Henry Luttrell, 2nd Earl of Carhampton

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The Earl of Carhampton
Henryluttrell.png
The Earl of Carhampton
Born 7 August 1743
Died 25 April 1821(1821-04-25) (aged 77)
London
AllegianceUnion flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1757–1798
Rank General
Commands held Ireland
Battles/wars Seven Years' War
United Irishmen Rebellion

General Henry Lawes Luttrell, 2nd Earl of Carhampton PC (7 August 1743 25 April 1821) was a politician and soldier. He was the son of Simon Luttrell, 1st Earl of Carhampton, and brother-in-law of Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn.

General is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army. The rank can also be held by Royal Marines officers in tri-service posts, for example, General Sir Gordon Messenger the Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff. It ranks above lieutenant-general and, in the Army, is subordinate to the rank of field marshal, which is now only awarded as an honorary rank. The rank of general has a NATO-code of OF-9, and is a four-star rank. It is equivalent to a full admiral in the Royal Navy or an air chief marshal in the Royal Air Force.

The Privy Council of Ireland was an institution of the Kingdom of Ireland until 31 December 1800 and of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1922. It performed a similar role in the Dublin Castle administration in Ireland to that of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom in the government of the United Kingdom.

A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.

Contents

Military career

Educated at Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford, Luttrell was commissioned into the 48th Regiment of Foot in 1757. [1] Two years later he became lieutenant of the 34th Regiment of Foot.

Westminster School school in Westminster, London, England

Westminster School is an independent day and boarding school in London, England, located within the precincts of Westminster Abbey. With origins before the 12th century, the educational tradition of Westminster probably dates back as far as 960, in line with the Abbey's history. Boys are admitted to the Under School at age seven and to the senior school at age thirteen; girls are admitted at age sixteen into the Sixth Form. The school has around 750 pupils; around a quarter are boarders, most of whom go home at weekends, after Saturday morning school. The school motto, Dat Deus Incrementum, is taken from the New Testament, specifically 1 Corinthians 3:6.

Christ Church, Oxford constituent college of the University of Oxford in England

Christ Church is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Christ Church is a joint foundation of the college and the cathedral of the Oxford diocese, which serves as the college chapel and whose dean is ex officio the college head.

In 1762, during the Seven Years' War, he became Deputy Adjutant-General of the British Forces in Portugal. In 1768 he became a Tory Member of Parliament in for the village of Bossiney, Cornwall. [2] Then in 1769 he became Member of Parliament for Middlesex defeating John Wilkes in controversial circumstances; Wilkes outpolled him by a large margin, but the House of Commons declared that Luttrell "should have been returned" and seated him. [3] As a reward for unseating Wilkes he was made Adjutant-General for Ireland in 1770. [1] He then became active in Irish politics and between 1783 and 1787, he sat in the Irish House of Commons for Old Leighlin. [1]

Seven Years War Global conflict between 1756 and 1763

The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763. It involved every European great power of the time and spanned five continents, affecting Europe, the Americas, West Africa, India, and the Philippines. The conflict split Europe into two coalitions, led by the Kingdom of Great Britain on one side and the Kingdom of France, the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Spain, and the Swedish Empire on the other. Meanwhile, in India, some regional polities within the increasingly fragmented Mughal Empire, with the support of the French, tried to crush a British attempt to conquer Bengal. The war's extent has led some historians to describe it as World War Zero, similar in scale to other world wars.

Portugal Republic in Southwestern Europe

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a country located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europe. It is bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain. Its territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments.

Tory A conservative political philosophy

A Tory is a person who holds a political philosophy known as Toryism, based on a British version of traditionalism and conservatism, which upholds the supremacy of social order as it has evolved throughout history. The Tory ethos has been summed up with the phrase "God, King, and Country". Tories generally advocate monarchism, and were historically of a high church Anglican religious heritage, opposed to the liberalism of the Whig faction.

Luttrell succeeded to the Earldom and other titles on the death of his father in 1787. [1] Meanwhile, he became Colonel of the 6th Dragoon Guards and Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance in Ireland. [1] He re-entered the Westminster Parliament as Member for Plympton Erle in 1790. [1] Then in 1796 he was made Commander-in-Chief, Ireland [1] and in 1798 he led the British suppression of the United Irishmen Rebellion. [1]

Simon Luttrell, 1st Earl of Carhampton was an Anglo-Irish politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1754 to 1780.

Colonel is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks. However, in some small military forces, such as those of Monaco or the Vatican, colonel is the highest rank. It is also used in some police forces and paramilitary organizations.

Plympton Erle, also spelt Plympton Earle, was a parliamentary borough in Devon. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1295 until 1832, when the borough was abolished by the Great Reform Act.

When the Dublin Post of 2 May 1811 erroneously reported his death, he demanded a retraction which they printed under the headline Public Disappointment. [4]

He purchased an estate at Painshill Park in Surrey and re-entered parliament in June 1817 as Member for Ludgershall and held the seat until his death. [1]

Surrey County of England

Surrey is a subdivision of the English region of South East England in the United Kingdom. A historic and ceremonial county, Surrey is also one of the home counties. The county borders Kent to the east, East and West Sussex to the south, Hampshire to the west, Berkshire to the northwest, and Greater London to the northeast.

Ludgershall was a parliamentary borough in Wiltshire, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1295 until 1832, when the borough was abolished by the Great Reform Act.

He was a member of the Irish branch of the ancient family of Luttrell and a descendant of Sir Geoffrey de Luterel, who established Luttrellstown Castle, County Dublin in the early 13th century. [5]

Family

He briefly married Elizabeth Mullen in 1759, and had a daughter, Harriet Luttrell. This marriage was later annulled. [6]

He married Jane Boyd in 1776, but they had no children and was succeeded by his brother John. [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A. F. Blackstock, ‘Luttrell, Henry Lawes, second earl of Carhampton (1737–1821)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008
  2. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
  3. The rejection of Wilkes and selection of Luttrell by the House of Commons preoccupied parliament and the nation. The debates were emotional, and illustrated the weakness of the ministries leading up to the American revolution. See e.g. 16 Parliamentary History of England, London: Hansard, 1813, pp. 424-28, 532-96. At the polls, Luttrell received 296 votes to 1143 for Wilkes, as his counsel acknowledged, id. at 589, at a hearing before commons rejected a petition by the voters who said the majority "would not by any means have chosen to be represented by the said Henry Lawes Luttrell, esq.; ... he cannot sit as the representative of said county in parliament, without manifest infringement of the rights and privileges" of the voters. Id. at 588. Note this source is available for free download from Google books.
  4. Ask about Ireland Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine .
  5. Enchanting Ireland Archived 7 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine .
  6. https://archive.org/details/sketchofsomeofde00ward
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Edward Wortley Montagu
Lord Mount Stuart
Member of Parliament for Bossiney
17681769
With: Lord Mount Stuart
Succeeded by
Lord Mount Stuart
Sir George Osborn, Bt
Preceded by
John Wilkes
John Glynn
Member of Parliament for Middlesex
17691774
With: John Glynn
Succeeded by
John Glynn
John Wilkes
Preceded by
Lord Mount Stuart
Sir George Osborn, Bt
Member of Parliament for Bossiney
17741784
With: Lord Mount Stuart 1774–1776
Charles Stuart 1776–1784
Succeeded by
Charles Stuart
Bamber Gascoyne
Preceded by
John Stephenson
John Pardoe
Member of Parliament for Plympton Erle
17901794
With: Philip Metcalfe
Succeeded by
Philip Metcalfe
William Manning
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Robert Jephson
Sir John Blaquiere
Member of Parliament for Old Leighlin
1783–1787
With: Hon. Arthur Acheson
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Leslie, Bt
Hon. Arthur Acheson
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Joseph Birch
Charles Nicholas Pallmer
Member of Parliament for Ludgershall
18171821
With: Joseph Birch 1817–1818
Sandford Graham 1818–1821
Succeeded by
Sandford Graham
Earl of Brecknock
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir John Irwin
Colonel of the 6th Regiment of Dragoon Guards
1788–1821
Succeeded by
Robert Taylor
Preceded by
The Lord Rossmore
Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
1796–1798
Succeeded by
Sir Ralph Abercromby
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Simon Luttrell
Earl of Carhampton
1787–1821
Succeeded by
John Luttrell-Olmius