|The Earl of Carhampton|
The Earl of Carhampton
|Born||7 August 1743|
|Died|| 25 April 1821 77) (aged|
|Years of service||1757–1798|
|Battles/wars|| Seven Years' War |
United Irishmen Rebellion
General Henry Lawes Luttrell, 2nd Earl of Carhampton PC (7 August 1743 – 25 April 1821) was a politician and soldier. He was the son of Simon Luttrell, 1st Earl of Carhampton, and brother-in-law of Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn.
General is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army. The rank can also be held by Royal Marines officers in tri-service posts, for example, General Sir Gordon Messenger the Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff. It ranks above lieutenant-general and, in the Army, is subordinate to the rank of field marshal, which is now only awarded as an honorary rank. The rank of general has a NATO-code of OF-9, and is a four-star rank. It is equivalent to a full admiral in the Royal Navy or an air chief marshal in the Royal Air Force.
The Privy Council of Ireland was an institution of the Kingdom of Ireland until 31 December 1800 and of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1922. It performed a similar role in the Dublin Castle administration in Ireland to that of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom in the government of the United Kingdom.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.
Educated at Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford, Luttrell was commissioned into the 48th Regiment of Foot in 1757.Two years later he became lieutenant of the 34th Regiment of Foot.
Westminster School is an independent day and boarding school in London, England, located within the precincts of Westminster Abbey. With origins before the 12th century, the educational tradition of Westminster probably dates back as far as 960, in line with the Abbey's history. Boys are admitted to the Under School at age seven and to the senior school at age thirteen; girls are admitted at age sixteen into the Sixth Form. The school has around 750 pupils; around a quarter are boarders, most of whom go home at weekends, after Saturday morning school. The school motto, Dat Deus Incrementum, is taken from the New Testament, specifically 1 Corinthians 3:6.
Christ Church is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Christ Church is a joint foundation of the college and the cathedral of the Oxford diocese, which serves as the college chapel and whose dean is ex officio the college head.
In 1762, during the Seven Years' War, he became Deputy Adjutant-General of the British Forces in Portugal. In 1768 he became a Tory Member of Parliament in for the village of Bossiney, Cornwall.Then in 1769 he became Member of Parliament for Middlesex defeating John Wilkes in controversial circumstances; Wilkes outpolled him by a large margin, but the House of Commons declared that Luttrell "should have been returned" and seated him. As a reward for unseating Wilkes he was made Adjutant-General for Ireland in 1770. He then became active in Irish politics and between 1783 and 1787, he sat in the Irish House of Commons for Old Leighlin.
The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763. It involved every European great power of the time and spanned five continents, affecting Europe, the Americas, West Africa, India, and the Philippines. The conflict split Europe into two coalitions, led by the Kingdom of Great Britain on one side and the Kingdom of France, the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Spain, and the Swedish Empire on the other. Meanwhile, in India, some regional polities within the increasingly fragmented Mughal Empire, with the support of the French, tried to crush a British attempt to conquer Bengal. The war's extent has led some historians to describe it as World War Zero, similar in scale to other world wars.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a country located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europe. It is bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain. Its territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments.
A Tory is a person who holds a political philosophy known as Toryism, based on a British version of traditionalism and conservatism, which upholds the supremacy of social order as it has evolved throughout history. The Tory ethos has been summed up with the phrase "God, King, and Country". Tories generally advocate monarchism, and were historically of a high church Anglican religious heritage, opposed to the liberalism of the Whig faction.
Luttrell succeeded to the Earldom and other titles on the death of his father in 1787.Meanwhile, he became Colonel of the 6th Dragoon Guards and Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance in Ireland. He re-entered the Westminster Parliament as Member for Plympton Erle in 1790. Then in 1796 he was made Commander-in-Chief, Ireland and in 1798 he led the British suppression of the United Irishmen Rebellion.
Simon Luttrell, 1st Earl of Carhampton was an Anglo-Irish politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1754 to 1780.
Colonel is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks. However, in some small military forces, such as those of Monaco or the Vatican, colonel is the highest rank. It is also used in some police forces and paramilitary organizations.
Plympton Erle, also spelt Plympton Earle, was a parliamentary borough in Devon. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1295 until 1832, when the borough was abolished by the Great Reform Act.
When the Dublin Post of 2 May 1811 erroneously reported his death, he demanded a retraction which they printed under the headline Public Disappointment.
He purchased an estate at Painshill Park in Surrey and re-entered parliament in June 1817 as Member for Ludgershall and held the seat until his death.
Surrey is a subdivision of the English region of South East England in the United Kingdom. A historic and ceremonial county, Surrey is also one of the home counties. The county borders Kent to the east, East and West Sussex to the south, Hampshire to the west, Berkshire to the northwest, and Greater London to the northeast.
Ludgershall was a parliamentary borough in Wiltshire, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1295 until 1832, when the borough was abolished by the Great Reform Act.
He was a member of the Irish branch of the ancient family of Luttrell and a descendant of Sir Geoffrey de Luterel, who established Luttrellstown Castle, County Dublin in the early 13th century.
He briefly married Elizabeth Mullen in 1759, and had a daughter, Harriet Luttrell. This marriage was later annulled.
He married Jane Boyd in 1776, but they had no children and was succeeded by his brother John.
John Wilkes was a British radical, journalist, and politician.
Field Marshal Charles Moore, 1st Marquess of Drogheda, styled Viscount Moore from 1752 until 28 October 1758, was an Irish peer and later a British peer, and military officer. He bore the colours of his regiment at the Battle of Culloden in April 1746 during the Jacobite risings and later commanded the 18th Light Dragoons during operations against the Whiteboys in Ireland. He also sat as Member of Parliament in the Irish House of Commons and, having served as Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, he went on to become Master-General of the Irish Ordnance.
Earl of Carhampton was a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1785 for Simon Luttrell, 1st Viscount Carhampton. He had already been created Baron Irnham, of Luttrellstown in the County of Dublin, in 1768 and Viscount Carhampton, of Castlehaven in the County of Cork, in 1781, also in the Peerage of Ireland. He was the son of Henry Luttrell. Lord Carhampton was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. He was a General in the British Army and served as Commander-in-Chief of Ireland from 1796 to 1798. He was childless and was succeeded by his younger brother, the third Earl. He was a Captain in the Royal Navy and also sat as Member of Parliament for Stockbridge. He married as his first wife the Honourable Elizabeth Olmius, daughter of John Olmius, 1st Baron Waltham, and assumed in 1787 by Royal Licence the additional surname of Olmius. Lord Carhampton had no sons and the titles became extinct on his death in 1829. Already the same year George IV offered to revive the earldom in favour of Sir Simeon Stuart, 5th Baronet, son of Sir Simeon Stuart, 4th Baronet, and his wife Lady Frances Maria, daughter of the third Earl. However, the offer was declined.
General Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl of Harrington, styled Viscount Petersham until 1779, was a British Army officer and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1774 and 1779 when he succeeded to the peerage as Earl of Harrington.
Field Marshal Sir George Nugent, 1st Baronet, GCB was a British Army officer. After serving as a junior officer in the American Revolutionary War, he fought with the Coldstream Guards under the Duke of York during the Flanders Campaign. He then commanded the Buckinghamshire Volunteers in the actions of St. Andria and Thuyl on the river Waal and participated in the disastrous retreat from the Rhine. He went on to be commander of the northern district of Ireland, in which post he played an important part in placating the people of Belfast during the Irish Rebellion, and then became Adjutant-General in Ireland. He went on to be Governor of Jamaica, commander of the Western District in England, commander of the Kent District in England and finally Commander-in-Chief, India.
Luttrell can refer to:
Henry Luttrell may refer to:
Henry Luttrell was an Irish soldier known for his service in the Jacobite cause. A career soldier, Luttrell served James II in England until his overthrow in 1688. In Ireland he continued to fight for James, reaching the rank of General in the Irish Army.
This is a list of people who have served as Custos Rotulorum of County Dublin. Custos rotulorum is a civic post which is recognised in some English-speaking jurisdictions. The position was later combined with that of Lord Lieutenant of Dublin.
Luttrellstown Castle, dating from the early 15th century, is located in Clonsilla on the outskirts of Dublin, Ireland. It has been owned variously by the eponymous and notorious Luttrell family, by the bookseller Luke White and his descendants Baron Annaly, by the Guinness family, the Primwest Group, and since 2006, by JP McManus, John Magnier and Aidan Brooks.
Luke White was an Irish bookseller, operator of a lottery and Whig politician.
Baron Waltham, of Philipstown in the King's County, was a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1762 for John Olmius, previously Member of Parliament for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis and Colchester. His son, the second Baron, represented Maldon in the House of Commons. However, he was childless and on his death in 1787 the barony became extinct. The Honourable Elizabeth Olmius, only daughter of the first Baron, married John Luttrell, later third Earl of Carhampton. In 1787 he assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Olmius as a mark of respect for his father-in-law. However, the earldom and its subsidiary titles became extinct on his death in 1829.
There have been three baronetcies created for persons with the surname Stuart, one in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia, one in the Baronetage of England and one in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. Two of the creations are extant as of 2008.
Drigue Billers Olmius, 2nd Baron Waltham, was a British politician.
The Board of Ordnance in the Kingdom of Ireland performed the equivalent duties of the British Board of Ordnance: supplying arms and munitions, overseeing the Royal Irish Artillery and the Irish Engineers, and maintaining the fortifications in the island.
Captain John Luttrell-Olmius, 3rd Earl of Carhampton, styled The Honourable John Luttrell between 1768 and 1787 and as The Honourable John Luttrell-Olmius between 1787 and 1829, was an Irish naval commander and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1774 and 1785.
Henry Deane Grady (1764-1847), was a member of parliament for Limerick in both the Parliament of Ireland and the Parliament of the United Kingdom. His name is also sometimes given as O'Grady.
John Fownes Luttrell was an English Tory politician from Dunster Castle in Somerset. Like many previous generations of Luttrells since the 16th century, he was a Member of Parliament (MP) for Minehead, his family's pocket borough near Dunster. He sat in the House of Commons of Great Britain and then in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1774 until his death in 1816, except for a few months in 1806–07.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
Edward Wortley Montagu
Lord Mount Stuart
| Member of Parliament for Bossiney |
With: Lord Mount Stuart
Lord Mount Stuart
Sir George Osborn, Bt
| Member of Parliament for Middlesex |
With: John Glynn
Lord Mount Stuart
Sir George Osborn, Bt
| Member of Parliament for Bossiney |
With: Lord Mount Stuart 1774–1776
Charles Stuart 1776–1784
| Member of Parliament for Plympton Erle |
With: Philip Metcalfe
|Parliament of Ireland|
Sir John Blaquiere
| Member of Parliament for Old Leighlin |
With: Hon. Arthur Acheson
Sir Edward Leslie, Bt
Hon. Arthur Acheson
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Charles Nicholas Pallmer
| Member of Parliament for Ludgershall |
With: Joseph Birch 1817–1818
Sandford Graham 1818–1821
Earl of Brecknock
Sir John Irwin
| Colonel of the 6th Regiment of Dragoon Guards |
The Lord Rossmore
| Commander-in-Chief, Ireland |
Sir Ralph Abercromby
|Peerage of Ireland|
| Earl of Carhampton |