of Limburg.

Bouillon Municipality in French Community, Belgium

Bouillon [French pronunciation: ​[bu.jɔ̃]] is a municipality in Belgium. It lies in the country's Walloon Region and Luxembourg Province. The municipality, which covers 149.09 km², had 5,477 inhabitants, giving a population density of 36.7 inhabitants per km².

Hillin of Falmagne Roman Catholic archbishop

Hillin of Falmagne, was the Archbishop of Trier from 1152. He was an imperialist and a partisan of Frederick Barbarossa in the Investiture Controversy of the twelfth century.

Grevenmacher Commune in Luxembourg

Grevenmacher is a commune with town status in eastern Luxembourg, near the border with Germany. It gives its name to and is the capital of the canton of Grevenmacher, and, until its abolition in 2015, the district of Grevenmacher. The town is situated on the left bank of the Moselle River, in a wine growing region.

In 1171, Henry married a second time, this time to Agnes, daughter of Henry I, Count of Guelders and Agnes of Arnstein. Heirless still, he repudiated her in 1184, but fell seriously ill and rejoined her. In September 1186, a girl, Ermesinde, was born to them. This birth called into question the plan of succession, as Henry considered his promise to Baldwin null and void. Henry, then 76 years old, pledged his daughter in marriage to Henry II of Champagne. Baldwin still claimed his inheritance. It was then decided that Baldwin would inherit Namur, Ermesinde would inherit Durbuy and La Roche, and Luxembourg (fief masculin) would revert to the Empire.

Henry I, Count of Guelders (1117–1182) was Count of Guelders from 1131 until 1182. He was a son of Gerard II of Guelders and Ermgard of Zutphen.

The fiefs were dispensed in 1189. After the planned marriage between Ermesinde and the count of Champagne was cancelled, Henry bethrothed her instead to Theobald I of Bar. He entered into a war with Henry of Limburg and was defeated on 1 August 1194 at Noville-sur-Mehaigne. He died two years later in Echternach.

Echternach Commune in Luxembourg

Echternach is a commune with town status in the canton of Echternach, which is part of the district of Grevenmacher, in eastern Luxembourg. Echternach lies near the border with Germany, and is the oldest town in Luxembourg.

Ancestry

Henry IV, Count of Luxembourg
Born: 1112 Died: 14 August 1196
Preceded by
Conrad II
Count of Luxembourg
1136–1196
Succeeded by
Otto
Preceded by
Godfrey I
Count of Namur
1139–1189
Succeeded by
Baldwin I as Margrave


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