Henry Reeve (journalist)

Last updated

Henry Reeve
Born(1813-09-09)9 September 1813
Norwich, Norfolk, England
Died21 October 1895(1895-10-21) (aged 82)
Hampshire, England
Alma mater Norwich School
OccupationJournalist, author
Relatives Lucie, Lady Duff-Gordon (cousin)

Henry Reeve (9 September 1813 – 21 October 1895) was an English journalist. [1]

Contents

Biography

He was the younger son of Henry Reeve, a Whig physician and writer from Norwich, and was born at Norwich. He was educated at the Norwich School under Edward Valpy. During his holidays he saw a good deal of the young John Stuart Mill. In 1829 he studied at Geneva and mixed in Genevese society, then very brilliant, and including the Sismondis, François Huber, Charles Victor de Bonstetten, Alphonse de Candolle, Pellegrino Rossi, Sigismund Krasinski (his most intimate friend), and Adam Mickiewicz, whose Faris he translated. During a visit to London in 1831 he was introduced to Thackeray and Thomas Carlyle, while through the Austins he made the acquaintance of other literary figures. Next year, in Paris, he met Victor Hugo, Victor Cousin, and Sir Walter Scott. He travelled in Italy, sat under Schelling at Munich and under Ludwig Tieck at Dresden, became in 1835-36 a member of Madame de Circourt's salon, and numbered among his friends Alphonse de Lamartine, Jean-Baptiste Henri Lacordaire, Alfred de Vigny, Adolphe Thiers, François Guizot, Charles Forbes René de Montalembert, and Alexis de Tocqueville, of whose books, Démocratie en Amérique and the Ancien Régime, he made standard translations into English.

In 1837 he was made clerk of appeal and then registrar to the judicial committee of the Privy Council. From 1840 to 1855 he wrote for The Times, his close touch with men like Guizot, Christian Bunsen, Lord Clarendon, and his own chief at the Privy Council Office, Charles Greville, enabling him to write with authority on foreign policy during the critical period from 1848 to the end of the Crimean War. Upon the promotion of Sir George Cornewall Lewis to the Cabinet early in 1855 Reeve was asked by Longman to edit the April number of the Edinburgh Review , to which his father had been one of the earliest contributors, and in the following July he became the editor. His friendship with the Orleanist leaders in France survived all vicissitudes, but he was appealed to for guidance by successive French ambassadors, and was more than once the medium of private negotiations between the English and French governments.

In April 1863, he published perhaps the most important of his contributions—a searching review of Kinglake's Crimea; [2] and in 1872 he brought out a selection of his Quarterly and Edinburgh articles on eminent Frenchmen, entitled Royal and Republican France. [3] Three years later appeared the first of three instalments (1875, 1885 and 1887) of his edition of the famous Memoirs which Charles Greville had placed in his hands a few hours before his death in 1865. In 1878 Reeve published a popular biography Petrarch. [4] [5] A purist in point of form and style, of the school of Thomas Macaulay and Henry Hart Milman, Reeve outlived his literary generation, and became one of the most reactionary of old Whigs. Yet he continued to edit and maintain the reputation of the Edinburgh until his death at his seat of Foxholes, in Hampshire. He had been elected a member of "The Club" in 1861, and served as its treasurer from 1867 to 1893. He was made a D.C.L. by the University of Oxford in 1869, a C.B. in 1871, and a corresponding member of the French Institute in 1865. A striking panegyric was pronounced upon him by his lifelong friend, the duc d'Aumale, before the Académie des Sciences in November 1895.

His Memoirs and Letters (2 vols., with portrait) were edited by J. K. Laughton, in 1898.

In a March 1937 issue of The Times there was an appeal for Henry Reeve's diary.

Sources

Related Research Articles

George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen British politician

George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen,, styled Lord Haddo from 1791 to 1801, was a British statesman, diplomat and landowner, successively a Tory, Conservative and Peelite politician and specialist in foreign affairs. He served as Prime Minister from 1852 until 1855 in a coalition between the Whigs and Peelites, with Radical and Irish support. The Aberdeen ministry was filled with powerful and talented politicians, whom Aberdeen was largely unable to control and direct. Despite his trying to avoid this happening, it took Britain into the Crimean War, and fell when its conduct became unpopular, after which Aberdeen retired from politics.

Alphonse Daudet French novelist

Alphonse Daudet was a French novelist. He was the husband of Julia Daudet and father of Edmée, Léon and Lucien Daudet.

Andrew Lang Scottish poet, novelist and literary critic (1844–1912)

Andrew Lang was a Scottish poet, novelist, literary critic, and contributor to the field of anthropology. He is best known as a collector of folk and fairy tales. The Andrew Lang lectures at the University of St Andrews are named after him.

François Guizot French historian, orator and statesman

François Pierre Guillaume Guizot was a French historian, orator, and statesman. Guizot was a dominant figure in French politics prior to the Revolution of 1848. A moderate liberal who opposed the attempt by King Charles X to usurp legislative power, he worked to sustain a constitutional monarchy following the July Revolution of 1830.

Abraham Hayward English man of letters

Abraham Hayward Q.C. was an English man of letters.

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux British Lord High Chancellor (1778 – 1868)

Henry Peter Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux, was a British statesman who became Lord High Chancellor and played a prominent role in passing the 1832 Reform Act and 1833 Slavery Abolition Act.

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey,, known as Viscount Howick between 1806 and 1807, was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1830 to 1834. He was a descendant of the noble House of Grey and a member of the Whig Party.

William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland British politician and prime minister (1738–1809)

William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, was a British Whig and then a Tory politician during the late Georgian era. He served as Chancellor of the University of Oxford (1792–1809) and twice as the Prime Minister of Great Britain (1783) and then of the United Kingdom (1807–1809). The 26 years between his two terms as Prime Minister is the longest gap between terms of office of any British Prime Minister.

Henry Vassall-Fox, 3rd Baron Holland English politician (1773–1840)

Henry Richard Vassall-Fox, 3rd Baron Holland of Holland, and 3rd Baron Holland of Foxley PC, was an English politician and a major figure in Whig politics in the early 19th century. A grandson of Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, and nephew of Charles James Fox, he served as Lord Privy Seal between 1806 and 1807 in the Ministry of All the Talents headed by Lord Grenville and as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster between 1830 and 1834 and again between 1835 and his death in 1840 in the Whig administrations of Lord Grey and Lord Melbourne.

Albert, 4th duc de Broglie French politician (1821-1901)

Jacques-Victor-Albert, 4th duc de Broglie was a French monarchist politician, diplomat and writer.

Victor de Broglie (1785–1870) French politician (1785–1870)

Achille Léonce Victor Charles, 3rd Duke of Broglie, briefly Victor de Broglie, was a French peer, statesman, and diplomat. He was the third duke of Broglie and served as president of the Council during the July Monarchy, from August 1830 to November 1830 and from March 1835 to February 1836. Victor de Broglie was close to the liberal Doctrinaires who opposed the ultra-royalists and were absorbed, under Louis-Philippe's rule, by the Orléanists.

Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke English writer and politician

Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, de jure 13th Baron Latimer and 5th Baron Willoughby de Broke KB PC, known before 1621 as Sir Fulke Greville, was an Elizabethan poet, dramatist, and statesman who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1581 and 1621, when he was raised to the peerage.

Pellegrino Rossi Italian politician

Pellegrino Luigi Odoardo Rossi was an Italian economist, politician and jurist. He was an important figure of the July Monarchy in France, and the minister of justice in the government of the Papal States, under Pope Pius IX.

James Moncreiff, 1st Baron Moncreiff of Tullibole LLD was a Scottish lawyer and politician.

Robert Gibb Scottish painter (1845–1932)

Robert Gibb RSA was a Scottish painter who was Keeper of the National Gallery of Scotland from 1895 to 1907 and was Painter and Limner to the King from 1908 until his death. He built his reputation on romantic, historical and particularly military paintings but was also a significant portrait artist.

Verney family of Middle Claydon

The Verney family purchased the manor of Middle Claydon in Buckinghamshire, England, in the 1460s and still resides there today at the manor house known as Claydon House. This family had been seated previously at Fleetmarston in Buckinghamshire then at Pendley in Hertfordshire. It is not to be confused with the unrelated but also ancient and prominent Verney family of Compton Verney in Warwickshire.

Congress of Arras 1435 diplomatic meeting during the Hundred Years War

The Congress of Arras was a diplomatic congregation established at Arras in the summer of 1435 during the Hundred Years' War, between representatives of England, France, and Burgundy. It was the first negotiation since the Treaty of Troyes and replaced the 15 year agreement between Burgundy and England that would have seen the dynasty of Henry V inherit the French crown.

Frances Greville

Frances Greville née Macartney was an Irish poet and celebrity in Georgian England.

John Allen (historian)

John Allen was a prominent eighteenth and nineteenth century political and historical writer, and Master of the College of God's Gift in Dulwich. More than one street in Kensington, London, is named after him.

References

  1. Lee, Sidney, ed. (1896). "Reeve, Henry (1813-1895)"  . Dictionary of National Biography . Vol. 47. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 406–408.
  2. Reeve, Henry (April 1863). "Review of The Invasion of the Crimea: its Origin and an Account of its Progress down to the Death of Lord Raglan by Alexander William Kinglake, Vols. I & II". Edinburgh Review. 117 (CCXL): 307–352.
  3. Reeve, Henry (1872). Royal and republican France. London: Longmans, Green, & Co.
  4. Reeve, Henry (1878). Petrarch. William Blackwood & sons.
  5. "Review of Petrarch by Henry Reeve". The Quarterly Journal. 146: 384–413. October 1878.