Henry Lemoine (1756–1812) was an English author and bookseller.
From a Huguenot background, he was born in Spitalfields 14 January 1756, and baptised in the French church De La Patente in Brown's Lane there, 1 February 1756. He was the only son of Henry Lemoine who had left Normandy for Jersey, who died in April 1760; his mother, Anne I. Cenette, was a native of Guernsey. He was educated at a free school run French Calvinists in the East End of London, and in 1770 was apprenticed to a stationer and rag merchant in Lamb Street, Spitalfields. 
From Spitalfields Lemoine moved about 1773 to the shop of a Mr. Chatterton, a baker and bookseller. He then became for a time French master in a boarding-school at Vauxhall, kept by one Mannypenny, a post lost by the hoax that he was incapable of speaking a word of English. On coming of age in 1777 he inherited property in Jersey, purchased a bookstall in the Little Minories, and began writing for magazines. He also dispensed drugs, including the "bug-water" of Thomas Marryat's recipe. 
In 1780 Lemoine moved to a stand in the churchyard at Bishopsgate, Churchyard, and became acquainted with David Levi the Jewish apologist, whom he supplied with materials for his controversy with Joseph Priestley. About this period he met with Levi and other writers at the house of George Lackington in Chiswell Street. On 8 October 1788 he was admitted a freeman of the Leathersellers Company by redemption. 
In 1792 Lemoine started the Conjurors' Magazine, with embodied a translation of the treatise on physiognomy by Johann Kaspar Lavater. It sold well, but by 1793, when it became known as the Astrologer's Magazine, Lemoine's connection with it had practically ceased; it did include reprints of some stories of his from the Arminian Magazine and elsewhere. In 1793 he started the Wonderful Magazine and Marvellous Chronicle, to which he contributed biographies including one of Baron Diego Pereira d'Aguilar. 
In 1794 Lemoine was in the copperplate printing business, but lost heavily, was imprisoned for debt, and separated from his wife. In 1795 he had to give up his bookshop,  and peddled pamphlets and chapbooks. Simultaneously he did much hack-work, translation and compilation for London booksellers. eventually becoming the recognised doyen of his profession. 
About 1807 Lemoine again set up in business, with a small bookstand in Parliament Street a small stand of books. Towards the end of his life he lived in the house of a Mr. Broom in Drury Lane, but he was still active with his pen, and started the Eccentric Magazine, before the conclusion of the first volume of which he died on 30 April 1812 in St. Bartholomew's Hospital. He had a reputation as careless with money and a drinker. His studies were generally carried on in the street, and his books written on loose papers in public houses. 
Lemoine's major work was published in 1797, Typographical Antiquities.  There was a second edition, with slightly altered title, 1801. 
While with Chatterton, Lemoine wrote for an amateur dramatic club two satirical pieces in the manner of Charles Churchill, The Stinging Nettle and The Reward of Merit. Extracts from the latter appeared in The London Magazine , July and August 1780. Under the pseudonym "Allan Macleod" he attacked George Lackington in his ironical Lackington's Confessions rendered into Narrative (1804). 
In 1786 Lemoine published anonymously The Kentish Curate, or the History of Lamuel Lyttleton, an improper narrative romance in four volume. About this time he also issued a reprint of John Cleland's pornographic Fanny Hill . In 1790 he published a rhymed version of Robert Blair's The Grave . In 1791 he compiled Visits from the World of Spirits, or interesting anecdotes of the Dead … containing narratives of the appearances of many departed spirits; a second edition was published (Glasgow, 1845). In 1793 he edited a herbal on the lines of Nicholas Culpeper's, The Medical Uses of English Plants. 
In 1795 Lemoine supplied much verse on Charlotte and Werther to the Lady's New and Elegant Pocket Magazine. From 1803 to 1806, he was working on the bibliographical dictionary of Adam Clarke. He wrote a pseudonymous life of Abraham Goldsmid; most of his works were anonymous, and others may not be easily identified., He was a frequent contributor to the Gentleman's Magazine, and wrote odes on other hack writers, listed in William Granger's New Wonderful Museum. 
He married the Gothic chapbook publisher, Ann Lemoine on 8 January 1786.  They had two children. 
Thomas Tyrwhitt was an English classical scholar and critic.
Thomas Chatterton was an English poet whose precocious talents ended in suicide at age 17. He was an influence on Romantic artists of the period such as Shelley, Keats, Wordsworth and Coleridge.
John Nichols was an English printer, author and antiquary. He is remembered as an influential editor of the Gentleman's Magazine for nearly 40 years; author of a monumental county history of Leicestershire; author of two compendia of biographical material relating to his literary contemporaries; and as one of the agents behind the first complete publication of Domesday Book in 1783.
Admiral of the Fleet James Gambier, 1st Baron Gambier, was a Royal Navy officer. After seeing action at the capture of Charleston during the American Revolutionary War, he saw action again, as captain of the third-rate HMS Defence, at the battle of the Glorious First of June in 1794, during the French Revolutionary Wars, gaining the distinction of commanding the first ship to break through the enemy line.
John Taylor was an English publisher, essayist, and writer. He is noted as the publisher of the poets John Keats and John Clare.
[[Image:Temple of the muses exterior colored.jpg|thumb|Exterior of the Temple of the Muses bookshop sold to Jones & Co. after Lackington's death, circa 1828.]
Rear-Admiral Henry Lidgbird Ball (1756–1818) was a Royal Navy officer, best known for discovering and exploring Lord Howe Island.
William Hutton was an English poet and historian. Originally from Derby, he moved to Birmingham and became the first significant historian of the city, publishing his History of Birmingham in 1781.
Luke White was an Irish bookseller, operator of a lottery and Whig politician.
David Levi was an English-Jewish writer, Hebraist, Jewish apologist, translator, and poet.
George Lackington (1777–1844) was an English bookseller and publisher.
John Carter (1748-1817) was an English draughtsman and architect, an early advocate of the revival of Gothic architecture.
William Herbert (1718–1795) was an English bibliographer, known for his revision of the Typographical Antiquities of Joseph Ames.
William Russell (1741–1793) was a Scottish historical and miscellaneous writer.
William Jones (1762–1846) was a Welsh bookseller, religious writer, and member of the Scotch Baptist church in Finsbury, London.
Edward Kimber (1719–1769) was an English novelist, journalist and compiler of reference works.
Thomas Marryat M.D. (1730–1792) was an English physician, known also as a medical writer and wit.
Ann Lemoine was a British chapbook bookseller and publisher who specialized in Gothic Blue Books. She innovated the marketing and distribution of short Gothic tales. Her works were found in prominent circulating libraries. On 8 January 1786, she married Henry Lemoine at St Luke Old Street. Lemoine was an author, pedestrian bookseller, and chapbooker. They had two children. By 1794, the Lemoines encountered financial troubles in their business, which led to the husband's imprisonment. She separated from Henry who was shortly reduced to selling books without an office although he went on to write several non-fiction works. Meanwhile, Ann had begun publishing chapbooks on her own in 1795. By 1798, Lemoine established her own business as a London publisher, publishing more than 400 chapbooks between 1795-1820, some of which she may have written.
John Goldicutt was a British architect, the son of a bank cashier, who was better known for his architectural drawings than his completed buildings. He won medals in London and Paris for his drawings and a gold medal from the Pope for his drawing of a section of St Peter's, Rome.
Samuel Glasse D.D. (1735–1812) was an English cleric and Fellow of the Royal Society. He was of High Church views, in the circle of William Jones of Nayland, a Hutchinsonian, and a loyalist of the unrest in the 1790s.