Henry L. Pinckney
|29th Mayor of Charleston, South Carolina|
September 4, 1837 – September 7, 1840
|Preceded by||Robert Young Hayne|
|Succeeded by||Jacob F. Mintzing|
September 5,1831 –September 2,1833
|Preceded by||James R. Pringle|
|Succeeded by||Edward W. North|
September 7,1829 –September 6,1830
|Preceded by||John Gadsden|
|Succeeded by||James R. Pringle|
|Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives |
from South Carolina's 1st district
March 4,1833 –March 3,1837
|Preceded by||William Drayton|
|Succeeded by||Hugh S. Legaré|
|18th Speaker of the South Carolina House of Representatives|
November 22,1830 –March 4,1833
|Governor|| James Hamilton Jr. |
Robert Young Hayne
|Preceded by||Benjamin Faneuil Dunkin|
|Succeeded by||Patrick Noble|
|Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from St. Philip's and St. Michael's Parish|
November 22,1830 –March 4,1833
November 25,1816 –January 30,1828
Henry Laurens Pinckney
Charleston,South Carolina,United States
|Died||February 3,1863 68) (aged|
Charleston,South Carolina,Confederate States
|Spouse(s)||Harriet Lee Post|
|Alma mater||South Carolina College|
Henry Laurens Pinckney (September 24,1794 –February 3,1863) was a U.S. Representative from South Carolina,and the son of Charles Pinckney and Mary Eleanor Laurens.
Born in Charleston,South Carolina,Pinckney attended private schools. He graduated from South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) at Columbia in 1812. He studied law and was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Charleston.
Pinckney served as a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives (1816–1832). He founded the Charleston Mercury in 1819 and was its sole editor for fifteen years. Between 1829 and 1840,he served six terms as intendant or mayor of Charleston.In 1838,he won among a field of four candidates with the following votes:Pinckney (600),Col. James Lynah (575),Dr. Joseph Johnston (203),and Dr. J.W. Schmidt (141).
Pinckney was elected as a Nullifier to the Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth Congresses (March 4,1833 –March 3,1837). He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1836,having been labelled a "traitor" by ultra-conservative Southerners for compromising with New York's Martin van Buren on the 1836 "gag-rule" bill.
Pinckney served as collector of the port of Charleston in 1841 and 1842 and as the tax collector of St. Philip's and St. Michael's parishes (1845–1863).
Pinckney married Harriet Lee Post,the daughter of Chaplain of the Senate Reuben Post and Harriet Moffitt,a granddaughter of Richard Henry Lee. He died in Charleston,South Carolina on February 3,1863 (during the time when South Carolina had seceded and joined the Confederate States) and was buried in the Circular Congregational Church Burying Ground.
Charles Pinckney was an American Founding Father,planter,and politician who was a signer of the United States Constitution. He was elected and served as the 37th Governor of South Carolina,later serving two more non-consecutive terms. He also served as a US Senator and a member of the House of Representatives. He was first cousin once removed of fellow signer Charles Cotesworth Pinckney.
William Jones Lowndes was an American lawyer,planter,and politician from South Carolina. He represented the state in the U.S. Congress from 1811 to May 8,1822,when he resigned for health reasons.
Ralph Izard was a U.S. politician. He served as President pro tempore of the United States Senate in 1794.
Robert Young Hayne was an American lawyer,planter and politician. He served in the United States Senate from 1823 to 1832,as Governor of South Carolina 1832–1834,and as Mayor of Charleston 1836–1837. He was a vocal proponent of the states' rights doctrine,in collaboration with John C. Calhoun and James Hamilton Jr.
William Aiken Jr. was the 61st governor of South Carolina,serving from 1844 to 1846. He also served in the state legislature and the United States House of Representatives,running unsuccessfully for speaker of the House in 1856 in "the longest and most contentious Speaker election in House history."
Milledge Luke Bonham was an American politician and Congressman. He was later the 70th Governor of South Carolina from 1862 until 1864,and a Confederate General during the American Civil War.
Patrick Walsh was an American politician and journalist.
Samuel Tredwell Sawyer was an attorney and politician. Although he served as Congressional Representative,today he is mostly remembered for fathering the two children of the young slave Harriet Jacobs,in whose autobiography,Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl,he features prominently.
Scholars have identified more than 1,500 African American officeholders who served during the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877) after passage of the Reconstruction Acts in 1867 and 1868 as well as in the years after Reconstruction before white supremacy,disenfranchisement,and the Democratic Party fully reasserted control in Southern states. Historian Canter Brown,Jr. noted that in some states,such as Florida,the highest number of African Americans were elected or appointed to offices after 1877 and the end of Reconstruction. The following is a partial list some of the most notable of the officeholders pre–1900.
Edmund William McGregor Mackey was a lawyer,state representstive,and United States Representative from South Carolina. He was a leader in the Republican Party.
Robert Pinckney Dunlap was the 11th Governor of Maine and a U.S. Representative from Maine.
William John Grayson was a U.S. Representative from South Carolina. He was also a poet.
Armistead Burt was a U.S. Representative from South Carolina.
William Dickinson Martin was a U.S. Representative from South Carolina.
John Anderson was an American politician from Maine. Anderson served as United States Representative from Maine from 1825 to 833.
John Mathews was a Founding Father of the United States and lawyer from Charleston,South Carolina. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1781 where he endorsed the Articles of Confederation on behalf of South Carolina. On his return,he was elected the 33rd Governor of South Carolina,serving a single term in 1782 and 1783.
Reuben Post was a Presbyterian clergyman who served two separate terms as Chaplain of the United States House of Representatives and also served as Chaplain of the Senate of the United States (1819).
Martha Laurens Ramsay was an American woman from Charleston,South Carolina. A daughter of Henry Laurens,she was married to Dr. David Ramsay. Her diary and private letters,which were published by her husband after her death under the title Memoirs of the Life of Martha Laurens Ramsay,provide a historically valuable account of a Southern woman's life during the American Revolutionary War and the early years of the nation.
Elias Horry was a lawyer,politician,businessman and plantation owner who twice served in the South Carolina General Assembly as well as the intendant (mayor) of Charleston,South Carolina,serving two terms from 1815 to 1817 and 1820 to 1821.
James Reid Pringle was the thirtieth intendant (mayor) of Charleston,South Carolina,serving one term from 1830 to 1831.